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#!/usr/bin/env python2
# Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
# file COPYING or
from mininode import *
from blockstore import BlockStore, TxStore
from util import p2p_port
This is a tool for comparing two or more bitcoinds to each other
using a script provided.
To use, create a class that implements get_tests(), and pass it in
as the test generator to TestManager. get_tests() should be a python
generator that returns TestInstance objects. See below for definition.
# TestNode behaves as follows:
# Configure with a BlockStore and TxStore
# on_inv: log the message but don't request
# on_headers: log the chain tip
# on_pong: update ping response map (for synchronization)
# on_getheaders: provide headers via BlockStore
# on_getdata: provide blocks via BlockStore
global mininode_lock
def wait_until(predicate, attempts=float('inf'), timeout=float('inf')):
attempt = 0
elapsed = 0
while attempt < attempts and elapsed < timeout:
with mininode_lock:
if predicate():
return True
attempt += 1
elapsed += 0.05
return False
class RejectResult(object):
Outcome that expects rejection of a transaction or block.
def __init__(self, code, reason=''):
self.code = code
self.reason = reason
def match(self, other):
if self.code != other.code:
return False
return other.reason.startswith(self.reason)
def __repr__(self):
return '%i:%s' % (self.code,self.reason or '*')
class TestNode(NodeConnCB):
def __init__(self, block_store, tx_store):
self.conn = None
self.bestblockhash = None
self.block_store = block_store
self.block_request_map = {}
self.tx_store = tx_store
self.tx_request_map = {}
self.block_reject_map = {}
self.tx_reject_map = {}
# When the pingmap is non-empty we're waiting for
# a response
self.pingMap = {}
self.lastInv = []
self.closed = False
def on_close(self, conn):
self.closed = True
def add_connection(self, conn):
self.conn = conn
def on_headers(self, conn, message):
if len(message.headers) > 0:
best_header = message.headers[-1]
self.bestblockhash = best_header.sha256
def on_getheaders(self, conn, message):
response = self.block_store.headers_for(message.locator, message.hashstop)
if response is not None:
def on_getdata(self, conn, message):
[conn.send_message(r) for r in self.block_store.get_blocks(message.inv)]
[conn.send_message(r) for r in self.tx_store.get_transactions(message.inv)]
for i in message.inv:
if i.type == 1:
self.tx_request_map[i.hash] = True
elif i.type == 2:
self.block_request_map[i.hash] = True
def on_inv(self, conn, message):
self.lastInv = [x.hash for x in message.inv]
def on_pong(self, conn, message):
del self.pingMap[message.nonce]
except KeyError:
raise AssertionError("Got pong for unknown ping [%s]" % repr(message))
def on_reject(self, conn, message):
if message.message == 'tx':
self.tx_reject_map[] = RejectResult(message.code, message.reason)
if message.message == 'block':
self.block_reject_map[] = RejectResult(message.code, message.reason)
def send_inv(self, obj):
mtype = 2 if isinstance(obj, CBlock) else 1
self.conn.send_message(msg_inv([CInv(mtype, obj.sha256)]))
def send_getheaders(self):
# We ask for headers from their last tip.
m = msg_getheaders()
m.locator = self.block_store.get_locator(self.bestblockhash)
# This assumes BIP31
def send_ping(self, nonce):
self.pingMap[nonce] = True
def received_ping_response(self, nonce):
return nonce not in self.pingMap
def send_mempool(self):
self.lastInv = []
