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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# Copyright (c) 2014-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
# Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
# file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
"""Test the pruning code.
WARNING:
This test uses 4GB of disk space.
This test takes 30 mins or more (up to 2 hours)
"""
from test_framework.test_framework import BitcoinTestFramework
from test_framework.util import *
import time
import os
MIN_BLOCKS_TO_KEEP = 288
# Rescans start at the earliest block up to 2 hours before a key timestamp, so
# the manual prune RPC avoids pruning blocks in the same window to be
# compatible with pruning based on key creation time.
TIMESTAMP_WINDOW = 2 * 60 * 60
def calc_usage(blockdir):
return sum(os.path.getsize(blockdir+f) for f in os.listdir(blockdir) if os.path.isfile(blockdir+f)) / (1024. * 1024.)
class PruneTest(BitcoinTestFramework):
def __init__(self):
super().__init__()
self.setup_clean_chain = True
self.num_nodes = 6
# Cache for utxos, as the listunspent may take a long time later in the test
self.utxo_cache_0 = []
self.utxo_cache_1 = []
def setup_network(self):
self.nodes = []
self.is_network_split = False
# Create nodes 0 and 1 to mine
self.nodes.append(start_node(0, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=999000", "-checkblocks=5"], timewait=900))
self.nodes.append(start_node(1, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=999000", "-checkblocks=5"], timewait=900))
# Create node 2 to test pruning
self.nodes.append(start_node(2, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-prune=550"], timewait=900))
self.prunedir = self.options.tmpdir+"/node2/regtest/blocks/"
# Create nodes 3 and 4 to test manual pruning (they will be re-started with manual pruning later)
self.nodes.append(start_node(3, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=999000"], timewait=900))
self.nodes.append(start_node(4, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=999000"], timewait=900))
# Create nodes 5 to test wallet in prune mode, but do not connect
self.nodes.append(start_node(5, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0", "-prune=550"]))
# Determine default relay fee
self.relayfee = self.nodes[0].getnetworkinfo()["relayfee"]
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 1)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[1], 2)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[2], 0)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 3)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 4)
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:5])
def create_big_chain(self):
# Start by creating some coinbases we can spend later
self.nodes[1].generate(200)
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:2])
self.nodes[0].generate(150)
# Then mine enough full blocks to create more than 550MiB of data
for i in range(645):
mine_large_block(self.nodes[0], self.utxo_cache_0)
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:5])
def test_height_min(self):
if not os.path.isfile(self.prunedir+"blk00000.dat"):
raise AssertionError("blk00000.dat is missing, pruning too early")
print("Success")
print("Though we're already using more than 550MiB, current usage:", calc_usage(self.prunedir))
print("Mining 25 more blocks should cause the first block file to be pruned")
# Pruning doesn't run until we're allocating another chunk, 20 full blocks past the height cutoff will ensure this
for i in range(25):
mine_large_block(self.nodes[0], self.utxo_cache_0)
waitstart = time.time()
while os.path.isfile(self.prunedir+"blk00000.dat"):
time.sleep(0.1)
if time.time() - waitstart > 30:
raise AssertionError("blk00000.dat not pruned when it should be")
print("Success")
usage = calc_usage(self.prunedir)
print("Usage should be below target:", usage)
if (usage > 550):
raise AssertionError("Pruning target not being met")
def create_chain_with_staleblocks(self):
# Create stale blocks in manageable sized chunks
print("Mine 24 (stale) blocks on Node 1, followed by 25 (main chain) block reorg from Node 0, for 12 rounds")
for j in range(12):
