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// Copyright (c) 2012-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "wallet/wallet.h"
#include <set>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include "rpc/server.h"
#include "test/test_bitcoin.h"
#include "validation.h"
#include "wallet/test/wallet_test_fixture.h"
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
#include <boost/test/unit_test.hpp>
#include <univalue.h>
extern UniValue importmulti(const JSONRPCRequest& request);
// how many times to run all the tests to have a chance to catch errors that only show up with particular random shuffles
#define RUN_TESTS 100
// some tests fail 1% of the time due to bad luck.
// we repeat those tests this many times and only complain if all iterations of the test fail
#define RANDOM_REPEATS 5
using namespace std;
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<CWalletTx>> wtxn;
typedef set<pair<const CWalletTx*,unsigned int> > CoinSet;
BOOST_FIXTURE_TEST_SUITE(wallet_tests, WalletTestingSetup)
static const CWallet testWallet;
static vector<COutput> vCoins;
static void add_coin(const CAmount& nValue, int nAge = 6*24, bool fIsFromMe = false, int nInput=0)
{
static int nextLockTime = 0;
CMutableTransaction tx;
tx.nLockTime = nextLockTime++; // so all transactions get different hashes
tx.vout.resize(nInput+1);
tx.vout[nInput].nValue = nValue;
if (fIsFromMe) {
// IsFromMe() returns (GetDebit() > 0), and GetDebit() is 0 if vin.empty(),
// so stop vin being empty, and cache a non-zero Debit to fake out IsFromMe()
tx.vin.resize(1);
}
std::unique_ptr<CWalletTx> wtx(new CWalletTx(&testWallet, MakeTransactionRef(std::move(tx))));
if (fIsFromMe)
{
wtx->fDebitCached = true;
wtx->nDebitCached = 1;
}
COutput output(wtx.get(), nInput, nAge, true, true);
vCoins.push_back(output);
wtxn.emplace_back(std::move(wtx));
}
static void empty_wallet(void)
{
vCoins.clear();
wtxn.clear();
}
static bool equal_sets(CoinSet a, CoinSet b)
{
pair<CoinSet::iterator, CoinSet::iterator> ret = mismatch(a.begin(), a.end(), b.begin());
return ret.first == a.end() && ret.second == b.end();
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(coin_selection_tests)
{
CoinSet setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2;
CAmount nValueRet;
LOCK(testWallet.cs_wallet);
// test multiple times to allow for differences in the shuffle order
for (int i = 0; i < RUN_TESTS; i++)
{
empty_wallet();
// with an empty wallet we can't even pay one cent
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
add_coin(1*CENT, 4); // add a new 1 cent coin
// with a new 1 cent coin, we still can't find a mature 1 cent
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// but we can find a new 1 cent
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 1 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * CENT);
add_coin(2*CENT); // add a mature 2 cent coin
// we can't make 3 cents of mature coins
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 3 * CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// we can make 3 cents of new coins
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 3 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 3 * CENT);
add_coin(5*CENT); // add a mature 5 cent coin,
add_coin(10*CENT, 3, true); // a new 10 cent coin sent from one of our own addresses
add_coin(20*CENT); // and a mature 20 cent coin
// now we have new: 1+10=11 (of which 10 was self-sent), and mature: 2+5+20=27. total = 38
// we can't make 38 cents only if we disallow new coins:
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// we can't even make 37 cents if we don't allow new coins even if they're from us
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 6, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// but we can make 37 cents if we accept new coins from ourself
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(37 * CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 37 * CENT);
// and we can make 38 cents if we accept all new coins
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(38 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 38 * CENT);
// try making 34 cents from 1,2,5,10,20 - we can't do it exactly
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(34 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 35 * CENT); // but 35 cents is closest
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U); // the best should be 20+10+5. it's incredibly unlikely the 1 or 2 got included (but possible)
// when we try making 7 cents, the smaller coins (1,2,5) are enough. We should see just 2+5
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 7 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 7 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// when we try making 8 cents, the smaller coins (1,2,5) are exactly enough.
