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// Copyright (c) 2014-2017 The Starwels developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include <base58.h>
#include <bech32.h>
#include <hash.h>
#include <script/script.h>
#include <uint256.h>
#include <utilstrencodings.h>
#include <boost/variant/apply_visitor.hpp>
#include <boost/variant/static_visitor.hpp>
#include <algorithm>
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
/** All alphanumeric characters except for "0", "I", "O", and "l" */
static const char* pszBase58 = "123456789ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijkmnopqrstuvwxyz";
bool DecodeBase58(const char* psz, std::vector<unsigned char>& vch)
{
// Skip leading spaces.
while (*psz && isspace(*psz))
psz++;
// Skip and count leading '1's.
int zeroes = 0;
int length = 0;
while (*psz == '1') {
zeroes++;
psz++;
}
// Allocate enough space in big-endian base256 representation.
int size = strlen(psz) * 733 /1000 + 1; // log(58) / log(256), rounded up.
std::vector<unsigned char> b256(size);
// Process the characters.
while (*psz && !isspace(*psz)) {
// Decode base58 character
const char* ch = strchr(pszBase58, *psz);
if (ch == nullptr)
return false;
// Apply "b256 = b256 * 58 + ch".
int carry = ch - pszBase58;
int i = 0;
for (std::vector<unsigned char>::reverse_iterator it = b256.rbegin(); (carry != 0 || i < length) && (it != b256.rend()); ++it, ++i) {
carry += 58 * (*it);
*it = carry % 256;
carry /= 256;
}
assert(carry == 0);
length = i;
psz++;
}
// Skip trailing spaces.
while (isspace(*psz))
psz++;
if (*psz != 0)
return false;
// Skip leading zeroes in b256.
std::vector<unsigned char>::iterator it = b256.begin() + (size - length);
while (it != b256.end() && *it == 0)
it++;
// Copy result into output vector.
vch.reserve(zeroes + (b256.end() - it));
vch.assign(zeroes, 0x00);
while (it != b256.end())
vch.push_back(*(it++));
return true;
}
std::string EncodeBase58(const unsigned char* pbegin, const unsigned char* pend)
{
// Skip & count leading zeroes.
int zeroes = 0;
int length = 0;
while (pbegin != pend && *pbegin == 0) {
pbegin++;
zeroes++;
}
// Allocate enough space in big-endian base58 representation.
int size = (pend - pbegin) * 138 / 100 + 1; // log(256) / log(58), rounded up.
std::vector<unsigned char> b58(size);
// Process the bytes.
while (pbegin != pend) {
int carry = *pbegin;
int i = 0;
// Apply "b58 = b58 * 256 + ch".
for (std::vector<unsigned char>::reverse_iterator it = b58.rbegin(); (carry != 0 || i < length) && (it != b58.rend()); it++, i++) {
carry += 256 * (*it);
*it = carry % 58;
carry /= 58;
}
assert(carry == 0);
length = i;
pbegin++;
}
// Skip leading zeroes in base58 result.
std::vector<unsigned char>::iterator it = b58.begin() + (size - length);
while (it != b58.end() && *it == 0)
it++;
// Translate the result into a string.
