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#include "wallet.h"
#include <set>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
#include <boost/test/unit_test.hpp>
// how many times to run all the tests to have a chance to catch errors that only show up with particular random shuffles
#define RUN_TESTS 100
// some tests fail 1% of the time due to bad luck.
// we repeat those tests this many times and only complain if all iterations of the test fail
#define RANDOM_REPEATS 5
using namespace std;
typedef set<pair<const CWalletTx*,unsigned int> > CoinSet;
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_SUITE(wallet_tests)
static CWallet wallet;
static vector<COutput> vCoins;
static void add_coin(int64_t nValue, int nAge = 6*24, bool fIsFromMe = false, int nInput=0)
{
static int nextLockTime = 0;
CTransaction tx;
tx.nLockTime = nextLockTime++; // so all transactions get different hashes
tx.vout.resize(nInput+1);
tx.vout[nInput].nValue = nValue;
CWalletTx* wtx = new CWalletTx(&wallet, tx);
if (fIsFromMe)
{
// IsFromMe() returns (GetDebit() > 0), and GetDebit() is 0 if vin.empty(),
// so stop vin being empty, and cache a non-zero Debit to fake out IsFromMe()
wtx->vin.resize(1);
wtx->fDebitCached = true;
wtx->nDebitCached = 1;
}
COutput output(wtx, nInput, nAge);
vCoins.push_back(output);
}
static void empty_wallet(void)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(COutput output, vCoins)
delete output.tx;
vCoins.clear();
}
static bool equal_sets(CoinSet a, CoinSet b)
{
pair<CoinSet::iterator, CoinSet::iterator> ret = mismatch(a.begin(), a.end(), b.begin());
return ret.first == a.end() && ret.second == b.end();
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(coin_selection_tests)
{
CoinSet setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2;
int64_t nValueRet;
// test multiple times to allow for differences in the shuffle order
for (int i = 0; i < RUN_TESTS; i++)
{
empty_wallet();
// with an empty wallet we can't even pay one cent
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
add_coin(1*CENT, 4); // add a new 1 cent coin
// with a new 1 cent coin, we still can't find a mature 1 cent
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// but we can find a new 1 cent
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT);
add_coin(2*CENT); // add a mature 2 cent coin
// we can't make 3 cents of mature coins
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 3 * CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// we can make 3 cents of new coins
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 3 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 3 * CENT);
add_coin(5*CENT); // add a mature 5 cent coin,
add_coin(10*CENT, 3, true); // a new 10 cent coin sent from one of our own addresses
add_coin(20*CENT); // and a mature 20 cent coin
// now we have new: 1+10=11 (of which 10 was self-sent), and mature: 2+5+20=27. total = 38
// we can't make 38 cents only if we disallow new coins:
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// we can't even make 37 cents if we don't allow new coins even if they're from us
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 6, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// but we can make 37 cents if we accept new coins from ourself
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(37 * CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 37 * CENT);
// and we can make 38 cents if we accept all new coins
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 38 * CENT);
// try making 34 cents from 1,2,5,10,20 - we can't do it exactly
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(34 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_GT(nValueRet, 34 * CENT); // but should get more than 34 cents
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U); // the best should be 20+10+5. it's incredibly unlikely the 1 or 2 got included (but possible)
// when we try making 7 cents, the smaller coins (1,2,5) are enough. We should see just 2+5
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 7 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 7 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// when we try making 8 cents, the smaller coins (1,2,5) are exactly enough.
