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// Copyright (c) 2015-2017 The Starwels developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include <httpserver.h>
#include <chainparamsbase.h>
#include <compat.h>
#include <util.h>
#include <utilstrencodings.h>
#include <netbase.h>
#include <rpc/protocol.h> // For HTTP status codes
#include <sync.h>
#include <ui_interface.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <future>
#include <event2/thread.h>
#include <event2/buffer.h>
#include <event2/bufferevent.h>
#include <event2/util.h>
#include <event2/keyvalq_struct.h>
#include <support/events.h>
#ifdef EVENT__HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#include <netinet/in.h>
#ifdef _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif
#endif
/** Maximum size of http request (request line + headers) */
static const size_t MAX_HEADERS_SIZE = 8192;
/** HTTP request work item */
class HTTPWorkItem final : public HTTPClosure
{
public:
HTTPWorkItem(std::unique_ptr<HTTPRequest> _req, const std::string &_path, const HTTPRequestHandler& _func):
req(std::move(_req)), path(_path), func(_func)
{
}
void operator()() override
{
func(req.get(), path);
}
std::unique_ptr<HTTPRequest> req;
private:
std::string path;
HTTPRequestHandler func;
};
/** Simple work queue for distributing work over multiple threads.
* Work items are simply callable objects.
*/
template <typename WorkItem>
class WorkQueue
{
private:
/** Mutex protects entire object */
std::mutex cs;
std::condition_variable cond;
std::deque<std::unique_ptr<WorkItem>> queue;
bool running;
size_t maxDepth;
public:
explicit WorkQueue(size_t _maxDepth) : running(true),
maxDepth(_maxDepth)
{
}
/** Precondition: worker threads have all stopped (they have been joined).
*/
~WorkQueue()
{
}
/** Enqueue a work item */
bool Enqueue(WorkItem* item)
{
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(cs);
if (queue.size() >= maxDepth) {
return false;
}
queue.emplace_back(std::unique_ptr<WorkItem>(item));
cond.notify_one();
return true;
}
/** Thread function */
void Run()
{
while (true) {
std::unique_ptr<WorkItem> i;
{
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(cs);
while (running && queue.empty())
cond.wait(lock);
if (!running)
break;
i = std::move(queue.front());
queue.pop_front();
}
(*i)();
}
}
/** Interrupt and exit loops */
void Interrupt()
{
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(cs);
running = false;
cond.notify_all();
}
};
struct HTTPPathHandler
{
HTTPPathHandler() {}
HTTPPathHandler(std::string _prefix, bool _exactMatch, HTTPRequestHandler _handler):
prefix(_prefix), exactMatch(_exactMatch), handler(_handler)
{
}
std::string prefix;
bool exactMatch;
HTTPRequestHandler handler;
};
/** HTTP module state */
//! libevent event loop
static struct event_base* eventBase = nullptr;
//! HTTP server
struct evhttp* eventHTTP = nullptr;
//! List of subnets to allow RPC connections from
static std::vector<CSubNet> rpc_allow_subnets;
//! Work queue for handling longer requests off the event loop thread
static WorkQueue<HTTPClosure>* workQueue = nullptr;
//! Handlers for (sub)paths
std::vector<HTTPPathHandler> pathHandlers;
//! Bound listening sockets
std::vector<evhttp_bound_socket *> boundSockets;
/** Check if a network address is allowed to access the HTTP server */
static bool ClientAllowed(const CNetAddr& netaddr)
{
if (!netaddr.IsValid())
return false;
for(const CSubNet& subnet : rpc_allow_subnets)
if (subnet.Match(netaddr))
return true;
return false;
}
/** Initialize ACL list for HTTP server */
static bool InitHTTPAllowList()
{
rpc_allow_subnets.clear();
CNetAddr localv4;
CNetAddr localv6;
LookupHost("127.0.0.1", localv4, false);
LookupHost("::1", localv6, false);
rpc_allow_subnets.push_back(CSubNet(localv4, 8)); // always allow IPv4 local subnet
rpc_allow_subnets.push_back(CSubNet(localv6)); // always allow IPv6 localhost
for (const std::string& strAllow : gArgs.GetArgs("-rpcallowip")) {
CSubNet subnet;
LookupSubNet(strAllow.c_str(), subnet);
if (!subnet.IsValid()) {
uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(
strprintf("Invalid -rpcallowip subnet specification: %s. Valid are a single IP (e.g. 1.2.3.4), a network/netmask (e.g. 1.2.3.4/255.255.255.0) or a network/CIDR (e.g. 1.2.3.4/24).", strAllow),
"", CClientUIInterface::MSG_ERROR);
return false;
}
rpc_allow_subnets.push_back(subnet);
}
std::string strAllowed;
for (const CSubNet& subnet : rpc_allow_subnets)
strAllowed += subnet.ToString() + " ";
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Allowing HTTP connections from: %s\n", strAllowed);
return true;
}
/** HTTP request method as string - use for logging only */
static std::string RequestMethodString(HTTPRequest::RequestMethod m)
{
switch (m) {
case HTTPRequest::GET:
return "GET";
break;
case HTTPRequest::POST:
return "POST";
break;
case HTTPRequest::HEAD:
return "HEAD";
break;
case HTTPRequest::PUT:
return "PUT";
break;
default:
return "unknown";
}
}
/** HTTP request callback */
static void http_request_cb(struct evhttp_request* req, void* arg)
{
// Disable reading to work around a libevent bug, fixed in 2.2.0.
