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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "alert.h"
#include "checkpoints.h"
#include "db.h"
#include "txdb.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "init.h"
#include "ui_interface.h"
#include "checkqueue.h"
#include <boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>
using namespace std;
using namespace boost;
//
// Global state
//
CCriticalSection cs_setpwalletRegistered;
set<CWallet*> setpwalletRegistered;
CCriticalSection cs_main;
CTxMemPool mempool;
unsigned int nTransactionsUpdated = 0;
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*> mapBlockIndex;
uint256 hashGenesisBlock("0x000000000019d6689c085ae165831e934ff763ae46a2a6c172b3f1b60a8ce26f");
static CBigNum bnProofOfWorkLimit(~uint256(0) >> 32);
CBlockIndex* pindexGenesisBlock = NULL;
int nBestHeight = -1;
CBigNum bnBestChainWork = 0;
CBigNum bnBestInvalidWork = 0;
uint256 hashBestChain = 0;
CBlockIndex* pindexBest = NULL;
set<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndexWorkComparator> setBlockIndexValid; // may contain all CBlockIndex*'s that have validness >=BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS, and must contain those who aren't failed
int64 nTimeBestReceived = 0;
int nScriptCheckThreads = 0;
bool fImporting = false;
bool fReindex = false;
bool fBenchmark = false;
bool fTxIndex = false;
unsigned int nCoinCacheSize = 5000;
CMedianFilter<int> cPeerBlockCounts(8, 0); // Amount of blocks that other nodes claim to have
map<uint256, CBlock*> mapOrphanBlocks;
multimap<uint256, CBlock*> mapOrphanBlocksByPrev;
map<uint256, CDataStream*> mapOrphanTransactions;
map<uint256, map<uint256, CDataStream*> > mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev;
// Constant stuff for coinbase transactions we create:
CScript COINBASE_FLAGS;
const string strMessageMagic = "Bitcoin Signed Message:\n";
double dHashesPerSec;
int64 nHPSTimerStart;
// Settings
int64 nTransactionFee = 0;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// dispatching functions
//
// These functions dispatch to one or all registered wallets
void RegisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn)
{
{
LOCK(cs_setpwalletRegistered);
setpwalletRegistered.insert(pwalletIn);
}
}
void UnregisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn)
{
{
LOCK(cs_setpwalletRegistered);
setpwalletRegistered.erase(pwalletIn);
}
}
// check whether the passed transaction is from us
bool static IsFromMe(CTransaction& tx)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
if (pwallet->IsFromMe(tx))
return true;
return false;
}
// get the wallet transaction with the given hash (if it exists)
bool static GetTransaction(const uint256& hashTx, CWalletTx& wtx)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
if (pwallet->GetTransaction(hashTx,wtx))
return true;
return false;
}
// erases transaction with the given hash from all wallets
void static EraseFromWallets(uint256 hash)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->EraseFromWallet(hash);
}
// make sure all wallets know about the given transaction, in the given block
void SyncWithWallets(const uint256 &hash, const CTransaction& tx, const CBlock* pblock, bool fUpdate)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->AddToWalletIfInvolvingMe(hash, tx, pblock, fUpdate);
}
// notify wallets about a new best chain
void static SetBestChain(const CBlockLocator& loc)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->SetBestChain(loc);
}
// notify wallets about an updated transaction
void static UpdatedTransaction(const uint256& hashTx)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->UpdatedTransaction(hashTx);
}
// dump all wallets
void static PrintWallets(const CBlock& block)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->PrintWallet(block);
}
// notify wallets about an incoming inventory (for request counts)
void static Inventory(const uint256& hash)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->Inventory(hash);
}
// ask wallets to resend their transactions
void static ResendWalletTransactions()
{
BOOST_FOREACH(CWallet* pwallet, setpwalletRegistered)
pwallet->ResendWalletTransactions();
}
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CCoinsView implementations
//
bool CCoinsView::GetCoins(uint256 txid, CCoins &coins) { return false; }
bool CCoinsView::SetCoins(uint256 txid, const CCoins &coins) { return false; }
bool CCoinsView::HaveCoins(uint256 txid) { return false; }
CBlockIndex *CCoinsView::GetBestBlock() { return NULL; }
bool CCoinsView::SetBestBlock(CBlockIndex *pindex) { return false; }
bool CCoinsView::BatchWrite(const std::map<uint256, CCoins> &mapCoins, CBlockIndex *pindex) { return false; }
bool CCoinsView::GetStats(CCoinsStats &stats) { return false; }
CCoinsViewBacked::CCoinsViewBacked(CCoinsView &viewIn) : base(&viewIn) { }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::GetCoins(uint256 txid, CCoins &coins) { return base->GetCoins(txid, coins); }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::SetCoins(uint256 txid, const CCoins &coins) { return base->SetCoins(txid, coins); }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::HaveCoins(uint256 txid) { return base->HaveCoins(txid); }
CBlockIndex *CCoinsViewBacked::GetBestBlock() { return base->GetBestBlock(); }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::SetBestBlock(CBlockIndex *pindex) { return base->SetBestBlock(pindex); }
void CCoinsViewBacked::SetBackend(CCoinsView &viewIn) { base = &viewIn; }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::BatchWrite(const std::map<uint256, CCoins> &mapCoins, CBlockIndex *pindex) { return base->BatchWrite(mapCoins, pindex); }
bool CCoinsViewBacked::GetStats(CCoinsStats &stats) { return base->GetStats(stats); }
CCoinsViewCache::CCoinsViewCache(CCoinsView &baseIn, bool fDummy) : CCoinsViewBacked(baseIn), pindexTip(NULL) { }
bool CCoinsViewCache::GetCoins(uint256 txid, CCoins &coins) {
if (cacheCoins.count(txid)) {
coins = cacheCoins[txid];
return true;
}
if (base->GetCoins(txid, coins)) {
cacheCoins[txid] = coins;
return true;
}
return false;
}
std::map<uint256,CCoins>::iterator CCoinsViewCache::FetchCoins(uint256 txid) {
std::map<uint256,CCoins>::iterator it = cacheCoins.find(txid);
if (it != cacheCoins.end())
return it;
CCoins tmp;
if (!base->GetCoins(txid,tmp))
return it;
std::pair<std::map<uint256,CCoins>::iterator,bool> ret = cacheCoins.insert(std::make_pair(txid, tmp));
return ret.first;
}
CCoins &CCoinsViewCache::GetCoins(uint256 txid) {
std::map<uint256,CCoins>::iterator it = FetchCoins(txid);
assert(it != cacheCoins.end());
return it->second;
}
bool CCoinsViewCache::SetCoins(uint256 txid, const CCoins &coins) {
cacheCoins[txid] = coins;
return true;
}
bool CCoinsViewCache::HaveCoins(uint256 txid) {
return FetchCoins(txid) != cacheCoins.end();
}
CBlockIndex *CCoinsViewCache::GetBestBlock() {
if (pindexTip == NULL)
pindexTip = base->GetBestBlock();
return pindexTip;
}
bool CCoinsViewCache::SetBestBlock(CBlockIndex *pindex) {
pindexTip = pindex;
return true;
}
bool CCoinsViewCache::BatchWrite(const std::map<uint256, CCoins> &mapCoins, CBlockIndex *pindex) {
for (std::map<uint256, CCoins>::const_iterator it = mapCoins.begin(); it != mapCoins.end(); it++)
cacheCoins[it->first] = it->second;
pindexTip = pindex;
return true;
}
bool CCoinsViewCache::Flush() {
bool fOk = base->BatchWrite(cacheCoins, pindexTip);
if (fOk)
cacheCoins.clear();
return fOk;
}
unsigned int CCoinsViewCache::GetCacheSize() {
return cacheCoins.size();
}
/** CCoinsView that brings transactions from a memorypool into view.
It does not check for spendings by memory pool transactions. */
CCoinsViewMemPool::CCoinsViewMemPool(CCoinsView &baseIn, CTxMemPool &mempoolIn) : CCoinsViewBacked(baseIn), mempool(mempoolIn) { }
bool CCoinsViewMemPool::GetCoins(uint256 txid, CCoins &coins) {
if (base->GetCoins(txid, coins))
return true;
if (mempool.exists(txid)) {
const CTransaction &tx = mempool.lookup(txid);
coins = CCoins(tx, MEMPOOL_HEIGHT);
return true;
}
return false;
}
bool CCoinsViewMemPool::HaveCoins(uint256 txid) {
return mempool.exists(txid) || base->HaveCoins(txid);
}
CCoinsViewCache *pcoinsTip = NULL;
CBlockTreeDB *pblocktree = NULL;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// mapOrphanTransactions
//
bool AddOrphanTx(const CDataStream& vMsg)
{
CTransaction tx;
CDataStream(vMsg) >> tx;
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (mapOrphanTransactions.count(hash))
return false;
CDataStream* pvMsg = new CDataStream(vMsg);
// Ignore big transactions, to avoid a
// send-big-orphans memory exhaustion attack. If a peer has a legitimate
// large transaction with a missing parent then we assume
// it will rebroadcast it later, after the parent transaction(s)
// have been mined or received.
