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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2017 The Starwels developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include <txdb.h>
#include <chainparams.h>
#include <hash.h>
#include <random.h>
#include <pow.h>
#include <uint256.h>
#include <util.h>
#include <ui_interface.h>
#include <init.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
static const char DB_COIN = 'C';
static const char DB_COINS = 'c';
static const char DB_BLOCK_FILES = 'f';
static const char DB_TXINDEX = 't';
static const char DB_BLOCK_INDEX = 'b';
static const char DB_BEST_BLOCK = 'B';
static const char DB_HEAD_BLOCKS = 'H';
static const char DB_FLAG = 'F';
static const char DB_REINDEX_FLAG = 'R';
static const char DB_LAST_BLOCK = 'l';
namespace {
struct CoinEntry {
COutPoint* outpoint;
char key;
explicit CoinEntry(const COutPoint* ptr) : outpoint(const_cast<COutPoint*>(ptr)), key(DB_COIN) {}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream &s) const {
s << key;
s << outpoint->hash;
s << VARINT(outpoint->n);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream& s) {
s >> key;
s >> outpoint->hash;
s >> VARINT(outpoint->n);
}
};
}
CCoinsViewDB::CCoinsViewDB(size_t nCacheSize, bool fMemory, bool fWipe) : db(GetDataDir() / "chainstate", nCacheSize, fMemory, fWipe, true)
{
}
bool CCoinsViewDB::GetCoin(const COutPoint &outpoint, Coin &coin) const {
return db.Read(CoinEntry(&outpoint), coin);
}
bool CCoinsViewDB::HaveCoin(const COutPoint &outpoint) const {
return db.Exists(CoinEntry(&outpoint));
}
uint256 CCoinsViewDB::GetBestBlock() const {
uint256 hashBestChain;
if (!db.Read(DB_BEST_BLOCK, hashBestChain))
return uint256();
return hashBestChain;
}
std::vector<uint256> CCoinsViewDB::GetHeadBlocks() const {
std::vector<uint256> vhashHeadBlocks;
if (!db.Read(DB_HEAD_BLOCKS, vhashHeadBlocks)) {
return std::vector<uint256>();
}
return vhashHeadBlocks;
}
bool CCoinsViewDB::BatchWrite(CCoinsMap &mapCoins, const uint256 &hashBlock) {
CDBBatch batch(db);
size_t count = 0;
size_t changed = 0;
size_t batch_size = (size_t)gArgs.GetArg("-dbbatchsize", nDefaultDbBatchSize);
int crash_simulate = gArgs.GetArg("-dbcrashratio", 0);
assert(!hashBlock.IsNull());
uint256 old_tip = GetBestBlock();
if (old_tip.IsNull()) {
// We may be in the middle of replaying.
std::vector<uint256> old_heads = GetHeadBlocks();
if (old_heads.size() == 2) {
assert(old_heads[0] == hashBlock);
old_tip = old_heads[1];
}
}
// In the first batch, mark the database as being in the middle of a
// transition from old_tip to hashBlock.
// A vector is used for future extensibility, as we may want to support
// interrupting after partial writes from multiple independent reorgs.
batch.Erase(DB_BEST_BLOCK);
batch.Write(DB_HEAD_BLOCKS, std::vector<uint256>{hashBlock, old_tip});
for (CCoinsMap::iterator it = mapCoins.begin(); it != mapCoins.end();) {
if (it->second.flags & CCoinsCacheEntry::DIRTY) {
CoinEntry entry(&it->first);
if (it->second.coin.IsSpent())
batch.Erase(entry);
else
batch.Write(entry, it->second.coin);
changed++;
}
count++;
CCoinsMap::iterator itOld = it++;
mapCoins.erase(itOld);
if (batch.SizeEstimate() > batch_size) {
LogPrint(BCLog::COINDB, "Writing partial batch of %.2f MiB\n", batch.SizeEstimate() * (1.0 / 1048576.0));
db.WriteBatch(batch);
batch.Clear();
if (crash_simulate) {
static FastRandomContext rng;
if (rng.randrange(crash_simulate) == 0) {
LogPrintf("Simulating a crash. Goodbye.\n");
_Exit(0);
}
}
}
}
// In the last batch, mark the database as consistent with hashBlock again.