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 8 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(nValueRet == 8 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
// when we try making 9 cents, no subset of smaller coins is enough, and we get the next bigger coin (10)
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf( 9 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 10 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// now clear out the wallet and start again to test choosing between subsets of smaller coins and the next biggest coin
empty_wallet();
add_coin( 6*CENT);
add_coin( 7*CENT);
add_coin( 8*CENT);
add_coin(20*CENT);
add_coin(30*CENT); // now we have 6+7+8+20+30 = 71 cents total
// check that we have 71 and not 72
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(71 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(!testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(72 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
// now try making 16 cents. the best smaller coins can do is 6+7+8 = 21; not as good at the next biggest coin, 20
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 20 * CENT); // we should get 20 in one coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
add_coin( 5*CENT); // now we have 5+6+7+8+20+30 = 75 cents total
// now if we try making 16 cents again, the smaller coins can make 5+6+7 = 18 cents, better than the next biggest coin, 20
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 18 * CENT); // we should get 18 in 3 coins
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
add_coin( 18*CENT); // now we have 5+6+7+8+18+20+30
// and now if we try making 16 cents again, the smaller coins can make 5+6+7 = 18 cents, the same as the next biggest coin, 18
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(16 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 18 * CENT); // we should get 18 in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U); // because in the event of a tie, the biggest coin wins
// now try making 11 cents. we should get 5+6
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(11 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 11 * CENT);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// check that the smallest bigger coin is used
add_coin( 1*COIN);
add_coin( 2*COIN);
add_coin( 3*COIN);
add_coin( 4*COIN); // now we have 5+6+7+8+18+20+30+100+200+300+400 = 1094 cents
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(95 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * COIN); // we should get 1 BTC in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(195 * CENT, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 2 * COIN); // we should get 2 BTC in 1 coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// empty the wallet and start again, now with fractions of a cent, to test small change avoidance
empty_wallet();
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 1 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 2 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 3 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 4 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 5 / 10);
// try making 1 * MIN_CHANGE from the 1.5 * MIN_CHANGE
// we'll get change smaller than MIN_CHANGE whatever happens, so can expect MIN_CHANGE exactly
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(MIN_CHANGE, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, MIN_CHANGE);
// but if we add a bigger coin, small change is avoided
add_coin(1111*MIN_CHANGE);
// try making 1 from 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.3 + 0.4 + 0.5 + 1111 = 1112.5
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * MIN_CHANGE, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * MIN_CHANGE); // we should get the exact amount
// if we add more small coins:
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 6 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 7 / 10);
// and try again to make 1.0 * MIN_CHANGE
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * MIN_CHANGE, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1 * MIN_CHANGE); // we should get the exact amount
// run the 'mtgox' test (see http://blockexplorer.com/tx/29a3efd3ef04f9153d47a990bd7b048a4b2d213daaa5fb8ed670fb85f13bdbcf)
// they tried to consolidate 10 50k coins into one 500k coin, and ended up with 50k in change
empty_wallet();
for (int j = 0; j < 20; j++)
add_coin(50000 * COIN);
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(500000 * COIN, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 500000 * COIN); // we should get the exact amount
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 10U); // in ten coins
// if there's not enough in the smaller coins to make at least 1 * MIN_CHANGE change (0.5+0.6+0.7 < 1.0+1.0),
// we need to try finding an exact subset anyway
// sometimes it will fail, and so we use the next biggest coin:
empty_wallet();
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 5 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 6 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 7 / 10);
add_coin(1111 * MIN_CHANGE);
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1 * MIN_CHANGE, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1111 * MIN_CHANGE); // we get the bigger coin
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
// but sometimes it's possible, and we use an exact subset (0.4 + 0.6 = 1.0)
empty_wallet();
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 4 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 6 / 10);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 8 / 10);
add_coin(1111 * MIN_CHANGE);
BOOST_CHECK( testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(MIN_CHANGE, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, MIN_CHANGE); // we should get the exact amount
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U); // in two coins 0.4+0.6
// test avoiding small change
empty_wallet();
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 5 / 100);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 1);
add_coin(MIN_CHANGE * 100);
// trying to make 100.01 from these three coins
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(MIN_CHANGE * 10001 / 100, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, MIN_CHANGE * 10105 / 100); // we should get all coins
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 3U);
// but if we try to make 99.9, we should take the bigger of the two small coins to avoid small change
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(MIN_CHANGE * 9990 / 100, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 101 * MIN_CHANGE);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
// test with many inputs
for (CAmount amt=1500; amt < COIN; amt*=10) {
empty_wallet();
// Create 676 inputs (= (old MAX_STANDARD_TX_SIZE == 100000) / 148 bytes per input)
for (uint16_t j = 0; j < 676; j++)
add_coin(amt);
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(2000, 1, 1, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
if (amt - 2000 < MIN_CHANGE) {
// needs more than one input:
uint16_t returnSize = std::ceil((2000.0 + MIN_CHANGE)/amt);
CAmount returnValue = amt * returnSize;
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, returnValue);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), returnSize);
} else {
// one input is sufficient:
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, amt);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 1U);
}
}
// test randomness
{
empty_wallet();
for (int i2 = 0; i2 < 100; i2++)
add_coin(COIN);
// picking 50 from 100 coins doesn't depend on the shuffle,
// but does depend on randomness in the stochastic approximation code
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(50 * COIN, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(50 * COIN, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(!equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2));
int fails = 0;
for (int j = 0; j < RANDOM_REPEATS; j++)
{
// selecting 1 from 100 identical coins depends on the shuffle; this test will fail 1% of the time
// run the test RANDOM_REPEATS times and only complain if all of them fail
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(COIN, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(COIN, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
if (equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2))
fails++;
}
BOOST_CHECK_NE(fails, RANDOM_REPEATS);
// add 75 cents in small change. not enough to make 90 cents,
// then try making 90 cents. there are multiple competing "smallest bigger" coins,
// one of which should be picked at random
add_coin(5 * CENT);
add_coin(10 * CENT);
add_coin(15 * CENT);
add_coin(20 * CENT);
add_coin(25 * CENT);
fails = 0;
for (int j = 0; j < RANDOM_REPEATS; j++)
{
// selecting 1 from 100 identical coins depends on the shuffle; this test will fail 1% of the time
// run the test RANDOM_REPEATS times and only complain if all of them fail
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(90*CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet , nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(90*CENT, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet2, nValueRet));
if (equal_sets(setCoinsRet, setCoinsRet2))
fails++;
}
BOOST_CHECK_NE(fails, RANDOM_REPEATS);
}
}
empty_wallet();
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(ApproximateBestSubset)
{
CoinSet setCoinsRet;
CAmount nValueRet;
LOCK(testWallet.cs_wallet);
empty_wallet();
// Test vValue sort order
for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i++)
add_coin(1000 * COIN);
add_coin(3 * COIN);
BOOST_CHECK(testWallet.SelectCoinsMinConf(1003 * COIN, 1, 6, 0, vCoins, setCoinsRet, nValueRet));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(nValueRet, 1003 * COIN);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(setCoinsRet.size(), 2U);
empty_wallet();
}
BOOST_FIXTURE_TEST_CASE(rescan, TestChain100Setup)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
// Cap last block file size, and mine new block in a new block file.