# Disconnect node 0 so it can mine a longer reorg chain without knowing about node 1's soon-to-be-stale chain
# Node 2 stays connected, so it hears about the stale blocks and then reorg's when node0 reconnects
# Stopping node 0 also clears its mempool, so it doesn't have node1's transactions to accidentally mine
self.stop_node(0)
self.nodes[0]=start_node(0, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=999000", "-checkblocks=5"], timewait=900)
# Mine 24 blocks in node 1
for i in range(24):
if j == 0:
mine_large_block(self.nodes[1], self.utxo_cache_1)
else:
self.nodes[1].generate(1) #tx's already in mempool from previous disconnects
# Reorg back with 25 block chain from node 0
for i in range(25):
mine_large_block(self.nodes[0], self.utxo_cache_0)
# Create connections in the order so both nodes can see the reorg at the same time
connect_nodes(self.nodes[1], 0)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[2], 0)
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:3])
print("Usage can be over target because of high stale rate:", calc_usage(self.prunedir))
def reorg_test(self):
# Node 1 will mine a 300 block chain starting 287 blocks back from Node 0 and Node 2's tip
# This will cause Node 2 to do a reorg requiring 288 blocks of undo data to the reorg_test chain
# Reboot node 1 to clear its mempool (hopefully make the invalidate faster)
# Lower the block max size so we don't keep mining all our big mempool transactions (from disconnected blocks)
self.stop_node(1)
self.nodes[1]=start_node(1, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=5000", "-checkblocks=5", "-disablesafemode"], timewait=900)
height = self.nodes[1].getblockcount()
print("Current block height:", height)
invalidheight = height-287
badhash = self.nodes[1].getblockhash(invalidheight)
print("Invalidating block at height:",invalidheight,badhash)
self.nodes[1].invalidateblock(badhash)
# We've now switched to our previously mined-24 block fork on node 1, but thats not what we want
# So invalidate that fork as well, until we're on the same chain as node 0/2 (but at an ancestor 288 blocks ago)
mainchainhash = self.nodes[0].getblockhash(invalidheight - 1)
curhash = self.nodes[1].getblockhash(invalidheight - 1)
while curhash != mainchainhash:
self.nodes[1].invalidateblock(curhash)
curhash = self.nodes[1].getblockhash(invalidheight - 1)
assert(self.nodes[1].getblockcount() == invalidheight - 1)
print("New best height", self.nodes[1].getblockcount())
# Reboot node1 to clear those giant tx's from mempool
self.stop_node(1)
self.nodes[1]=start_node(1, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug","-maxreceivebuffer=20000","-blockmaxsize=5000", "-checkblocks=5", "-disablesafemode"], timewait=900)
print("Generating new longer chain of 300 more blocks")
self.nodes[1].generate(300)
print("Reconnect nodes")
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 1)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[2], 1)
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:3], timeout=120)
print("Verify height on node 2:",self.nodes[2].getblockcount())
print("Usage possibly still high bc of stale blocks in block files:", calc_usage(self.prunedir))
print("Mine 220 more blocks so we have requisite history (some blocks will be big and cause pruning of previous chain)")
for i in range(22):
# This can be slow, so do this in multiple RPC calls to avoid
# RPC timeouts.
self.nodes[0].generate(10) #node 0 has many large tx's in its mempool from the disconnects
sync_blocks(self.nodes[0:3], timeout=300)
usage = calc_usage(self.prunedir)
print("Usage should be below target:", usage)
if (usage > 550):
raise AssertionError("Pruning target not being met")
return invalidheight,badhash
def reorg_back(self):
# Verify that a block on the old main chain fork has been pruned away
assert_raises_jsonrpc(-1, "Block not available (pruned data)", self.nodes[2].getblock, self.forkhash)
print("Will need to redownload block",self.forkheight)
# Verify that we have enough history to reorg back to the fork point
# Although this is more than 288 blocks, because this chain was written more recently
# and only its other 299 small and 220 large block are in the block files after it,
# its expected to still be retained
self.nodes[2].getblock(self.nodes[2].getblockhash(self.forkheight))
first_reorg_height = self.nodes[2].getblockcount()
curchainhash = self.nodes[2].getblockhash(self.mainchainheight)
self.nodes[2].invalidateblock(curchainhash)