batch.Erase(DB_HEAD_BLOCKS);
batch.Write(DB_BEST_BLOCK, hashBlock);
LogPrint(BCLog::COINDB, "Writing final batch of %.2f MiB\n", batch.SizeEstimate() * (1.0 / 1048576.0));
bool ret = db.WriteBatch(batch);
LogPrint(BCLog::COINDB, "Committed %u changed transaction outputs (out of %u) to coin database...\n", (unsigned int)changed, (unsigned int)count);
return ret;
}
size_t CCoinsViewDB::EstimateSize() const
{
return db.EstimateSize(DB_COIN, (char)(DB_COIN+1));
}
CBlockTreeDB::CBlockTreeDB(size_t nCacheSize, bool fMemory, bool fWipe) : CDBWrapper(GetDataDir() / "blocks" / "index", nCacheSize, fMemory, fWipe) {
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::ReadBlockFileInfo(int nFile, CBlockFileInfo &info) {
return Read(std::make_pair(DB_BLOCK_FILES, nFile), info);
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::WriteReindexing(bool fReindexing) {
if (fReindexing)
return Write(DB_REINDEX_FLAG, '1');
else
return Erase(DB_REINDEX_FLAG);
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::ReadReindexing(bool &fReindexing) {
fReindexing = Exists(DB_REINDEX_FLAG);
return true;
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::ReadLastBlockFile(int &nFile) {
return Read(DB_LAST_BLOCK, nFile);
}
CCoinsViewCursor *CCoinsViewDB::Cursor() const
{
CCoinsViewDBCursor *i = new CCoinsViewDBCursor(const_cast<CDBWrapper&>(db).NewIterator(), GetBestBlock());
/* It seems that there are no "const iterators" for LevelDB. Since we
only need read operations on it, use a const-cast to get around
that restriction. */
i->pcursor->Seek(DB_COIN);
// Cache key of first record
if (i->pcursor->Valid()) {
CoinEntry entry(&i->keyTmp.second);
i->pcursor->GetKey(entry);
i->keyTmp.first = entry.key;
} else {
i->keyTmp.first = 0; // Make sure Valid() and GetKey() return false
}
return i;
}
bool CCoinsViewDBCursor::GetKey(COutPoint &key) const
{
// Return cached key
if (keyTmp.first == DB_COIN) {
key = keyTmp.second;
return true;
}
return false;
}
bool CCoinsViewDBCursor::GetValue(Coin &coin) const
{
return pcursor->GetValue(coin);
}
unsigned int CCoinsViewDBCursor::GetValueSize() const
{
return pcursor->GetValueSize();
}
bool CCoinsViewDBCursor::Valid() const
{
return keyTmp.first == DB_COIN;
}
void CCoinsViewDBCursor::Next()
{
pcursor->Next();
CoinEntry entry(&keyTmp.second);
if (!pcursor->Valid() || !pcursor->GetKey(entry)) {
keyTmp.first = 0; // Invalidate cached key after last record so that Valid() and GetKey() return false
} else {
keyTmp.first = entry.key;
}
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::WriteBatchSync(const std::vector<std::pair<int, const CBlockFileInfo*> >& fileInfo, int nLastFile, const std::vector<const CBlockIndex*>& blockinfo) {
CDBBatch batch(*this);
for (std::vector<std::pair<int, const CBlockFileInfo*> >::const_iterator it=fileInfo.begin(); it != fileInfo.end(); it++) {
batch.Write(std::make_pair(DB_BLOCK_FILES, it->first), *it->second);
}
batch.Write(DB_LAST_BLOCK, nLastFile);
for (std::vector<const CBlockIndex*>::const_iterator it=blockinfo.begin(); it != blockinfo.end(); it++) {
batch.Write(std::make_pair(DB_BLOCK_INDEX, (*it)->GetBlockHash()), CDiskBlockIndex(*it));
}
return WriteBatch(batch, true);
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::ReadTxIndex(const uint256 &txid, CDiskTxPos &pos) {
return Read(std::make_pair(DB_TXINDEX, txid), pos);
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::WriteTxIndex(const std::vector<std::pair<uint256, CDiskTxPos> >&vect) {
CDBBatch batch(*this);
for (std::vector<std::pair<uint256,CDiskTxPos> >::const_iterator it=vect.begin(); it!=vect.end(); it++)
batch.Write(std::make_pair(DB_TXINDEX, it->first), it->second);
return WriteBatch(batch);
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::WriteFlag(const std::string &name, bool fValue) {
return Write(std::make_pair(DB_FLAG, name), fValue ? '1' : '0');
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::ReadFlag(const std::string &name, bool &fValue) {
char ch;
if (!Read(std::make_pair(DB_FLAG, name), ch))
return false;
fValue = ch == '1';
return true;
}
bool CBlockTreeDB::LoadBlockIndexGuts(const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, std::function<CBlockIndex*(const uint256&)> insertBlockIndex)
{
std::unique_ptr<CDBIterator> pcursor(NewIterator());
pcursor->Seek(std::make_pair(DB_BLOCK_INDEX, uint256()));
// Load mapBlockIndex
while (pcursor->Valid()) {
boost::this_thread::interruption_point();
std::pair<char, uint256> key;
if (pcursor->GetKey(key) && key.first == DB_BLOCK_INDEX) {
CDiskBlockIndex diskindex;
if (pcursor->GetValue(diskindex)) {
// Construct block index object
CBlockIndex* pindexNew = insertBlockIndex(diskindex.GetBlockHash());
pindexNew->pprev = insertBlockIndex(diskindex.hashPrev);
pindexNew->nHeight = diskindex.nHeight;
pindexNew->nFile = diskindex.nFile;
pindexNew->nDataPos = diskindex.nDataPos;
pindexNew->nUndoPos = diskindex.nUndoPos;
pindexNew->nVersion = diskindex.nVersion;
pindexNew->hashMerkleRoot = diskindex.hashMerkleRoot;
pindexNew->nTime = diskindex.nTime;
pindexNew->nBits = diskindex.nBits;
pindexNew->nNonce = diskindex.nNonce;
pindexNew->nStatus = diskindex.nStatus;
pindexNew->nTx = diskindex.nTx;
if (!CheckProofOfWork(pindexNew->GetBlockHash(), pindexNew->nBits, consensusParams))
return error("%s: CheckProofOfWork failed: %s", __func__, pindexNew->ToString());
pcursor->Next();
} else {
return error("%s: failed to read value", __func__);
}
} else {
break;
}
}
return true;
}
namespace {
//! Legacy class to deserialize pre-pertxout database entries without reindex.
