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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file license.txt or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_MAIN_H
#define BITCOIN_MAIN_H
#include "bignum.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "key.h"
#include "script.h"
#include "db.h"
#include <list>
class CBlock;
class CBlockIndex;
class CWalletTx;
class CWallet;
class CKeyItem;
class CReserveKey;
class CWalletDB;
class CAddress;
class CInv;
class CRequestTracker;
class CNode;
static const int CLIENT_VERSION = 60000;
static const bool VERSION_IS_BETA = true;
extern const std::string CLIENT_NAME;
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCK_SIZE = 1000000;
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE/2;
static const int MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE/50;
static const int64 COIN = 100000000;
static const int64 CENT = 1000000;
static const int64 MIN_TX_FEE = 50000;
static const int64 MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE = 10000;
static const int64 MAX_MONEY = 21000000 * COIN;
inline bool MoneyRange(int64 nValue) { return (nValue >= 0 && nValue <= MAX_MONEY); }
static const int COINBASE_MATURITY = 100;
// Threshold for nLockTime: below this value it is interpreted as block number, otherwise as UNIX timestamp.
static const int LOCKTIME_THRESHOLD = 500000000; // Tue Nov 5 00:53:20 1985 UTC
#ifdef USE_UPNP
static const int fHaveUPnP = true;
#else
static const int fHaveUPnP = false;
#endif
extern CScript COINBASE_FLAGS;
extern CCriticalSection cs_main;
extern std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*> mapBlockIndex;
extern uint256 hashGenesisBlock;
extern CBlockIndex* pindexGenesisBlock;
extern int nBestHeight;
extern CBigNum bnBestChainWork;
extern CBigNum bnBestInvalidWork;
extern uint256 hashBestChain;
extern CBlockIndex* pindexBest;
extern uint64 nPooledTx;
extern unsigned int nTransactionsUpdated;
extern uint64 nLastBlockTx;
extern uint64 nLastBlockSize;
extern const std::string strMessageMagic;
extern double dHashesPerSec;
extern int64 nHPSTimerStart;
extern int64 nTimeBestReceived;
extern CCriticalSection cs_setpwalletRegistered;
extern std::set<CWallet*> setpwalletRegistered;
// Settings
extern int64 nTransactionFee;
class CReserveKey;
class CTxDB;
class CTxIndex;
void RegisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn);
void UnregisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn);
bool ProcessBlock(CNode* pfrom, CBlock* pblock);
bool CheckDiskSpace(uint64 nAdditionalBytes=0);
FILE* OpenBlockFile(unsigned int nFile, unsigned int nBlockPos, const char* pszMode="rb");
FILE* AppendBlockFile(unsigned int& nFileRet);
bool LoadBlockIndex(bool fAllowNew=true);
void PrintBlockTree();
bool ProcessMessages(CNode* pfrom);
bool SendMessages(CNode* pto, bool fSendTrickle);
void GenerateBitcoins(bool fGenerate, CWallet* pwallet);
CBlock* CreateNewBlock(CReserveKey& reservekey);
void IncrementExtraNonce(CBlock* pblock, CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, unsigned int& nExtraNonce);
void FormatHashBuffers(CBlock* pblock, char* pmidstate, char* pdata, char* phash1);
bool CheckWork(CBlock* pblock, CWallet& wallet, CReserveKey& reservekey);
bool CheckProofOfWork(uint256 hash, unsigned int nBits);
unsigned int ComputeMinWork(unsigned int nBase, int64 nTime);
int GetNumBlocksOfPeers();
bool IsInitialBlockDownload();
std::string GetWarnings(std::string strFor);
bool GetWalletFile(CWallet* pwallet, std::string &strWalletFileOut);
class CDiskTxPos
{
public:
unsigned int nFile;
unsigned int nBlockPos;
unsigned int nTxPos;
CDiskTxPos()
{
SetNull();
}
CDiskTxPos(unsigned int nFileIn, unsigned int nBlockPosIn, unsigned int nTxPosIn)
{
nFile = nFileIn;
nBlockPos = nBlockPosIn;
nTxPos = nTxPosIn;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE( READWRITE(FLATDATA(*this)); )
void SetNull() { nFile = -1; nBlockPos = 0; nTxPos = 0; }
bool IsNull() const { return (nFile == -1); }
friend bool operator==(const CDiskTxPos& a, const CDiskTxPos& b)
{
return (a.nFile == b.nFile &&
a.nBlockPos == b.nBlockPos &&
a.nTxPos == b.nTxPos);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CDiskTxPos& a, const CDiskTxPos& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const
{
if (IsNull())
return strprintf("null");
else
return strprintf("(nFile=%d, nBlockPos=%d, nTxPos=%d)", nFile, nBlockPos, nTxPos);
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s", ToString().c_str());
}
};
class CInPoint
{
public:
CTransaction* ptx;
unsigned int n;
CInPoint() { SetNull(); }
CInPoint(CTransaction* ptxIn, unsigned int nIn) { ptx = ptxIn; n = nIn; }
void SetNull() { ptx = NULL; n = -1; }
bool IsNull() const { return (ptx == NULL && n == -1); }
};
class COutPoint
{
public:
uint256 hash;
unsigned int n;
COutPoint() { SetNull(); }
COutPoint(uint256 hashIn, unsigned int nIn) { hash = hashIn; n = nIn; }
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE( READWRITE(FLATDATA(*this)); )
void SetNull() { hash = 0; n = -1; }
bool IsNull() const { return (hash == 0 && n == -1); }
friend bool operator<(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return (a.hash < b.hash || (a.hash == b.hash && a.n < b.n));
}
friend bool operator==(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return (a.hash == b.hash && a.n == b.n);
}
friend bool operator!=(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const
{
return strprintf("COutPoint(%s, %d)", hash.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(), n);
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s\n", ToString().c_str());
}
};
//
// An input of a transaction. It contains the location of the previous
// transaction's output that it claims and a signature that matches the
// output's public key.