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 8 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(nValueRet == 8 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
// when we try making 9 cents, no subset of smaller coins is enough, and we get the next bigger coin (10)
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 9 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 10 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// now clear out the wallet and start again to test choosing between subsets of smaller coins and the next biggest coin
empty_wallet();
add_coin( 6*CENT);
add_coin( 7*CENT);
add_coin( 8*CENT);
add_coin(20*CENT);
add_coin(30*CENT); // now we have 6+7+8+20+30 = 71 cents total
// check that we have 71 and not 72
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(71 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(!wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(72 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// now try making 16 cents. the best smaller coins can do is 6+7+8 = 21; not as good at the next biggest coin, 20
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 20 * CENT); // we should get 20 in one coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
add_coin( 5*CENT); // now we have 5+6+7+8+20+30 = 75 cents total
// now if we try making 16 cents again, the smaller coins can make 5+6+7 = 18 cents, better than the next biggest coin, 20
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 18 * CENT); // we should get 18 in 3 coins
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
add_coin( 18*CENT); // now we have 5+6+7+8+18+20+30
// and now if we try making 16 cents again, the smaller coins can make 5+6+7 = 18 cents, the same as the next biggest coin, 18
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 18 * CENT); // we should get 18 in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U); // because in the event of a tie, the biggest coin wins
// now try making 11 cents. we should get 5+6
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(11 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 11 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// check that the smallest bigger coin is used
add_coin( 1*COIN);
add_coin( 2*COIN);
add_coin( 3*COIN);
add_coin( 4*COIN); // now we have 5+6+7+8+18+20+30+100+200+300+400 = 1094 cents
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(95 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * COIN); // we should get 1 BTC in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(195 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 2 * COIN); // we should get 2 BTC in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// empty the wallet and start again, now with fractions of a cent, to test sub-cent change avoidance
empty_wallet();
add_coin(0.1*CENT);
add_coin(0.2*CENT);
add_coin(0.3*CENT);
add_coin(0.4*CENT);
add_coin(0.5*CENT);
// try making 1 cent from 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.3 + 0.4 + 0.5 = 1.5 cents
// we'll get sub-cent change whatever happens, so can expect 1.0 exactly
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT);
// but if we add a bigger coin, making it possible to avoid sub-cent change, things change:
add_coin(1111*CENT);
// try making 1 cent from 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.3 + 0.4 + 0.5 + 1111 = 1112.5 cents
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT); // we should get the exact amount
// if we add more sub-cent coins:
add_coin(0.6*CENT);
add_coin(0.7*CENT);
// and try again to make 1.0 cents, we can still make 1.0 cents
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT); // we should get the exact amount
// run the 'mtgox' test (see http://blockexplorer.com/tx/29a3efd3ef04f9153d47a990bd7b048a4b2d213daaa5fb8ed670fb85f13bdbcf)
// they tried to consolidate 10 50k coins into one 500k coin, and ended up with 50k in change
empty_wallet();
for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++)
add_coin(50000 * COIN);
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(500000 * COIN, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 500000 * COIN); // we should get the exact amount
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 10U); // in ten coins
// if there's not enough in the smaller coins to make at least 1 cent change (0.5+0.6+0.7 < 1.0+1.0),
// we need to try finding an exact subset anyway
// sometimes it will fail, and so we use the next biggest coin:
empty_wallet();
add_coin(0.5 * CENT);
add_coin(0.6 * CENT);
add_coin(0.7 * CENT);
add_coin(1111 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1111 * CENT); // we get the bigger coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// but sometimes it's possible, and we use an exact subset (0.4 + 0.6 = 1.0)
empty_wallet();
add_coin(0.4 * CENT);
add_coin(0.6 * CENT);
add_coin(0.8 * CENT);
add_coin(1111 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * CENT, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT); // we should get the exact amount
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U); // in two coins 0.4+0.6
// test avoiding sub-cent change
empty_wallet();
add_coin(0.0005 * COIN);
add_coin(0.01 * COIN);
add_coin(1 * COIN);
// trying to make 1.0001 from these three coins
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1.0001 * COIN, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1.0105 * COIN); // we should get all coins
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
// but if we try to make 0.999, we should take the bigger of the two small coins to avoid sub-cent change
BOOST_CHECK( wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(0.999 * COIN, 1, 1, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1.01 * COIN); // we should get 1 + 0.01
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// test randomness
{
empty_wallet();
for (int i2 = 0; i2 < 100; i2++)
add_coin(COIN);
// picking 50 from 100 coins doesn't depend on the shuffle,
// but does depend on randomness in the stochastic approximation code
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(50 * COIN, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(50 * COIN, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(!equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2));
int fails = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < RANDOM_REPEATS; i++)
{
// selecting 1 from 100 identical coins depends on the shuffle; this test will fail 1% of the time
// run the test RANDOM_REPEATS times and only complain if all of them fail
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(COIN, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(COIN, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
if (equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2))
fails++;
}
BOOST_CHECK_NE(fails, RANDOM_REPEATS);
// add 75 cents in small change. not enough to make 90 cents,
// then try making 90 cents. there are multiple competing "smallest bigger" coins,
// one of which should be picked at random
add_coin( 5*CENT); add_coin(10*CENT); add_coin(15*CENT); add_coin(20*CENT); add_coin(25*CENT);
fails = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < RANDOM_REPEATS; i++)
{
// selecting 1 from 100 identical coins depends on the shuffle; this test will fail 1% of the time
// run the test RANDOM_REPEATS times and only complain if all of them fail
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(90*CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(wallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(90*CENT, 1, 6, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
if (equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2))
fails++;
}
BOOST_CHECK_NE(fails, RANDOM_REPEATS);
}
}
empty_wallet();
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_SUITE_END()