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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file license.txt or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_ALLOCATORS_H
#define BITCOIN_ALLOCATORS_H
#include <string>
#ifdef WIN32
#ifdef _WIN32_WINNT
#undef _WIN32_WINNT
#endif
#define _WIN32_WINNT 0x0501
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN 1
#ifndef NOMINMAX
#define NOMINMAX
#endif
#include <windows.h>
// This is used to attempt to keep keying material out of swap
// Note that VirtualLock does not provide this as a guarantee on Windows,
// but, in practice, memory that has been VirtualLock'd almost never gets written to
// the pagefile except in rare circumstances where memory is extremely low.
#define mlock(p, n) VirtualLock((p), (n));
#define munlock(p, n) VirtualUnlock((p), (n));
#else
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <limits.h>
/* This comes from limits.h if it's not defined there set a sane default */
#ifndef PAGESIZE
#include <unistd.h>
#define PAGESIZE sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)
#endif
#define mlock(a,b) \
mlock(((void *)(((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE)-1)))),\
(((((size_t)(a)) + (b) - 1) | ((PAGESIZE) - 1)) + 1) - (((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE) - 1))))
#define munlock(a,b) \
munlock(((void *)(((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE)-1)))),\
(((((size_t)(a)) + (b) - 1) | ((PAGESIZE) - 1)) + 1) - (((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE) - 1))))
#endif
//
// Allocator that locks its contents from being paged
// out of memory and clears its contents before deletion.
//
template<typename T>
struct secure_allocator : public std::allocator<T>
{
// MSVC8 default copy constructor is broken
typedef std::allocator<T> base;
typedef typename base::size_type size_type;
typedef typename base::difference_type difference_type;
typedef typename base::pointer pointer;
typedef typename base::const_pointer const_pointer;
typedef typename base::reference reference;
typedef typename base::const_reference const_reference;
typedef typename base::value_type value_type;
secure_allocator() throw() {}
secure_allocator(const secure_allocator& a) throw() : base(a) {}
template <typename U>
secure_allocator(const secure_allocator<U>& a) throw() : base(a) {}
~secure_allocator() throw() {}
template<typename _Other> struct rebind
{ typedef secure_allocator<_Other> other; };
T* allocate(std::size_t n, const void *hint = 0)
{
T *p;
p = std::allocator<T>::allocate(n, hint);
if (p != NULL)
mlock(p, sizeof(T) * n);
return p;
}
void deallocate(T* p, std::size_t n)
{
if (p != NULL)
{
memset(p, 0, sizeof(T) * n);
munlock(p, sizeof(T) * n);
}
std::allocator<T>::deallocate(p, n);
}
};
//
// Allocator that clears its contents before deletion.
//
template<typename T>
struct zero_after_free_allocator : public std::allocator<T>
{
// MSVC8 default copy constructor is broken
typedef std::allocator<T> base;
typedef typename base::size_type size_type;
typedef typename base::difference_type difference_type;
typedef typename base::pointer pointer;
typedef typename base::const_pointer const_pointer;
typedef typename base::reference reference;
typedef typename base::const_reference const_reference;
typedef typename base::value_type value_type;
zero_after_free_allocator() throw() {}
zero_after_free_allocator(const zero_after_free_allocator& a) throw() : base(a) {}
template <typename U>
zero_after_free_allocator(const zero_after_free_allocator<U>& a) throw() : base(a) {}
~zero_after_free_allocator() throw() {}
template<typename _Other> struct rebind
{ typedef zero_after_free_allocator<_Other> other; };
void deallocate(T* p, std::size_t n)
{
if (p != NULL)
memset(p, 0, sizeof(T) * n);
std::allocator<T>::deallocate(p, n);
}
};
// This is exactly like std::string, but with a custom allocator.
// (secure_allocator<> is defined in serialize.h)
typedef std::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, secure_allocator<char> > SecureString;
#endif