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// Copyright (c) 2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "chainparams.h"
#include "db.h"
#include "init.h"
#include "miner.h"
#include "bitcoinrpc.h"
using namespace json_spirit;
using namespace std;
// Key used by getwork/getblocktemplate miners.
// Allocated in InitRPCMining, free'd in ShutdownRPCMining
static CReserveKey* pMiningKey = NULL;
void InitRPCMining()
{
if (!pwalletMain)
return;
// getwork/getblocktemplate mining rewards paid here:
pMiningKey = new CReserveKey(pwalletMain);
}
void ShutdownRPCMining()
{
if (!pMiningKey)
return;
delete pMiningKey; pMiningKey = NULL;
}
// Return average network hashes per second based on the last 'lookup' blocks,
// or from the last difficulty change if 'lookup' is nonpositive.
// If 'height' is nonnegative, compute the estimate at the time when a given block was found.
Value GetNetworkHashPS(int lookup, int height) {
CBlockIndex *pb = pindexBest;
if (height >= 0 && height < nBestHeight)
pb = FindBlockByHeight(height);
if (pb == NULL || !pb->nHeight)
return 0;
// If lookup is -1, then use blocks since last difficulty change.
if (lookup <= 0)
lookup = pb->nHeight % 2016 + 1;
// If lookup is larger than chain, then set it to chain length.
if (lookup > pb->nHeight)
lookup = pb->nHeight;
CBlockIndex *pb0 = pb;
int64 minTime = pb0->GetBlockTime();
int64 maxTime = minTime;
for (int i = 0; i < lookup; i++) {
pb0 = pb0->pprev;
int64 time = pb0->GetBlockTime();
minTime = std::min(time, minTime);
maxTime = std::max(time, maxTime);
}
// In case there's a situation where minTime == maxTime, we don't want a divide by zero exception.
if (minTime == maxTime)
return 0;
uint256 workDiff = pb->nChainWork - pb0->nChainWork;
int64 timeDiff = maxTime - minTime;
return (boost::int64_t)(workDiff.getdouble() / timeDiff);
}
Value getnetworkhashps(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() > 2)
throw runtime_error(
"getnetworkhashps [blocks] [height]\n"
"Returns the estimated network hashes per second based on the last 120 blocks.\n"
"Pass in [blocks] to override # of blocks, -1 specifies since last difficulty change.\n"
"Pass in [height] to estimate the network speed at the time when a certain block was found.");
return GetNetworkHashPS(params.size() > 0 ? params[0].get_int() : 120, params.size() > 1 ? params[1].get_int() : -1);
}
Value getgenerate(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getgenerate\n"
"Returns true or false.");
if (!pMiningKey)
return false;
return GetBoolArg("-gen", false);
}
Value setgenerate(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() < 1 || params.size() > 2)
throw runtime_error(
"setgenerate <generate> [genproclimit]\n"
"<generate> is true or false to turn generation on or off.\n"
"Generation is limited to [genproclimit] processors, -1 is unlimited.");
bool fGenerate = true;
if (params.size() > 0)
fGenerate = params[0].get_bool();
if (params.size() > 1)
{
int nGenProcLimit = params[1].get_int();
mapArgs["-genproclimit"] = itostr(nGenProcLimit);
if (nGenProcLimit == 0)
fGenerate = false;
}
mapArgs["-gen"] = (fGenerate ? "1" : "0");
assert(pwalletMain != NULL);
GenerateBitcoins(fGenerate, pwalletMain);
return Value::null;
}
Value gethashespersec(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"gethashespersec\n"
"Returns a recent hashes per second performance measurement while generating.");
if (GetTimeMillis() - nHPSTimerStart > 8000)
return (boost::int64_t)0;
return (boost::int64_t)dHashesPerSec;
}
Value getmininginfo(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() != 0)
throw runtime_error(
"getmininginfo\n"
"Returns an object containing mining-related information.");
Object obj;
obj.push_back(Pair("blocks", (int)nBestHeight));
obj.push_back(Pair("currentblocksize", (uint64_t)nLastBlockSize));
obj.push_back(Pair("currentblocktx", (uint64_t)nLastBlockTx));
obj.push_back(Pair("difficulty", (double)GetDifficulty()));
obj.push_back(Pair("errors", GetWarnings("statusbar")));
obj.push_back(Pair("generate", getgenerate(params, false)));
obj.push_back(Pair("genproclimit", (int)GetArg("-genproclimit", -1)));
obj.push_back(Pair("hashespersec", gethashespersec(params, false)));
obj.push_back(Pair("networkhashps", getnetworkhashps(params, false)));
obj.push_back(Pair("pooledtx", (uint64_t)mempool.size()));
obj.push_back(Pair("testnet", TestNet()));
return obj;
}
Value getwork(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() > 1)
throw runtime_error(
"getwork [data]\n"
"If [data] is not specified, returns formatted hash data to work on:\n"
" \"midstate\" : precomputed hash state after hashing the first half of the data (DEPRECATED)\n" // deprecated