//
class CTxIn
{
public:
COutPoint prevout;
CScript scriptSig;
unsigned int nSequence;
CTxIn()
{
nSequence = std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max();
}
explicit CTxIn(COutPoint prevoutIn, CScript scriptSigIn=CScript(), unsigned int nSequenceIn=std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max())
{
prevout = prevoutIn;
scriptSig = scriptSigIn;
nSequence = nSequenceIn;
}
CTxIn(uint256 hashPrevTx, unsigned int nOut, CScript scriptSigIn=CScript(), unsigned int nSequenceIn=std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max())
{
prevout = COutPoint(hashPrevTx, nOut);
scriptSig = scriptSigIn;
nSequence = nSequenceIn;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(prevout);
READWRITE(scriptSig);
READWRITE(nSequence);
)
bool IsFinal() const
{
return (nSequence == std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max());
}
friend bool operator==(const CTxIn& a, const CTxIn& b)
{
return (a.prevout == b.prevout &&
a.scriptSig == b.scriptSig &&
a.nSequence == b.nSequence);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTxIn& a, const CTxIn& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const
{
std::string str;
str += strprintf("CTxIn(");
str += prevout.ToString();
if (prevout.IsNull())
str += strprintf(", coinbase %s", HexStr(scriptSig).c_str());
else
str += strprintf(", scriptSig=%s", scriptSig.ToString().substr(0,24).c_str());
if (nSequence != std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max())
str += strprintf(", nSequence=%u", nSequence);
str += ")";
return str;
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s\n", ToString().c_str());
}
};
//
// An output of a transaction. It contains the public key that the next input
// must be able to sign with to claim it.
//
class CTxOut
{
public:
int64 nValue;
CScript scriptPubKey;
CTxOut()
{
SetNull();
}
CTxOut(int64 nValueIn, CScript scriptPubKeyIn)
{
nValue = nValueIn;
scriptPubKey = scriptPubKeyIn;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(nValue);
READWRITE(scriptPubKey);
)
void SetNull()
{
nValue = -1;
scriptPubKey.clear();
}
bool IsNull()
{
return (nValue == -1);
}
uint256 GetHash() const
{
return SerializeHash(*this);
}
friend bool operator==(const CTxOut& a, const CTxOut& b)
{
return (a.nValue == b.nValue &&
a.scriptPubKey == b.scriptPubKey);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTxOut& a, const CTxOut& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const
{
if (scriptPubKey.size() < 6)
return "CTxOut(error)";
return strprintf("CTxOut(nValue=%"PRI64d".%08"PRI64d", scriptPubKey=%s)", nValue / COIN, nValue % COIN, scriptPubKey.ToString().substr(0,30).c_str());
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s\n", ToString().c_str());
}
};
enum GetMinFee_mode
{
GMF_BLOCK,
GMF_RELAY,
GMF_SEND,
};
typedef std::map<uint256, std::pair<CTxIndex, CTransaction> > MapPrevTx;
//
// The basic transaction that is broadcasted on the network and contained in
// blocks. A transaction can contain multiple inputs and outputs.