// 10,000 orphans, each of which is at most 5,000 bytes big is
// at most 500 megabytes of orphans:
if (pvMsg->size() > 5000)
{
printf("ignoring large orphan tx (size: %"PRIszu", hash: %s)\n", pvMsg->size(), hash.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str());
delete pvMsg;
return false;
}
mapOrphanTransactions[hash] = pvMsg;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev[txin.prevout.hash].insert(make_pair(hash, pvMsg));
printf("stored orphan tx %s (mapsz %"PRIszu")\n", hash.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(),
mapOrphanTransactions.size());
return true;
}
void static EraseOrphanTx(uint256 hash)
{
if (!mapOrphanTransactions.count(hash))
return;
const CDataStream* pvMsg = mapOrphanTransactions[hash];
CTransaction tx;
CDataStream(*pvMsg) >> tx;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
{
mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev[txin.prevout.hash].erase(hash);
if (mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev[txin.prevout.hash].empty())
mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev.erase(txin.prevout.hash);
}
delete pvMsg;
mapOrphanTransactions.erase(hash);
}
unsigned int LimitOrphanTxSize(unsigned int nMaxOrphans)
{
unsigned int nEvicted = 0;
while (mapOrphanTransactions.size() > nMaxOrphans)
{
// Evict a random orphan:
uint256 randomhash = GetRandHash();
map<uint256, CDataStream*>::iterator it = mapOrphanTransactions.lower_bound(randomhash);
if (it == mapOrphanTransactions.end())
it = mapOrphanTransactions.begin();
EraseOrphanTx(it->first);
++nEvicted;
}
return nEvicted;
}
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CTransaction
//
bool CTransaction::IsStandard() const
{
if (nVersion > CTransaction::CURRENT_VERSION)
return false;
if (!IsFinal())
return false;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
{
// Biggest 'standard' txin is a 3-signature 3-of-3 CHECKMULTISIG
// pay-to-script-hash, which is 3 ~80-byte signatures, 3
// ~65-byte public keys, plus a few script ops.
if (txin.scriptSig.size() > 500)
return false;
if (!txin.scriptSig.IsPushOnly())
return false;
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout) {
if (!::IsStandard(txout.scriptPubKey))
return false;
if (txout.nValue == 0)
return false;
}
return true;
}
//
// Check transaction inputs, and make sure any
// pay-to-script-hash transactions are evaluating IsStandard scripts
//
// Why bother? To avoid denial-of-service attacks; an attacker
// can submit a standard HASH... OP_EQUAL transaction,
// which will get accepted into blocks. The redemption
// script can be anything; an attacker could use a very
// expensive-to-check-upon-redemption script like:
// DUP CHECKSIG DROP ... repeated 100 times... OP_1
//
bool CTransaction::AreInputsStandard(CCoinsViewCache& mapInputs) const
{
if (IsCoinBase())
return true; // Coinbases don't use vin normally
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
{
const CTxOut& prev = GetOutputFor(vin[i], mapInputs);
vector<vector<unsigned char> > vSolutions;
txnouttype whichType;
// get the scriptPubKey corresponding to this input:
const CScript& prevScript = prev.scriptPubKey;
if (!Solver(prevScript, whichType, vSolutions))
return false;
int nArgsExpected = ScriptSigArgsExpected(whichType, vSolutions);
if (nArgsExpected < 0)
return false;
// Transactions with extra stuff in their scriptSigs are
// non-standard. Note that this EvalScript() call will
// be quick, because if there are any operations
// beside "push data" in the scriptSig the
// IsStandard() call returns false
vector<vector<unsigned char> > stack;
if (!EvalScript(stack, vin[i].scriptSig, *this, i, false, 0))
return false;
if (whichType == TX_SCRIPTHASH)
{
if (stack.empty())
return false;
CScript subscript(stack.back().begin(), stack.back().end());
vector<vector<unsigned char> > vSolutions2;
txnouttype whichType2;
if (!Solver(subscript, whichType2, vSolutions2))
return false;
if (whichType2 == TX_SCRIPTHASH)
return false;
int tmpExpected;
tmpExpected = ScriptSigArgsExpected(whichType2, vSolutions2);
if (tmpExpected < 0)
return false;
nArgsExpected += tmpExpected;
}
if (stack.size() != (unsigned int)nArgsExpected)
return false;
}
return true;
}
unsigned int
CTransaction::GetLegacySigOpCount() const
{
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
{
nSigOps += txin.scriptSig.GetSigOpCount(false);
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout)
{
nSigOps += txout.scriptPubKey.GetSigOpCount(false);
}
return nSigOps;
}
int CMerkleTx::SetMerkleBranch(const CBlock* pblock)
{
CBlock blockTmp;
if (pblock == NULL) {
CCoins coins;
if (pcoinsTip->GetCoins(GetHash(), coins)) {
CBlockIndex *pindex = FindBlockByHeight(coins.nHeight);
if (pindex) {
if (!blockTmp.ReadFromDisk(pindex))
return 0;
pblock = &blockTmp;
}
}
}
if (pblock) {
// Update the tx's hashBlock
hashBlock = pblock->GetHash();
// Locate the transaction
for (nIndex = 0; nIndex < (int)pblock->vtx.size(); nIndex++)
if (pblock->vtx[nIndex] == *(CTransaction*)this)
break;
if (nIndex == (int)pblock->vtx.size())
{
vMerkleBranch.clear();
nIndex = -1;
printf("ERROR: SetMerkleBranch() : couldn't find tx in block\n");
return 0;
}
// Fill in merkle branch
vMerkleBranch = pblock->GetMerkleBranch(nIndex);
}
// Is the tx in a block that's in the main chain
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hashBlock);
if (mi == mapBlockIndex.end())
return 0;
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (!pindex || !pindex->IsInMainChain())
return 0;
return pindexBest->nHeight - pindex->nHeight + 1;
}
bool CTransaction::CheckTransaction(CValidationState &state) const
{
// Basic checks that don't depend on any context
if (vin.empty())
return state.DoS(10, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : vin empty"));
if (vout.empty())
return state.DoS(10, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : vout empty"));
// Size limits
if (::GetSerializeSize(*this, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION) > MAX_BLOCK_SIZE)
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : size limits failed"));
// Check for negative or overflow output values
int64 nValueOut = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout)
{
if (txout.nValue < 0)
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : txout.nValue negative"));
if (txout.nValue > MAX_MONEY)
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : txout.nValue too high"));
nValueOut += txout.nValue;
if (!MoneyRange(nValueOut))
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : txout total out of range"));
}
// Check for duplicate inputs
set<COutPoint> vInOutPoints;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
{
if (vInOutPoints.count(txin.prevout))
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : duplicate inputs"));
vInOutPoints.insert(txin.prevout);
}
if (IsCoinBase())
{
if (vin[0].scriptSig.size() < 2 || vin[0].scriptSig.size() > 100)
return state.DoS(100, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : coinbase script size"));
}
else
{
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
if (txin.prevout.IsNull())
return state.DoS(10, error("CTransaction::CheckTransaction() : prevout is null"));
}
return true;
}
int64 CTransaction::GetMinFee(unsigned int nBlockSize, bool fAllowFree,
enum GetMinFee_mode mode) const
{
// Base fee is either MIN_TX_FEE or MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE
int64 nBaseFee = (mode == GMF_RELAY) ? MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE : MIN_TX_FEE;
unsigned int nBytes = ::GetSerializeSize(*this, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
unsigned int nNewBlockSize = nBlockSize + nBytes;
int64 nMinFee = (1 + (int64)nBytes / 1000) * nBaseFee;
if (fAllowFree)
{
if (nBlockSize == 1)
{
// Transactions under 10K are free
// (about 4500 BTC if made of 50 BTC inputs)
if (nBytes < 10000)
nMinFee = 0;
}
else
{
// Free transaction area
if (nNewBlockSize < 27000)
nMinFee = 0;
}
}
// To limit dust spam, require MIN_TX_FEE/MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE if any output is less than 0.01
if (nMinFee < nBaseFee)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout)
if (txout.nValue < CENT)
nMinFee = nBaseFee;
}
// Raise the price as the block approaches full
if (nBlockSize != 1 && nNewBlockSize >= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN/2)
{
if (nNewBlockSize >= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN)
return MAX_MONEY;
nMinFee *= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN / (MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN - nNewBlockSize);
}
if (!MoneyRange(nMinFee))
nMinFee = MAX_MONEY;
return nMinFee;
}
void CTxMemPool::pruneSpent(const uint256 &hashTx, CCoins &coins)
{
LOCK(cs);
std::map<COutPoint, CInPoint>::iterator it = mapNextTx.lower_bound(COutPoint(hashTx, 0));
// iterate over all COutPoints in mapNextTx whose hash equals the provided hashTx
while (it != mapNextTx.end() && it->first.hash == hashTx) {
coins.Spend(it->first.n); // and remove those outputs from coins
it++;
}
}
bool CTxMemPool::accept(CValidationState &state, CTransaction &tx, bool fCheckInputs, bool fLimitFree,
bool* pfMissingInputs)
{
if (pfMissingInputs)
*pfMissingInputs = false;
if (!tx.CheckTransaction(state))
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : CheckTransaction failed");
// Coinbase is only valid in a block, not as a loose transaction
if (tx.IsCoinBase())
return state.DoS(100, error("CTxMemPool::accept() : coinbase as individual tx"));
// To help v0.1.5 clients who would see it as a negative number
if ((int64)tx.nLockTime > std::numeric_limits<int>::max())
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : not accepting nLockTime beyond 2038 yet");
// Rather not work on nonstandard transactions (unless -testnet)
if (!fTestNet && !tx.IsStandard())
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : nonstandard transaction type");
// is it already in the memory pool?
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
{
LOCK(cs);
if (mapTx.count(hash))
return false;
}
// Check for conflicts with in-memory transactions
CTransaction* ptxOld = NULL;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++)
{
COutPoint outpoint = tx.vin[i].prevout;
if (mapNextTx.count(outpoint))
{
// Disable replacement feature for now
return false;
// Allow replacing with a newer version of the same transaction
if (i != 0)
return false;
ptxOld = mapNextTx[outpoint].ptx;
if (ptxOld->IsFinal())
return false;
if (!tx.IsNewerThan(*ptxOld))
return false;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++)
{
COutPoint outpoint = tx.vin[i].prevout;
if (!mapNextTx.count(outpoint) || mapNextTx[outpoint].ptx != ptxOld)
return false;
}
break;
}
}
if (fCheckInputs)
{
CCoinsView dummy;
CCoinsViewCache view(dummy);
{
LOCK(cs);
CCoinsViewMemPool viewMemPool(*pcoinsTip, *this);
view.SetBackend(viewMemPool);
// do we already have it?
if (view.HaveCoins(hash))
return false;
// do all inputs exist?
// Note that this does not check for the presence of actual outputs (see the next check for that),
// only helps filling in pfMissingInputs (to determine missing vs spent).