goalbestheight = self.mainchainheight
goalbesthash = self.mainchainhash2
# As of 0.10 the current block download logic is not able to reorg to the original chain created in
# create_chain_with_stale_blocks because it doesn't know of any peer thats on that chain from which to
# redownload its missing blocks.
# Invalidate the reorg_test chain in node 0 as well, it can successfully switch to the original chain
# because it has all the block data.
# However it must mine enough blocks to have a more work chain than the reorg_test chain in order
# to trigger node 2's block download logic.
# At this point node 2 is within 288 blocks of the fork point so it will preserve its ability to reorg
if self.nodes[2].getblockcount() < self.mainchainheight:
blocks_to_mine = first_reorg_height + 1 - self.mainchainheight
print("Rewind node 0 to prev main chain to mine longer chain to trigger redownload. Blocks needed:", blocks_to_mine)
self.nodes[0].invalidateblock(curchainhash)
assert(self.nodes[0].getblockcount() == self.mainchainheight)
assert(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash() == self.mainchainhash2)
goalbesthash = self.nodes[0].generate(blocks_to_mine)[-1]
goalbestheight = first_reorg_height + 1
print("Verify node 2 reorged back to the main chain, some blocks of which it had to redownload")
waitstart = time.time()
while self.nodes[2].getblockcount() < goalbestheight:
time.sleep(0.1)
if time.time() - waitstart > 900:
raise AssertionError("Node 2 didn't reorg to proper height")
assert(self.nodes[2].getbestblockhash() == goalbesthash)
# Verify we can now have the data for a block previously pruned
assert(self.nodes[2].getblock(self.forkhash)["height"] == self.forkheight)
def manual_test(self, node_number, use_timestamp):
# at this point, node has 995 blocks and has not yet run in prune mode
node = self.nodes[node_number] = start_node(node_number, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0"], timewait=900)
assert_equal(node.getblockcount(), 995)
assert_raises_jsonrpc(-1, "not in prune mode", node.pruneblockchain, 500)
self.stop_node(node_number)
# now re-start in manual pruning mode
node = self.nodes[node_number] = start_node(node_number, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0","-prune=1"], timewait=900)
assert_equal(node.getblockcount(), 995)
def height(index):
if use_timestamp:
return node.getblockheader(node.getblockhash(index))["time"] + TIMESTAMP_WINDOW
else:
return index
def prune(index, expected_ret=None):
ret = node.pruneblockchain(height(index))
# Check the return value. When use_timestamp is True, just check
# that the return value is less than or equal to the expected
# value, because when more than one block is generated per second,
# a timestamp will not be granular enough to uniquely identify an
# individual block.
if expected_ret is None:
expected_ret = index
if use_timestamp:
assert_greater_than(ret, 0)
assert_greater_than(expected_ret + 1, ret)
else:
assert_equal(ret, expected_ret)
def has_block(index):
return os.path.isfile(self.options.tmpdir + "/node{}/regtest/blocks/blk{:05}.dat".format(node_number, index))
# should not prune because chain tip of node 3 (995) < PruneAfterHeight (1000)
assert_raises_jsonrpc(-1, "Blockchain is too short for pruning", node.pruneblockchain, height(500))
# mine 6 blocks so we are at height 1001 (i.e., above PruneAfterHeight)
node.generate(6)
assert_equal(node.getblockchaininfo()["blocks"], 1001)
# negative heights should raise an exception
assert_raises_jsonrpc(-8, "Negative", node.pruneblockchain, -10)
# height=100 too low to prune first block file so this is a no-op
prune(100)
if not has_block(0):
raise AssertionError("blk00000.dat is missing when should still be there")
# Does nothing
node.pruneblockchain(height(0))
if not has_block(0):
raise AssertionError("blk00000.dat is missing when should still be there")
# height=500 should prune first file
prune(500)
if has_block(0):
raise AssertionError("blk00000.dat is still there, should be pruned by now")
if not has_block(1):
raise AssertionError("blk00001.dat is missing when should still be there")
# height=650 should prune second file
prune(650)
if has_block(1):
raise AssertionError("blk00001.dat is still there, should be pruned by now")
# height=1000 should not prune anything more, because tip-288 is in blk00002.dat.
prune(1000, 1001 - MIN_BLOCKS_TO_KEEP)
if not has_block(2):
raise AssertionError("blk00002.dat is still there, should be pruned by now")
# advance the tip so blk00002.dat and blk00003.dat can be pruned (the last 288 blocks should now be in blk00004.dat)
node.generate(288)
prune(1000)
if has_block(2):
raise AssertionError("blk00002.dat is still there, should be pruned by now")
if has_block(3):
raise AssertionError("blk00003.dat is still there, should be pruned by now")
# stop node, start back up with auto-prune at 550MB, make sure still runs
self.stop_node(node_number)
self.nodes[node_number] = start_node(node_number, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=0","-prune=550"], timewait=900)
print("Success")
def wallet_test(self):
# check that the pruning node's wallet is still in good shape
print("Stop and start pruning node to trigger wallet rescan")
self.stop_node(2)
start_node(2, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=1","-prune=550"])
print("Success")