//
class CTransaction
{
public:
int nVersion;
std::vector<CTxIn> vin;
std::vector<CTxOut> vout;
unsigned int nLockTime;
// Denial-of-service detection:
mutable int nDoS;
bool DoS(int nDoSIn, bool fIn) const { nDoS += nDoSIn; return fIn; }
CTransaction()
{
SetNull();
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(vin);
READWRITE(vout);
READWRITE(nLockTime);
)
void SetNull()
{
nVersion = 1;
vin.clear();
vout.clear();
nLockTime = 0;
nDoS = 0; // Denial-of-service prevention
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (vin.empty() && vout.empty());
}
uint256 GetHash() const
{
return SerializeHash(*this);
}
bool IsFinal(int nBlockHeight=0, int64 nBlockTime=0) const
{
// Time based nLockTime implemented in 0.1.6
if (nLockTime == 0)
return true;
if (nBlockHeight == 0)
nBlockHeight = nBestHeight;
if (nBlockTime == 0)
nBlockTime = GetAdjustedTime();
if ((int64)nLockTime < (nLockTime < LOCKTIME_THRESHOLD ? (int64)nBlockHeight : nBlockTime))
return true;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
if (!txin.IsFinal())
return false;
return true;
}
bool IsNewerThan(const CTransaction& old) const
{
if (vin.size() != old.vin.size())
return false;
for (int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
if (vin[i].prevout != old.vin[i].prevout)
return false;
bool fNewer = false;
unsigned int nLowest = std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max();
for (int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
{
if (vin[i].nSequence != old.vin[i].nSequence)
{
if (vin[i].nSequence <= nLowest)
{
fNewer = false;
nLowest = vin[i].nSequence;
}
if (old.vin[i].nSequence < nLowest)
{
fNewer = true;
nLowest = old.vin[i].nSequence;
}
}
}
return fNewer;
}
bool IsCoinBase() const
{
return (vin.size() == 1 && vin[0].prevout.IsNull());
}
/** Check for standard transaction types
@return True if all outputs (scriptPubKeys) use only standard transaction forms
*/
bool IsStandard() const;
/** Check for standard transaction types
@param[in] mapInputs Map of previous transactions that have outputs we're spending
@return True if all inputs (scriptSigs) use only standard transaction forms
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
bool AreInputsStandard(const MapPrevTx& mapInputs) const;
/** Count ECDSA signature operations the old-fashioned (pre-0.6) way
@return number of sigops this transaction's outputs will produce when spent
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
int GetLegacySigOpCount() const;
/** Count ECDSA signature operations in pay-to-script-hash inputs.
@param[in] mapInputs Map of previous transactions that have outputs we're spending
@return maximum number of sigops required to validate this transaction's inputs
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
int GetP2SHSigOpCount(const MapPrevTx& mapInputs) const;
/** Amount of bitcoins spent by this transaction.
@return sum of all outputs (note: does not include fees)
*/
int64 GetValueOut() const
{
int64 nValueOut = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout)
{
nValueOut += txout.nValue;
if (!MoneyRange(txout.nValue) || !MoneyRange(nValueOut))
throw std::runtime_error("CTransaction::GetValueOut() : value out of range");
}
return nValueOut;
}
/** Amount of bitcoins coming in to this transaction
Note that lightweight clients may not know anything besides the hash of previous transactions,
so may not be able to calculate this.
@param[in] mapInputs Map of previous transactions that have outputs we're spending
@return Sum of value of all inputs (scriptSigs)
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
int64 GetValueIn(const MapPrevTx& mapInputs) const;
static bool AllowFree(double dPriority)
{
// Large (in bytes) low-priority (new, small-coin) transactions
// need a fee.
return dPriority > COIN * 144 / 250;
}
int64 GetMinFee(unsigned int nBlockSize=1, bool fAllowFree=true, enum GetMinFee_mode mode=GMF_BLOCK) const
{
// Base fee is either MIN_TX_FEE or MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE
int64 nBaseFee = (mode == GMF_RELAY) ? MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE : MIN_TX_FEE;
unsigned int nBytes = ::GetSerializeSize(*this, SER_NETWORK);
unsigned int nNewBlockSize = nBlockSize + nBytes;
int64 nMinFee = (1 + (int64)nBytes / 1000) * nBaseFee;
if (fAllowFree)
{
if (nBlockSize == 1)
{
// Transactions under 10K are free
// (about 4500bc if made of 50bc inputs)
if (nBytes < 10000)
nMinFee = 0;
}
else
{
// Free transaction area
if (nNewBlockSize < 27000)
nMinFee = 0;
}
}
// To limit dust spam, require MIN_TX_FEE/MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE if any output is less than 0.01
if (nMinFee < nBaseFee)
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, vout)
if (txout.nValue < CENT)
nMinFee = nBaseFee;
// Raise the price as the block approaches full
if (nBlockSize != 1 && nNewBlockSize >= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN/2)
{
if (nNewBlockSize >= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN)