if (event_get_version_number() >= 0x02010600 && event_get_version_number() < 0x02020001) {
evhttp_connection* conn = evhttp_request_get_connection(req);
if (conn) {
bufferevent* bev = evhttp_connection_get_bufferevent(conn);
if (bev) {
bufferevent_disable(bev, EV_READ);
}
}
}
std::unique_ptr<HTTPRequest> hreq(new HTTPRequest(req));
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Received a %s request for %s from %s\n",
RequestMethodString(hreq->GetRequestMethod()), hreq->GetURI(), hreq->GetPeer().ToString());
// Early address-based allow check
if (!ClientAllowed(hreq->GetPeer())) {
hreq->WriteReply(HTTP_FORBIDDEN);
return;
}
// Early reject unknown HTTP methods
if (hreq->GetRequestMethod() == HTTPRequest::UNKNOWN) {
hreq->WriteReply(HTTP_BADMETHOD);
return;
}
// Find registered handler for prefix
std::string strURI = hreq->GetURI();
std::string path;
std::vector<HTTPPathHandler>::const_iterator i = pathHandlers.begin();
std::vector<HTTPPathHandler>::const_iterator iend = pathHandlers.end();
for (; i != iend; ++i) {
bool match = false;
if (i->exactMatch)
match = (strURI == i->prefix);
else
match = (strURI.substr(0, i->prefix.size()) == i->prefix);
if (match) {
path = strURI.substr(i->prefix.size());
break;
}
}
// Dispatch to worker thread
if (i != iend) {
std::unique_ptr<HTTPWorkItem> item(new HTTPWorkItem(std::move(hreq), path, i->handler));
assert(workQueue);
if (workQueue->Enqueue(item.get()))
item.release(); /* if true, queue took ownership */
else {
LogPrintf("WARNING: request rejected because http work queue depth exceeded, it can be increased with the -rpcworkqueue= setting\n");
item->req->WriteReply(HTTP_INTERNAL, "Work queue depth exceeded");
}
} else {
hreq->WriteReply(HTTP_NOTFOUND);
}
}
/** Callback to reject HTTP requests after shutdown. */
static void http_reject_request_cb(struct evhttp_request* req, void*)
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Rejecting request while shutting down\n");
evhttp_send_error(req, HTTP_SERVUNAVAIL, nullptr);
}
/** Event dispatcher thread */
static bool ThreadHTTP(struct event_base* base, struct evhttp* http)
{
RenameThread("starwels-http");
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Entering http event loop\n");
event_base_dispatch(base);
// Event loop will be interrupted by InterruptHTTPServer()
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Exited http event loop\n");
return event_base_got_break(base) == 0;
}
/** Bind HTTP server to specified addresses */
static bool HTTPBindAddresses(struct evhttp* http)
{
int defaultPort = gArgs.GetArg("-rpcport", BaseParams().RPCPort());
std::vector<std::pair<std::string, uint16_t> > endpoints;
// Determine what addresses to bind to
if (!gArgs.IsArgSet("-rpcallowip")) { // Default to loopback if not allowing external IPs
endpoints.push_back(std::make_pair("::1", defaultPort));
endpoints.push_back(std::make_pair("127.0.0.1", defaultPort));
if (gArgs.IsArgSet("-rpcbind")) {
LogPrintf("WARNING: option -rpcbind was ignored because -rpcallowip was not specified, refusing to allow everyone to connect\n");
}
} else if (gArgs.IsArgSet("-rpcbind")) { // Specific bind address
for (const std::string& strRPCBind : gArgs.GetArgs("-rpcbind")) {
int port = defaultPort;
std::string host;
SplitHostPort(strRPCBind, port, host);
endpoints.push_back(std::make_pair(host, port));
}
} else { // No specific bind address specified, bind to any
endpoints.push_back(std::make_pair("::", defaultPort));
