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// Copyright (c) 2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2013 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "checkpoints.h"
#include "main.h"
#include "rpcserver.h"
#include "sync.h"
#include "util.h"
#include <stdint.h>
#include "json/json_spirit_value.h"
using namespace json_spirit;
using namespace std;
void ScriptPubKeyToJSON(const CScript& scriptPubKey, Object& out, bool fIncludeHex);
double GetDifficulty(const CBlockIndex* blockindex)
{
// Floating point number that is a multiple of the minimum difficulty,
// minimum difficulty = 1.0.
if (blockindex == NULL)
{
if (chainActive.Tip() == NULL)
return 1.0;
else
blockindex = chainActive.Tip();
}
int nShift = (blockindex->nBits >> 24) & 0xff;
double dDiff =
(double)0x0000ffff / (double)(blockindex->nBits & 0x00ffffff);
while (nShift < 29)
{
dDiff *= 256.0;
nShift++;
}
while (nShift > 29)
{
dDiff /= 256.0;
nShift--;
}
return dDiff;
}
Object blockToJSON(const CBlock& block, const CBlockIndex* blockindex)
{
Object result;
result.push_back(Pair("hash", block.GetHash().GetHex()));
int confirmations = -1;
// Only report confirmations if the block is on the main chain
if (chainActive.Contains(blockindex))
confirmations = chainActive.Height() - blockindex->nHeight + 1;
result.push_back(Pair("confirmations", confirmations));
result.push_back(Pair("size", (int)::GetSerializeSize(block, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION)));
result.push_back(Pair("height", blockindex->nHeight));
result.push_back(Pair("version", block.nVersion));
result.push_back(Pair("merkleroot", block.hashMerkleRoot.GetHex()));
Array txs;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction&tx, block.vtx)
txs.push_back(tx.GetHash().GetHex());
result.push_back(Pair("tx", txs));
result.push_back(Pair("time", block.GetBlockTime()));
result.push_back(Pair("nonce", (uint64_t)block.nNonce));
result.push_back(Pair("bits", strprintf("%08x", block.nBits)));
result.push_back(Pair("difficulty", GetDifficulty(blockindex)));
result.push_back(Pair("chainwork", blockindex->nChainWork.GetHex()));
if (blockindex->pprev)
result.push_back(Pair("previousblockhash", blockindex->pprev->GetBlockHash().GetHex()));
CBlockIndex *pnext = chainActive.Next(blockindex);
if (pnext)
result.push_back(Pair("nextblockhash", pnext->GetBlockHash().GetHex()));
return result;
}
Value getblockcount(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getblockcount\n"
"\nReturns the number of blocks in the longest block chain.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"n (numeric) The current block count\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getblockcount", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getblockcount", "")
);
return chainActive.Height();
}
Value getbestblockhash(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getbestblockhash\n"
"\nReturns the hash of the best (tip) block in the longest block chain.\n"
"\nResult\n"
"\"hex\" (string) the block hash hex encoded\n"
"\nExamples\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getbestblockhash", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getbestblockhash", "")
);
return chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockHash().GetHex();
}
Value getdifficulty(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getdifficulty\n"
"\nReturns the proof-of-work difficulty as a multiple of the minimum difficulty.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"n.nnn (numeric) the proof-of-work difficulty as a multiple of the minimum difficulty.\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getdifficulty", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getdifficulty", "")
);
return GetDifficulty();
}
Value getrawmempool(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() > 1)
throw runtime_error(
"getrawmempool ( verbose )\n"
"\nReturns all transaction ids in memory pool as a json array of string transaction ids.\n"
"\nArguments:\n"
"1. verbose (boolean, optional, default=false) true for a json object, false for array of transaction ids\n"
"\nResult: (for verbose = false):\n"
"[ (json array of string)\n"
" \"transactionid\" (string) The transaction id\n"
" ,...\n"
"]\n"
"\nResult: (for verbose = true):\n"
"{ (json object)\n"
" \"transactionid\" : { (json object)\n"
" \"size\" : n, (numeric) transaction size in bytes\n"
" \"fee\" : n, (numeric) transaction fee in bitcoins\n"
" \"time\" : n, (numeric) local time transaction entered pool in seconds since 1 Jan 1970 GMT\n"
" \"height\" : n, (numeric) block height when transaction entered pool\n"