std::string str;
str.reserve(zeroes + (b58.end() - it));
str.assign(zeroes, '1');
while (it != b58.end())
str += pszBase58[*(it++)];
return str;
}
std::string EncodeBase58(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vch)
{
return EncodeBase58(vch.data(), vch.data() + vch.size());
}
bool DecodeBase58(const std::string& str, std::vector<unsigned char>& vchRet)
{
return DecodeBase58(str.c_str(), vchRet);
}
std::string EncodeBase58Check(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vchIn)
{
// add 4-byte hash check to the end
std::vector<unsigned char> vch(vchIn);
uint256 hash = Hash(vch.begin(), vch.end());
vch.insert(vch.end(), (unsigned char*)&hash, (unsigned char*)&hash + 4);
return EncodeBase58(vch);
}
bool DecodeBase58Check(const char* psz, std::vector<unsigned char>& vchRet)
{
if (!DecodeBase58(psz, vchRet) ||
(vchRet.size() < 4)) {
vchRet.clear();
return false;
}
// re-calculate the checksum, ensure it matches the included 4-byte checksum
uint256 hash = Hash(vchRet.begin(), vchRet.end() - 4);
if (memcmp(&hash, &vchRet[vchRet.size() - 4], 4) != 0) {
vchRet.clear();
return false;
}
vchRet.resize(vchRet.size() - 4);
return true;
}
bool DecodeBase58Check(const std::string& str, std::vector<unsigned char>& vchRet)
{
return DecodeBase58Check(str.c_str(), vchRet);
}
CBase58Data::CBase58Data()
{
vchVersion.clear();
vchData.clear();
}
void CBase58Data::SetData(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vchVersionIn, const void* pdata, size_t nSize)
{
vchVersion = vchVersionIn;
vchData.resize(nSize);
if (!vchData.empty())
memcpy(vchData.data(), pdata, nSize);
}
void CBase58Data::SetData(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vchVersionIn, const unsigned char* pbegin, const unsigned char* pend)
{
SetData(vchVersionIn, (void*)pbegin, pend - pbegin);
}
bool CBase58Data::SetString(const char* psz, unsigned int nVersionBytes)
{
std::vector<unsigned char> vchTemp;
bool rc58 = DecodeBase58Check(psz, vchTemp);
if ((!rc58) || (vchTemp.size() < nVersionBytes)) {
vchData.clear();
vchVersion.clear();
return false;
}
vchVersion.assign(vchTemp.begin(), vchTemp.begin() + nVersionBytes);
vchData.resize(vchTemp.size() - nVersionBytes);
if (!vchData.empty())
memcpy(vchData.data(), vchTemp.data() + nVersionBytes, vchData.size());
memory_cleanse(vchTemp.data(), vchTemp.size());
return true;
}
bool CBase58Data::SetString(const std::string& str)
{
return SetString(str.c_str());
}
std::string CBase58Data::ToString() const
{
std::vector<unsigned char> vch = vchVersion;
vch.insert(vch.end(), vchData.begin(), vchData.end());
return EncodeBase58Check(vch);
}
int CBase58Data::CompareTo(const CBase58Data& b58) const
{
if (vchVersion < b58.vchVersion)
return -1;
if (vchVersion > b58.vchVersion)
return 1;
if (vchData < b58.vchData)
return -1;
if (vchData > b58.vchData)
return 1;
return 0;
}
namespace
{
class DestinationEncoder : public boost::static_visitor<std::string>
{
private:
const CChainParams& m_params;
public:
DestinationEncoder(const CChainParams& params) : m_params(params) {}
std::string operator()(const CKeyID& id) const
{
std::vector<unsigned char> data = m_params.Base58Prefix(CChainParams::PUBKEY_ADDRESS);
data.insert(data.end(), id.begin(), id.end());
return EncodeBase58Check(data);
}
std::string operator()(const CScriptID& id) const
{
std::vector<unsigned char> data = m_params.Base58Prefix(CChainParams::SCRIPT_ADDRESS);
data.insert(data.end(), id.begin(), id.end());
return EncodeBase58Check(data);
}
std::string operator()(const WitnessV0KeyHash& id) const
{
std::vector<unsigned char> data = {0};
ConvertBits<8, 5, true>(data, id.begin(), id.end());
return bech32::Encode(m_params.Bech32HRP(), data);
}
std::string operator()(const WitnessV0ScriptHash& id) const
{
std::vector<unsigned char> data = {0};
ConvertBits<8, 5, true>(data, id.begin(), id.end());
return bech32::Encode(m_params.Bech32HRP(), data);
}
std::string operator()(const WitnessUnknown& id) const
{
if (id.version < 1 || id.version > 16 || id.length < 2 || id.length > 40) {
return {};
}
std::vector<unsigned char> data = {(unsigned char)id.version};
ConvertBits<8, 5, true>(data, id.program, id.program + id.length);
return bech32::Encode(m_params.Bech32HRP(), data);
}
std::string operator()(const CNoDestination& no) const { return {}; }
};
CTxDestination DecodeDestination(const std::string& str, const CChainParams& params)
{
std::vector<unsigned char> data;
uint160 hash;
if (DecodeBase58Check(str, data)) {
// base58-encoded Starwels addresses.