endpoints.push_back(std::make_pair("0.0.0.0", defaultPort));
}
// Bind addresses
for (std::vector<std::pair<std::string, uint16_t> >::iterator i = endpoints.begin(); i != endpoints.end(); ++i) {
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Binding RPC on address %s port %i\n", i->first, i->second);
evhttp_bound_socket *bind_handle = evhttp_bind_socket_with_handle(http, i->first.empty() ? nullptr : i->first.c_str(), i->second);
if (bind_handle) {
boundSockets.push_back(bind_handle);
} else {
LogPrintf("Binding RPC on address %s port %i failed.\n", i->first, i->second);
}
}
return !boundSockets.empty();
}
/** Simple wrapper to set thread name and run work queue */
static void HTTPWorkQueueRun(WorkQueue<HTTPClosure>* queue)
{
RenameThread("starwels-httpworker");
queue->Run();
}
/** libevent event log callback */
static void libevent_log_cb(int severity, const char *msg)
{
#ifndef EVENT_LOG_WARN
// EVENT_LOG_WARN was added in 2.0.19; but before then _EVENT_LOG_WARN existed.
# define EVENT_LOG_WARN _EVENT_LOG_WARN
#endif
if (severity >= EVENT_LOG_WARN) // Log warn messages and higher without debug category
LogPrintf("libevent: %s\n", msg);
else
LogPrint(BCLog::LIBEVENT, "libevent: %s\n", msg);
}
bool InitHTTPServer()
{
if (!InitHTTPAllowList())
return false;
if (gArgs.GetBoolArg("-rpcssl", false)) {
uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(
"SSL mode for RPC (-rpcssl) is no longer supported.",
"", CClientUIInterface::MSG_ERROR);
return false;
}
// Redirect libevent's logging to our own log
event_set_log_callback(&libevent_log_cb);
// Update libevent's log handling. Returns false if our version of
// libevent doesn't support debug logging, in which case we should
// clear the BCLog::LIBEVENT flag.
if (!UpdateHTTPServerLogging(logCategories & BCLog::LIBEVENT)) {
logCategories &= ~BCLog::LIBEVENT;
}
#ifdef WIN32
evthread_use_windows_threads();
#else
evthread_use_pthreads();
#endif
raii_event_base base_ctr = obtain_event_base();
/* Create a new evhttp object to handle requests. */
raii_evhttp http_ctr = obtain_evhttp(base_ctr.get());
struct evhttp* http = http_ctr.get();
if (!http) {
LogPrintf("couldn't create evhttp. Exiting.\n");
return false;
}
evhttp_set_timeout(http, gArgs.GetArg("-rpcservertimeout", DEFAULT_HTTP_SERVER_TIMEOUT));
evhttp_set_max_headers_size(http, MAX_HEADERS_SIZE);
evhttp_set_max_body_size(http, MAX_SIZE);
evhttp_set_gencb(http, http_request_cb, nullptr);
if (!HTTPBindAddresses(http)) {
LogPrintf("Unable to bind any endpoint for RPC server\n");
return false;
}
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Initialized HTTP server\n");
int workQueueDepth = std::max((long)gArgs.GetArg("-rpcworkqueue", DEFAULT_HTTP_WORKQUEUE), 1L);
LogPrintf("HTTP: creating work queue of depth %d\n", workQueueDepth);
workQueue = new WorkQueue<HTTPClosure>(workQueueDepth);
// transfer ownership to eventBase/HTTP via .release()
eventBase = base_ctr.release();
eventHTTP = http_ctr.release();
return true;
}
bool UpdateHTTPServerLogging(bool enable) {
#if LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x02010100
if (enable) {
event_enable_debug_logging(EVENT_DBG_ALL);
} else {
event_enable_debug_logging(EVENT_DBG_NONE);
}
return true;
#else
// Can't update libevent logging if version < 02010100
return false;
#endif
}
std::thread threadHTTP;
std::future<bool> threadResult;
static std::vector<std::thread> g_thread_http_workers;
bool StartHTTPServer()
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Starting HTTP server\n");
