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// Copyright (c) 2014-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "chain.h"
#include "versionbits.h"
#include "test/test_bitcoin.h"
#include "chainparams.h"
#include "validation.h"
#include "consensus/params.h"
#include <boost/test/unit_test.hpp>
/* Define a virtual block time, one block per 10 minutes after Nov 14 2014, 0:55:36am */
int32_t TestTime(int nHeight) { return 1415926536 + 600 * nHeight; }
static const Consensus::Params paramsDummy = Consensus::Params();
class TestConditionChecker : public AbstractThresholdConditionChecker
{
private:
mutable ThresholdConditionCache cache;
public:
int64_t BeginTime(const Consensus::Params& params) const override { return TestTime(10000); }
int64_t EndTime(const Consensus::Params& params) const override { return TestTime(20000); }
int Period(const Consensus::Params& params) const override { return 1000; }
int Threshold(const Consensus::Params& params) const override { return 900; }
bool Condition(const CBlockIndex* pindex, const Consensus::Params& params) const override { return (pindex->nVersion & 0x100); }
ThresholdState GetStateFor(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev) const { return AbstractThresholdConditionChecker::GetStateFor(pindexPrev, paramsDummy, cache); }
int GetStateSinceHeightFor(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev) const { return AbstractThresholdConditionChecker::GetStateSinceHeightFor(pindexPrev, paramsDummy, cache); }
};
#define CHECKERS 6
class VersionBitsTester
{
// A fake blockchain
std::vector<CBlockIndex*> vpblock;
// 6 independent checkers for the same bit.
// The first one performs all checks, the second only 50%, the third only 25%, etc...
// This is to test whether lack of cached information leads to the same results.
TestConditionChecker checker[CHECKERS];
// Test counter (to identify failures)
int num;
public:
VersionBitsTester() : num(0) {}
VersionBitsTester& Reset() {
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vpblock.size(); i++) {
delete vpblock[i];
}
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
checker[i] = TestConditionChecker();
}
vpblock.clear();
return *this;
}
~VersionBitsTester() {
Reset();
}
VersionBitsTester& Mine(unsigned int height, int32_t nTime, int32_t nVersion) {
while (vpblock.size() < height) {
CBlockIndex* pindex = new CBlockIndex();
pindex->nHeight = vpblock.size();
pindex->pprev = vpblock.size() > 0 ? vpblock.back() : nullptr;
pindex->nTime = nTime;
pindex->nVersion = nVersion;
pindex->BuildSkip();
vpblock.push_back(pindex);
}
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestStateSinceHeight(int height) {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateSinceHeightFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == height, strprintf("Test %i for StateSinceHeight", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestDefined() {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == THRESHOLD_DEFINED, strprintf("Test %i for DEFINED", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestStarted() {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == THRESHOLD_STARTED, strprintf("Test %i for STARTED", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestLockedIn() {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == THRESHOLD_LOCKED_IN, strprintf("Test %i for LOCKED_IN", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestActive() {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == THRESHOLD_ACTIVE, strprintf("Test %i for ACTIVE", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
VersionBitsTester& TestFailed() {
for (int i = 0; i < CHECKERS; i++) {
if (InsecureRandBits(i) == 0) {
BOOST_CHECK_MESSAGE(checker[i].GetStateFor(vpblock.empty() ? nullptr : vpblock.back()) == THRESHOLD_FAILED, strprintf("Test %i for FAILED", num));
}
}
num++;
return *this;
}
CBlockIndex * Tip() { return vpblock.size() ? vpblock.back() : nullptr; }
};
BOOST_FIXTURE_TEST_SUITE(versionbits_tests, TestingSetup)
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(versionbits_test)
{
for (int i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
// DEFINED -> FAILED
VersionBitsTester().TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1, TestTime(1), 0x100).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(11, TestTime(11), 0x100).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(989, TestTime(989), 0x100).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(999, TestTime(20000), 0x100).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1000, TestTime(20000), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
.Mine(1999, TestTime(30001), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