# TestInstance:
# Instances of these are generated by the test generator, and fed into the
# comptool.
# "blocks_and_transactions" should be an array of
# [obj, True/False/None, hash/None]:
# - obj is either a CBlock, CBlockHeader, or a CTransaction, and
# - the second value indicates whether the object should be accepted
# into the blockchain or mempool (for tests where we expect a certain
# answer), or "None" if we don't expect a certain answer and are just
# comparing the behavior of the nodes being tested.
# - the third value is the hash to test the tip against (if None or omitted,
# use the hash of the block)
# - NOTE: if a block header, no test is performed; instead the header is
# just added to the block_store. This is to facilitate block delivery
# when communicating with headers-first clients (when withholding an
# intermediate block).
# sync_every_block: if True, then each block will be inv'ed, synced, and
# nodes will be tested based on the outcome for the block. If False,
# then inv's accumulate until all blocks are processed (or max inv size
# is reached) and then sent out in one inv message. Then the final block
# will be synced across all connections, and the outcome of the final
# block will be tested.
# sync_every_tx: analogous to behavior for sync_every_block, except if outcome
# on the final tx is None, then contents of entire mempool are compared
# across all connections. (If outcome of final tx is specified as true
# or false, then only the last tx is tested against outcome.)
class TestInstance(object):
def __init__(self, objects=None, sync_every_block=True, sync_every_tx=False):
self.blocks_and_transactions = objects if objects else []
self.sync_every_block = sync_every_block
self.sync_every_tx = sync_every_tx
class TestManager(object):
def __init__(self, testgen, datadir):
self.test_generator = testgen
self.connections = []
self.test_nodes = []
self.block_store = BlockStore(datadir)
self.tx_store = TxStore(datadir)
self.ping_counter = 1
def add_all_connections(self, nodes):
for i in range(len(nodes)):
# Create a p2p connection to each node
test_node = TestNode(self.block_store, self.tx_store)
self.connections.append(NodeConn('', p2p_port(i), nodes[i], test_node))
# Make sure the TestNode (callback class) has a reference to its
# associated NodeConn
def wait_for_disconnections(self):
def disconnected():
return all(node.closed for node in self.test_nodes)
return wait_until(disconnected, timeout=10)
def wait_for_verack(self):
def veracked():
return all(node.verack_received for node in self.test_nodes)
return wait_until(veracked, timeout=10)
def wait_for_pings(self, counter):
def received_pongs():
return all(node.received_ping_response(counter) for node in self.test_nodes)
return wait_until(received_pongs)
# sync_blocks: Wait for all connections to request the blockhash given
# then send get_headers to find out the tip of each node, and synchronize
# the response by using a ping (and waiting for pong with same nonce).
def sync_blocks(self, blockhash, num_blocks):
def blocks_requested():
return all(
blockhash in node.block_request_map and node.block_request_map[blockhash]
for node in self.test_nodes
# --> error if not requested
if not wait_until(blocks_requested, attempts=20*num_blocks):
# print [ c.cb.block_request_map for c in self.connections ]
raise AssertionError("Not all nodes requested block")
# Send getheaders message
[ c.cb.send_getheaders() for c in self.connections ]
# Send ping and wait for response -- synchronization hack
[ c.cb.send_ping(self.ping_counter) for c in self.connections ]
self.ping_counter += 1
# Analogous to sync_block (see above)
def sync_transaction(self, txhash, num_events):
# Wait for nodes to request transaction (50ms sleep * 20 tries * num_events)
def transaction_requested():
return all(
txhash in node.tx_request_map and node.tx_request_map[txhash]
for node in self.test_nodes
# --> error if not requested
if not wait_until(transaction_requested, attempts=20*num_events):
# print [ c.cb.tx_request_map for c in self.connections ]
raise AssertionError("Not all nodes requested transaction")
# Get the mempool
[ c.cb.send_mempool() for c in self.connections ]
# Send ping and wait for response -- synchronization hack
[ c.cb.send_ping(self.ping_counter) for c in self.connections ]
self.ping_counter += 1
# Sort inv responses from each node
with mininode_lock:
[ c.cb.lastInv.sort() for c in self.connections ]
# Verify that the tip of each connection all agree with each other, and
# with the expected outcome (if given)
def check_results(self, blockhash, outcome):
with mininode_lock:
for c in self.connections:
if outcome is None:
if c.cb.bestblockhash != self.connections[0].cb.bestblockhash:
return False
elif isinstance(outcome, RejectResult): # Check that block was rejected w/ code
if c.cb.bestblockhash == blockhash:
return False
if blockhash not in c.cb.block_reject_map:
print 'Block not in reject map: %064x' % (blockhash)
return False
if not outcome.match(c.cb.block_reject_map[blockhash]):
print 'Block rejected with %s instead of expected %s: %064x' % (c.cb.block_reject_map[blockhash], outcome, blockhash)
return False
elif ((c.cb.bestblockhash == blockhash) != outcome):