int rpcThreads = std::max((long)gArgs.GetArg("-rpcthreads", DEFAULT_HTTP_THREADS), 1L);
LogPrintf("HTTP: starting %d worker threads\n", rpcThreads);
std::packaged_task<bool(event_base*, evhttp*)> task(ThreadHTTP);
threadResult = task.get_future();
threadHTTP = std::thread(std::move(task), eventBase, eventHTTP);
for (int i = 0; i < rpcThreads; i++) {
g_thread_http_workers.emplace_back(HTTPWorkQueueRun, workQueue);
}
return true;
}
void InterruptHTTPServer()
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Interrupting HTTP server\n");
if (eventHTTP) {
// Unlisten sockets
for (evhttp_bound_socket *socket : boundSockets) {
evhttp_del_accept_socket(eventHTTP, socket);
}
// Reject requests on current connections
evhttp_set_gencb(eventHTTP, http_reject_request_cb, nullptr);
}
if (workQueue)
workQueue->Interrupt();
}
void StopHTTPServer()
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Stopping HTTP server\n");
if (workQueue) {
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Waiting for HTTP worker threads to exit\n");
for (auto& thread: g_thread_http_workers) {
thread.join();
}
g_thread_http_workers.clear();
delete workQueue;
workQueue = nullptr;
}
if (eventBase) {
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Waiting for HTTP event thread to exit\n");
// Exit the event loop as soon as there are no active events.
event_base_loopexit(eventBase, nullptr);
// Give event loop a few seconds to exit (to send back last RPC responses), then break it
// Before this was solved with event_base_loopexit, but that didn't work as expected in
// at least libevent 2.0.21 and always introduced a delay. In libevent
// master that appears to be solved, so in the future that solution
// could be used again (if desirable).
// (see discussion in https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/pull/6990)
if (threadResult.valid() && threadResult.wait_for(std::chrono::milliseconds(2000)) == std::future_status::timeout) {
LogPrintf("HTTP event loop did not exit within allotted time, sending loopbreak\n");
event_base_loopbreak(eventBase);
}
threadHTTP.join();
}
if (eventHTTP) {
evhttp_free(eventHTTP);
eventHTTP = nullptr;
}
if (eventBase) {
event_base_free(eventBase);
eventBase = nullptr;
}
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Stopped HTTP server\n");
}
struct event_base* EventBase()
{
return eventBase;
}
static void httpevent_callback_fn(evutil_socket_t, short, void* data)
{
// Static handler: simply call inner handler
HTTPEvent *self = ((HTTPEvent*)data);
self->handler();
if (self->deleteWhenTriggered)
delete self;
}
HTTPEvent::HTTPEvent(struct event_base* base, bool _deleteWhenTriggered, const std::function<void(void)>& _handler):
deleteWhenTriggered(_deleteWhenTriggered), handler(_handler)
{
ev = event_new(base, -1, 0, httpevent_callback_fn, this);
assert(ev);
}
HTTPEvent::~HTTPEvent()
{
event_free(ev);
}
void HTTPEvent::trigger(struct timeval* tv)
{
if (tv == nullptr)
event_active(ev, 0, 0); // immediately trigger event in main thread
else
evtimer_add(ev, tv); // trigger after timeval passed
}
HTTPRequest::HTTPRequest(struct evhttp_request* _req) : req(_req),
replySent(false)
{
}
HTTPRequest::~HTTPRequest()
{
if (!replySent) {
// Keep track of whether reply was sent to avoid request leaks
LogPrintf("%s: Unhandled request\n", __func__);
WriteReply(HTTP_INTERNAL, "Unhandled request");
}
// evhttpd cleans up the request, as long as a reply was sent.
