You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
 
 
 
 
 
 

571 lines
16 KiB

// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2013 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_CORE_H
#define BITCOIN_CORE_H
#include "script/compressor.h"
#include "script/script.h"
#include "serialize.h"
#include "uint256.h"
#include <stdint.h>
class CTransaction;
static const int64_t COIN = 100000000;
static const int64_t CENT = 1000000;
/** No amount larger than this (in satoshi) is valid */
static const int64_t MAX_MONEY = 21000000 * COIN;
inline bool MoneyRange(int64_t nValue) { return (nValue >= 0 && nValue <= MAX_MONEY); }
/** An outpoint - a combination of a transaction hash and an index n into its vout */
class COutPoint
{
public:
uint256 hash;
uint32_t n;
COutPoint() { SetNull(); }
COutPoint(uint256 hashIn, uint32_t nIn) { hash = hashIn; n = nIn; }
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(FLATDATA(*this));
}
void SetNull() { hash = 0; n = (uint32_t) -1; }
bool IsNull() const { return (hash == 0 && n == (uint32_t) -1); }
friend bool operator<(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return (a.hash < b.hash || (a.hash == b.hash && a.n < b.n));
}
friend bool operator==(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return (a.hash == b.hash && a.n == b.n);
}
friend bool operator!=(const COutPoint& a, const COutPoint& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const;
};
/** An inpoint - a combination of a transaction and an index n into its vin */
class CInPoint
{
public:
const CTransaction* ptx;
uint32_t n;
CInPoint() { SetNull(); }
CInPoint(const CTransaction* ptxIn, uint32_t nIn) { ptx = ptxIn; n = nIn; }
void SetNull() { ptx = NULL; n = (uint32_t) -1; }
bool IsNull() const { return (ptx == NULL && n == (uint32_t) -1); }
};
/** An input of a transaction. It contains the location of the previous
* transaction's output that it claims and a signature that matches the
* output's public key.
*/
class CTxIn
{
public:
COutPoint prevout;
CScript scriptSig;
uint32_t nSequence;
CTxIn()
{
nSequence = std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max();
}
explicit CTxIn(COutPoint prevoutIn, CScript scriptSigIn=CScript(), uint32_t nSequenceIn=std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max());
CTxIn(uint256 hashPrevTx, uint32_t nOut, CScript scriptSigIn=CScript(), uint32_t nSequenceIn=std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max());
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(prevout);
READWRITE(scriptSig);
READWRITE(nSequence);
}
bool IsFinal() const
{
return (nSequence == std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max());
}
friend bool operator==(const CTxIn& a, const CTxIn& b)
{
return (a.prevout == b.prevout &&
a.scriptSig == b.scriptSig &&
a.nSequence == b.nSequence);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTxIn& a, const CTxIn& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const;
};
/** Type-safe wrapper class to for fee rates
* (how much to pay based on transaction size)
*/
class CFeeRate
{
private:
int64_t nSatoshisPerK; // unit is satoshis-per-1,000-bytes
public:
CFeeRate() : nSatoshisPerK(0) { }
explicit CFeeRate(int64_t _nSatoshisPerK): nSatoshisPerK(_nSatoshisPerK) { }
CFeeRate(int64_t nFeePaid, size_t nSize);
CFeeRate(const CFeeRate& other) { nSatoshisPerK = other.nSatoshisPerK; }
int64_t GetFee(size_t size) const; // unit returned is satoshis
int64_t GetFeePerK() const { return GetFee(1000); } // satoshis-per-1000-bytes
friend bool operator<(const CFeeRate& a, const CFeeRate& b) { return a.nSatoshisPerK < b.nSatoshisPerK; }
friend bool operator>(const CFeeRate& a, const CFeeRate& b) { return a.nSatoshisPerK > b.nSatoshisPerK; }
friend bool operator==(const CFeeRate& a, const CFeeRate& b) { return a.nSatoshisPerK == b.nSatoshisPerK; }
friend bool operator<=(const CFeeRate& a, const CFeeRate& b) { return a.nSatoshisPerK <= b.nSatoshisPerK; }
friend bool operator>=(const CFeeRate& a, const CFeeRate& b) { return a.nSatoshisPerK >= b.nSatoshisPerK; }
std::string ToString() const;
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(nSatoshisPerK);
}
};
/** An output of a transaction. It contains the public key that the next input
* must be able to sign with to claim it.
*/
class CTxOut
{
public:
int64_t nValue;
CScript scriptPubKey;
CTxOut()
{
SetNull();
}
CTxOut(int64_t nValueIn, CScript scriptPubKeyIn);
