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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# Copyright (c) 2014-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
# Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
# file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
"""Test behavior of headers messages to announce blocks.
Setup:
- Two nodes, two p2p connections to node0. One p2p connection should only ever
receive inv's (omitted from testing description below, this is our control).
Second node is used for creating reorgs.
Part 1: No headers announcements before "sendheaders"
a. node mines a block [expect: inv]
send getdata for the block [expect: block]
b. node mines another block [expect: inv]
send getheaders and getdata [expect: headers, then block]
c. node mines another block [expect: inv]
peer mines a block, announces with header [expect: getdata]
d. node mines another block [expect: inv]
Part 2: After "sendheaders", headers announcements should generally work.
a. peer sends sendheaders [expect: no response]
peer sends getheaders with current tip [expect: no response]
b. node mines a block [expect: tip header]
c. for N in 1, ..., 10:
* for announce-type in {inv, header}
- peer mines N blocks, announces with announce-type
[ expect: getheaders/getdata or getdata, deliver block(s) ]
- node mines a block [ expect: 1 header ]
Part 3: Headers announcements stop after large reorg and resume after getheaders or inv from peer.
- For response-type in {inv, getheaders}
* node mines a 7 block reorg [ expect: headers announcement of 8 blocks ]
* node mines an 8-block reorg [ expect: inv at tip ]
* peer responds with getblocks/getdata [expect: inv, blocks ]
* node mines another block [ expect: inv at tip, peer sends getdata, expect: block ]
* node mines another block at tip [ expect: inv ]
* peer responds with getheaders with an old hashstop more than 8 blocks back [expect: headers]
* peer requests block [ expect: block ]
* node mines another block at tip [ expect: inv, peer sends getdata, expect: block ]
* peer sends response-type [expect headers if getheaders, getheaders/getdata if mining new block]
* node mines 1 block [expect: 1 header, peer responds with getdata]
Part 4: Test direct fetch behavior
a. Announce 2 old block headers.
Expect: no getdata requests.
b. Announce 3 new blocks via 1 headers message.
Expect: one getdata request for all 3 blocks.
(Send blocks.)
c. Announce 1 header that forks off the last two blocks.
Expect: no response.
d. Announce 1 more header that builds on that fork.
Expect: one getdata request for two blocks.
e. Announce 16 more headers that build on that fork.
Expect: getdata request for 14 more blocks.
f. Announce 1 more header that builds on that fork.
Expect: no response.
Part 5: Test handling of headers that don't connect.
a. Repeat 10 times:
1. Announce a header that doesn't connect.
Expect: getheaders message
2. Send headers chain.
Expect: getdata for the missing blocks, tip update.
b. Then send 9 more headers that don't connect.
Expect: getheaders message each time.
c. Announce a header that does connect.
Expect: no response.
d. Announce 49 headers that don't connect.
Expect: getheaders message each time.
e. Announce one more that doesn't connect.
Expect: disconnect.
"""
from test_framework.mininode import *
from test_framework.test_framework import BitcoinTestFramework
from test_framework.util import *
from test_framework.blocktools import create_block, create_coinbase
direct_fetch_response_time = 0.05
class BaseNode(SingleNodeConnCB):
def __init__(self):
SingleNodeConnCB.__init__(self)
self.last_inv = None
self.last_headers = None
self.last_block = None
self.last_getdata = None
self.block_announced = False
self.last_getheaders = None
self.disconnected = False
self.last_blockhash_announced = None
def clear_last_announcement(self):
with mininode_lock:
self.block_announced = False
self.last_inv = None
self.last_headers = None
# Request data for a list of block hashes
def get_data(self, block_hashes):
msg = msg_getdata()
for x in block_hashes:
msg.inv.append(CInv(2, x))
self.connection.send_message(msg)
def get_headers(self, locator, hashstop):
msg = msg_getheaders()
msg.locator.vHave = locator
msg.hashstop = hashstop
self.connection.send_message(msg)
def send_block_inv(self, blockhash):
msg = msg_inv()
msg.inv = [CInv(2, blockhash)]
self.connection.send_message(msg)
def on_inv(self, conn, message):
self.last_inv = message
self.block_announced = True
self.last_blockhash_announced = message.inv[-1].hash
def on_headers(self, conn, message):
self.last_headers = message
if len(message.headers):
self.block_announced = True
message.headers[-1].calc_sha256()
self.last_blockhash_announced = message.headers[-1].sha256
def on_block(self, conn, message):
self.last_block = message.block
self.last_block.calc_sha256()
def on_getdata(self, conn, message):
self.last_getdata = message
def on_getheaders(self, conn, message):