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn txin, tx.vin) {
if (!view.HaveCoins(txin.prevout.hash)) {
if (pfMissingInputs)
*pfMissingInputs = true;
return false;
}
}
// are the actual inputs available?
if (!tx.HaveInputs(view))
return state.Invalid(error("CTxMemPool::accept() : inputs already spent"));
// Bring the best block into scope
view.GetBestBlock();
// we have all inputs cached now, so switch back to dummy, so we don't need to keep lock on mempool
view.SetBackend(dummy);
}
// Check for non-standard pay-to-script-hash in inputs
if (!tx.AreInputsStandard(view) && !fTestNet)
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : nonstandard transaction input");
// Note: if you modify this code to accept non-standard transactions, then
// you should add code here to check that the transaction does a
// reasonable number of ECDSA signature verifications.
int64 nFees = tx.GetValueIn(view)-tx.GetValueOut();
unsigned int nSize = ::GetSerializeSize(tx, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// Don't accept it if it can't get into a block
int64 txMinFee = tx.GetMinFee(1000, true, GMF_RELAY);
if (fLimitFree && nFees < txMinFee)
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : not enough fees %s, %"PRI64d" < %"PRI64d,
hash.ToString().c_str(),
nFees, txMinFee);
// Continuously rate-limit free transactions
// This mitigates 'penny-flooding' -- sending thousands of free transactions just to
// be annoying or make others' transactions take longer to confirm.
if (fLimitFree && nFees < MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE)
{
static double dFreeCount;
static int64 nLastTime;
int64 nNow = GetTime();
LOCK(cs);
// Use an exponentially decaying ~10-minute window:
dFreeCount *= pow(1.0 - 1.0/600.0, (double)(nNow - nLastTime));
nLastTime = nNow;
// -limitfreerelay unit is thousand-bytes-per-minute
// At default rate it would take over a month to fill 1GB
if (dFreeCount >= GetArg("-limitfreerelay", 15)*10*1000)
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : free transaction rejected by rate limiter");
if (fDebug)
printf("Rate limit dFreeCount: %g => %g\n", dFreeCount, dFreeCount+nSize);
dFreeCount += nSize;
}
// Check against previous transactions
// This is done last to help prevent CPU exhaustion denial-of-service attacks.
if (!tx.CheckInputs(state, view, true, SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH))
{
return error("CTxMemPool::accept() : ConnectInputs failed %s", hash.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str());
}
}
// Store transaction in memory
{
LOCK(cs);
if (ptxOld)
{
printf("CTxMemPool::accept() : replacing tx %s with new version\n", ptxOld->GetHash().ToString().c_str());
remove(*ptxOld);
}
addUnchecked(hash, tx);
}
///// are we sure this is ok when loading transactions or restoring block txes
// If updated, erase old tx from wallet
if (ptxOld)
EraseFromWallets(ptxOld->GetHash());
SyncWithWallets(hash, tx, NULL, true);
printf("CTxMemPool::accept() : accepted %s (poolsz %"PRIszu")\n",
hash.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(),
mapTx.size());
return true;
}
bool CTransaction::AcceptToMemoryPool(CValidationState &state, bool fCheckInputs, bool fLimitFree, bool* pfMissingInputs)
{
return mempool.accept(state, *this, fCheckInputs, fLimitFree, pfMissingInputs);
}
bool CTxMemPool::addUnchecked(const uint256& hash, CTransaction &tx)
{
// Add to memory pool without checking anything. Don't call this directly,
// call CTxMemPool::accept to properly check the transaction first.
{
mapTx[hash] = tx;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++)
mapNextTx[tx.vin[i].prevout] = CInPoint(&mapTx[hash], i);
nTransactionsUpdated++;
}
return true;
}
bool CTxMemPool::remove(const CTransaction &tx, bool fRecursive)
{
// Remove transaction from memory pool
{
LOCK(cs);
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (mapTx.count(hash))
{
if (fRecursive) {
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vout.size(); i++) {
std::map<COutPoint, CInPoint>::iterator it = mapNextTx.find(COutPoint(hash, i));
if (it != mapNextTx.end())
remove(*it->second.ptx, true);
}
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
mapNextTx.erase(txin.prevout);
mapTx.erase(hash);
nTransactionsUpdated++;
}
}
return true;
}
bool CTxMemPool::removeConflicts(const CTransaction &tx)
{
// Remove transactions which depend on inputs of tx, recursively
LOCK(cs);
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, tx.vin) {
std::map<COutPoint, CInPoint>::iterator it = mapNextTx.find(txin.prevout);
if (it != mapNextTx.end()) {
const CTransaction &txConflict = *it->second.ptx;
if (txConflict != tx)
remove(txConflict, true);
}
}
return true;
}
void CTxMemPool::clear()
{
LOCK(cs);
mapTx.clear();
mapNextTx.clear();
++nTransactionsUpdated;
}
void CTxMemPool::queryHashes(std::vector<uint256>& vtxid)
{
vtxid.clear();
LOCK(cs);
vtxid.reserve(mapTx.size());
for (map<uint256, CTransaction>::iterator mi = mapTx.begin(); mi != mapTx.end(); ++mi)
vtxid.push_back((*mi).first);
}
int CMerkleTx::GetDepthInMainChain(CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const
{
if (hashBlock == 0 || nIndex == -1)
return 0;
// Find the block it claims to be in
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hashBlock);
if (mi == mapBlockIndex.end())
return 0;
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (!pindex || !pindex->IsInMainChain())
return 0;
// Make sure the merkle branch connects to this block
if (!fMerkleVerified)
{
if (CBlock::CheckMerkleBranch(GetHash(), vMerkleBranch, nIndex) != pindex->hashMerkleRoot)
return 0;
fMerkleVerified = true;
}
pindexRet = pindex;
return pindexBest->nHeight - pindex->nHeight + 1;
}
int CMerkleTx::GetBlocksToMaturity() const
{
if (!IsCoinBase())
return 0;
return max(0, (COINBASE_MATURITY+20) - GetDepthInMainChain());
}
bool CMerkleTx::AcceptToMemoryPool(bool fCheckInputs, bool fLimitFree)
{
CValidationState state;
return CTransaction::AcceptToMemoryPool(state, fCheckInputs, fLimitFree);
}
bool CWalletTx::AcceptWalletTransaction(bool fCheckInputs)
{
{
LOCK(mempool.cs);
// Add previous supporting transactions first
BOOST_FOREACH(CMerkleTx& tx, vtxPrev)
{
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
{
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (!mempool.exists(hash) && pcoinsTip->HaveCoins(hash))
tx.AcceptToMemoryPool(fCheckInputs, false);
}
}
return AcceptToMemoryPool(fCheckInputs, false);
}
return false;
}
// Return transaction in tx, and if it was found inside a block, its hash is placed in hashBlock
bool GetTransaction(const uint256 &hash, CTransaction &txOut, uint256 &hashBlock, bool fAllowSlow)
{
CBlockIndex *pindexSlow = NULL;
{
LOCK(cs_main);
{
LOCK(mempool.cs);
if (mempool.exists(hash))
{
txOut = mempool.lookup(hash);
return true;
}
}
if (fTxIndex) {
CDiskTxPos postx;
if (pblocktree->ReadTxIndex(hash, postx)) {
CAutoFile file(OpenBlockFile(postx, true), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
CBlockHeader header;
try {
file >> header;
fseek(file, postx.nTxOffset, SEEK_CUR);
file >> txOut;
} catch (std::exception &e) {
return error("%s() : deserialize or I/O error", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);
}
hashBlock = header.GetHash();
if (txOut.GetHash() != hash)
return error("%s() : txid mismatch", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);
return true;
}
}
if (fAllowSlow) { // use coin database to locate block that contains transaction, and scan it
int nHeight = -1;
{
CCoinsViewCache &view = *pcoinsTip;
CCoins coins;
if (view.GetCoins(hash, coins))
nHeight = coins.nHeight;
}
if (nHeight > 0)
pindexSlow = FindBlockByHeight(nHeight);
}
}
if (pindexSlow) {
CBlock block;
if (block.ReadFromDisk(pindexSlow)) {
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, block.vtx) {
if (tx.GetHash() == hash) {
txOut = tx;
hashBlock = pindexSlow->GetBlockHash();
return true;
}
}
}
}
return false;
}
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CBlock and CBlockIndex
//
static CBlockIndex* pblockindexFBBHLast;
CBlockIndex* FindBlockByHeight(int nHeight)
{
CBlockIndex *pblockindex;
if (nHeight < nBestHeight / 2)
pblockindex = pindexGenesisBlock;
else
pblockindex = pindexBest;
if (pblockindexFBBHLast && abs(nHeight - pblockindex->nHeight) > abs(nHeight - pblockindexFBBHLast->nHeight))
pblockindex = pblockindexFBBHLast;
while (pblockindex->nHeight > nHeight)
pblockindex = pblockindex->pprev;
while (pblockindex->nHeight < nHeight)
pblockindex = pblockindex->pnext;
pblockindexFBBHLast = pblockindex;
return pblockindex;
}
bool CBlock::ReadFromDisk(const CBlockIndex* pindex)
{
if (!ReadFromDisk(pindex->GetBlockPos()))
return false;
if (GetHash() != pindex->GetBlockHash())
return error("CBlock::ReadFromDisk() : GetHash() doesn't match index");
return true;
}
uint256 static GetOrphanRoot(const CBlockHeader* pblock)
{
// Work back to the first block in the orphan chain
while (mapOrphanBlocks.count(pblock->hashPrevBlock))
pblock = mapOrphanBlocks[pblock->hashPrevBlock];
return pblock->GetHash();
}
int64 static GetBlockValue(int nHeight, int64 nFees)
{
int64 nSubsidy = 50 * COIN;
// Subsidy is cut in half every 210000 blocks, which will occur approximately every 4 years
nSubsidy >>= (nHeight / 210000);
return nSubsidy + nFees;
}
static const int64 nTargetTimespan = 14 * 24 * 60 * 60; // two weeks
static const int64 nTargetSpacing = 10 * 60;
static const int64 nInterval = nTargetTimespan / nTargetSpacing;
//
// minimum amount of work that could possibly be required nTime after
// minimum work required was nBase
//
unsigned int ComputeMinWork(unsigned int nBase, int64 nTime)
{
// Testnet has min-difficulty blocks
// after nTargetSpacing*2 time between blocks:
if (fTestNet && nTime > nTargetSpacing*2)
return bnProofOfWorkLimit.GetCompact();
CBigNum bnResult;
bnResult.SetCompact(nBase);
while (nTime > 0 && bnResult < bnProofOfWorkLimit)
{
// Maximum 400% adjustment...
bnResult *= 4;
// ... in best-case exactly 4-times-normal target time
nTime -= nTargetTimespan*4;
}
if (bnResult > bnProofOfWorkLimit)
bnResult = bnProofOfWorkLimit;
return bnResult.GetCompact();
}
unsigned int static GetNextWorkRequired(const CBlockIndex* pindexLast, const CBlockHeader *pblock)
{
unsigned int nProofOfWorkLimit = bnProofOfWorkLimit.GetCompact();
// Genesis block
if (pindexLast == NULL)
return nProofOfWorkLimit;
// Only change once per interval
if ((pindexLast->nHeight+1) % nInterval != 0)
{
// Special difficulty rule for testnet:
if (fTestNet)
{
// If the new block's timestamp is more than 2* 10 minutes
// then allow mining of a min-difficulty block.