" \"data\" : block data\n"
" \"hash1\" : formatted hash buffer for second hash (DEPRECATED)\n" // deprecated
" \"target\" : little endian hash target\n"
"If [data] is specified, tries to solve the block and returns true if it was successful.");
if (vNodes.empty())
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_CLIENT_NOT_CONNECTED, "Bitcoin is not connected!");
if (IsInitialBlockDownload())
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_CLIENT_IN_INITIAL_DOWNLOAD, "Bitcoin is downloading blocks...");
typedef map<uint256, pair<CBlock*, CScript> > mapNewBlock_t;
static mapNewBlock_t mapNewBlock; // FIXME: thread safety
static vector<CBlockTemplate*> vNewBlockTemplate;
if (params.size() == 0)
{
// Update block
static unsigned int nTransactionsUpdatedLast;
static CBlockIndex* pindexPrev;
static int64 nStart;
static CBlockTemplate* pblocktemplate;
if (pindexPrev != pindexBest ||
(nTransactionsUpdated != nTransactionsUpdatedLast && GetTime() - nStart > 60))
{
if (pindexPrev != pindexBest)
{
// Deallocate old blocks since they're obsolete now
mapNewBlock.clear();
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockTemplate* pblocktemplate, vNewBlockTemplate)
delete pblocktemplate;
vNewBlockTemplate.clear();
}
// Clear pindexPrev so future getworks make a new block, despite any failures from here on
pindexPrev = NULL;
// Store the pindexBest used before CreateNewBlock, to avoid races
nTransactionsUpdatedLast = nTransactionsUpdated;
CBlockIndex* pindexPrevNew = pindexBest;
nStart = GetTime();
// Create new block
pblocktemplate = CreateNewBlockWithKey(*pMiningKey);
if (!pblocktemplate)
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_OUT_OF_MEMORY, "Out of memory");
vNewBlockTemplate.push_back(pblocktemplate);
// Need to update only after we know CreateNewBlock succeeded
pindexPrev = pindexPrevNew;
}
CBlock* pblock = &pblocktemplate->block; // pointer for convenience
// Update nTime
UpdateTime(*pblock, pindexPrev);
pblock->nNonce = 0;
// Update nExtraNonce
static unsigned int nExtraNonce = 0;
IncrementExtraNonce(pblock, pindexPrev, nExtraNonce);
// Save
mapNewBlock[pblock->hashMerkleRoot] = make_pair(pblock, pblock->vtx[0].vin[0].scriptSig);
// Pre-build hash buffers
char pmidstate[32];
char pdata[128];
char phash1[64];
FormatHashBuffers(pblock, pmidstate, pdata, phash1);
uint256 hashTarget = CBigNum().SetCompact(pblock->nBits).getuint256();
Object result;
result.push_back(Pair("midstate", HexStr(BEGIN(pmidstate), END(pmidstate)))); // deprecated
result.push_back(Pair("data", HexStr(BEGIN(pdata), END(pdata))));
result.push_back(Pair("hash1", HexStr(BEGIN(phash1), END(phash1)))); // deprecated
result.push_back(Pair("target", HexStr(BEGIN(hashTarget), END(hashTarget))));
return result;
}
else
{
// Parse parameters
vector<unsigned char> vchData = ParseHex(params[0].get_str());
if (vchData.size() != 128)
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_INVALID_PARAMETER, "Invalid parameter");
CBlock* pdata = (CBlock*)&vchData[0];
// Byte reverse
for (int i = 0; i < 128/4; i++)
((unsigned int*)pdata)[i] = ByteReverse(((unsigned int*)pdata)[i]);
// Get saved block
if (!mapNewBlock.count(pdata->hashMerkleRoot))
return false;
CBlock* pblock = mapNewBlock[pdata->hashMerkleRoot].first;
pblock->nTime = pdata->nTime;
pblock->nNonce = pdata->nNonce;
pblock->vtx[0].vin[0].scriptSig = mapNewBlock[pdata->hashMerkleRoot].second;
pblock->hashMerkleRoot = pblock->BuildMerkleTree();
assert(pwalletMain != NULL);
return CheckWork(pblock, *pwalletMain, *pMiningKey);
}
}
Value getblocktemplate(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() > 1)
throw runtime_error(
"getblocktemplate [params]\n"
"Returns data needed to construct a block to work on:\n"
" \"version\" : block version\n"
" \"previousblockhash\" : hash of current highest block\n"
" \"transactions\" : contents of non-coinbase transactions that should be included in the next block\n"
" \"coinbaseaux\" : data that should be included in coinbase\n"
" \"coinbasevalue\" : maximum allowable input to coinbase transaction, including the generation award and transaction fees\n"
" \"target\" : hash target\n"
" \"mintime\" : minimum timestamp appropriate for next block\n"
" \"curtime\" : current timestamp\n"
" \"mutable\" : list of ways the block template may be changed\n"
" \"noncerange\" : range of valid nonces\n"
" \"sigoplimit\" : limit of sigops in blocks\n"
" \"sizelimit\" : limit of block size\n"
" \"bits\" : compressed target of next block\n"
" \"height\" : height of the next block\n"
"See https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/BIP_0022 for full specification.");
std::string strMode = "template";
if (params.size() > 0)
{