return MAX_MONEY;
nMinFee *= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN / (MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN - nNewBlockSize);
}
if (!MoneyRange(nMinFee))
nMinFee = MAX_MONEY;
return nMinFee;
}
bool ReadFromDisk(CDiskTxPos pos, FILE** pfileRet=NULL)
{
CAutoFile filein = OpenBlockFile(pos.nFile, 0, pfileRet ? "rb+" : "rb");
if (!filein)
return error("CTransaction::ReadFromDisk() : OpenBlockFile failed");
// Read transaction
if (fseek(filein, pos.nTxPos, SEEK_SET) != 0)
return error("CTransaction::ReadFromDisk() : fseek failed");
filein >> *this;
// Return file pointer
if (pfileRet)
{
if (fseek(filein, pos.nTxPos, SEEK_SET) != 0)
return error("CTransaction::ReadFromDisk() : second fseek failed");
*pfileRet = filein.release();
}
return true;
}
friend bool operator==(const CTransaction& a, const CTransaction& b)
{
return (a.nVersion == b.nVersion &&
a.vin == b.vin &&
a.vout == b.vout &&
a.nLockTime == b.nLockTime);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTransaction& a, const CTransaction& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const
{
std::string str;
str += strprintf("CTransaction(hash=%s, ver=%d, vin.size=%d, vout.size=%d, nLockTime=%d)\n",
GetHash().ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(),
nVersion,
vin.size(),
vout.size(),
nLockTime);
for (int i = 0; i < vin.size(); i++)
str += " " + vin[i].ToString() + "\n";
for (int i = 0; i < vout.size(); i++)
str += " " + vout[i].ToString() + "\n";
return str;
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s", ToString().c_str());
}
bool ReadFromDisk(CTxDB& txdb, COutPoint prevout, CTxIndex& txindexRet);
bool ReadFromDisk(CTxDB& txdb, COutPoint prevout);
bool ReadFromDisk(COutPoint prevout);
bool DisconnectInputs(CTxDB& txdb);
/** Fetch from memory and/or disk. inputsRet keys are transaction hashes.
@param[in] txdb Transaction database
@param[in] mapTestPool List of pending changes to the transaction index database
@param[in] fBlock True if being called to add a new best-block to the chain
@param[in] fMiner True if being called by CreateNewBlock
@param[out] inputsRet Pointers to this transaction's inputs
@param[out] fInvalid returns true if transaction is invalid
@return Returns true if all inputs are in txdb or mapTestPool
*/
bool FetchInputs(CTxDB& txdb, const std::map<uint256, CTxIndex>& mapTestPool,
bool fBlock, bool fMiner, MapPrevTx& inputsRet, bool& fInvalid);
/** Sanity check previous transactions, then, if all checks succeed,
mark them as spent by this transaction.
@param[in] inputs Previous transactions (from FetchInputs)
@param[out] mapTestPool Keeps track of inputs that need to be updated on disk
@param[in] posThisTx Position of this transaction on disk
@param[in] pindexBlock
@param[in] fBlock true if called from ConnectBlock
@param[in] fMiner true if called from CreateNewBlock
@param[in] fStrictPayToScriptHash true if fully validating p2sh transactions
@return Returns true if all checks succeed
*/
bool ConnectInputs(MapPrevTx inputs,
std::map<uint256, CTxIndex>& mapTestPool, const CDiskTxPos& posThisTx,
const CBlockIndex* pindexBlock, bool fBlock, bool fMiner, bool fStrictPayToScriptHash=true);
bool ClientConnectInputs();
bool CheckTransaction() const;
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(CTxDB& txdb, bool fCheckInputs=true, bool* pfMissingInputs=NULL);
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(bool fCheckInputs=true, bool* pfMissingInputs=NULL);
protected:
const CTxOut& GetOutputFor(const CTxIn& input, const MapPrevTx& inputs) const;
bool AddToMemoryPoolUnchecked();
public:
bool RemoveFromMemoryPool();
};
//
// A transaction with a merkle branch linking it to the block chain
//
class CMerkleTx : public CTransaction
{
public:
uint256 hashBlock;
std::vector<uint256> vMerkleBranch;
int nIndex;
// memory only
mutable char fMerkleVerified;
CMerkleTx()
{
Init();
}
CMerkleTx(const CTransaction& txIn) : CTransaction(txIn)
{
Init();
}
void Init()
{
hashBlock = 0;
nIndex = -1;
fMerkleVerified = false;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
nSerSize += SerReadWrite(s, *(CTransaction*)this, nType, nVersion, ser_action);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(hashBlock);
READWRITE(vMerkleBranch);
READWRITE(nIndex);
)
int SetMerkleBranch(const CBlock* pblock=NULL);
int GetDepthInMainChain(CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const;
int GetDepthInMainChain() const { CBlockIndex *pindexRet; return GetDepthInMainChain(pindexRet); }
bool IsInMainChain() const { return GetDepthInMainChain() > 0; }
int GetBlocksToMaturity() const;
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(CTxDB& txdb, bool fCheckInputs=true);
bool AcceptToMemoryPool();
};
//
// A txdb record that contains the disk location of a transaction and the
// locations of transactions that spend its outputs. vSpent is really only
// used as a flag, but having the location is very helpful for debugging.