.Mine(2000, TestTime(30002), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
.Mine(2001, TestTime(30003), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
.Mine(2999, TestTime(30004), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
.Mine(3000, TestTime(30005), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(1000)
// DEFINED -> STARTED -> FAILED
.Reset().TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1, TestTime(1), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1000, TestTime(10000) - 1, 0x100).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0) // One second more and it would be defined
.Mine(2000, TestTime(10000), 0x100).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // So that's what happens the next period
.Mine(2051, TestTime(10010), 0).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 51 old blocks
.Mine(2950, TestTime(10020), 0x100).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 899 new blocks
.Mine(3000, TestTime(20000), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000) // 50 old blocks (so 899 out of the past 1000)
.Mine(4000, TestTime(20010), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
// DEFINED -> STARTED -> FAILED while threshold reached
.Reset().TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1, TestTime(1), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1000, TestTime(10000) - 1, 0x101).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0) // One second more and it would be defined
.Mine(2000, TestTime(10000), 0x101).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // So that's what happens the next period
.Mine(2999, TestTime(30000), 0x100).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 999 new blocks
.Mine(3000, TestTime(30000), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000) // 1 new block (so 1000 out of the past 1000 are new)
.Mine(3999, TestTime(30001), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(4000, TestTime(30002), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(14333, TestTime(30003), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(24000, TestTime(40000), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
// DEFINED -> STARTED -> LOCKEDIN at the last minute -> ACTIVE
.Reset().TestDefined()
.Mine(1, TestTime(1), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1000, TestTime(10000) - 1, 0x101).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0) // One second more and it would be defined
.Mine(2000, TestTime(10000), 0x101).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // So that's what happens the next period
.Mine(2050, TestTime(10010), 0x200).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 50 old blocks
.Mine(2950, TestTime(10020), 0x100).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 900 new blocks
.Mine(2999, TestTime(19999), 0x200).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(2000) // 49 old blocks
.Mine(3000, TestTime(29999), 0x200).TestLockedIn().TestStateSinceHeight(3000) // 1 old block (so 900 out of the past 1000)
.Mine(3999, TestTime(30001), 0).TestLockedIn().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(4000, TestTime(30002), 0).TestActive().TestStateSinceHeight(4000)
.Mine(14333, TestTime(30003), 0).TestActive().TestStateSinceHeight(4000)
.Mine(24000, TestTime(40000), 0).TestActive().TestStateSinceHeight(4000)
// DEFINED multiple periods -> STARTED multiple periods -> FAILED
.Reset().TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(999, TestTime(999), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(1000, TestTime(1000), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(2000, TestTime(2000), 0).TestDefined().TestStateSinceHeight(0)
.Mine(3000, TestTime(10000), 0).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(4000, TestTime(10000), 0).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(5000, TestTime(10000), 0).TestStarted().TestStateSinceHeight(3000)
.Mine(6000, TestTime(20000), 0).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(6000)
.Mine(7000, TestTime(20000), 0x100).TestFailed().TestStateSinceHeight(6000);
}
// Sanity checks of version bit deployments
const auto chainParams = CreateChainParams(CBaseChainParams::MAIN);
const Consensus::Params &mainnetParams = chainParams->GetConsensus();
for (int i=0; i<(int) Consensus::MAX_VERSION_BITS_DEPLOYMENTS; i++) {
uint32_t bitmask = VersionBitsMask(mainnetParams, (Consensus::DeploymentPos)i);
// Make sure that no deployment tries to set an invalid bit.
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(bitmask & ~(uint32_t)VERSIONBITS_TOP_MASK, bitmask);
// Verify that the deployment windows of different deployment using the
// same bit are disjoint.