if (pblock->nTime > pindexLast->nTime + nTargetSpacing*2)
return nProofOfWorkLimit;
else
{
// Return the last non-special-min-difficulty-rules-block
const CBlockIndex* pindex = pindexLast;
while (pindex->pprev && pindex->nHeight % nInterval != 0 && pindex->nBits == nProofOfWorkLimit)
pindex = pindex->pprev;
return pindex->nBits;
}
}
return pindexLast->nBits;
}
// Go back by what we want to be 14 days worth of blocks
const CBlockIndex* pindexFirst = pindexLast;
for (int i = 0; pindexFirst && i < nInterval-1; i++)
pindexFirst = pindexFirst->pprev;
assert(pindexFirst);
// Limit adjustment step
int64 nActualTimespan = pindexLast->GetBlockTime() - pindexFirst->GetBlockTime();
printf(" nActualTimespan = %"PRI64d" before bounds\n", nActualTimespan);
if (nActualTimespan < nTargetTimespan/4)
nActualTimespan = nTargetTimespan/4;
if (nActualTimespan > nTargetTimespan*4)
nActualTimespan = nTargetTimespan*4;
// Retarget
CBigNum bnNew;
bnNew.SetCompact(pindexLast->nBits);
bnNew *= nActualTimespan;
bnNew /= nTargetTimespan;
if (bnNew > bnProofOfWorkLimit)
bnNew = bnProofOfWorkLimit;
/// debug print
printf("GetNextWorkRequired RETARGET\n");
printf("nTargetTimespan = %"PRI64d" nActualTimespan = %"PRI64d"\n", nTargetTimespan, nActualTimespan);
printf("Before: %08x %s\n", pindexLast->nBits, CBigNum().SetCompact(pindexLast->nBits).getuint256().ToString().c_str());
printf("After: %08x %s\n", bnNew.GetCompact(), bnNew.getuint256().ToString().c_str());
return bnNew.GetCompact();
}
bool CheckProofOfWork(uint256 hash, unsigned int nBits)
{
CBigNum bnTarget;
bnTarget.SetCompact(nBits);
// Check range
if (bnTarget <= 0 || bnTarget > bnProofOfWorkLimit)
return error("CheckProofOfWork() : nBits below minimum work");
// Check proof of work matches claimed amount
if (hash > bnTarget.getuint256())
return error("CheckProofOfWork() : hash doesn't match nBits");
return true;
}
// Return maximum amount of blocks that other nodes claim to have
int GetNumBlocksOfPeers()
{
return std::max(cPeerBlockCounts.median(), Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate());
}
bool IsInitialBlockDownload()
{
if (pindexBest == NULL || nBestHeight < Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate() || fReindex || fImporting)
return true;
static int64 nLastUpdate;
static CBlockIndex* pindexLastBest;
if (pindexBest != pindexLastBest)
{
pindexLastBest = pindexBest;
nLastUpdate = GetTime();
}
return (GetTime() - nLastUpdate < 10 &&
pindexBest->GetBlockTime() < GetTime() - 24 * 60 * 60);
}
void static InvalidChainFound(CBlockIndex* pindexNew)
{
if (pindexNew->bnChainWork > bnBestInvalidWork)
{
bnBestInvalidWork = pindexNew->bnChainWork;
pblocktree->WriteBestInvalidWork(bnBestInvalidWork);
uiInterface.NotifyBlocksChanged();
}
printf("InvalidChainFound: invalid block=%s height=%d work=%s date=%s\n",
BlockHashStr(pindexNew->GetBlockHash()).c_str(), pindexNew->nHeight,
pindexNew->bnChainWork.ToString().c_str(), DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",
pindexNew->GetBlockTime()).c_str());
printf("InvalidChainFound: current best=%s height=%d work=%s date=%s\n",
BlockHashStr(hashBestChain).c_str(), nBestHeight, bnBestChainWork.ToString().c_str(),
DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", pindexBest->GetBlockTime()).c_str());
if (pindexBest && bnBestInvalidWork > bnBestChainWork + pindexBest->GetBlockWork() * 6)
printf("InvalidChainFound: Warning: Displayed transactions may not be correct! You may need to upgrade, or other nodes may need to upgrade.\n");
}
void static InvalidBlockFound(CBlockIndex *pindex) {
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_VALID;
pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindex));
setBlockIndexValid.erase(pindex);
InvalidChainFound(pindex);
if (pindex->pnext) {
CValidationState stateDummy;
ConnectBestBlock(stateDummy); // reorganise away from the failed block
}
}
bool ConnectBestBlock(CValidationState &state) {
do {
CBlockIndex *pindexNewBest;
{
std::set<CBlockIndex*,CBlockIndexWorkComparator>::reverse_iterator it = setBlockIndexValid.rbegin();
if (it == setBlockIndexValid.rend())
return true;
pindexNewBest = *it;
}
if (pindexNewBest == pindexBest || (pindexBest && pindexNewBest->bnChainWork == pindexBest->bnChainWork))
return true; // nothing to do
// check ancestry
CBlockIndex *pindexTest = pindexNewBest;
std::vector<CBlockIndex*> vAttach;
do {
if (pindexTest->nStatus & BLOCK_FAILED_MASK) {
// mark descendants failed
CBlockIndex *pindexFailed = pindexNewBest;
while (pindexTest != pindexFailed) {
pindexFailed->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_CHILD;
setBlockIndexValid.erase(pindexFailed);
pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindexFailed));
pindexFailed = pindexFailed->pprev;
}
InvalidChainFound(pindexNewBest);
break;
}
if (pindexBest == NULL || pindexTest->bnChainWork > pindexBest->bnChainWork)
vAttach.push_back(pindexTest);
if (pindexTest->pprev == NULL || pindexTest->pnext != NULL) {
reverse(vAttach.begin(), vAttach.end());
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex *pindexSwitch, vAttach) {
if (fRequestShutdown)
break;
CValidationState state;
if (!SetBestChain(state, pindexSwitch))
return false;
}
return true;
}
pindexTest = pindexTest->pprev;
} while(true);
} while(true);
}
void CBlockHeader::UpdateTime(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev)
{
nTime = max(pindexPrev->GetMedianTimePast()+1, GetAdjustedTime());
// Updating time can change work required on testnet:
if (fTestNet)
nBits = GetNextWorkRequired(pindexPrev, this);
}
const CTxOut &CTransaction::GetOutputFor(const CTxIn& input, CCoinsViewCache& view)
{
const CCoins &coins = view.GetCoins(input.prevout.hash);
assert(coins.IsAvailable(input.prevout.n));
return coins.vout[input.prevout.n];
}
int64 CTransaction::GetValueIn(CCoinsViewCache& inputs) const
{
if (IsCoinBase())
return 0;
int64 nResult = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
nResult += GetOutputFor(vin[i], inputs).nValue;
return nResult;
}
unsigned int CTransaction::GetP2SHSigOpCount(CCoinsViewCache& inputs) const
{
if (IsCoinBase())
return 0;
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
{
const CTxOut &prevout = GetOutputFor(vin[i], inputs);
if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash())
nSigOps += prevout.scriptPubKey.GetSigOpCount(vin[i].scriptSig);
}
return nSigOps;
}
bool CTransaction::UpdateCoins(CValidationState &state, CCoinsViewCache &inputs, CTxUndo &txundo, int nHeight, const uint256 &txhash) const
{
// mark inputs spent
if (!IsCoinBase()) {
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, vin) {
CCoins &coins = inputs.GetCoins(txin.prevout.hash);
CTxInUndo undo;
assert(coins.Spend(txin.prevout, undo));
txundo.vprevout.push_back(undo);
}
}
// add outputs
assert(inputs.SetCoins(txhash, CCoins(*this, nHeight)));
return true;
}
bool CTransaction::HaveInputs(CCoinsViewCache &inputs) const
{
if (!IsCoinBase()) {
// first check whether information about the prevout hash is available
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++) {
const COutPoint &prevout = vin[i].prevout;
if (!inputs.HaveCoins(prevout.hash))
return false;
}
// then check whether the actual outputs are available
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++) {
const COutPoint &prevout = vin[i].prevout;
const CCoins &coins = inputs.GetCoins(prevout.hash);
if (!coins.IsAvailable(prevout.n))
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
bool CScriptCheck::operator()() const {
const CScript &scriptSig = ptxTo->vin[nIn].scriptSig;
if (!VerifyScript(scriptSig, scriptPubKey, *ptxTo, nIn, nFlags, nHashType))
return error("CScriptCheck() : %s VerifySignature failed", ptxTo->GetHash().ToString().substr(0,10).c_str());
return true;
}
bool VerifySignature(const CCoins& txFrom, const CTransaction& txTo, unsigned int nIn, unsigned int flags, int nHashType)
{
return CScriptCheck(txFrom, txTo, nIn, flags, nHashType)();
}
bool CTransaction::CheckInputs(CValidationState &state, CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks) const
{
if (!IsCoinBase())
{
if (pvChecks)
pvChecks->reserve(vin.size());
// This doesn't trigger the DoS code on purpose; if it did, it would make it easier
// for an attacker to attempt to split the network.
if (!HaveInputs(inputs))
return state.Invalid(error("CheckInputs() : %s inputs unavailable", GetHash().ToString().substr(0,10).c_str()));
// While checking, GetBestBlock() refers to the parent block.
// This is also true for mempool checks.
int nSpendHeight = inputs.GetBestBlock()->nHeight + 1;
int64 nValueIn = 0;
int64 nFees = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
{
const COutPoint &prevout = vin[i].prevout;
const CCoins &coins = inputs.GetCoins(prevout.hash);
// If prev is coinbase, check that it's matured
if (coins.IsCoinBase()) {
if (nSpendHeight - coins.nHeight < COINBASE_MATURITY)
return state.Invalid(error("CheckInputs() : tried to spend coinbase at depth %d", nSpendHeight - coins.nHeight));
}
// Check for negative or overflow input values
nValueIn += coins.vout[prevout.n].nValue;
if (!MoneyRange(coins.vout[prevout.n].nValue) || !MoneyRange(nValueIn))
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckInputs() : txin values out of range"));
}
if (nValueIn < GetValueOut())
return state.DoS(100, error("ChecktInputs() : %s value in < value out", GetHash().ToString().substr(0,10).c_str()));
// Tally transaction fees
int64 nTxFee = nValueIn - GetValueOut();
if (nTxFee < 0)
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckInputs() : %s nTxFee < 0", GetHash().ToString().substr(0,10).c_str()));
nFees += nTxFee;
if (!MoneyRange(nFees))
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckInputs() : nFees out of range"));
// The first loop above does all the inexpensive checks.