self.last_getheaders = message
def on_close(self, conn):
self.disconnected = True
# Test whether the last announcement we received had the
# right header or the right inv
# inv and headers should be lists of block hashes
def check_last_announcement(self, headers=None, inv=None):
expect_headers = headers if headers != None else []
expect_inv = inv if inv != None else []
test_function = lambda: self.block_announced
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=60))
with mininode_lock:
self.block_announced = False
success = True
compare_inv = []
if self.last_inv != None:
compare_inv = [x.hash for x in self.last_inv.inv]
if compare_inv != expect_inv:
success = False
hash_headers = []
if self.last_headers != None:
# treat headers as a list of block hashes
hash_headers = [ x.sha256 for x in self.last_headers.headers ]
if hash_headers != expect_headers:
success = False
self.last_inv = None
self.last_headers = None
return success
# Syncing helpers
def wait_for_block(self, blockhash, timeout=60):
test_function = lambda: self.last_block != None and self.last_block.sha256 == blockhash
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=timeout))
return
def wait_for_getheaders(self, timeout=60):
test_function = lambda: self.last_getheaders != None
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=timeout))
return
def wait_for_getdata(self, hash_list, timeout=60):
if hash_list == []:
return
test_function = lambda: self.last_getdata != None and [x.hash for x in self.last_getdata.inv] == hash_list
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=timeout))
return
def wait_for_disconnect(self, timeout=60):
test_function = lambda: self.disconnected
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=timeout))
return
def wait_for_block_announcement(self, block_hash, timeout=60):
test_function = lambda: self.last_blockhash_announced == block_hash
assert(wait_until(test_function, timeout=timeout))
return
def send_header_for_blocks(self, new_blocks):
headers_message = msg_headers()
headers_message.headers = [ CBlockHeader(b) for b in new_blocks ]
self.send_message(headers_message)
def send_getblocks(self, locator):
getblocks_message = msg_getblocks()
getblocks_message.locator.vHave = locator
self.send_message(getblocks_message)
# InvNode: This peer should only ever receive inv's, because it doesn't ever send a
# "sendheaders" message.
class InvNode(BaseNode):
def __init__(self):
BaseNode.__init__(self)
# TestNode: This peer is the one we use for most of the testing.
class TestNode(BaseNode):
def __init__(self):
BaseNode.__init__(self)
class SendHeadersTest(BitcoinTestFramework):
def __init__(self):
super().__init__()
self.setup_clean_chain = True
self.num_nodes = 2
def setup_network(self):
self.nodes = []
self.nodes = start_nodes(self.num_nodes, self.options.tmpdir, [["-debug", "-logtimemicros=1"]]*2)
connect_nodes(self.nodes[0], 1)
# mine count blocks and return the new tip
def mine_blocks(self, count):
# Clear out last block announcement from each p2p listener
[ x.clear_last_announcement() for x in self.p2p_connections ]
self.nodes[0].generate(count)
return int(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash(), 16)
# mine a reorg that invalidates length blocks (replacing them with
# length+1 blocks).
# Note: we clear the state of our p2p connections after the
# to-be-reorged-out blocks are mined, so that we don't break later tests.
# return the list of block hashes newly mined
def mine_reorg(self, length):
self.nodes[0].generate(length) # make sure all invalidated blocks are node0's
sync_blocks(self.nodes, wait=0.1)
for x in self.p2p_connections:
x.wait_for_block_announcement(int(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash(), 16))
x.clear_last_announcement()
tip_height = self.nodes[1].getblockcount()
hash_to_invalidate = self.nodes[1].getblockhash(tip_height-(length-1))
self.nodes[1].invalidateblock(hash_to_invalidate)
all_hashes = self.nodes[1].generate(length+1) # Must be longer than the orig chain
sync_blocks(self.nodes, wait=0.1)
return [int(x, 16) for x in all_hashes]
def run_test(self):
# Setup the p2p connections and start up the network thread.
inv_node = InvNode()
test_node = TestNode()
self.p2p_connections = [inv_node, test_node]
connections = []
connections.append(NodeConn('127.0.0.1', p2p_port(0), self.nodes[0], inv_node))
# Set nServices to 0 for test_node, so no block download will occur outside of
# direct fetching
connections.append(NodeConn('127.0.0.1', p2p_port(0), self.nodes[0], test_node, services=0))
inv_node.add_connection(connections[0])
test_node.add_connection(connections[1])
NetworkThread().start() # Start up network handling in another thread
# Test logic begins here
inv_node.wait_for_verack()
test_node.wait_for_verack()
tip = int(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash(), 16)
# PART 1
# 1. Mine a block; expect inv announcements each time
print("Part 1: headers don't start before sendheaders message...")