// Public-key-hash-addresses have version 0 (or 111 ai).
// The data vector contains RIPEMD160(SHA256(pubkey)), where pubkey is the serialized public key.
const std::vector<unsigned char>& pubkey_prefix = params.Base58Prefix(CChainParams::PUBKEY_ADDRESS);
if (data.size() == hash.size() + pubkey_prefix.size() && std::equal(pubkey_prefix.begin(), pubkey_prefix.end(), data.begin())) {
std::copy(data.begin() + pubkey_prefix.size(), data.end(), hash.begin());
return CKeyID(hash);
}
// Script-hash-addresses have version 5 (or 196 ai).
// The data vector contains RIPEMD160(SHA256(cscript)), where cscript is the serialized redemption script.
const std::vector<unsigned char>& script_prefix = params.Base58Prefix(CChainParams::SCRIPT_ADDRESS);
if (data.size() == hash.size() + script_prefix.size() && std::equal(script_prefix.begin(), script_prefix.end(), data.begin())) {
std::copy(data.begin() + script_prefix.size(), data.end(), hash.begin());
return CScriptID(hash);
}
}
data.clear();
auto bech = bech32::Decode(str);
if (bech.second.size() > 0 && bech.first == params.Bech32HRP()) {
// Bech32 decoding
int version = bech.second[0]; // The first 5 bit symbol is the witness version (0-16)
// The rest of the symbols are converted witness program bytes.
if (ConvertBits<5, 8, false>(data, bech.second.begin() + 1, bech.second.end())) {
if (version == 0) {
{
WitnessV0KeyHash keyid;
if (data.size() == keyid.size()) {
std::copy(data.begin(), data.end(), keyid.begin());
return keyid;
}
}
{
WitnessV0ScriptHash scriptid;
if (data.size() == scriptid.size()) {
std::copy(data.begin(), data.end(), scriptid.begin());
return scriptid;
}
}
return CNoDestination();
}
if (version > 16 || data.size() < 2 || data.size() > 40) {
return CNoDestination();
}
WitnessUnknown unk;
unk.version = version;
std::copy(data.begin(), data.end(), unk.program);
unk.length = data.size();
return unk;
}
}
return CNoDestination();
}
} // namespace
void CStarwelsSecret::SetKey(const CKey& vchSecret)
{
assert(vchSecret.IsValid());
SetData(Params().Base58Prefix(CChainParams::SECRET_KEY), vchSecret.begin(), vchSecret.size());
if (vchSecret.IsCompressed())
vchData.push_back(1);
}
CKey CStarwelsSecret::GetKey()
{
CKey ret;
assert(vchData.size() >= 32);
ret.Set(vchData.begin(), vchData.begin() + 32, vchData.size() > 32 && vchData[32] == 1);
return ret;
}
bool CStarwelsSecret::IsValid() const
{
bool fExpectedFormat = vchData.size() == 32 || (vchData.size() == 33 && vchData[32] == 1);
bool fCorrectVersion = vchVersion == Params().Base58Prefix(CChainParams::SECRET_KEY);
return fExpectedFormat && fCorrectVersion;
}
bool CStarwelsSecret::SetString(const char* pszSecret)
{
return CBase58Data::SetString(pszSecret) && IsValid();
}
bool CStarwelsSecret::SetString(const std::string& strSecret)
{
return SetString(strSecret.c_str());
}
std::string EncodeDestination(const CTxDestination& dest)
{
return boost::apply_visitor(DestinationEncoder(Params()), dest);
}
CTxDestination DecodeDestination(const std::string& str)
{
return DecodeDestination(str, Params());
}
bool IsValidDestinationString(const std::string& str, const CChainParams& params)
{
return IsValidDestination(DecodeDestination(str, params));
}
bool IsValidDestinationString(const std::string& str)
{
return IsValidDestinationString(str, Params());
}