// Only if ALL inputs pass do we perform expensive ECDSA signature checks.
// Helps prevent CPU exhaustion attacks.
// Skip ECDSA signature verification when connecting blocks
// before the last block chain checkpoint. This is safe because block merkle hashes are
// still computed and checked, and any change will be caught at the next checkpoint.
if (fScriptChecks) {
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++) {
const COutPoint &prevout = vin[i].prevout;
const CCoins &coins = inputs.GetCoins(prevout.hash);
// Verify signature
CScriptCheck check(coins, *this, i, flags, 0);
if (pvChecks) {
pvChecks->push_back(CScriptCheck());
check.swap(pvChecks->back());
} else if (!check())
return state.DoS(100,false);
}
}
}
return true;
}
bool CBlock::DisconnectBlock(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex *pindex, CCoinsViewCache &view, bool *pfClean)
{
assert(pindex == view.GetBestBlock());
if (pfClean)
*pfClean = false;
bool fClean = true;
CBlockUndo blockUndo;
CDiskBlockPos pos = pindex->GetUndoPos();
if (pos.IsNull())
return error("DisconnectBlock() : no undo data available");
if (!blockUndo.ReadFromDisk(pos, pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash()))
return error("DisconnectBlock() : failure reading undo data");
if (blockUndo.vtxundo.size() + 1 != vtx.size())
return error("DisconnectBlock() : block and undo data inconsistent");
// undo transactions in reverse order
for (int i = vtx.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
const CTransaction &tx = vtx[i];
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
// check that all outputs are available
if (!view.HaveCoins(hash)) {
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock() : outputs still spent? database corrupted");
view.SetCoins(hash, CCoins());
}
CCoins &outs = view.GetCoins(hash);
CCoins outsBlock = CCoins(tx, pindex->nHeight);
if (outs != outsBlock)
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock() : added transaction mismatch? database corrupted");
// remove outputs
outs = CCoins();
// restore inputs
if (i > 0) { // not coinbases
const CTxUndo &txundo = blockUndo.vtxundo[i-1];
if (txundo.vprevout.size() != tx.vin.size())
return error("DisconnectBlock() : transaction and undo data inconsistent");
for (unsigned int j = tx.vin.size(); j-- > 0;) {
const COutPoint &out = tx.vin[j].prevout;
const CTxInUndo &undo = txundo.vprevout[j];
CCoins coins;
view.GetCoins(out.hash, coins); // this can fail if the prevout was already entirely spent
if (undo.nHeight != 0) {
// undo data contains height: this is the last output of the prevout tx being spent
if (!coins.IsPruned())
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock() : undo data overwriting existing transaction");
coins = CCoins();
coins.fCoinBase = undo.fCoinBase;
coins.nHeight = undo.nHeight;
coins.nVersion = undo.nVersion;
} else {
if (coins.IsPruned())
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock() : undo data adding output to missing transaction");
}
if (coins.IsAvailable(out.n))
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock() : undo data overwriting existing output");
if (coins.vout.size() < out.n+1)
coins.vout.resize(out.n+1);
coins.vout[out.n] = undo.txout;
if (!view.SetCoins(out.hash, coins))
return error("DisconnectBlock() : cannot restore coin inputs");
}
}
}
// move best block pointer to prevout block
view.SetBestBlock(pindex->pprev);
if (pfClean) {
*pfClean = fClean;
return true;
} else {
return fClean;
}
}
void static FlushBlockFile()
{
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
CDiskBlockPos posOld(nLastBlockFile, 0);
FILE *fileOld = OpenBlockFile(posOld);
if (fileOld) {
FileCommit(fileOld);
fclose(fileOld);
}
fileOld = OpenUndoFile(posOld);
if (fileOld) {
FileCommit(fileOld);
fclose(fileOld);
}
}
bool FindUndoPos(CValidationState &state, int nFile, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize);
static CCheckQueue<CScriptCheck> scriptcheckqueue(128);
void ThreadScriptCheck(void*) {
vnThreadsRunning[THREAD_SCRIPTCHECK]++;
RenameThread("bitcoin-scriptch");
scriptcheckqueue.Thread();
vnThreadsRunning[THREAD_SCRIPTCHECK]--;
}
void ThreadScriptCheckQuit() {
scriptcheckqueue.Quit();
}
bool CBlock::ConnectBlock(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex* pindex, CCoinsViewCache &view, bool fJustCheck)
{
// Check it again in case a previous version let a bad block in
if (!CheckBlock(state, !fJustCheck, !fJustCheck))
return false;
// verify that the view's current state corresponds to the previous block
assert(pindex->pprev == view.GetBestBlock());
// Special case for the genesis block, skipping connection of its transactions
// (its coinbase is unspendable)
if (GetHash() == hashGenesisBlock) {
view.SetBestBlock(pindex);
pindexGenesisBlock = pindex;
return true;
}
bool fScriptChecks = pindex->nHeight >= Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate();
// Do not allow blocks that contain transactions which 'overwrite' older transactions,
// unless those are already completely spent.
// If such overwrites are allowed, coinbases and transactions depending upon those
// can be duplicated to remove the ability to spend the first instance -- even after
// being sent to another address.
// See BIP30 and http://r6.ca/blog/20120206T005236Z.html for more information.
// This logic is not necessary for memory pool transactions, as AcceptToMemoryPool
// already refuses previously-known transaction ids entirely.
// This rule was originally applied all blocks whose timestamp was after March 15, 2012, 0:00 UTC.
// Now that the whole chain is irreversibly beyond that time it is applied to all blocks except the
// two in the chain that violate it. This prevents exploiting the issue against nodes in their
// initial block download.
bool fEnforceBIP30 = (!pindex->phashBlock) || // Enforce on CreateNewBlock invocations which don't have a hash.
!((pindex->nHeight==91842 && pindex->GetBlockHash() == uint256("0x00000000000a4d0a398161ffc163c503763b1f4360639393e0e4c8e300e0caec")) ||
(pindex->nHeight==91880 && pindex->GetBlockHash() == uint256("0x00000000000743f190a18c5577a3c2d2a1f610ae9601ac046a38084ccb7cd721")));
if (fEnforceBIP30) {
for (unsigned int i=0; i<vtx.size(); i++) {
uint256 hash = GetTxHash(i);
if (view.HaveCoins(hash) && !view.GetCoins(hash).IsPruned())
return error("ConnectBlock() : tried to overwrite transaction");
}
}
// BIP16 didn't become active until Apr 1 2012
int64 nBIP16SwitchTime = 1333238400;
bool fStrictPayToScriptHash = (pindex->nTime >= nBIP16SwitchTime);
unsigned int flags = SCRIPT_VERIFY_NOCACHE |
(fStrictPayToScriptHash ? SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH : SCRIPT_VERIFY_NONE);
CBlockUndo blockundo;
CCheckQueueControl<CScriptCheck> control(fScriptChecks && nScriptCheckThreads ? &scriptcheckqueue : NULL);
int64 nStart = GetTimeMicros();
int64 nFees = 0;
int nInputs = 0;
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
CDiskTxPos pos(pindex->GetBlockPos(), GetSizeOfCompactSize(vtx.size()));
std::vector<std::pair<uint256, CDiskTxPos> > vPos;
vPos.reserve(vtx.size());
for (unsigned int i=0; i<vtx.size(); i++)
{
const CTransaction &tx = vtx[i];
nInputs += tx.vin.size();
nSigOps += tx.GetLegacySigOpCount();
if (nSigOps > MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock() : too many sigops"));
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
{
if (!tx.HaveInputs(view))
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock() : inputs missing/spent"));
if (fStrictPayToScriptHash)
{
// Add in sigops done by pay-to-script-hash inputs;
// this is to prevent a "rogue miner" from creating
// an incredibly-expensive-to-validate block.
nSigOps += tx.GetP2SHSigOpCount(view);
if (nSigOps > MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock() : too many sigops"));
}
nFees += tx.GetValueIn(view)-tx.GetValueOut();
std::vector<CScriptCheck> vChecks;
if (!tx.CheckInputs(state, view, fScriptChecks, flags, nScriptCheckThreads ? &vChecks : NULL))
return false;
control.Add(vChecks);
}
CTxUndo txundo;
if (!tx.UpdateCoins(state, view, txundo, pindex->nHeight, GetTxHash(i)))
return error("ConnectBlock() : UpdateInputs failed");
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
blockundo.vtxundo.push_back(txundo);
vPos.push_back(std::make_pair(GetTxHash(i), pos));
pos.nTxOffset += ::GetSerializeSize(tx, SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
}
int64 nTime = GetTimeMicros() - nStart;
if (fBenchmark)
printf("- Connect %u transactions: %.2fms (%.3fms/tx, %.3fms/txin)\n", (unsigned)vtx.size(), 0.001 * nTime, 0.001 * nTime / vtx.size(), nInputs <= 1 ? 0 : 0.001 * nTime / (nInputs-1));
if (vtx[0].GetValueOut() > GetBlockValue(pindex->nHeight, nFees))
return state.Invalid(error("ConnectBlock() : coinbase pays too much (actual=%"PRI64d" vs limit=%"PRI64d")", vtx[0].GetValueOut(), GetBlockValue(pindex->nHeight, nFees)));
if (!control.Wait())
return state.DoS(100, false);
int64 nTime2 = GetTimeMicros() - nStart;
if (fBenchmark)
printf("- Verify %u txins: %.2fms (%.3fms/txin)\n", nInputs - 1, 0.001 * nTime2, nInputs <= 1 ? 0 : 0.001 * nTime2 / (nInputs-1));
if (fJustCheck)
return true;
// Write undo information to disk
if (pindex->GetUndoPos().IsNull() || (pindex->nStatus & BLOCK_VALID_MASK) < BLOCK_VALID_SCRIPTS)
{
if (pindex->GetUndoPos().IsNull()) {
CDiskBlockPos pos;
if (!FindUndoPos(state, pindex->nFile, pos, ::GetSerializeSize(blockundo, SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION) + 40))
return error("ConnectBlock() : FindUndoPos failed");
if (!blockundo.WriteToDisk(pos, pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash()))
return state.Error(error("ConnectBlock() : CBlockUndo::WriteToDisk failed"));
// update nUndoPos in block index
pindex->nUndoPos = pos.nPos;
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_HAVE_UNDO;
}
pindex->nStatus = (pindex->nStatus & ~BLOCK_VALID_MASK) | BLOCK_VALID_SCRIPTS;
CDiskBlockIndex blockindex(pindex);
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(blockindex))
return state.Error(error("ConnectBlock() : WriteBlockIndex failed"));
}
if (fTxIndex)
if (!pblocktree->WriteTxIndex(vPos))
return state.Error(error("ConnectBlock() : WriteTxIndex failed"));
// add this block to the view's block chain
if (!view.SetBestBlock(pindex))
return state.Error();
// Watch for transactions paying to me
for (unsigned int i=0; i<vtx.size(); i++)
SyncWithWallets(GetTxHash(i), vtx[i], this, true);
return true;
}
bool SetBestChain(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex* pindexNew)
{
// All modifications to the coin state will be done in this cache.