//
class CTxIndex
{
public:
CDiskTxPos pos;
std::vector<CDiskTxPos> vSpent;
CTxIndex()
{
SetNull();
}
CTxIndex(const CDiskTxPos& posIn, unsigned int nOutputs)
{
pos = posIn;
vSpent.resize(nOutputs);
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
if (!(nType & SER_GETHASH))
READWRITE(nVersion);
READWRITE(pos);
READWRITE(vSpent);
)
void SetNull()
{
pos.SetNull();
vSpent.clear();
}
bool IsNull()
{
return pos.IsNull();
}
friend bool operator==(const CTxIndex& a, const CTxIndex& b)
{
return (a.pos == b.pos &&
a.vSpent == b.vSpent);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTxIndex& a, const CTxIndex& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
int GetDepthInMainChain() const;
};
//
// Nodes collect new transactions into a block, hash them into a hash tree,
// and scan through nonce values to make the block's hash satisfy proof-of-work
// requirements. When they solve the proof-of-work, they broadcast the block
// to everyone and the block is added to the block chain. The first transaction
// in the block is a special one that creates a new coin owned by the creator
// of the block.
//
// Blocks are appended to blk0001.dat files on disk. Their location on disk
// is indexed by CBlockIndex objects in memory.
//
class CBlock
{
public:
// header
int nVersion;
uint256 hashPrevBlock;
uint256 hashMerkleRoot;
unsigned int nTime;
unsigned int nBits;
unsigned int nNonce;
// network and disk
std::vector<CTransaction> vtx;
// memory only
mutable std::vector<uint256> vMerkleTree;
// Denial-of-service detection:
mutable int nDoS;
bool DoS(int nDoSIn, bool fIn) const { nDoS += nDoSIn; return fIn; }
CBlock()
{
SetNull();
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(hashPrevBlock);
READWRITE(hashMerkleRoot);
READWRITE(nTime);
READWRITE(nBits);
READWRITE(nNonce);
// ConnectBlock depends on vtx being last so it can calculate offset
if (!(nType & (SER_GETHASH|SER_BLOCKHEADERONLY)))
READWRITE(vtx);
else if (fRead)
const_cast<CBlock*>(this)->vtx.clear();
)
void SetNull()
{
nVersion = 1;
hashPrevBlock = 0;
hashMerkleRoot = 0;
nTime = 0;
nBits = 0;
nNonce = 0;
vtx.clear();
vMerkleTree.clear();
nDoS = 0;
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (nBits == 0);
}
uint256 GetHash() const
{
return Hash(BEGIN(nVersion), END(nNonce));
}
int64 GetBlockTime() const
{
return (int64)nTime;
}
void UpdateTime(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev);
uint256 BuildMerkleTree() const
{
vMerkleTree.clear();
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, vtx)
vMerkleTree.push_back(tx.GetHash());
int j = 0;
for (int nSize = vtx.size(); nSize > 1; nSize = (nSize + 1) / 2)
{
for (int i = 0; i < nSize; i += 2)
{
int i2 = std::min(i+1, nSize-1);
vMerkleTree.push_back(Hash(BEGIN(vMerkleTree[j+i]), END(vMerkleTree[j+i]),
BEGIN(vMerkleTree[j+i2]), END(vMerkleTree[j+i2])));
}
j += nSize;
}
return (vMerkleTree.empty() ? 0 : vMerkleTree.back());
}
std::vector<uint256> GetMerkleBranch(int nIndex) const
{
if (vMerkleTree.empty())
BuildMerkleTree();
std::vector<uint256> vMerkleBranch;
int j = 0;
for (int nSize = vtx.size(); nSize > 1; nSize = (nSize + 1) / 2)
{
int i = std::min(nIndex^1, nSize-1);
vMerkleBranch.push_back(vMerkleTree[j+i]);
nIndex >>= 1;
j += nSize;
}
return vMerkleBranch;
}
static uint256 CheckMerkleBranch(uint256 hash, const std::vector<uint256>& vMerkleBranch, int nIndex)
{
if (nIndex == -1)
return 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& otherside, vMerkleBranch)
{
if (nIndex & 1)
hash = Hash(BEGIN(otherside), END(otherside), BEGIN(hash), END(hash));
else
hash = Hash(BEGIN(hash), END(hash), BEGIN(otherside), END(otherside));
nIndex >>= 1;
}
return hash;
}
bool WriteToDisk(unsigned int& nFileRet, unsigned int& nBlockPosRet)
{
// Open history file to append
CAutoFile fileout = AppendBlockFile(nFileRet);
if (!fileout)
return error("CBlock::WriteToDisk() : AppendBlockFile failed");
// Write index header
unsigned int nSize = fileout.GetSerializeSize(*this);
fileout << FLATDATA(pchMessageStart) << nSize;
// Write block
nBlockPosRet = ftell(fileout);
if (nBlockPosRet == -1)
return error("CBlock::WriteToDisk() : ftell failed");
fileout << *this;
// Flush stdio buffers and commit to disk before returning
fflush(fileout);
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload() || (nBestHeight+1) % 500 == 0)
{
#ifdef WIN32
_commit(_fileno(fileout));
#else
fsync(fileno(fileout));
#endif
}
return true;
}
bool ReadFromDisk(unsigned int nFile, unsigned int nBlockPos, bool fReadTransactions=true)
