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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# Copyright (c) 2014-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
# Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
# file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
"""Test block proposals with getblocktemplate."""
from test_framework.test_framework import BitcoinTestFramework
from test_framework.util import *
from binascii import a2b_hex, b2a_hex
from hashlib import sha256
from struct import pack
def b2x(b):
return b2a_hex(b).decode('ascii')
# NOTE: This does not work for signed numbers (set the high bit) or zero (use b'\0')
def encodeUNum(n):
s = bytearray(b'\1')
while n > 127:
s[0] += 1
s.append(n % 256)
n //= 256
s.append(n)
return bytes(s)
def varlenEncode(n):
if n < 0xfd:
return pack('<B', n)
if n <= 0xffff:
return b'\xfd' + pack('<H', n)
if n <= 0xffffffff:
return b'\xfe' + pack('<L', n)
return b'\xff' + pack('<Q', n)
def dblsha(b):
return sha256(sha256(b).digest()).digest()
def genmrklroot(leaflist):
cur = leaflist
while len(cur) > 1:
n = []
if len(cur) & 1:
cur.append(cur[-1])
for i in range(0, len(cur), 2):
n.append(dblsha(cur[i] + cur[i+1]))
cur = n
return cur[0]
def template_to_bytearray(tmpl, txlist):
blkver = pack('<L', tmpl['version'])
mrklroot = genmrklroot(list(dblsha(a) for a in txlist))
timestamp = pack('<L', tmpl['curtime'])
nonce = b'\0\0\0\0'
blk = blkver + a2b_hex(tmpl['previousblockhash'])[::-1] + mrklroot + timestamp + a2b_hex(tmpl['bits'])[::-1] + nonce
blk += varlenEncode(len(txlist))
for tx in txlist:
blk += tx
return bytearray(blk)
def template_to_hex(tmpl, txlist):
return b2x(template_to_bytearray(tmpl, txlist))
def assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, expect):
rsp = node.getblocktemplate({'data':template_to_hex(tmpl, txlist),'mode':'proposal'})
if rsp != expect:
raise AssertionError('unexpected: %s' % (rsp,))
class GetBlockTemplateProposalTest(BitcoinTestFramework):
def __init__(self):
super().__init__()
self.num_nodes = 2
self.setup_clean_chain = False
def setup_network(self):
self.nodes = self.setup_nodes()
connect_nodes_bi(self.nodes, 0, 1)
def run_test(self):
node = self.nodes[0]
node.generate(1) # Mine a block to leave initial block download
tmpl = node.getblocktemplate()
if 'coinbasetxn' not in tmpl:
rawcoinbase = encodeUNum(tmpl['height'])
rawcoinbase += b'\x01-'
hexcoinbase = b2x(rawcoinbase)
hexoutval = b2x(pack('<Q', tmpl['coinbasevalue']))
tmpl['coinbasetxn'] = {'data': '01000000' + '01' + '0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000ffffffff' + ('%02x' % (len(rawcoinbase),)) + hexcoinbase + 'fffffffe' + '01' + hexoutval + '00' + '00000000'}
txlist = list(bytearray(a2b_hex(a['data'])) for a in (tmpl['coinbasetxn'],) + tuple(tmpl['transactions']))
# Test 0: Capability advertised
assert('proposal' in tmpl['capabilities'])
# NOTE: This test currently FAILS (regtest mode doesn't enforce block height in coinbase)
## Test 1: Bad height in coinbase
#txlist[0][4+1+36+1+1] += 1
#assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'FIXME')
#txlist[0][4+1+36+1+1] -= 1
# Test 2: Bad input hash for gen tx
txlist[0][4+1] += 1
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'bad-cb-missing')
txlist[0][4+1] -= 1
# Test 3: Truncated final tx
lastbyte = txlist[-1].pop()
assert_raises(JSONRPCException, assert_template, node, tmpl, txlist, 'n/a')
txlist[-1].append(lastbyte)
# Test 4: Add an invalid tx to the end (duplicate of gen tx)
txlist.append(txlist[0])
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'bad-txns-duplicate')
txlist.pop()
# Test 5: Add an invalid tx to the end (non-duplicate)
txlist.append(bytearray(txlist[0]))
txlist[-1][4+1] = 0xff
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'bad-txns-inputs-missingorspent')
txlist.pop()
# Test 6: Future tx lock time
txlist[0][-4:] = b'\xff\xff\xff\xff'
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'bad-txns-nonfinal')
txlist[0][-4:] = b'\0\0\0\0'
# Test 7: Bad tx count
txlist.append(b'')
assert_raises(JSONRPCException, assert_template, node, tmpl, txlist, 'n/a')
txlist.pop()
# Test 8: Bad bits
realbits = tmpl['bits']
tmpl['bits'] = '1c0000ff' # impossible in the real world
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'bad-diffbits')
tmpl['bits'] = realbits
# Test 9: Bad merkle root
rawtmpl = template_to_bytearray(tmpl, txlist)
rawtmpl[4+32] = (rawtmpl[4+32] + 1) % 0x100
rsp = node.getblocktemplate({'data':b2x(rawtmpl),'mode':'proposal'})
if rsp != 'bad-txnmrklroot':
raise AssertionError('unexpected: %s' % (rsp,))
# Test 10: Bad timestamps
realtime = tmpl['curtime']
tmpl['curtime'] = 0x7fffffff
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'time-too-new')
tmpl['curtime'] = 0
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'time-too-old')
tmpl['curtime'] = realtime
# Test 11: Valid block
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, None)
# Test 12: Orphan block
tmpl['previousblockhash'] = 'ff00' * 16
assert_template(node, tmpl, txlist, 'inconclusive-not-best-prevblk')
if __name__ == '__main__':
GetBlockTemplateProposalTest().main()