// Only when all have succeeded, we push it to pcoinsTip.
CCoinsViewCache view(*pcoinsTip, true);
// Find the fork (typically, there is none)
CBlockIndex* pfork = view.GetBestBlock();
CBlockIndex* plonger = pindexNew;
while (pfork && pfork != plonger)
{
while (plonger->nHeight > pfork->nHeight)
if (!(plonger = plonger->pprev))
return state.Error(error("SetBestChain() : plonger->pprev is null"));
if (pfork == plonger)
break;
if (!(pfork = pfork->pprev))
return state.Error(error("SetBestChain() : pfork->pprev is null"));
}
// List of what to disconnect (typically nothing)
vector<CBlockIndex*> vDisconnect;
for (CBlockIndex* pindex = view.GetBestBlock(); pindex != pfork; pindex = pindex->pprev)
vDisconnect.push_back(pindex);
// List of what to connect (typically only pindexNew)
vector<CBlockIndex*> vConnect;
for (CBlockIndex* pindex = pindexNew; pindex != pfork; pindex = pindex->pprev)
vConnect.push_back(pindex);
reverse(vConnect.begin(), vConnect.end());
if (vDisconnect.size() > 0) {
printf("REORGANIZE: Disconnect %"PRIszu" blocks; %s..%s\n", vDisconnect.size(), BlockHashStr(pfork->GetBlockHash()).c_str(), BlockHashStr(pindexBest->GetBlockHash()).c_str());
printf("REORGANIZE: Connect %"PRIszu" blocks; %s..%s\n", vConnect.size(), BlockHashStr(pfork->GetBlockHash()).c_str(), BlockHashStr(pindexNew->GetBlockHash()).c_str());
}
// Disconnect shorter branch
vector<CTransaction> vResurrect;
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex* pindex, vDisconnect) {
CBlock block;
if (!block.ReadFromDisk(pindex))
return state.Error(error("SetBestBlock() : ReadFromDisk for disconnect failed"));
int64 nStart = GetTimeMicros();
if (!block.DisconnectBlock(state, pindex, view))
return error("SetBestBlock() : DisconnectBlock %s failed", BlockHashStr(pindex->GetBlockHash()).c_str());
if (fBenchmark)
printf("- Disconnect: %.2fms\n", (GetTimeMicros() - nStart) * 0.001);
// Queue memory transactions to resurrect.
// We only do this for blocks after the last checkpoint (reorganisation before that
// point should only happen with -reindex/-loadblock, or a misbehaving peer.
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, block.vtx)
if (!tx.IsCoinBase() && pindex->nHeight > Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate())
vResurrect.push_back(tx);
}
// Connect longer branch
vector<CTransaction> vDelete;
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex *pindex, vConnect) {
CBlock block;
if (!block.ReadFromDisk(pindex))
return state.Error(error("SetBestBlock() : ReadFromDisk for connect failed"));
int64 nStart = GetTimeMicros();
if (!block.ConnectBlock(state, pindex, view)) {
if (state.IsInvalid()) {
InvalidChainFound(pindexNew);
InvalidBlockFound(pindex);
}
return error("SetBestBlock() : ConnectBlock %s failed", BlockHashStr(pindex->GetBlockHash()).c_str());
}
if (fBenchmark)
printf("- Connect: %.2fms\n", (GetTimeMicros() - nStart) * 0.001);
// Queue memory transactions to delete
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, block.vtx)
vDelete.push_back(tx);
}
// Flush changes to global coin state
int64 nStart = GetTimeMicros();
int nModified = view.GetCacheSize();
if (!view.Flush())
return state.Error(error("SetBestBlock() : unable to modify coin state"));
int64 nTime = GetTimeMicros() - nStart;
if (fBenchmark)
printf("- Flush %i transactions: %.2fms (%.4fms/tx)\n", nModified, 0.001 * nTime, 0.001 * nTime / nModified);
// Make sure it's successfully written to disk before changing memory structure
bool fIsInitialDownload = IsInitialBlockDownload();
if (!fIsInitialDownload || pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize() > nCoinCacheSize) {
FlushBlockFile();
pblocktree->Sync();
if (!pcoinsTip->Flush())
return state.Error();
}
// At this point, all changes have been done to the database.
// Proceed by updating the memory structures.
// Disconnect shorter branch
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex* pindex, vDisconnect)
if (pindex->pprev)
pindex->pprev->pnext = NULL;
// Connect longer branch
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex* pindex, vConnect)
if (pindex->pprev)
pindex->pprev->pnext = pindex;
// Resurrect memory transactions that were in the disconnected branch
BOOST_FOREACH(CTransaction& tx, vResurrect) {
// ignore validation errors in resurrected transactions
CValidationState stateDummy;
tx.AcceptToMemoryPool(stateDummy, true, false);
}
// Delete redundant memory transactions that are in the connected branch
BOOST_FOREACH(CTransaction& tx, vDelete) {
mempool.remove(tx);
mempool.removeConflicts(tx);
}
// Update best block in wallet (so we can detect restored wallets)
if (!fIsInitialDownload)
{
const CBlockLocator locator(pindexNew);
::SetBestChain(locator);
}
// New best block
hashBestChain = pindexNew->GetBlockHash();
pindexBest = pindexNew;
pblockindexFBBHLast = NULL;
nBestHeight = pindexBest->nHeight;
bnBestChainWork = pindexNew->bnChainWork;
nTimeBestReceived = GetTime();
nTransactionsUpdated++;
printf("SetBestChain: new best=%s height=%d work=%s tx=%lu date=%s\n",
BlockHashStr(hashBestChain).c_str(), nBestHeight, bnBestChainWork.ToString().c_str(), (unsigned long)pindexNew->nChainTx,
DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", pindexBest->GetBlockTime()).c_str());
// Check the version of the last 100 blocks to see if we need to upgrade:
if (!fIsInitialDownload)
{
int nUpgraded = 0;
const CBlockIndex* pindex = pindexBest;
for (int i = 0; i < 100 && pindex != NULL; i++)
{
if (pindex->nVersion > CBlock::CURRENT_VERSION)
++nUpgraded;
pindex = pindex->pprev;
}
if (nUpgraded > 0)
printf("SetBestChain: %d of last 100 blocks above version %d\n", nUpgraded, CBlock::CURRENT_VERSION);
if (nUpgraded > 100/2)
// strMiscWarning is read by GetWarnings(), called by Qt and the JSON-RPC code to warn the user:
strMiscWarning = _("Warning: This version is obsolete, upgrade required!");
}
std::string strCmd = GetArg("-blocknotify", "");
if (!fIsInitialDownload && !strCmd.empty())
{
boost::replace_all(strCmd, "%s", hashBestChain.GetHex());
boost::thread t(runCommand, strCmd); // thread runs free
}
return true;
}
bool CBlock::AddToBlockIndex(CValidationState &state, const CDiskBlockPos &pos)
{
// Check for duplicate
uint256 hash = GetHash();
if (mapBlockIndex.count(hash))
return state.Invalid(error("AddToBlockIndex() : %s already exists", BlockHashStr(hash).c_str()));
// Construct new block index object
CBlockIndex* pindexNew = new CBlockIndex(*this);
if (!pindexNew)
return state.Error(error("AddToBlockIndex() : new CBlockIndex failed"));
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.insert(make_pair(hash, pindexNew)).first;
pindexNew->phashBlock = &((*mi).first);
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator miPrev = mapBlockIndex.find(hashPrevBlock);
if (miPrev != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
pindexNew->pprev = (*miPrev).second;
pindexNew->nHeight = pindexNew->pprev->nHeight + 1;
}
pindexNew->nTx = vtx.size();
pindexNew->bnChainWork = (pindexNew->pprev ? pindexNew->pprev->bnChainWork : 0) + pindexNew->GetBlockWork();
pindexNew->nChainTx = (pindexNew->pprev ? pindexNew->pprev->nChainTx : 0) + pindexNew->nTx;
pindexNew->nFile = pos.nFile;
pindexNew->nDataPos = pos.nPos;
pindexNew->nUndoPos = 0;
pindexNew->nStatus = BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS | BLOCK_HAVE_DATA;
setBlockIndexValid.insert(pindexNew);
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindexNew)))
return state.Error(error("AddToBlockIndex() : writing block index failed"));
// New best?