# check that wallet loads loads successfully when restarting a pruned node after IBD.
# this was reported to fail in #7494.
print ("Syncing node 5 to test wallet")
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 5)
nds = [self.nodes[0], self.nodes[5]]
sync_blocks(nds, wait=5, timeout=300)
self.stop_node(5) #stop and start to trigger rescan
start_node(5, self.options.tmpdir, ["-debug=1","-prune=550"])
print ("Success")
def run_test(self):
print("Warning! This test requires 4GB of disk space and takes over 30 mins (up to 2 hours)")
print("Mining a big blockchain of 995 blocks")
self.create_big_chain()
# Chain diagram key:
# * blocks on main chain
# +,&,$,@ blocks on other forks
# X invalidated block
# N1 Node 1
#
# Start by mining a simple chain that all nodes have
# N0=N1=N2 **...*(995)
# stop manual-pruning node with 995 blocks
self.stop_node(3)
self.stop_node(4)
print("Check that we haven't started pruning yet because we're below PruneAfterHeight")
self.test_height_min()
# Extend this chain past the PruneAfterHeight
# N0=N1=N2 **...*(1020)
print("Check that we'll exceed disk space target if we have a very high stale block rate")
self.create_chain_with_staleblocks()
# Disconnect N0
# And mine a 24 block chain on N1 and a separate 25 block chain on N0
# N1=N2 **...*+...+(1044)
# N0 **...**...**(1045)
#
# reconnect nodes causing reorg on N1 and N2
# N1=N2 **...*(1020) *...**(1045)
# \
# +...+(1044)
#
# repeat this process until you have 12 stale forks hanging off the
# main chain on N1 and N2
# N0 *************************...***************************(1320)
#
# N1=N2 **...*(1020) *...**(1045) *.. ..**(1295) *...**(1320)
# \ \ \
# +...+(1044) &.. $...$(1319)
# Save some current chain state for later use
self.mainchainheight = self.nodes[2].getblockcount() #1320
self.mainchainhash2 = self.nodes[2].getblockhash(self.mainchainheight)
print("Check that we can survive a 288 block reorg still")
(self.forkheight,self.forkhash) = self.reorg_test() #(1033, )
# Now create a 288 block reorg by mining a longer chain on N1
# First disconnect N1
# Then invalidate 1033 on main chain and 1032 on fork so height is 1032 on main chain
# N1 **...*(1020) **...**(1032)X..
# \
# ++...+(1031)X..
#
# Now mine 300 more blocks on N1
# N1 **...*(1020) **...**(1032) @@...@(1332)
# \ \
# \ X...
# \ \
# ++...+(1031)X.. ..
#
# Reconnect nodes and mine 220 more blocks on N1
# N1 **...*(1020) **...**(1032) @@...@@@(1552)
# \ \
# \ X...
# \ \
# ++...+(1031)X.. ..
#
# N2 **...*(1020) **...**(1032) @@...@@@(1552)
# \ \
# \ *...**(1320)
# \ \
# ++...++(1044) ..
#
# N0 ********************(1032) @@...@@@(1552)
# \
# *...**(1320)
print("Test that we can rerequest a block we previously pruned if needed for a reorg")
self.reorg_back()
# Verify that N2 still has block 1033 on current chain (@), but not on main chain (*)
# Invalidate 1033 on current chain (@) on N2 and we should be able to reorg to
# original main chain (*), but will require redownload of some blocks
# In order to have a peer we think we can download from, must also perform this invalidation
# on N0 and mine a new longest chain to trigger.
# Final result:
# N0 ********************(1032) **...****(1553)
# \
# X@...@@@(1552)
#
# N2 **...*(1020) **...**(1032) **...****(1553)
# \ \
# \ X@...@@@(1552)
# \
# +..
#
# N1 doesn't change because 1033 on main chain (*) is invalid
print("Test manual pruning with block indices")
self.manual_test(3, use_timestamp=False)
print("Test manual pruning with timestamps")
self.manual_test(4, use_timestamp=True)
print("Test wallet re-scan")
self.wallet_test()
print("Done")
if __name__ == '__main__':
PruneTest().main()