const Object& oparam = params[0].get_obj();
const Value& modeval = find_value(oparam, "mode");
if (modeval.type() == str_type)
strMode = modeval.get_str();
else if (modeval.type() == null_type)
{
/* Do nothing */
}
else
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_INVALID_PARAMETER, "Invalid mode");
}
if (strMode != "template")
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_INVALID_PARAMETER, "Invalid mode");
if (vNodes.empty())
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_CLIENT_NOT_CONNECTED, "Bitcoin is not connected!");
if (IsInitialBlockDownload())
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_CLIENT_IN_INITIAL_DOWNLOAD, "Bitcoin is downloading blocks...");
// Update block
static unsigned int nTransactionsUpdatedLast;
static CBlockIndex* pindexPrev;
static int64 nStart;
static CBlockTemplate* pblocktemplate;
if (pindexPrev != pindexBest ||
(nTransactionsUpdated != nTransactionsUpdatedLast && GetTime() - nStart > 5))
{
// Clear pindexPrev so future calls make a new block, despite any failures from here on
pindexPrev = NULL;
// Store the pindexBest used before CreateNewBlock, to avoid races
nTransactionsUpdatedLast = nTransactionsUpdated;
CBlockIndex* pindexPrevNew = pindexBest;
nStart = GetTime();
// Create new block
if(pblocktemplate)
{
delete pblocktemplate;
pblocktemplate = NULL;
}
CScript scriptDummy = CScript() << OP_TRUE;
pblocktemplate = CreateNewBlock(scriptDummy);
if (!pblocktemplate)
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_OUT_OF_MEMORY, "Out of memory");
// Need to update only after we know CreateNewBlock succeeded
pindexPrev = pindexPrevNew;
}
CBlock* pblock = &pblocktemplate->block; // pointer for convenience
// Update nTime
UpdateTime(*pblock, pindexPrev);
pblock->nNonce = 0;
Array transactions;
map<uint256, int64_t> setTxIndex;
int i = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH (CTransaction& tx, pblock->vtx)
{
uint256 txHash = tx.GetHash();
setTxIndex[txHash] = i++;
if (tx.IsCoinBase())
continue;
Object entry;
CDataStream ssTx(SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
ssTx << tx;
entry.push_back(Pair("data", HexStr(ssTx.begin(), ssTx.end())));
entry.push_back(Pair("hash", txHash.GetHex()));
Array deps;
BOOST_FOREACH (const CTxIn &in, tx.vin)
{
if (setTxIndex.count(in.prevout.hash))
deps.push_back(setTxIndex[in.prevout.hash]);
}
entry.push_back(Pair("depends", deps));
int index_in_template = i - 1;
entry.push_back(Pair("fee", pblocktemplate->vTxFees[index_in_template]));
entry.push_back(Pair("sigops", pblocktemplate->vTxSigOps[index_in_template]));
transactions.push_back(entry);
}
Object aux;
aux.push_back(Pair("flags", HexStr(COINBASE_FLAGS.begin(), COINBASE_FLAGS.end())));
uint256 hashTarget = CBigNum().SetCompact(pblock->nBits).getuint256();
static Array aMutable;
if (aMutable.empty())
{
aMutable.push_back("time");
aMutable.push_back("transactions");
aMutable.push_back("prevblock");
}
Object result;
result.push_back(Pair("version", pblock->nVersion));
result.push_back(Pair("previousblockhash", pblock->hashPrevBlock.GetHex()));
result.push_back(Pair("transactions", transactions));
result.push_back(Pair("coinbaseaux", aux));
result.push_back(Pair("coinbasevalue", (int64_t)pblock->vtx[0].vout[0].nValue));
result.push_back(Pair("target", hashTarget.GetHex()));
result.push_back(Pair("mintime", (int64_t)pindexPrev->GetMedianTimePast()+1));
result.push_back(Pair("mutable", aMutable));
result.push_back(Pair("noncerange", "00000000ffffffff"));
result.push_back(Pair("sigoplimit", (int64_t)MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS));
result.push_back(Pair("sizelimit", (int64_t)MAX_BLOCK_SIZE));
result.push_back(Pair("curtime", (int64_t)pblock->nTime));
result.push_back(Pair("bits", HexBits(pblock->nBits)));
result.push_back(Pair("height", (int64_t)(pindexPrev->nHeight+1)));
return result;
}
Value submitblock(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
{
if (fHelp || params.size() < 1 || params.size() > 2)
throw runtime_error(
"submitblock <hex data> [optional-params-obj]\n"
"[optional-params-obj] parameter is currently ignored.\n"
"Attempts to submit new block to network.\n"
"See https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/BIP_0022 for full specification.");
vector<unsigned char> blockData(ParseHex(params[0].get_str()));
CDataStream ssBlock(blockData, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
CBlock pblock;
try {
ssBlock >> pblock;
}
catch (std::exception &e) {
throw JSONRPCError(RPC_DESERIALIZATION_ERROR, "Block decode failed");
}
CValidationState state;
bool fAccepted = ProcessBlock(state, NULL, &pblock);
if (!fAccepted)
return "rejected"; // TODO: report validation state
return Value::null;
}