{
SetNull();
// Open history file to read
CAutoFile filein = OpenBlockFile(nFile, nBlockPos, "rb");
if (!filein)
return error("CBlock::ReadFromDisk() : OpenBlockFile failed");
if (!fReadTransactions)
filein.nType |= SER_BLOCKHEADERONLY;
// Read block
filein >> *this;
// Check the header
if (!CheckProofOfWork(GetHash(), nBits))
return error("CBlock::ReadFromDisk() : errors in block header");
return true;
}
void print() const
{
printf("CBlock(hash=%s, ver=%d, hashPrevBlock=%s, hashMerkleRoot=%s, nTime=%u, nBits=%08x, nNonce=%u, vtx=%d)\n",
GetHash().ToString().substr(0,20).c_str(),
nVersion,
hashPrevBlock.ToString().substr(0,20).c_str(),
hashMerkleRoot.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(),
nTime, nBits, nNonce,
vtx.size());
for (int i = 0; i < vtx.size(); i++)
{
printf(" ");
vtx[i].print();
}
printf(" vMerkleTree: ");
for (int i = 0; i < vMerkleTree.size(); i++)
printf("%s ", vMerkleTree[i].ToString().substr(0,10).c_str());
printf("\n");
}
bool DisconnectBlock(CTxDB& txdb, CBlockIndex* pindex);
bool ConnectBlock(CTxDB& txdb, CBlockIndex* pindex);
bool ReadFromDisk(const CBlockIndex* pindex, bool fReadTransactions=true);
bool SetBestChain(CTxDB& txdb, CBlockIndex* pindexNew);
bool AddToBlockIndex(unsigned int nFile, unsigned int nBlockPos);
bool CheckBlock() const;
bool AcceptBlock();
};
//
// The block chain is a tree shaped structure starting with the
// genesis block at the root, with each block potentially having multiple
// candidates to be the next block. pprev and pnext link a path through the
// main/longest chain. A blockindex may have multiple pprev pointing back
// to it, but pnext will only point forward to the longest branch, or will
// be null if the block is not part of the longest chain.
//
class CBlockIndex
{
public:
const uint256* phashBlock;
CBlockIndex* pprev;
CBlockIndex* pnext;
unsigned int nFile;
unsigned int nBlockPos;
int nHeight;
CBigNum bnChainWork;
// block header
int nVersion;
uint256 hashMerkleRoot;
unsigned int nTime;
unsigned int nBits;
unsigned int nNonce;
CBlockIndex()
{
phashBlock = NULL;
pprev = NULL;
pnext = NULL;
nFile = 0;
nBlockPos = 0;
nHeight = 0;
bnChainWork = 0;
nVersion = 0;
hashMerkleRoot = 0;
nTime = 0;
nBits = 0;
nNonce = 0;
}
CBlockIndex(unsigned int nFileIn, unsigned int nBlockPosIn, CBlock& block)
{
phashBlock = NULL;
pprev = NULL;
pnext = NULL;
nFile = nFileIn;
nBlockPos = nBlockPosIn;
nHeight = 0;
bnChainWork = 0;
nVersion = block.nVersion;
hashMerkleRoot = block.hashMerkleRoot;
nTime = block.nTime;
nBits = block.nBits;
nNonce = block.nNonce;
}
CBlock GetBlockHeader() const
{
CBlock block;
block.nVersion = nVersion;
if (pprev)
block.hashPrevBlock = pprev->GetBlockHash();
block.hashMerkleRoot = hashMerkleRoot;
block.nTime = nTime;
block.nBits = nBits;
block.nNonce = nNonce;
return block;
}
uint256 GetBlockHash() const
{
return *phashBlock;
}
int64 GetBlockTime() const
{
return (int64)nTime;
}
CBigNum GetBlockWork() const
{
CBigNum bnTarget;
bnTarget.SetCompact(nBits);
if (bnTarget <= 0)
return 0;
return (CBigNum(1)<<256) / (bnTarget+1);
}
bool IsInMainChain() const
{
return (pnext || this == pindexBest);
}
bool CheckIndex() const
{
return CheckProofOfWork(GetBlockHash(), nBits);
}
bool EraseBlockFromDisk()
{
// Open history file
CAutoFile fileout = OpenBlockFile(nFile, nBlockPos, "rb+");
if (!fileout)
return false;
// Overwrite with empty null block
CBlock block;
block.SetNull();
fileout << block;
return true;
}
enum { nMedianTimeSpan=11 };
int64 GetMedianTimePast() const
{
int64 pmedian[nMedianTimeSpan];
int64* pbegin = &pmedian[nMedianTimeSpan];
int64* pend = &pmedian[nMedianTimeSpan];
const CBlockIndex* pindex = this;
for (int i = 0; i < nMedianTimeSpan && pindex; i++, pindex = pindex->pprev)
*(--pbegin) = pindex->GetBlockTime();
std::sort(pbegin, pend);
return pbegin[(pend - pbegin)/2];
}
int64 GetMedianTime() const
{
const CBlockIndex* pindex = this;
for (int i = 0; i < nMedianTimeSpan/2; i++)
{
if (!pindex->pnext)
return GetBlockTime();
pindex = pindex->pnext;
}
return pindex->GetMedianTimePast();
}
std::string ToString() const
{
return strprintf("CBlockIndex(nprev=%08x, pnext=%08x, nFile=%d, nBlockPos=%-6d nHeight=%d, merkle=%s, hashBlock=%s)",
pprev, pnext, nFile, nBlockPos, nHeight,
hashMerkleRoot.ToString().substr(0,10).c_str(),
GetBlockHash().ToString().substr(0,20).c_str());
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s\n", ToString().c_str());
}
};
//
// Used to marshal pointers into hashes for db storage.