if (!ConnectBestBlock(state))
return false;
if (pindexNew == pindexBest)
{
// Notify UI to display prev block's coinbase if it was ours
static uint256 hashPrevBestCoinBase;
UpdatedTransaction(hashPrevBestCoinBase);
hashPrevBestCoinBase = GetTxHash(0);
}
if (!pblocktree->Flush())
return state.Error("AddToBlockIndex() : failed to sync block tree");
uiInterface.NotifyBlocksChanged();
return true;
}
bool FindBlockPos(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize, unsigned int nHeight, uint64 nTime, bool fKnown = false)
{
bool fUpdatedLast = false;
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
if (fKnown) {
if (nLastBlockFile != pos.nFile) {
nLastBlockFile = pos.nFile;
infoLastBlockFile.SetNull();
pblocktree->ReadBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile);
fUpdatedLast = true;
}
} else {
while (infoLastBlockFile.nSize + nAddSize >= MAX_BLOCKFILE_SIZE) {
printf("Leaving block file %i: %s\n", nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile.ToString().c_str());
FlushBlockFile();
nLastBlockFile++;
infoLastBlockFile.SetNull();
pblocktree->ReadBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile); // check whether data for the new file somehow already exist; can fail just fine
fUpdatedLast = true;
}
pos.nFile = nLastBlockFile;
pos.nPos = infoLastBlockFile.nSize;
}
infoLastBlockFile.nSize += nAddSize;
infoLastBlockFile.AddBlock(nHeight, nTime);
if (!fKnown) {
unsigned int nOldChunks = (pos.nPos + BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
unsigned int nNewChunks = (infoLastBlockFile.nSize + BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
if (nNewChunks > nOldChunks) {
if (CheckDiskSpace(nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos)) {
FILE *file = OpenBlockFile(pos);
if (file) {
printf("Pre-allocating up to position 0x%x in blk%05u.dat\n", nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE, pos.nFile);
AllocateFileRange(file, pos.nPos, nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos);
fclose(file);
}
}
else
return state.Error(error("FindBlockPos() : out of disk space"));
}
}
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile))
return state.Error(error("FindBlockPos() : cannot write updated block info"));
if (fUpdatedLast)
pblocktree->WriteLastBlockFile(nLastBlockFile);
return true;
}
bool FindUndoPos(CValidationState &state, int nFile, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize)
{
pos.nFile = nFile;
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
unsigned int nNewSize;
if (nFile == nLastBlockFile) {
pos.nPos = infoLastBlockFile.nUndoSize;
nNewSize = (infoLastBlockFile.nUndoSize += nAddSize);
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile))
return state.Error(error("FindUndoPos() : cannot write updated block info"));
} else {
CBlockFileInfo info;
if (!pblocktree->ReadBlockFileInfo(nFile, info))
return state.Error(error("FindUndoPos() : cannot read block info"));
pos.nPos = info.nUndoSize;
nNewSize = (info.nUndoSize += nAddSize);
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(nFile, info))
return state.Error(error("FindUndoPos() : cannot write updated block info"));
}
unsigned int nOldChunks = (pos.nPos + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
unsigned int nNewChunks = (nNewSize + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
if (nNewChunks > nOldChunks) {
if (CheckDiskSpace(nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos)) {
FILE *file = OpenUndoFile(pos);
if (file) {
printf("Pre-allocating up to position 0x%x in rev%05u.dat\n", nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE, pos.nFile);
AllocateFileRange(file, pos.nPos, nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos);
fclose(file);
}
}
else
return state.Error(error("FindUndoPos() : out of disk space"));
}
return true;
}
bool CBlock::CheckBlock(CValidationState &state, bool fCheckPOW, bool fCheckMerkleRoot) const
{
// These are checks that are independent of context
// that can be verified before saving an orphan block.
// Size limits
if (vtx.empty() || vtx.size() > MAX_BLOCK_SIZE || ::GetSerializeSize(*this, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION) > MAX_BLOCK_SIZE)
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : size limits failed"));
// Check proof of work matches claimed amount
if (fCheckPOW && !CheckProofOfWork(GetHash(), nBits))
return state.DoS(50, error("CheckBlock() : proof of work failed"));
// Check timestamp
if (GetBlockTime() > GetAdjustedTime() + 2 * 60 * 60)
return state.Invalid(error("CheckBlock() : block timestamp too far in the future"));
// First transaction must be coinbase, the rest must not be
if (vtx.empty() || !vtx[0].IsCoinBase())
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : first tx is not coinbase"));
for (unsigned int i = 1; i < vtx.size(); i++)
if (vtx[i].IsCoinBase())
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : more than one coinbase"));
// Check transactions
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, vtx)
if (!tx.CheckTransaction(state))
return error("CheckBlock() : CheckTransaction failed");
// Build the merkle tree already. We need it anyway later, and it makes the
// block cache the transaction hashes, which means they don't need to be
// recalculated many times during this block's validation.
BuildMerkleTree();
// Check for duplicate txids. This is caught by ConnectInputs(),
// but catching it earlier avoids a potential DoS attack:
set<uint256> uniqueTx;
for (unsigned int i=0; i<vtx.size(); i++) {
uniqueTx.insert(GetTxHash(i));
}
if (uniqueTx.size() != vtx.size())
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : duplicate transaction"));
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, vtx)
{
nSigOps += tx.GetLegacySigOpCount();
}
if (nSigOps > MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : out-of-bounds SigOpCount"));
// Check merkle root
if (fCheckMerkleRoot && hashMerkleRoot != BuildMerkleTree())
return state.DoS(100, error("CheckBlock() : hashMerkleRoot mismatch"));
return true;
}
bool CBlock::AcceptBlock(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos *dbp)
{
// Check for duplicate
uint256 hash = GetHash();
if (mapBlockIndex.count(hash))
return state.Invalid(error("AcceptBlock() : block already in mapBlockIndex"));
// Get prev block index
CBlockIndex* pindexPrev = NULL;
int nHeight = 0;
if (hash != hashGenesisBlock) {
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hashPrevBlock);
if (mi == mapBlockIndex.end())
return state.DoS(10, error("AcceptBlock() : prev block not found"));
pindexPrev = (*mi).second;
nHeight = pindexPrev->nHeight+1;
// Check proof of work
if (nBits != GetNextWorkRequired(pindexPrev, this))
return state.DoS(100, error("AcceptBlock() : incorrect proof of work"));
// Check timestamp against prev
if (GetBlockTime() <= pindexPrev->GetMedianTimePast())
return state.Invalid(error("AcceptBlock() : block's timestamp is too early"));
// Check that all transactions are finalized
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, vtx)
if (!tx.IsFinal(nHeight, GetBlockTime()))
return state.DoS(10, error("AcceptBlock() : contains a non-final transaction"));
// Check that the block chain matches the known block chain up to a checkpoint
if (!Checkpoints::CheckBlock(nHeight, hash))
return state.DoS(100, error("AcceptBlock() : rejected by checkpoint lock-in at %d", nHeight));
// Reject block.nVersion=1 blocks when 95% (75% on testnet) of the network has upgraded:
if (nVersion < 2)
{
if ((!fTestNet && CBlockIndex::IsSuperMajority(2, pindexPrev, 950, 1000)) ||
(fTestNet && CBlockIndex::IsSuperMajority(2, pindexPrev, 75, 100)))
{
return state.Invalid(error("AcceptBlock() : rejected nVersion=1 block"));
}
}
// Enforce block.nVersion=2 rule that the coinbase starts with serialized block height
if (nVersion >= 2)
{
// if 750 of the last 1,000 blocks are version 2 or greater (51/100 if testnet):
if ((!fTestNet && CBlockIndex::IsSuperMajority(2, pindexPrev, 750, 1000)) ||
(fTestNet && CBlockIndex::IsSuperMajority(2, pindexPrev, 51, 100)))
{
CScript expect = CScript() << nHeight;
if (!std::equal(expect.begin(), expect.end(), vtx[0].vin[0].scriptSig.begin()))
return state.DoS(100, error("AcceptBlock() : block height mismatch in coinbase"));
}
}
}
// Write block to history file
unsigned int nBlockSize = ::GetSerializeSize(*this, SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
CDiskBlockPos blockPos;
if (dbp != NULL)
blockPos = *dbp;
if (!FindBlockPos(state, blockPos, nBlockSize+8, nHeight, nTime, dbp != NULL))
return error("AcceptBlock() : FindBlockPos failed");
if (dbp == NULL)
if (!WriteToDisk(blockPos))
return state.Error(error("AcceptBlock() : WriteToDisk failed"));
if (!AddToBlockIndex(state, blockPos))
return error("AcceptBlock() : AddToBlockIndex failed");
// Relay inventory, but don't relay old inventory during initial block download
int nBlockEstimate = Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate();
if (hashBestChain == hash)
{
LOCK(cs_vNodes);
BOOST_FOREACH(CNode* pnode, vNodes)
if (nBestHeight > (pnode->nStartingHeight != -1 ? pnode->nStartingHeight - 2000 : nBlockEstimate))
pnode->PushInventory(CInv(MSG_BLOCK, hash));
}
return true;
}
bool CBlockIndex::IsSuperMajority(int minVersion, const CBlockIndex* pstart, unsigned int nRequired, unsigned int nToCheck)
{
unsigned int nFound = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < nToCheck && nFound < nRequired && pstart != NULL; i++)
{
if (pstart->nVersion >= minVersion)
++nFound;
pstart = pstart->pprev;
}
return (nFound >= nRequired);
}
bool ProcessBlock(CValidationState &state, CNode* pfrom, CBlock* pblock, CDiskBlockPos *dbp)
{
// Check for duplicate
uint256 hash = pblock->GetHash();
if (mapBlockIndex.count(hash))
return state.Invalid(error("ProcessBlock() : already have block %d %s", mapBlockIndex[hash]->nHeight, BlockHashStr(hash).c_str()));
if (mapOrphanBlocks.count(hash))
return state.Invalid(error("ProcessBlock() : already have block (orphan) %s", BlockHashStr(hash).c_str()));
// Preliminary checks
if (!pblock->CheckBlock(state))
return error("ProcessBlock() : CheckBlock FAILED");
CBlockIndex* pcheckpoint = Checkpoints::GetLastCheckpoint(mapBlockIndex);