// This test may need modification at such time as a new deployment
// is proposed that reuses the bit of an activated soft fork, before the
// end time of that soft fork. (Alternatively, the end time of that
// activated soft fork could be later changed to be earlier to avoid
// overlap.)
for (int j=i+1; j<(int) Consensus::MAX_VERSION_BITS_DEPLOYMENTS; j++) {
if (VersionBitsMask(mainnetParams, (Consensus::DeploymentPos)j) == bitmask) {
BOOST_CHECK(mainnetParams.vDeployments[j].nStartTime > mainnetParams.vDeployments[i].nTimeout ||
mainnetParams.vDeployments[i].nStartTime > mainnetParams.vDeployments[j].nTimeout);
}
}
}
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(versionbits_computeblockversion)
{
// Check that ComputeBlockVersion will set the appropriate bit correctly
// on mainnet.
const auto chainParams = CreateChainParams(CBaseChainParams::MAIN);
const Consensus::Params &mainnetParams = chainParams->GetConsensus();
// Use the TESTDUMMY deployment for testing purposes.
int64_t bit = mainnetParams.vDeployments[Consensus::DEPLOYMENT_TESTDUMMY].bit;
int64_t nStartTime = mainnetParams.vDeployments[Consensus::DEPLOYMENT_TESTDUMMY].nStartTime;
int64_t nTimeout = mainnetParams.vDeployments[Consensus::DEPLOYMENT_TESTDUMMY].nTimeout;
assert(nStartTime < nTimeout);
// In the first chain, test that the bit is set by CBV until it has failed.
// In the second chain, test the bit is set by CBV while STARTED and
// LOCKED-IN, and then no longer set while ACTIVE.
VersionBitsTester firstChain, secondChain;
// Start generating blocks before nStartTime
int64_t nTime = nStartTime - 1;
// Before MedianTimePast of the chain has crossed nStartTime, the bit
// should not be set.
CBlockIndex *lastBlock = nullptr;
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(2016, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit), 0);
// Mine 2011 more blocks at the old time, and check that CBV isn't setting the bit yet.
for (int i=1; i<2012; i++) {
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(2016+i, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
// This works because VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION happens
// to be 4, and the bit we're testing happens to be bit 28.
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit), 0);
}
// Now mine 5 more blocks at the start time -- MTP should not have passed yet, so
// CBV should still not yet set the bit.
nTime = nStartTime;
for (int i=2012; i<=2016; i++) {
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(2016+i, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit), 0);
}
// Advance to the next period and transition to STARTED,
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(6048, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
// so ComputeBlockVersion should now set the bit,
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
// and should also be using the VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS.
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & VERSIONBITS_TOP_MASK, VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS);
// Check that ComputeBlockVersion will set the bit until nTimeout
nTime += 600;
int blocksToMine = 4032; // test blocks for up to 2 time periods
int nHeight = 6048;
// These blocks are all before nTimeout is reached.
while (nTime < nTimeout && blocksToMine > 0) {
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(nHeight+1, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & VERSIONBITS_TOP_MASK, VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS);
blocksToMine--;
nTime += 600;
nHeight += 1;
}
nTime = nTimeout;
// FAILED is only triggered at the end of a period, so CBV should be setting
// the bit until the period transition.
for (int i=0; i<2015; i++) {
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(nHeight+1, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
nHeight += 1;
}
// The next block should trigger no longer setting the bit.
lastBlock = firstChain.Mine(nHeight+1, nTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit), 0);
// On a new chain:
// verify that the bit will be set after lock-in, and then stop being set
// after activation.
nTime = nStartTime;
// Mine one period worth of blocks, and check that the bit will be on for the
// next period.
lastBlock = secondChain.Mine(2016, nStartTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
// Mine another period worth of blocks, signaling the new bit.
lastBlock = secondChain.Mine(4032, nStartTime, VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS | (1<<bit)).Tip();
// After one period of setting the bit on each block, it should have locked in.
// We keep setting the bit for one more period though, until activation.
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
// Now check that we keep mining the block until the end of this period, and
// then stop at the beginning of the next period.
lastBlock = secondChain.Mine(6047, nStartTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK((ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit)) != 0);
lastBlock = secondChain.Mine(6048, nStartTime, VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION).Tip();
BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & (1<<bit), 0);
// Finally, verify that after a soft fork has activated, CBV no longer uses
// VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION.
//BOOST_CHECK_EQUAL(ComputeBlockVersion(lastBlock, mainnetParams) & VERSIONBITS_TOP_MASK, VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS);
}
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_SUITE_END()