//
class CDiskBlockIndex : public CBlockIndex
{
public:
uint256 hashPrev;
uint256 hashNext;
CDiskBlockIndex()
{
hashPrev = 0;
hashNext = 0;
}
explicit CDiskBlockIndex(CBlockIndex* pindex) : CBlockIndex(*pindex)
{
hashPrev = (pprev ? pprev->GetBlockHash() : 0);
hashNext = (pnext ? pnext->GetBlockHash() : 0);
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
if (!(nType & SER_GETHASH))
READWRITE(nVersion);
READWRITE(hashNext);
READWRITE(nFile);
READWRITE(nBlockPos);
READWRITE(nHeight);
// block header
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
READWRITE(hashPrev);
READWRITE(hashMerkleRoot);
READWRITE(nTime);
READWRITE(nBits);
READWRITE(nNonce);
)
uint256 GetBlockHash() const
{
CBlock block;
block.nVersion = nVersion;
block.hashPrevBlock = hashPrev;
block.hashMerkleRoot = hashMerkleRoot;
block.nTime = nTime;
block.nBits = nBits;
block.nNonce = nNonce;
return block.GetHash();
}
std::string ToString() const
{
std::string str = "CDiskBlockIndex(";
str += CBlockIndex::ToString();
str += strprintf("\n hashBlock=%s, hashPrev=%s, hashNext=%s)",
GetBlockHash().ToString().c_str(),
hashPrev.ToString().substr(0,20).c_str(),
hashNext.ToString().substr(0,20).c_str());
return str;
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s\n", ToString().c_str());
}
};
//
// Describes a place in the block chain to another node such that if the
// other node doesn't have the same branch, it can find a recent common trunk.
// The further back it is, the further before the fork it may be.
//
class CBlockLocator
{
protected:
std::vector<uint256> vHave;
public:
CBlockLocator()
{
}
explicit CBlockLocator(const CBlockIndex* pindex)
{
Set(pindex);
}
explicit CBlockLocator(uint256 hashBlock)
{
std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hashBlock);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
Set((*mi).second);
}
CBlockLocator(const std::vector<uint256>& vHaveIn)
{
vHave = vHaveIn;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
if (!(nType & SER_GETHASH))
READWRITE(nVersion);
READWRITE(vHave);
)
void SetNull()
{
vHave.clear();
}
bool IsNull()
{
return vHave.empty();
}
void Set(const CBlockIndex* pindex)
{
vHave.clear();
int nStep = 1;
while (pindex)
{
vHave.push_back(pindex->GetBlockHash());
// Exponentially larger steps back
for (int i = 0; pindex && i < nStep; i++)
pindex = pindex->pprev;
if (vHave.size() > 10)
nStep *= 2;
}
vHave.push_back(hashGenesisBlock);
}
int GetDistanceBack()
{
// Retrace how far back it was in the sender's branch
int nDistance = 0;
int nStep = 1;
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, vHave)
{
std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (pindex->IsInMainChain())
return nDistance;
}
nDistance += nStep;
if (nDistance > 10)
nStep *= 2;
}
return nDistance;
}
CBlockIndex* GetBlockIndex()
{
// Find the first block the caller has in the main chain
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, vHave)
{
std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (pindex->IsInMainChain())
return pindex;
}
}
return pindexGenesisBlock;
}
uint256 GetBlockHash()
{
// Find the first block the caller has in the main chain
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, vHave)
{
std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (pindex->IsInMainChain())
return hash;
}
}
return hashGenesisBlock;
}
int GetHeight()
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = GetBlockIndex();
if (!pindex)
return 0;
return pindex->nHeight;
}
};
//
// Alerts are for notifying old versions if they become too obsolete and
// need to upgrade. The message is displayed in the status bar.
