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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2014 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "db.h"
#include "addrman.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "protocol.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "utilstrencodings.h"
#include <stdint.h>
#ifndef WIN32
#include <sys/stat.h>
#endif
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <boost/version.hpp>
#include <openssl/rand.h>
using namespace std;
using namespace boost;
unsigned int nWalletDBUpdated;
//
// CDB
//
CDBEnv bitdb;
void CDBEnv::EnvShutdown()
{
if (!fDbEnvInit)
return;
fDbEnvInit = false;
int ret = dbenv.close(0);
if (ret != 0)
LogPrintf("CDBEnv::EnvShutdown : Error %d shutting down database environment: %s\n", ret, DbEnv::strerror(ret));
if (!fMockDb)
DbEnv(0).remove(path.string().c_str(), 0);
}
CDBEnv::CDBEnv() : dbenv(DB_CXX_NO_EXCEPTIONS)
{
fDbEnvInit = false;
fMockDb = false;
}
CDBEnv::~CDBEnv()
{
EnvShutdown();
}
void CDBEnv::Close()
{
EnvShutdown();
}
bool CDBEnv::Open(const boost::filesystem::path& pathIn)
{
if (fDbEnvInit)
return true;
boost::this_thread::interruption_point();
path = pathIn;
filesystem::path pathLogDir = path / "database";
TryCreateDirectory(pathLogDir);
filesystem::path pathErrorFile = path / "db.log";
LogPrintf("CDBEnv::Open : LogDir=%s ErrorFile=%s\n", pathLogDir.string(), pathErrorFile.string());
unsigned int nEnvFlags = 0;
if (GetBoolArg("-privdb", true))
nEnvFlags |= DB_PRIVATE;
dbenv.set_lg_dir(pathLogDir.string().c_str());
dbenv.set_cachesize(0, 0x100000, 1); // 1 MiB should be enough for just the wallet
dbenv.set_lg_bsize(0x10000);
dbenv.set_lg_max(1048576);
dbenv.set_lk_max_locks(40000);
dbenv.set_lk_max_objects(40000);
dbenv.set_errfile(fopen(pathErrorFile.string().c_str(), "a")); /// debug
dbenv.set_flags(DB_AUTO_COMMIT, 1);
dbenv.set_flags(DB_TXN_WRITE_NOSYNC, 1);
dbenv.log_set_config(DB_LOG_AUTO_REMOVE, 1);
int ret = dbenv.open(path.string().c_str(),
DB_CREATE |
DB_INIT_LOCK |
DB_INIT_LOG |
DB_INIT_MPOOL |
DB_INIT_TXN |
DB_THREAD |
DB_RECOVER |
nEnvFlags,
S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
if (ret != 0)
return error("CDBEnv::Open : Error %d opening database environment: %s\n", ret, DbEnv::strerror(ret));
fDbEnvInit = true;
fMockDb = false;
return true;
}
void CDBEnv::MakeMock()
{
if (fDbEnvInit)
throw runtime_error("CDBEnv::MakeMock : Already initialized");
boost::this_thread::interruption_point();
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::MakeMock\n");
dbenv.set_cachesize(1, 0, 1);
dbenv.set_lg_bsize(10485760*4);
dbenv.set_lg_max(10485760);
dbenv.set_lk_max_locks(10000);
dbenv.set_lk_max_objects(10000);
dbenv.set_flags(DB_AUTO_COMMIT, 1);
dbenv.log_set_config(DB_LOG_IN_MEMORY, 1);
int ret = dbenv.open(NULL,
DB_CREATE |
DB_INIT_LOCK |
DB_INIT_LOG |
DB_INIT_MPOOL |
DB_INIT_TXN |
DB_THREAD |
DB_PRIVATE,
S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
if (ret > 0)
throw runtime_error(strprintf("CDBEnv::MakeMock : Error %d opening database environment.", ret));
fDbEnvInit = true;
fMockDb = true;
}
CDBEnv::VerifyResult CDBEnv::Verify(std::string strFile, bool (*recoverFunc)(CDBEnv& dbenv, std::string strFile))
{
LOCK(cs_db);
assert(mapFileUseCount.count(strFile) == 0);
Db db(&dbenv, 0);
int result = db.verify(strFile.c_str(), NULL, NULL, 0);
if (result == 0)
return VERIFY_OK;
else if (recoverFunc == NULL)
return RECOVER_FAIL;
// Try to recover:
bool fRecovered = (*recoverFunc)(*this, strFile);
return (fRecovered ? RECOVER_OK : RECOVER_FAIL);
}
bool CDBEnv::Salvage(std::string strFile, bool fAggressive,
std::vector<CDBEnv::KeyValPair >& vResult)
{
LOCK(cs_db);
assert(mapFileUseCount.count(strFile) == 0);
u_int32_t flags = DB_SALVAGE;
if (fAggressive) flags |= DB_AGGRESSIVE;
stringstream strDump;
Db db(&dbenv, 0);
int result = db.verify(strFile.c_str(), NULL, &strDump, flags);
if (result == DB_VERIFY_BAD)
{
LogPrintf("CDBEnv::Salvage : Database salvage found errors, all data may not be recoverable.\n");
if (!fAggressive)
{
LogPrintf("CDBEnv::Salvage : Rerun with aggressive mode to ignore errors and continue.\n");
return false;
}
}
if (result != 0 && result != DB_VERIFY_BAD)
{
LogPrintf("CDBEnv::Salvage : Database salvage failed with result %d.\n", result);
return false;
}
// Format of bdb dump is ascii lines:
// header lines...