CBlockIndex* oldTip = chainActive.Tip();
GetBlockFileInfo(oldTip->GetBlockPos().nFile)->nSize = MAX_BLOCKFILE_SIZE;
CreateAndProcessBlock({}, GetScriptForRawPubKey(coinbaseKey.GetPubKey()));
CBlockIndex* newTip = chainActive.Tip();
// Verify ScanForWalletTransactions picks up transactions in both the old
// and new block files.
{
CWallet wallet;
LOCK(wallet.cs_wallet);
wallet.AddKeyPubKey(coinbaseKey, coinbaseKey.GetPubKey());
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(oldTip, wallet.ScanForWalletTransactions(oldTip));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(wallet.GetImmatureBalance(), 100 * COIN);
}
// Prune the older block file.
PruneOneBlockFile(oldTip->GetBlockPos().nFile);
UnlinkPrunedFiles({oldTip->GetBlockPos().nFile});
// Verify ScanForWalletTransactions only picks transactions in the new block
// file.
{
CWallet wallet;
LOCK(wallet.cs_wallet);
wallet.AddKeyPubKey(coinbaseKey, coinbaseKey.GetPubKey());
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(newTip, wallet.ScanForWalletTransactions(oldTip));
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(wallet.GetImmatureBalance(), 50 * COIN);
}
// Verify importmulti RPC returns failure for a key whose creation time is
// before the missing block, and success for a key whose creation time is
// after.
{
CWallet wallet;
CWallet *backup = ::pwalletMain;
::pwalletMain = &wallet;
UniValue keys;
keys.setArray();
UniValue key;
key.setObject();
key.pushKV("scriptPubKey", HexStr(GetScriptForRawPubKey(coinbaseKey.GetPubKey())));
key.pushKV("timestamp", 0);
key.pushKV("internal", UniValue(true));
keys.push_back(key);
key.clear();
key.setObject();
CKey futureKey;
futureKey.MakeNewKey(true);
key.pushKV("scriptPubKey", HexStr(GetScriptForRawPubKey(futureKey.GetPubKey())));
key.pushKV("timestamp", newTip->GetBlockTimeMax() + TIMESTAMP_WINDOW);
key.pushKV("internal", UniValue(true));
keys.push_back(key);
JSONRPCRequest request;
request.params.setArray();
request.params.push_back(keys);
UniValue response = importmulti(request);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(response.write(), strprintf("[{\"success\":false,\"error\":{\"code\":-1,\"message\":\"Failed to rescan before time %d, transactions may be missing.\"}},{\"success\":true}]", newTip->GetBlockTimeMax()));
::pwalletMain = backup;
}
}
// Check that GetImmatureCredit() returns a newly calculated value instead of
// the cached value after a MarkDirty() call.
//
// This is a regression test written to verify a bugfix for the immature credit
// function. Similar tests probably should be written for the other credit and
// debit functions.
BOOST_FIXTURE_TEST_CASE(coin_mark_dirty_immature_credit, TestChain100Setup)
{
CWallet wallet;
CWalletTx wtx(&wallet, MakeTransactionRef(coinbaseTxns.back()));
LOCK2(cs_main, wallet.cs_wallet);
wtx.hashBlock = chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockHash();
wtx.nIndex = 0;
// Call GetImmatureCredit() once before adding the key to the wallet to
// cache the current immature credit amount, which is 0.
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(wtx.GetImmatureCredit(), 0);
// Invalidate the cached value, add the key, and make sure a new immature
// credit amount is calculated.
wtx.MarkDirty();
wallet.AddKeyPubKey(coinbaseKey, coinbaseKey.GetPubKey());
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(wtx.GetImmatureCredit(), 50*COIN);
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_SUITE_END()