if (pcheckpoint && pblock->hashPrevBlock != hashBestChain)
{
// Extra checks to prevent "fill up memory by spamming with bogus blocks"
int64 deltaTime = pblock->GetBlockTime() - pcheckpoint->nTime;
if (deltaTime < 0)
{
return state.DoS(100, error("ProcessBlock() : block with timestamp before last checkpoint"));
}
CBigNum bnNewBlock;
bnNewBlock.SetCompact(pblock->nBits);
CBigNum bnRequired;
bnRequired.SetCompact(ComputeMinWork(pcheckpoint->nBits, deltaTime));
if (bnNewBlock > bnRequired)
{
return state.DoS(100, error("ProcessBlock() : block with too little proof-of-work"));
}
}
// If we don't already have its previous block, shunt it off to holding area until we get it
if (pblock->hashPrevBlock != 0 && !mapBlockIndex.count(pblock->hashPrevBlock))
{
printf("ProcessBlock: ORPHAN BLOCK, prev=%s\n", BlockHashStr(pblock->hashPrevBlock).c_str());
// Accept orphans as long as there is a node to request its parents from
if (pfrom) {
CBlock* pblock2 = new CBlock(*pblock);
mapOrphanBlocks.insert(make_pair(hash, pblock2));
mapOrphanBlocksByPrev.insert(make_pair(pblock2->hashPrevBlock, pblock2));
// Ask this guy to fill in what we're missing
pfrom->PushGetBlocks(pindexBest, GetOrphanRoot(pblock2));
}
return true;
}
// Store to disk
if (!pblock->AcceptBlock(state, dbp))
return error("ProcessBlock() : AcceptBlock FAILED");
// Recursively process any orphan blocks that depended on this one
vector<uint256> vWorkQueue;
vWorkQueue.push_back(hash);
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vWorkQueue.size(); i++)
{
uint256 hashPrev = vWorkQueue[i];
for (multimap<uint256, CBlock*>::iterator mi = mapOrphanBlocksByPrev.lower_bound(hashPrev);
mi != mapOrphanBlocksByPrev.upper_bound(hashPrev);
++mi)
{
CBlock* pblockOrphan = (*mi).second;
if (pblockOrphan->AcceptBlock(state))
vWorkQueue.push_back(pblockOrphan->GetHash());
mapOrphanBlocks.erase(pblockOrphan->GetHash());
delete pblockOrphan;
}
mapOrphanBlocksByPrev.erase(hashPrev);
}
printf("ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED\n");
return true;
}
CMerkleBlock::CMerkleBlock(const CBlock& block, CBloomFilter& filter)
{
header = block.GetBlockHeader();
vector<bool> vMatch;
vector<uint256> vHashes;
vMatch.reserve(block.vtx.size());
vHashes.reserve(block.vtx.size());
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < block.vtx.size(); i++)
{
uint256 hash = block.vtx[i].GetHash();
if (filter.IsRelevantAndUpdate(block.vtx[i], hash))
{
vMatch.push_back(true);
vMatchedTxn.push_back(make_pair(i, hash));
}
else
vMatch.push_back(false);
vHashes.push_back(hash);
}
txn = CPartialMerkleTree(vHashes, vMatch);
}
uint256 CPartialMerkleTree::CalcHash(int height, unsigned int pos, const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid) {
if (height == 0) {
// hash at height 0 is the txids themself
return vTxid[pos];
} else {
// calculate left hash
uint256 left = CalcHash(height-1, pos*2, vTxid), right;
// calculate right hash if not beyong the end of the array - copy left hash otherwise1
if (pos*2+1 < CalcTreeWidth(height-1))
right = CalcHash(height-1, pos*2+1, vTxid);
else
right = left;
// combine subhashes
return Hash(BEGIN(left), END(left), BEGIN(right), END(right));
}
}
void CPartialMerkleTree::TraverseAndBuild(int height, unsigned int pos, const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid, const std::vector<bool> &vMatch) {
// determine whether this node is the parent of at least one matched txid
bool fParentOfMatch = false;
for (unsigned int p = pos << height; p < (pos+1) << height && p < nTransactions; p++)
fParentOfMatch |= vMatch[p];
// store as flag bit
vBits.push_back(fParentOfMatch);
if (height==0 || !fParentOfMatch) {
// if at height 0, or nothing interesting below, store hash and stop
vHash.push_back(CalcHash(height, pos, vTxid));
} else {
// otherwise, don't store any hash, but descend into the subtrees
TraverseAndBuild(height-1, pos*2, vTxid, vMatch);
if (pos*2+1 < CalcTreeWidth(height-1))
TraverseAndBuild(height-1, pos*2+1, vTxid, vMatch);
}
}
uint256 CPartialMerkleTree::TraverseAndExtract(int height, unsigned int pos, unsigned int &nBitsUsed, unsigned int &nHashUsed, std::vector<uint256> &vMatch) {
if (nBitsUsed >= vBits.size()) {
// overflowed the bits array - failure
fBad = true;
return 0;
}
bool fParentOfMatch = vBits[nBitsUsed++];
if (height==0 || !fParentOfMatch) {
// if at height 0, or nothing interesting below, use stored hash and do not descend
if (nHashUsed >= vHash.size()) {
// overflowed the hash array - failure
fBad = true;
return 0;
}
const uint256 &hash = vHash[nHashUsed++];
if (height==0 && fParentOfMatch) // in case of height 0, we have a matched txid
vMatch.push_back(hash);
return hash;
} else {
// otherwise, descend into the subtrees to extract matched txids and hashes
uint256 left = TraverseAndExtract(height-1, pos*2, nBitsUsed, nHashUsed, vMatch), right;
if (pos*2+1 < CalcTreeWidth(height-1))
right = TraverseAndExtract(height-1, pos*2+1, nBitsUsed, nHashUsed, vMatch);
else
right = left;
// and combine them before returning
return Hash(BEGIN(left), END(left), BEGIN(right), END(right));
}
}
CPartialMerkleTree::CPartialMerkleTree(const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid, const std::vector<bool> &vMatch) : nTransactions(vTxid.size()), fBad(false) {
// reset state
vBits.clear();
vHash.clear();
// calculate height of tree
int nHeight = 0;
while (CalcTreeWidth(nHeight) > 1)
nHeight++;
// traverse the partial tree
TraverseAndBuild(nHeight, 0, vTxid, vMatch);
}
CPartialMerkleTree::CPartialMerkleTree() : nTransactions(0), fBad(true) {}
uint256 CPartialMerkleTree::ExtractMatches(std::vector<uint256> &vMatch) {
vMatch.clear();
// An empty set will not work
if (nTransactions == 0)
return 0;
// check for excessively high numbers of transactions
if (nTransactions > MAX_BLOCK_SIZE / 60) // 60 is the lower bound for the size of a serialized CTransaction
return 0;
// there can never be more hashes provided than one for every txid
if (vHash.size() > nTransactions)
return 0;
// there must be at least one bit per node in the partial tree, and at least one node per hash
if (vBits.size() < vHash.size())
return 0;
// calculate height of tree
int nHeight = 0;
while (CalcTreeWidth(nHeight) > 1)
nHeight++;
// traverse the partial tree
unsigned int nBitsUsed = 0, nHashUsed = 0;
uint256 hashMerkleRoot = TraverseAndExtract(nHeight, 0, nBitsUsed, nHashUsed, vMatch);
// verify that no problems occured during the tree traversal
if (fBad)
return 0;
// verify that all bits were consumed (except for the padding caused by serializing it as a byte sequence)
if ((nBitsUsed+7)/8 != (vBits.size()+7)/8)
return 0;
// verify that all hashes were consumed
if (nHashUsed != vHash.size())
return 0;
return hashMerkleRoot;
}
bool CheckDiskSpace(uint64 nAdditionalBytes)
{
uint64 nFreeBytesAvailable = filesystem::space(GetDataDir()).available;
// Check for nMinDiskSpace bytes (currently 50MB)
if (nFreeBytesAvailable < nMinDiskSpace + nAdditionalBytes)
{
fShutdown = true;
string strMessage = _("Error: Disk space is low!");
strMiscWarning = strMessage;
printf("*** %s\n", strMessage.c_str());
uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(strMessage, "", CClientUIInterface::MSG_ERROR);
StartShutdown();
return false;
}
return true;
}
CCriticalSection cs_LastBlockFile;
CBlockFileInfo infoLastBlockFile;
int nLastBlockFile = 0;
FILE* OpenDiskFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, const char *prefix, bool fReadOnly)
{
if (pos.IsNull())
return NULL;
boost::filesystem::path path = GetDataDir() / "blocks" / strprintf("%s%05u.dat", prefix, pos.nFile);
boost::filesystem::create_directories(path.parent_path());
FILE* file = fopen(path.string().c_str(), "rb+");
if (!file && !fReadOnly)
file = fopen(path.string().c_str(), "wb+");
if (!file) {
printf("Unable to open file %s\n", path.string().c_str());
return NULL;
}
if (pos.nPos) {
if (fseek(file, pos.nPos, SEEK_SET)) {
printf("Unable to seek to position %u of %s\n", pos.nPos, path.string().c_str());
fclose(file);
return NULL;
}
}
return file;
}
FILE* OpenBlockFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly) {
return OpenDiskFile(pos, "blk", fReadOnly);
}
FILE *OpenUndoFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly) {
return OpenDiskFile(pos, "rev", fReadOnly);
}
CBlockIndex * InsertBlockIndex(uint256 hash)
{
if (hash == 0)
return NULL;
// Return existing
map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
return (*mi).second;
// Create new
CBlockIndex* pindexNew = new CBlockIndex();
if (!pindexNew)
throw runtime_error("LoadBlockIndex() : new CBlockIndex failed");
mi = mapBlockIndex.insert(make_pair(hash, pindexNew)).first;
pindexNew->phashBlock = &((*mi).first);
return pindexNew;
}
bool static LoadBlockIndexDB()
{
if (!pblocktree->LoadBlockIndexGuts())
return false;
if (fRequestShutdown)
return true;
// Calculate bnChainWork
vector<pair<int, CBlockIndex*> > vSortedByHeight;
vSortedByHeight.reserve(mapBlockIndex.size());
BOOST_FOREACH(const PAIRTYPE(uint256, CBlockIndex*)& item, mapBlockIndex)
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = item.second;
vSortedByHeight.push_back(make_pair(pindex->nHeight, pindex));
}
sort(vSortedByHeight.begin(), vSortedByHeight.end());
BOOST_FOREACH(const PAIRTYPE(int, CBlockIndex*)& item, vSortedByHeight)
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = item.second;
pindex->bnChainWork = (pindex->pprev ? pindex->pprev->bnChainWork : 0) + pindex->GetBlockWork();
pindex->nChainTx = (pindex->pprev ? pindex->pprev->nChainTx : 0) + pindex->nTx;
if ((pindex->nStatus & BLOCK_VALID_MASK) >= BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS && !(pindex->nStatus & BLOCK_FAILED_MASK))
setBlockIndexValid.insert(pindex);
}
// Load block file info
pblocktree->ReadLastBlockFile(nLastBlockFile);
printf("LoadBlockIndex(): last block file = %i\n", nLastBlockFile);
if (pblocktree->ReadBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, infoLastBlockFile))
printf("LoadBlockIndex(): last block file: %s\n", infoLastBlockFile.ToString().c_str());
// Load bnBestInvalidWork, OK if it doesn't exist
pblocktree->ReadBestInvalidWork(bnBestInvalidWork);
// Check whether we need to continue reindexing
bool fReindexing = false;
pblocktree->