// HEADER=END
// hexadecimal key
// hexadecimal value
// ... repeated
// DATA=END
string strLine;
while (!strDump.eof() && strLine != "HEADER=END")
getline(strDump, strLine); // Skip past header
std::string keyHex, valueHex;
while (!strDump.eof() && keyHex != "DATA=END")
{
getline(strDump, keyHex);
if (keyHex != "DATA_END")
{
getline(strDump, valueHex);
vResult.push_back(make_pair(ParseHex(keyHex),ParseHex(valueHex)));
}
}
return (result == 0);
}
void CDBEnv::CheckpointLSN(std::string strFile)
{
dbenv.txn_checkpoint(0, 0, 0);
if (fMockDb)
return;
dbenv.lsn_reset(strFile.c_str(), 0);
}
CDB::CDB(const char *pszFile, const char* pszMode) :
pdb(NULL), activeTxn(NULL)
{
int ret;
fReadOnly = (!strchr(pszMode, '+') && !strchr(pszMode, 'w'));
if (pszFile == NULL)
return;
bool fCreate = strchr(pszMode, 'c');
unsigned int nFlags = DB_THREAD;
if (fCreate)
nFlags |= DB_CREATE;
{
LOCK(bitdb.cs_db);
if (!bitdb.Open(GetDataDir()))
throw runtime_error("CDB : Failed to open database environment.");
strFile = pszFile;
++bitdb.mapFileUseCount[strFile];
pdb = bitdb.mapDb[strFile];
if (pdb == NULL)
{
pdb = new Db(&bitdb.dbenv, 0);
bool fMockDb = bitdb.IsMock();
if (fMockDb)
{
DbMpoolFile*mpf = pdb->get_mpf();
ret = mpf->set_flags(DB_MPOOL_NOFILE, 1);
if (ret != 0)
throw runtime_error(strprintf("CDB : Failed to configure for no temp file backing for database %s", pszFile));
}
ret = pdb->open(NULL, // Txn pointer
fMockDb ? NULL : pszFile, // Filename
fMockDb ? pszFile : "main", // Logical db name
DB_BTREE, // Database type
nFlags, // Flags
0);
if (ret != 0)
{
delete pdb;
pdb = NULL;
--bitdb.mapFileUseCount[strFile];
strFile = "";
throw runtime_error(strprintf("CDB : Error %d, can't open database %s", ret, pszFile));
}
if (fCreate && !Exists(string("version")))
{
bool fTmp = fReadOnly;
fReadOnly = false;
WriteVersion(CLIENT_VERSION);
fReadOnly = fTmp;
}
bitdb.mapDb[strFile] = pdb;
}
}
}
void CDB::Flush()
{
if (activeTxn)
return;
// Flush database activity from memory pool to disk log
unsigned int nMinutes = 0;
if (fReadOnly)
nMinutes = 1;
bitdb.dbenv.txn_checkpoint(nMinutes ? GetArg("-dblogsize", 100)*1024 : 0, nMinutes, 0);
}
void CDB::Close()
{
if (!pdb)
return;
if (activeTxn)
activeTxn->abort();
activeTxn = NULL;
pdb = NULL;
Flush();
{
LOCK(bitdb.cs_db);
--bitdb.mapFileUseCount[strFile];
}
}
void CDBEnv::CloseDb(const string& strFile)
{
{
LOCK(cs_db);
if (mapDb[strFile] != NULL)
{
// Close the database handle
Db* pdb = mapDb[strFile];
pdb->close(0);
delete pdb;
mapDb[strFile] = NULL;
}
}
}
bool CDBEnv::RemoveDb(const string& strFile)
{
this->CloseDb(strFile);
LOCK(cs_db);
int rc = dbenv.dbremove(NULL, strFile.c_str(), NULL, DB_AUTO_COMMIT);
return (rc == 0);
}
bool CDB::Rewrite(const string& strFile, const char* pszSkip)
{
while (true)
{
{
LOCK(bitdb.cs_db);
if (!bitdb.mapFileUseCount.count(strFile) || bitdb.mapFileUseCount[strFile] == 0)
{
// Flush log data to the dat file
bitdb.CloseDb(strFile);
bitdb.CheckpointLSN(strFile);
bitdb.mapFileUseCount.erase(strFile);
bool fSuccess = true;
LogPrintf("CDB::Rewrite : Rewriting %s...\n", strFile);