" \"startingpriority\" : n, (numeric) priority when transaction entered pool\n"
" \"currentpriority\" : n, (numeric) transaction priority now\n"
" \"depends\" : [ (array) unconfirmed transactions used as inputs for this transaction\n"
" \"transactionid\", (string) parent transaction id\n"
" ... ]\n"
" }, ...\n"
"]\n"
"\nExamples\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getrawmempool", "true")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getrawmempool", "true")
);
bool fVerbose = false;
if (params.size() > 0)
fVerbose = params[0].get_bool();
if (fVerbose)
{
LOCK(mempool.cs);
Object o;
BOOST_FOREACH(const PAIRTYPE(uint256, CTxMemPoolEntry)& entry, mempool.mapTx)
{
const uint256& hash = entry.first;
const CTxMemPoolEntry& e = entry.second;
Object info;
info.push_back(Pair("size", (int)e.GetTxSize()));
info.push_back(Pair("fee", ValueFromAmount(e.GetFee())));
info.push_back(Pair("time", e.GetTime()));
info.push_back(Pair("height", (int)e.GetHeight()));
info.push_back(Pair("startingpriority", e.GetPriority(e.GetHeight())));
info.push_back(Pair("currentpriority", e.GetPriority(chainActive.Height())));
const CTransaction& tx = e.GetTx();
set<string> setDepends;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
{
if (mempool.exists(txin.prevout.hash))
setDepends.insert(txin.prevout.hash.ToString());
}
Array depends(setDepends.begin(), setDepends.end());
info.push_back(Pair("depends", depends));
o.push_back(Pair(hash.ToString(), info));
}
return o;
}
else
{
vector<uint256> vtxid;
mempool.queryHashes(vtxid);
Array a;
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, vtxid)
a.push_back(hash.ToString());
return a;
}
}
Value getblockhash(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 1)
throw runtime_error(
"getblockhash index\n"
"\nReturns hash of block in best-block-chain at index provided.\n"
"\nArguments:\n"
"1. index (numeric, required) The block index\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"\"hash\" (string) The block hash\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getblockhash", "1000")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getblockhash", "1000")
);
int nHeight = params[0].get_int();
if (nHeight < 0 || nHeight > chainActive.Height())
throw runtime_error("Block number out of range.");
CBlockIndex* pblockindex = chainActive[nHeight];
return pblockindex->GetBlockHash().GetHex();
}
Value getblock(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() < 1 || params.size() > 2)
throw runtime_error(
"getblock \"hash\" ( verbose )\n"
"\nIf verbose is false, returns a string that is serialized, hex-encoded data for block 'hash'.\n"
"If verbose is true, returns an Object with information about block <hash>.\n"
"\nArguments:\n"
"1. \"hash\" (string, required) The block hash\n"
"2. verbose (boolean, optional, default=true) true for a json object, false for the hex encoded data\n"
"\nResult (for verbose = true):\n"
"{\n"
" \"hash\" : \"hash\", (string) the block hash (same as provided)\n"
" \"confirmations\" : n, (numeric) The number of confirmations, or -1 if the block is not on the main chain\n"
" \"size\" : n, (numeric) The block size\n"
" \"height\" : n, (numeric) The block height or index\n"
" \"version\" : n, (numeric) The block version\n"
" \"merkleroot\" : \"xxxx\", (string) The merkle root\n"
" \"tx\" : [ (array of string) The transaction ids\n"
" \"transactionid\" (string) The transaction id\n"
" ,...\n"
" ],\n"
" \"time\" : ttt, (numeric) The block time in seconds since epoch (Jan 1 1970 GMT)\n"
" \"nonce\" : n, (numeric) The nonce\n"
" \"bits\" : \"1d00ffff\", (string) The bits\n"
" \"difficulty\" : x.xxx, (numeric) The difficulty\n"
" \"previousblockhash\" : \"hash\", (string) The hash of the previous block\n"
" \"nextblockhash\" : \"hash\" (string) The hash of the next block\n"
"}\n"
"\nResult (for verbose=false):\n"
"\"data\" (string) A string that is serialized, hex-encoded data for block 'hash'.\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getblock", "\"00000000c937983704a73af28acdec37b049d214adbda81d7e2a3dd146f6ed09\"")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getblock", "\"00000000c937983704a73af28acdec37b049d214adbda81d7e2a3dd146f6ed09\"")
);
std::string strHash = params[0].get_str();
uint256 hash(strHash);
bool fVerbose = true;
if (params.size() > 1)
fVerbose = params[1].get_bool();
if (mapBlockIndex.count(hash) == 0)
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_INVALID_ADDRESS_OR_KEY, "Block not found");
CBlock block;
CBlockIndex* pblockindex = mapBlockIndex[hash];
if(!ReadBlockFromDisk(block, pblockindex))