for i in range(4):
old_tip = tip
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
# Try a few different responses; none should affect next announcement
if i == 0:
# first request the block
test_node.get_data([tip])
test_node.wait_for_block(tip, timeout=5)
elif i == 1:
# next try requesting header and block
test_node.get_headers(locator=[old_tip], hashstop=tip)
test_node.get_data([tip])
test_node.wait_for_block(tip)
test_node.clear_last_announcement() # since we requested headers...
elif i == 2:
# this time announce own block via headers
height = self.nodes[0].getblockcount()
last_time = self.nodes[0].getblock(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash())['time']
block_time = last_time + 1
new_block = create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height+1), block_time)
new_block.solve()
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([new_block])
test_node.wait_for_getdata([new_block.sha256], timeout=5)
test_node.send_message(msg_block(new_block))
test_node.sync_with_ping() # make sure this block is processed
inv_node.clear_last_announcement()
test_node.clear_last_announcement()
print("Part 1: success!")
print("Part 2: announce blocks with headers after sendheaders message...")
# PART 2
# 2. Send a sendheaders message and test that headers announcements
# commence and keep working.
test_node.send_message(msg_sendheaders())
prev_tip = int(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash(), 16)
test_node.get_headers(locator=[prev_tip], hashstop=0)
test_node.sync_with_ping()
# Now that we've synced headers, headers announcements should work
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(headers=[tip]), True)
height = self.nodes[0].getblockcount()+1
block_time += 10 # Advance far enough ahead
for i in range(10):
# Mine i blocks, and alternate announcing either via
# inv (of tip) or via headers. After each, new blocks
# mined by the node should successfully be announced
# with block header, even though the blocks are never requested
for j in range(2):
blocks = []
for b in range(i+1):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
if j == 0:
# Announce via inv
test_node.send_block_inv(tip)
test_node.wait_for_getheaders(timeout=5)
# Should have received a getheaders now
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
# Test that duplicate inv's won't result in duplicate
# getdata requests, or duplicate headers announcements
[ inv_node.send_block_inv(x.sha256) for x in blocks ]
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks], timeout=5)
inv_node.sync_with_ping()
else:
# Announce via headers
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks], timeout=5)
# Test that duplicate headers won't result in duplicate
# getdata requests (the check is further down)
inv_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
inv_node.sync_with_ping()
[ test_node.send_message(msg_block(x)) for x in blocks ]
test_node.sync_with_ping()
inv_node.sync_with_ping()
# This block should not be announced to the inv node (since it also
# broadcast it)
assert_equal(inv_node.last_inv, None)
assert_equal(inv_node.last_headers, None)
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(headers=[tip]), True)
height += 1
block_time += 1
print("Part 2: success!")
print("Part 3: headers announcements can stop after large reorg, and resume after headers/inv from peer...")
# PART 3. Headers announcements can stop after large reorg, and resume after
# getheaders or inv from peer.
for j in range(2):
# First try mining a reorg that can propagate with header announcement
new_block_hashes = self.mine_reorg(length=7)
tip = new_block_hashes[-1]
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(headers=new_block_hashes), True)
block_time += 8
# Mine a too-large reorg, which should be announced with a single inv
new_block_hashes = self.mine_reorg(length=8)
tip = new_block_hashes[-1]
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
block_time += 9
fork_point = self.nodes[0].getblock("%02x" % new_block_hashes[0])["previousblockhash"]
fork_point = int(fork_point, 16)
# Use getblocks/getdata
test_node.send_getblocks(locator = [fork_point])
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(inv=new_block_hashes), True)
test_node.get_data(new_block_hashes)
test_node.wait_for_block(new_block_hashes[-1])
for i in range(3):
# Mine another block, still should get only an inv
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
if i == 0:
# Just get the data -- shouldn't cause headers announcements to resume
test_node.get_data([tip])
test_node.wait_for_block(tip)
elif i == 1:
# Send a getheaders message that shouldn't trigger headers announcements
# to resume (best header sent will be too old)
test_node.get_headers(locator=[fork_point], hashstop=new_block_hashes[1])
test_node.get_data([tip])
test_node.wait_for_block(tip)
elif i == 2:
test_node.get_data([tip])
test_node.wait_for_block(tip)
# This time, try sending either a getheaders to trigger resumption
# of headers announcements, or mine a new block and inv it, also
# triggering resumption of headers announcements.
if j == 0:
test_node.get_headers(locator=[tip], hashstop=0)
test_node.sync_with_ping()
else:
test_node.send_block_inv(tip)
test_node.sync_with_ping()
# New blocks should now be announced with header
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
assert_equal(inv_node.check_last_announcement(inv=[tip]), True)
assert_equal(test_node.check_last_announcement(headers=[tip]), True)
print("Part 3: success!")