}
std::pair<bool, std::string> HTTPRequest::GetHeader(const std::string& hdr)
{
const struct evkeyvalq* headers = evhttp_request_get_input_headers(req);
assert(headers);
const char* val = evhttp_find_header(headers, hdr.c_str());
if (val)
return std::make_pair(true, val);
else
return std::make_pair(false, "");
}
std::string HTTPRequest::ReadBody()
{
struct evbuffer* buf = evhttp_request_get_input_buffer(req);
if (!buf)
return "";
size_t size = evbuffer_get_length(buf);
/** Trivial implementation: if this is ever a performance bottleneck,
* internal copying can be avoided in multi-segment buffers by using
* evbuffer_peek and an awkward loop. Though in that case, it'd be even
* better to not copy into an intermediate string but use a stream
* abstraction to consume the evbuffer on the fly in the parsing algorithm.
*/
const char* data = (const char*)evbuffer_pullup(buf, size);
if (!data) // returns nullptr in case of empty buffer
return "";
std::string rv(data, size);
evbuffer_drain(buf, size);
return rv;
}
void HTTPRequest::WriteHeader(const std::string& hdr, const std::string& value)
{
struct evkeyvalq* headers = evhttp_request_get_output_headers(req);
assert(headers);
evhttp_add_header(headers, hdr.c_str(), value.c_str());
}
/** Closure sent to main thread to request a reply to be sent to
* a HTTP request.
* Replies must be sent in the main loop in the main http thread,
* this cannot be done from worker threads.
*/
void HTTPRequest::WriteReply(int nStatus, const std::string& strReply)
{
assert(!replySent && req);
// Send event to main http thread to send reply message
struct evbuffer* evb = evhttp_request_get_output_buffer(req);
assert(evb);
evbuffer_add(evb, strReply.data(), strReply.size());
auto req_copy = req;
HTTPEvent* ev = new HTTPEvent(eventBase, true, [req_copy, nStatus]{
evhttp_send_reply(req_copy, nStatus, nullptr, nullptr);
// Re-enable reading from the socket. This is the second part of the libevent
// workaround above.
if (event_get_version_number() >= 0x02010600 && event_get_version_number() < 0x02020001) {
evhttp_connection* conn = evhttp_request_get_connection(req_copy);
if (conn) {
bufferevent* bev = evhttp_connection_get_bufferevent(conn);
if (bev) {
bufferevent_enable(bev, EV_READ | EV_WRITE);
}
}
}
});
ev->trigger(nullptr);
replySent = true;
req = nullptr; // transferred back to main thread
}
CService HTTPRequest::GetPeer()
{
evhttp_connection* con = evhttp_request_get_connection(req);
CService peer;
if (con) {
// evhttp retains ownership over returned address string
const char* address = "";
uint16_t port = 0;
evhttp_connection_get_peer(con, (char**)&address, &port);
peer = LookupNumeric(address, port);
}
return peer;
}
std::string HTTPRequest::GetURI()
{
return evhttp_request_get_uri(req);
}
HTTPRequest::RequestMethod HTTPRequest::GetRequestMethod()
{
switch (evhttp_request_get_command(req)) {
case EVHTTP_REQ_GET:
return GET;
break;
case EVHTTP_REQ_POST:
return POST;
break;
case EVHTTP_REQ_HEAD:
return HEAD;
break;
case EVHTTP_REQ_PUT:
return PUT;
break;
default:
return UNKNOWN;
break;
}
}
void RegisterHTTPHandler(const std::string &prefix, bool exactMatch, const HTTPRequestHandler &handler)
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Registering HTTP handler for %s (exactmatch %d)\n", prefix, exactMatch);
pathHandlers.push_back(HTTPPathHandler(prefix, exactMatch, handler));
}
void UnregisterHTTPHandler(const std::string &prefix, bool exactMatch)
{
std::vector<HTTPPathHandler>::iterator i = pathHandlers.begin();
std::vector<HTTPPathHandler>::iterator iend = pathHandlers.end();
for (; i != iend; ++i)
if (i->prefix == prefix && i->exactMatch == exactMatch)
break;
if (i != iend)
{
LogPrint(BCLog::HTTP, "Unregistering HTTP handler for %s (exactmatch %d)\n", prefix, exactMatch);
pathHandlers.erase(i);
}
}
std::string urlDecode(const std::string &urlEncoded) {
std::string res;
if (!urlEncoded.empty()) {
char *decoded = evhttp_uridecode(urlEncoded.c_str(), false, nullptr);
if (decoded) {
res = std::string(decoded);
free(decoded);
}
}
return res;
}