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_INTERNAL_ERROR, "Can't read block from disk");
if (!fVerbose)
{
CDataStream ssBlock(SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
ssBlock << block;
std::string strHex = HexStr(ssBlock.begin(), ssBlock.end());
return strHex;
}
return blockToJSON(block, pblockindex);
}
Value gettxoutsetinfo(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"gettxoutsetinfo\n"
"\nReturns statistics about the unspent transaction output set.\n"
"Note this call may take some time.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"{\n"
" \"height\":n, (numeric) The current block height (index)\n"
" \"bestblock\": \"hex\", (string) the best block hash hex\n"
" \"transactions\": n, (numeric) The number of transactions\n"
" \"txouts\": n, (numeric) The number of output transactions\n"
" \"bytes_serialized\": n, (numeric) The serialized size\n"
" \"hash_serialized\": \"hash\", (string) The serialized hash\n"
" \"total_amount\": x.xxx (numeric) The total amount\n"
"}\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("gettxoutsetinfo", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("gettxoutsetinfo", "")
);
Object ret;
CCoinsStats stats;
if (pcoinsTip->GetStats(stats)) {
ret.push_back(Pair("height", (int64_t)stats.nHeight));
ret.push_back(Pair("bestblock", stats.hashBlock.GetHex()));
ret.push_back(Pair("transactions", (int64_t)stats.nTransactions));
ret.push_back(Pair("txouts", (int64_t)stats.nTransactionOutputs));
ret.push_back(Pair("bytes_serialized", (int64_t)stats.nSerializedSize));
ret.push_back(Pair("hash_serialized", stats.hashSerialized.GetHex()));
ret.push_back(Pair("total_amount", ValueFromAmount(stats.nTotalAmount)));
}
return ret;
}
Value gettxout(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() < 2 || params.size() > 3)
throw runtime_error(
"gettxout \"txid\" n ( includemempool )\n"
"\nReturns details about an unspent transaction output.\n"
"\nArguments:\n"
"1. \"txid\" (string, required) The transaction id\n"
"2. n (numeric, required) vout value\n"
"3. includemempool (boolean, optional) Whether to included the mem pool\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"{\n"
" \"bestblock\" : \"hash\", (string) the block hash\n"
" \"confirmations\" : n, (numeric) The number of confirmations\n"
" \"value\" : x.xxx, (numeric) The transaction value in btc\n"
" \"scriptPubKey\" : { (json object)\n"
" \"asm\" : \"code\", (string) \n"
" \"hex\" : \"hex\", (string) \n"
" \"reqSigs\" : n, (numeric) Number of required signatures\n"
" \"type\" : \"pubkeyhash\", (string) The type, eg pubkeyhash\n"
" \"addresses\" : [ (array of string) array of bitcoin addresses\n"
" \"bitcoinaddress\" (string) bitcoin address\n"
" ,...\n"
" ]\n"
" },\n"
" \"version\" : n, (numeric) The version\n"
" \"coinbase\" : true|false (boolean) Coinbase or not\n"
"}\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
"\nGet unspent transactions\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("listunspent", "") +
"\nView the details\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("gettxout", "\"txid\" 1") +
"\nAs a json rpc call\n"
+ HelpExampleRpc("gettxout", "\"txid\", 1")
);
Object ret;
std::string strHash = params[0].get_str();
uint256 hash(strHash);
int n = params[1].get_int();
bool fMempool = true;
if (params.size() > 2)
fMempool = params[2].get_bool();
CCoins coins;
if (fMempool) {
LOCK(mempool.cs);
CCoinsViewMemPool view(pcoinsTip, mempool);
if (!view.GetCoins(hash, coins))
return Value::null;
mempool.pruneSpent(hash, coins); // TODO: this should be done by the CCoinsViewMemPool
} else {
if (!pcoinsTip->GetCoins(hash, coins))
return Value::null;
}
if (n<0 || (unsigned int)n>=coins.vout.size() || coins.vout[n].IsNull())
return Value::null;
BlockMap::iterator it = mapBlockIndex.find(pcoinsTip->GetBestBlock());
CBlockIndex *pindex = it->second;
ret.push_back(Pair("bestblock", pindex->GetBlockHash().GetHex()));
if ((unsigned int)coins.nHeight == MEMPOOL_HEIGHT)
ret.push_back(Pair("confirmations", 0));
else
ret.push_back(Pair("confirmations", pindex->nHeight - coins.nHeight + 1));
ret.push_back(Pair("value", ValueFromAmount(coins.vout[n].nValue)));
Object o;
ScriptPubKeyToJSON(coins.vout[n].scriptPubKey, o, true);
ret.push_back(Pair("scriptPubKey", o));
ret.push_back(Pair("version", coins.nVersion));
ret.push_back(Pair("coinbase", coins.fCoinBase));
return ret;
}
Value verifychain(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() > 2)
throw runtime_error(
"verifychain ( checklevel numblocks )\n"
"\nVerifies blockchain database.\n"
"\nArguments:\n"