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(nValue);
READWRITE(scriptPubKey);
}
void SetNull()
{
nValue = -1;
scriptPubKey.clear();
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (nValue == -1);
}
uint256 GetHash() const;
bool IsDust(CFeeRate minRelayTxFee) const
{
// "Dust" is defined in terms of CTransaction::minRelayTxFee,
// which has units satoshis-per-kilobyte.
// If you'd pay more than 1/3 in fees
// to spend something, then we consider it dust.
// A typical txout is 34 bytes big, and will
// need a CTxIn of at least 148 bytes to spend:
// so dust is a txout less than 546 satoshis
// with default minRelayTxFee.
size_t nSize = GetSerializeSize(SER_DISK,0)+148u;
return (nValue < 3*minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize));
}
friend bool operator==(const CTxOut& a, const CTxOut& b)
{
return (a.nValue == b.nValue &&
a.scriptPubKey == b.scriptPubKey);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTxOut& a, const CTxOut& b)
{
return !(a == b);
}
std::string ToString() const;
};
struct CMutableTransaction;
/** The basic transaction that is broadcasted on the network and contained in
* blocks. A transaction can contain multiple inputs and outputs.
*/
class CTransaction
{
private:
/** Memory only. */
const uint256 hash;
void UpdateHash() const;
public:
static const int32_t CURRENT_VERSION=1;
// The local variables are made const to prevent unintended modification
// without updating the cached hash value. However, CTransaction is not
// actually immutable; deserialization and assignment are implemented,
// and bypass the constness. This is safe, as they update the entire
// structure, including the hash.
const int32_t nVersion;
const std::vector<CTxIn> vin;
const std::vector<CTxOut> vout;
const uint32_t nLockTime;
/** Construct a CTransaction that qualifies as IsNull() */
CTransaction();
/** Convert a CMutableTransaction into a CTransaction. */
CTransaction(const CMutableTransaction &tx);
CTransaction& operator=(const CTransaction& tx);
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(*const_cast<int32_t*>(&this->nVersion));
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(*const_cast<std::vector<CTxIn>*>(&vin));
READWRITE(*const_cast<std::vector<CTxOut>*>(&vout));
READWRITE(*const_cast<uint32_t*>(&nLockTime));
if (ser_action.ForRead())
UpdateHash();
}
bool IsNull() const {
return vin.empty() && vout.empty();
}
const uint256& GetHash() const {
return hash;
}
// Return sum of txouts.
int64_t GetValueOut() const;
// GetValueIn() is a method on CCoinsViewCache, because
// inputs must be known to compute value in.
// Compute priority, given priority of inputs and (optionally) tx size
double ComputePriority(double dPriorityInputs, unsigned int nTxSize=0) const;
bool IsCoinBase() const
{
return (vin.size() == 1 && vin[0].prevout.IsNull());
}
friend bool operator==(const CTransaction& a, const CTransaction& b)
{
return a.hash == b.hash;
}
friend bool operator!=(const CTransaction& a, const CTransaction& b)
{
return a.hash != b.hash;
}
std::string ToString() const;
};
/** A mutable version of CTransaction. */
struct CMutableTransaction
{
int32_t nVersion;
std::vector<CTxIn> vin;
std::vector<CTxOut> vout;
uint32_t nLockTime;
CMutableTransaction();
CMutableTransaction(const CTransaction& tx);
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(vin);
READWRITE(vout);
READWRITE(nLockTime);
}
/** Compute the hash of this CMutableTransaction. This is computed on the
* fly, as opposed to GetHash() in CTransaction, which uses a cached result.
*/
uint256 GetHash() const;
};
/** wrapper for CTxOut that provides a more compact serialization */
class CTxOutCompressor
{
private:
CTxOut &txout;
public:
static uint64_t CompressAmount(uint64_t nAmount);
static uint64_t DecompressAmount(uint64_t nAmount);
CTxOutCompressor(CTxOut &txoutIn) : txout(txoutIn) { }
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
if (!ser_action.ForRead()) {
uint64_t nVal = CompressAmount(txout.nValue);
READWRITE(VARINT(nVal));
} else {
uint64_t nVal = 0;
READWRITE(VARINT(nVal));
txout.nValue = DecompressAmount(nVal);
}
CScriptCompressor cscript(REF(txout.scriptPubKey));
READWRITE(cscript);
}
};
/** Undo information for a CTxIn
*
* Contains the prevout's CTxOut being spent, and if this was the
* last output of the affected transaction, its metadata as well
* (coinbase or not, height, transaction version)