# print c.cb.bestblockhash, blockhash, outcome
return False
return True
# Either check that the mempools all agree with each other, or that
# txhash's presence in the mempool matches the outcome specified.
# This is somewhat of a strange comparison, in that we're either comparing
# a particular tx to an outcome, or the entire mempools altogether;
# perhaps it would be useful to add the ability to check explicitly that
# a particular tx's existence in the mempool is the same across all nodes.
def check_mempool(self, txhash, outcome):
with mininode_lock:
for c in self.connections:
if outcome is None:
# Make sure the mempools agree with each other
if c.cb.lastInv != self.connections[0].cb.lastInv:
# print c.rpc.getrawmempool()
return False
elif isinstance(outcome, RejectResult): # Check that tx was rejected w/ code
if txhash in c.cb.lastInv:
return False
if txhash not in c.cb.tx_reject_map:
print 'Tx not in reject map: %064x' % (txhash)
return False
if not outcome.match(c.cb.tx_reject_map[txhash]):
print 'Tx rejected with %s instead of expected %s: %064x' % (c.cb.tx_reject_map[txhash], outcome, txhash)
return False
elif ((txhash in c.cb.lastInv) != outcome):
# print c.rpc.getrawmempool(), c.cb.lastInv
return False
return True
def run(self):
# Wait until verack is received
test_number = 1
for test_instance in self.test_generator.get_tests():
# We use these variables to keep track of the last block
# and last transaction in the tests, which are used
# if we're not syncing on every block or every tx.
[ block, block_outcome, tip ] = [ None, None, None ]
[ tx, tx_outcome ] = [ None, None ]
invqueue = []
for test_obj in test_instance.blocks_and_transactions:
b_or_t = test_obj[0]
outcome = test_obj[1]
# Determine if we're dealing with a block or tx
if isinstance(b_or_t, CBlock): # Block test runner
block = b_or_t
block_outcome = outcome
tip = block.sha256
# each test_obj can have an optional third argument
# to specify the tip we should compare with
# (default is to use the block being tested)
if len(test_obj) >= 3:
tip = test_obj[2]
# Add to shared block_store, set as current block
# If there was an open getdata request for the block
# previously, and we didn't have an entry in the
# block_store, then immediately deliver, because the
# node wouldn't send another getdata request while
# the earlier one is outstanding.
first_block_with_hash = True
if self.block_store.get(block.sha256) is not None:
first_block_with_hash = False
with mininode_lock:
for c in self.connections:
if first_block_with_hash and block.sha256 in c.cb.block_request_map and c.cb.block_request_map[block.sha256] == True:
# There was a previous request for this block hash
# Most likely, we delivered a header for this block
# but never had the block to respond to the getdata
c.cb.block_request_map[block.sha256] = False
# Either send inv's to each node and sync, or add
# to invqueue for later inv'ing.
if (test_instance.sync_every_block):
[ c.cb.send_inv(block) for c in self.connections ]
self.sync_blocks(block.sha256, 1)
if (not self.check_results(tip, outcome)):
raise AssertionError("Test failed at test %d" % test_number)
invqueue.append(CInv(2, block.sha256))
elif isinstance(b_or_t, CBlockHeader):
block_header = b_or_t
else: # Tx test runner
assert(isinstance(b_or_t, CTransaction))
tx = b_or_t
tx_outcome = outcome
# Add to shared tx store and clear map entry
with mininode_lock:
for c in self.connections:
c.cb.tx_request_map[tx.sha256] = False
# Again, either inv to all nodes or save for later
if (test_instance.sync_every_tx):
[ c.cb.send_inv(tx) for c in self.connections ]
self.sync_transaction(tx.sha256, 1)
if (not self.check_mempool(tx.sha256, outcome)):
raise AssertionError("Test failed at test %d" % test_number)
invqueue.append(CInv(1, tx.sha256))
# Ensure we're not overflowing the inv queue
if len(invqueue) == MAX_INV_SZ:
[ c.send_message(msg_inv(invqueue)) for c in self.connections ]
invqueue = []
# Do final sync if we weren't syncing on every block or every tx.
if (not test_instance.sync_every_block and block is not None):
if len(invqueue) > 0:
[ c.send_message(msg_inv(invqueue)) for c in self.connections ]
invqueue = []
self.sync_blocks(block.sha256, len(test_instance.blocks_and_transactions))
if (not self.check_results(tip, block_outcome)):
raise AssertionError("Block test failed at test %d" % test_number)
if (not test_instance.sync_every_tx and tx is not None):
if len(invqueue) > 0:
[ c.send_message(msg_inv(invqueue)) for c in self.connections ]
invqueue = []
self.sync_transaction(tx.sha256, len(test_instance.blocks_and_transactions))
if (not self.check_mempool(tx.sha256, tx_outcome)):
raise AssertionError("Mempool test failed at test %d" % test_number)
print "Test %d: PASS" % test_number, [ c.rpc.getblockcount() for c in self.connections ]
test_number += 1
[ c.disconnect_node() for c in self.connections ]