string strFileRes = strFile + ".rewrite";
{ // surround usage of db with extra {}
CDB db(strFile.c_str(), "r");
Db* pdbCopy = new Db(&bitdb.dbenv, 0);
int ret = pdbCopy->open(NULL, // Txn pointer
strFileRes.c_str(), // Filename
"main", // Logical db name
DB_BTREE, // Database type
DB_CREATE, // Flags
0);
if (ret > 0)
{
LogPrintf("CDB::Rewrite : Can't create database file %s\n", strFileRes);
fSuccess = false;
}
Dbc* pcursor = db.GetCursor();
if (pcursor)
while (fSuccess)
{
CDataStream ssKey(SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
CDataStream ssValue(SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
int ret = db.ReadAtCursor(pcursor, ssKey, ssValue, DB_NEXT);
if (ret == DB_NOTFOUND)
{
pcursor->close();
break;
}
else if (ret != 0)
{
pcursor->close();
fSuccess = false;
break;
}
if (pszSkip &&
strncmp(&ssKey[0], pszSkip, std::min(ssKey.size(), strlen(pszSkip))) == 0)
continue;
if (strncmp(&ssKey[0], "\x07version", 8) == 0)
{
// Update version:
ssValue.clear();
ssValue << CLIENT_VERSION;
}
Dbt datKey(&ssKey[0], ssKey.size());
Dbt datValue(&ssValue[0], ssValue.size());
int ret2 = pdbCopy->put(NULL, &datKey, &datValue, DB_NOOVERWRITE);
if (ret2 > 0)
fSuccess = false;
}
if (fSuccess)
{
db.Close();
bitdb.CloseDb(strFile);
if (pdbCopy->close(0))
fSuccess = false;
delete pdbCopy;
}
}
if (fSuccess)
{
Db dbA(&bitdb.dbenv, 0);
if (dbA.remove(strFile.c_str(), NULL, 0))
fSuccess = false;
Db dbB(&bitdb.dbenv, 0);
if (dbB.rename(strFileRes.c_str(), NULL, strFile.c_str(), 0))
fSuccess = false;
}
if (!fSuccess)
LogPrintf("CDB::Rewrite : Failed to rewrite database file %s\n", strFileRes);
return fSuccess;
}
}
MilliSleep(100);
}
return false;
}
void CDBEnv::Flush(bool fShutdown)
{
int64_t nStart = GetTimeMillis();
// Flush log data to the actual data file on all files that are not in use
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : Flush(%s)%s\n", fShutdown ? "true" : "false", fDbEnvInit ? "" : " database not started");
if (!fDbEnvInit)
return;
{
LOCK(cs_db);
map<string, int>::iterator mi = mapFileUseCount.begin();
while (mi != mapFileUseCount.end())
{
string strFile = (*mi).first;
int nRefCount = (*mi).second;
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : Flushing %s (refcount = %d)...\n", strFile, nRefCount);
if (nRefCount == 0)
{
// Move log data to the dat file
CloseDb(strFile);
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : %s checkpoint\n", strFile);
dbenv.txn_checkpoint(0, 0, 0);
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : %s detach\n", strFile);
if (!fMockDb)
dbenv.lsn_reset(strFile.c_str(), 0);
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : %s closed\n", strFile);
mapFileUseCount.erase(mi++);
}
else
mi++;
}
LogPrint("db", "CDBEnv::Flush : Flush(%s)%s took %15dms\n", fShutdown ? "true" : "false", fDbEnvInit ? "" : " database not started", GetTimeMillis() - nStart);
if (fShutdown)
{
char** listp;
if (mapFileUseCount.empty())
{
dbenv.log_archive(&listp, DB_ARCH_REMOVE);
Close();
if (!fMockDb)
boost::filesystem::remove_all(path / "database");
}
}
}
}