// Alert messages are broadcast as a vector of signed data. Unserializing may
// not read the entire buffer if the alert is for a newer version, but older
// versions can still relay the original data.
//
class CUnsignedAlert
{
public:
int nVersion;
int64 nRelayUntil; // when newer nodes stop relaying to newer nodes
int64 nExpiration;
int nID;
int nCancel;
std::set<int> setCancel;
int nMinVer; // lowest version inclusive
int nMaxVer; // highest version inclusive
std::set<std::string> setSubVer; // empty matches all
int nPriority;
// Actions
std::string strComment;
std::string strStatusBar;
std::string strReserved;
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(nRelayUntil);
READWRITE(nExpiration);
READWRITE(nID);
READWRITE(nCancel);
READWRITE(setCancel);
READWRITE(nMinVer);
READWRITE(nMaxVer);
READWRITE(setSubVer);
READWRITE(nPriority);
READWRITE(strComment);
READWRITE(strStatusBar);
READWRITE(strReserved);
)
void SetNull()
{
nVersion = 1;
nRelayUntil = 0;
nExpiration = 0;
nID = 0;
nCancel = 0;
setCancel.clear();
nMinVer = 0;
nMaxVer = 0;
setSubVer.clear();
nPriority = 0;
strComment.clear();
strStatusBar.clear();
strReserved.clear();
}
std::string ToString() const
{
std::string strSetCancel;
BOOST_FOREACH(int n, setCancel)
strSetCancel += strprintf("%d ", n);
std::string strSetSubVer;
BOOST_FOREACH(std::string str, setSubVer)
strSetSubVer += "\"" + str + "\" ";
return strprintf(
"CAlert(\n"
" nVersion = %d\n"
" nRelayUntil = %"PRI64d"\n"
" nExpiration = %"PRI64d"\n"
" nID = %d\n"
" nCancel = %d\n"
" setCancel = %s\n"
" nMinVer = %d\n"
" nMaxVer = %d\n"
" setSubVer = %s\n"
" nPriority = %d\n"
" strComment = \"%s\"\n"
" strStatusBar = \"%s\"\n"
")\n",
nVersion,
nRelayUntil,
nExpiration,
nID,
nCancel,
strSetCancel.c_str(),
nMinVer,
nMaxVer,
strSetSubVer.c_str(),
nPriority,
strComment.c_str(),
strStatusBar.c_str());
}
void print() const
{
printf("%s", ToString().c_str());
}
};
class CAlert : public CUnsignedAlert
{
public:
std::vector<unsigned char> vchMsg;
std::vector<unsigned char> vchSig;
CAlert()
{
SetNull();
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(vchMsg);
READWRITE(vchSig);
)
void SetNull()
{
CUnsignedAlert::SetNull();
vchMsg.clear();
vchSig.clear();
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (nExpiration == 0);
}
uint256 GetHash() const
{
return SerializeHash(*this);
}
bool IsInEffect() const
{
return (GetAdjustedTime() < nExpiration);
}
bool Cancels(const CAlert& alert) const
{
if (!IsInEffect())
return false; // this was a no-op before 31403
return (alert.nID <= nCancel || setCancel.count(alert.nID));
}
bool AppliesTo(int nVersion, std::string strSubVerIn) const
{
// TODO: rework for client-version-embedded-in-strSubVer ?
return (IsInEffect() &&
nMinVer <= nVersion && nVersion <= nMaxVer &&
(setSubVer.empty() || setSubVer.count(strSubVerIn)));
}
bool AppliesToMe() const
{
return AppliesTo(PROTOCOL_VERSION, FormatSubVersion(CLIENT_NAME, CLIENT_VERSION, std::vector<std::string>()));
}
bool RelayTo(CNode* pnode) const
{
if (!IsInEffect())
return false;
// returns true if wasn't already contained in the set
if (pnode->setKnown.insert(GetHash()).second)
{
if (AppliesTo(pnode->nVersion, pnode->strSubVer) ||
AppliesToMe() ||
GetAdjustedTime() < nRelayUntil)
{
pnode->PushMessage("alert", *this);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
bool CheckSignature()
{
CKey key;
if (!key.SetPubKey(ParseHex("04fc9702847840aaf195de8442ebecedf5b095cdbb9bc716bda9110971b28a49e0ead8564ff0db22209e0374782c093bb899692d524e9d6a6956e7c5ecbcd68284")))
return error("CAlert::CheckSignature() : SetPubKey failed");
if (!key.Verify(Hash(vchMsg.begin(), vchMsg.end()), vchSig))
return error("CAlert::CheckSignature() : verify signature failed");
// Now unserialize the data
CDataStream sMsg(vchMsg);
sMsg >> *(CUnsignedAlert*)this;
return true;
}
bool ProcessAlert();
};
#endif