"1. checklevel (numeric, optional, 0-4, default=3) How thorough the block verification is.\n"
"2. numblocks (numeric, optional, default=288, 0=all) The number of blocks to check.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"true|false (boolean) Verified or not\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("verifychain", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("verifychain", "")
);
int nCheckLevel = GetArg("-checklevel", 3);
int nCheckDepth = GetArg("-checkblocks", 288);
if (params.size() > 0)
nCheckLevel = params[0].get_int();
if (params.size() > 1)
nCheckDepth = params[1].get_int();
return CVerifyDB().VerifyDB(pcoinsTip, nCheckLevel, nCheckDepth);
}
Value getblockchaininfo(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getblockchaininfo\n"
"Returns an object containing various state info regarding block chain processing.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"{\n"
" \"chain\": \"xxxx\", (string) current network name as defined in BIP70 (main, test, regtest)\n"
" \"blocks\": xxxxxx, (numeric) the current number of blocks processed in the server\n"
" \"bestblockhash\": \"...\", (string) the hash of the currently best block\n"
" \"difficulty\": xxxxxx, (numeric) the current difficulty\n"
" \"verificationprogress\": xxxx, (numeric) estimate of verification progress [0..1]\n"
" \"chainwork\": \"xxxx\" (string) total amount of work in active chain, in hexadecimal\n"
"}\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getblockchaininfo", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getblockchaininfo", "")
);
Object obj;
obj.push_back(Pair("chain", Params().NetworkIDString()));
obj.push_back(Pair("blocks", (int)chainActive.Height()));
obj.push_back(Pair("bestblockhash", chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockHash().GetHex()));
obj.push_back(Pair("difficulty", (double)GetDifficulty()));
obj.push_back(Pair("verificationprogress", Checkpoints::GuessVerificationProgress(chainActive.Tip())));
obj.push_back(Pair("chainwork", chainActive.Tip()->nChainWork.GetHex()));
return obj;
}
/* Comparison function for sorting the getchaintips heads. */
struct CompareBlocksByHeight
{
bool operator()(const CBlockIndex* a, const CBlockIndex* b) const
{
/* Make sure that unequal blocks with the same height do not compare
equal. Use the pointers themselves to make a distinction. */
if (a->nHeight != b->nHeight)
return (a->nHeight > b->nHeight);
return a < b;
}
};
Value getchaintips(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getchaintips\n"
"Return information about all known tips in the block tree,"
" including the main chain as well as orphaned branches.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"[\n"
" {\n"
" \"height\": xxxx, (numeric) height of the chain tip\n"
" \"hash\": \"xxxx\", (string) block hash of the tip\n"
" \"branchlen\": 0 (numeric) zero for main chain\n"
" },\n"
" {\n"
" \"height\": xxxx,\n"
" \"hash\": \"xxxx\",\n"
" \"branchlen\": 1 (numeric) length of branch connecting the tip to the main chain\n"
" }\n"
"]\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getchaintips", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getchaintips", "")
);
/* Build up a list of chain tips. We start with the list of all
known blocks, and successively remove blocks that appear as pprev
of another block. */
std::set<const CBlockIndex*, CompareBlocksByHeight> setTips;
BOOST_FOREACH(const PAIRTYPE(const uint256, CBlockIndex*)& item, mapBlockIndex)
setTips.insert(item.second);
BOOST_FOREACH(const PAIRTYPE(const uint256, CBlockIndex*)& item, mapBlockIndex)
{
const CBlockIndex* pprev = item.second->pprev;
if (pprev)
setTips.erase(pprev);
}
/* Construct the output array. */
Array res;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CBlockIndex* block, setTips)
{
Object obj;
obj.push_back(Pair("height", block->nHeight));
obj.push_back(Pair("hash", block->phashBlock->GetHex()));
const int branchLen = block->nHeight - chainActive.FindFork(block)->nHeight;
obj.push_back(Pair("branchlen", branchLen));
res.push_back(obj);
}
return res;
}
Value getmempoolinfo(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getmempoolinfo\n"
"\nReturns details on the active state of the TX memory pool.\n"
"\nResult:\n"
"{\n"
" \"size\": xxxxx (numeric) Current tx count\n"
" \"bytes\": xxxxx (numeric) Sum of all tx sizes\n"
"}\n"
"\nExamples:\n"
+ HelpExampleCli("getmempoolinfo", "")
+ HelpExampleRpc("getmempoolinfo", "")
);
Object ret;
ret.push_back(Pair("size", (int64_t) mempool.size()));
ret.push_back(Pair("bytes", (int64_t) mempool.GetTotalTxSize()));
return ret;
}