class CCoins
{
public:
//! whether transaction is a coinbase
bool fCoinBase;
//! unspent transaction outputs; spent outputs are .IsNull(); spent outputs at the end of the array are dropped
std::vector<CTxOut> vout;
//! at which height this transaction was included in the active block chain
int nHeight;
//! empty constructor
CCoins() : fCoinBase(false), vout(0), nHeight(0) { }
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream &s) {
unsigned int nCode = 0;
// version
int nVersionDummy;
::Unserialize(s, VARINT(nVersionDummy));
// header code
::Unserialize(s, VARINT(nCode));
fCoinBase = nCode & 1;
std::vector<bool> vAvail(2, false);
vAvail[0] = (nCode & 2) != 0;
vAvail[1] = (nCode & 4) != 0;
unsigned int nMaskCode = (nCode / 8) + ((nCode & 6) != 0 ? 0 : 1);
// spentness bitmask
while (nMaskCode > 0) {
unsigned char chAvail = 0;
::Unserialize(s, chAvail);
for (unsigned int p = 0; p < 8; p++) {
bool f = (chAvail & (1 << p)) != 0;
vAvail.push_back(f);
}
if (chAvail != 0)
nMaskCode--;
}
// txouts themself
vout.assign(vAvail.size(), CTxOut());
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vAvail.size(); i++) {
if (vAvail[i])
::Unserialize(s, REF(CTxOutCompressor(vout[i])));
}
// coinbase height
::Unserialize(s, VARINT(nHeight));
}
};
}
/** Upgrade the database from older formats.
*
* Currently implemented: from the per-tx utxo model (0.8..0.14.x) to per-txout.
*/
bool CCoinsViewDB::Upgrade() {
std::unique_ptr<CDBIterator> pcursor(db.NewIterator());
pcursor->Seek(std::make_pair(DB_COINS, uint256()));
if (!pcursor->Valid()) {
return true;
}
int64_t count = 0;
LogPrintf("Upgrading utxo-set database...\n");
LogPrintf("[0%%]...");
uiInterface.ShowProgress(_("Upgrading UTXO database"), 0, true);
size_t batch_size = 1 << 24;
CDBBatch batch(db);
int reportDone = 0;
std::pair<unsigned char, uint256> key;
std::pair<unsigned char, uint256> prev_key = {DB_COINS, uint256()};
while (pcursor->Valid()) {
boost::this_thread::interruption_point();
if (ShutdownRequested()) {
break;
}
if (pcursor->GetKey(key) && key.first == DB_COINS) {
if (count++ % 256 == 0) {
uint32_t high = 0x100 * *key.second.begin() + *(key.second.begin() + 1);
int percentageDone = (int)(high * 100.0 / 65536.0 + 0.5);
uiInterface.ShowProgress(_("Upgrading UTXO database"), percentageDone, true);
if (reportDone < percentageDone/10) {
// report max. every 10% step
LogPrintf("[%d%%]...", percentageDone);
reportDone = percentageDone/10;
}
}
CCoins old_coins;
if (!pcursor->GetValue(old_coins)) {
return error("%s: cannot parse CCoins record", __func__);
}
COutPoint outpoint(key.second, 0);
for (size_t i = 0; i < old_coins.vout.size(); ++i) {
if (!old_coins.vout[i].IsNull() && !old_coins.vout[i].scriptPubKey.IsUnspendable()) {
Coin newcoin(std::move(old_coins.vout[i]), old_coins.nHeight, old_coins.fCoinBase);
outpoint.n = i;
CoinEntry entry(&outpoint);
batch.Write(entry, newcoin);
}
}
batch.Erase(key);
if (batch.SizeEstimate() > batch_size) {
db.WriteBatch(batch);
batch.Clear();
db.CompactRange(prev_key, key);
prev_key = key;
}
pcursor->Next();
} else {
break;
}
}
db.WriteBatch(batch);
db.CompactRange({DB_COINS, uint256()}, key);
uiInterface.ShowProgress("", 100, false);
LogPrintf("[%s].\n", ShutdownRequested() ? "CANCELLED" : "DONE");
return !ShutdownRequested();
}