print("Part 4: Testing direct fetch behavior...")
tip = self.mine_blocks(1)
height = self.nodes[0].getblockcount() + 1
last_time = self.nodes[0].getblock(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash())['time']
block_time = last_time + 1
# Create 2 blocks. Send the blocks, then send the headers.
blocks = []
for b in range(2):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
inv_node.send_message(msg_block(blocks[-1]))
inv_node.sync_with_ping() # Make sure blocks are processed
test_node.last_getdata = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
test_node.sync_with_ping()
# should not have received any getdata messages
with mininode_lock:
assert_equal(test_node.last_getdata, None)
# This time, direct fetch should work
blocks = []
for b in range(3):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
test_node.sync_with_ping()
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks], timeout=direct_fetch_response_time)
[ test_node.send_message(msg_block(x)) for x in blocks ]
test_node.sync_with_ping()
# Now announce a header that forks the last two blocks
tip = blocks[0].sha256
height -= 1
blocks = []
# Create extra blocks for later
for b in range(20):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
# Announcing one block on fork should not trigger direct fetch
# (less work than tip)
test_node.last_getdata = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks[0:1])
test_node.sync_with_ping()
with mininode_lock:
assert_equal(test_node.last_getdata, None)
# Announcing one more block on fork should trigger direct fetch for
# both blocks (same work as tip)
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks[1:2])
test_node.sync_with_ping()
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks[0:2]], timeout=direct_fetch_response_time)
# Announcing 16 more headers should trigger direct fetch for 14 more
# blocks
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks[2:18])
test_node.sync_with_ping()
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks[2:16]], timeout=direct_fetch_response_time)
# Announcing 1 more header should not trigger any response
test_node.last_getdata = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks[18:19])
test_node.sync_with_ping()
with mininode_lock:
assert_equal(test_node.last_getdata, None)
print("Part 4: success!")
# Now deliver all those blocks we announced.
[ test_node.send_message(msg_block(x)) for x in blocks ]
print("Part 5: Testing handling of unconnecting headers")
# First we test that receipt of an unconnecting header doesn't prevent
# chain sync.
for i in range(10):
test_node.last_getdata = None
blocks = []
# Create two more blocks.
for j in range(2):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
# Send the header of the second block -> this won't connect.
with mininode_lock:
test_node.last_getheaders = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([blocks[1]])
test_node.wait_for_getheaders(timeout=1)
test_node.send_header_for_blocks(blocks)
test_node.wait_for_getdata([x.sha256 for x in blocks])
[ test_node.send_message(msg_block(x)) for x in blocks ]
test_node.sync_with_ping()
assert_equal(int(self.nodes[0].getbestblockhash(), 16), blocks[1].sha256)
blocks = []
# Now we test that if we repeatedly don't send connecting headers, we
# don't go into an infinite loop trying to get them to connect.
MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS = 10
for j in range(MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS+1):
blocks.append(create_block(tip, create_coinbase(height), block_time))
blocks[-1].solve()
tip = blocks[-1].sha256
block_time += 1
height += 1
for i in range(1, MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS):
# Send a header that doesn't connect, check that we get a getheaders.
with mininode_lock:
test_node.last_getheaders = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([blocks[i]])
test_node.wait_for_getheaders(timeout=1)
# Next header will connect, should re-set our count:
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([blocks[0]])
# Remove the first two entries (blocks[1] would connect):
blocks = blocks[2:]
# Now try to see how many unconnecting headers we can send
# before we get disconnected. Should be 5*MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS
for i in range(5*MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS - 1):
# Send a header that doesn't connect, check that we get a getheaders.
with mininode_lock:
test_node.last_getheaders = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([blocks[i%len(blocks)]])
test_node.wait_for_getheaders(timeout=1)
# Eventually this stops working.
with mininode_lock:
self.last_getheaders = None
test_node.send_header_for_blocks([blocks[-1]])
# Should get disconnected
test_node.wait_for_disconnect()
with mininode_lock:
self.last_getheaders = True
print("Part 5: success!")
# Finally, check that the inv node never received a getdata request,
# throughout the test
assert_equal(inv_node.last_getdata, None)
if __name__ == '__main__':
SendHeadersTest().main()