*/
class CTxInUndo
{
public:
CTxOut txout; // the txout data before being spent
bool fCoinBase; // if the outpoint was the last unspent: whether it belonged to a coinbase
unsigned int nHeight; // if the outpoint was the last unspent: its height
int nVersion; // if the outpoint was the last unspent: its version
CTxInUndo() : txout(), fCoinBase(false), nHeight(0), nVersion(0) {}
CTxInUndo(const CTxOut &txoutIn, bool fCoinBaseIn = false, unsigned int nHeightIn = 0, int nVersionIn = 0) : txout(txoutIn), fCoinBase(fCoinBaseIn), nHeight(nHeightIn), nVersion(nVersionIn) { }
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(int nType, int nVersion) const {
return ::GetSerializeSize(VARINT(nHeight*2+(fCoinBase ? 1 : 0)), nType, nVersion) +
(nHeight > 0 ? ::GetSerializeSize(VARINT(this->nVersion), nType, nVersion) : 0) +
::GetSerializeSize(CTxOutCompressor(REF(txout)), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream &s, int nType, int nVersion) const {
::Serialize(s, VARINT(nHeight*2+(fCoinBase ? 1 : 0)), nType, nVersion);
if (nHeight > 0)
::Serialize(s, VARINT(this->nVersion), nType, nVersion);
::Serialize(s, CTxOutCompressor(REF(txout)), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream &s, int nType, int nVersion) {
unsigned int nCode = 0;
::Unserialize(s, VARINT(nCode), nType, nVersion);
nHeight = nCode / 2;
fCoinBase = nCode & 1;
if (nHeight > 0)
::Unserialize(s, VARINT(this->nVersion), nType, nVersion);
::Unserialize(s, REF(CTxOutCompressor(REF(txout))), nType, nVersion);
}
};
/** Undo information for a CTransaction */
class CTxUndo
{
public:
// undo information for all txins
std::vector<CTxInUndo> vprevout;
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(vprevout);
}
};
/** Nodes collect new transactions into a block, hash them into a hash tree,
* and scan through nonce values to make the block's hash satisfy proof-of-work
* requirements. When they solve the proof-of-work, they broadcast the block
* to everyone and the block is added to the block chain. The first transaction
* in the block is a special one that creates a new coin owned by the creator
* of the block.
*/
class CBlockHeader
{
public:
// header
static const int32_t CURRENT_VERSION=2;
int32_t nVersion;
uint256 hashPrevBlock;
uint256 hashMerkleRoot;
uint32_t nTime;
uint32_t nBits;
uint32_t nNonce;
CBlockHeader()
{
SetNull();
}
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(hashPrevBlock);
READWRITE(hashMerkleRoot);
READWRITE(nTime);
READWRITE(nBits);
READWRITE(nNonce);
}
void SetNull()
{
nVersion = CBlockHeader::CURRENT_VERSION;
hashPrevBlock = 0;
hashMerkleRoot = 0;
nTime = 0;
nBits = 0;
nNonce = 0;
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (nBits == 0);
}
uint256 GetHash() const;
int64_t GetBlockTime() const
{
return (int64_t)nTime;
}
};
class CBlock : public CBlockHeader
{
public:
// network and disk
std::vector<CTransaction> vtx;
// memory only
mutable std::vector<uint256> vMerkleTree;
CBlock()
{
SetNull();
}
CBlock(const CBlockHeader &header)
{
SetNull();
*((CBlockHeader*)this) = header;
}
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
READWRITE(*(CBlockHeader*)this);
READWRITE(vtx);
}
void SetNull()
{
CBlockHeader::SetNull();
vtx.clear();
vMerkleTree.clear();
}
CBlockHeader GetBlockHeader() const
{
CBlockHeader block;
block.nVersion = nVersion;
block.hashPrevBlock = hashPrevBlock;
block.hashMerkleRoot = hashMerkleRoot;
block.nTime = nTime;
block.nBits = nBits;
block.nNonce = nNonce;
return block;
}
uint256 BuildMerkleTree() const;
std::vector<uint256> GetMerkleBranch(int nIndex) const;
static uint256 CheckMerkleBranch(uint256 hash, const std::vector<uint256>& vMerkleBranch, int nIndex);
std::string ToString() const;
};
/** Describes a place in the block chain to another node such that if the
* other node doesn't have the same branch, it can find a recent common trunk.
* The further back it is, the further before the fork it may be.
*/
struct CBlockLocator
{
std::vector<uint256> vHave;
CBlockLocator() {}
CBlockLocator(const std::vector<uint256>& vHaveIn)
{
vHave = vHaveIn;
}
ADD_SERIALIZE_METHODS;
template <typename Stream, typename Operation>
inline void SerializationOp(Stream& s, Operation ser_action, int nType, int nVersion) {
if (!(nType & SER_GETHASH))
READWRITE(nVersion);
READWRITE(vHave);
}
void SetNull()
{
vHave.clear();
}
bool IsNull()
{
return vHave.empty();
}
};
#endif // BITCOIN_CORE_H