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Cache full script execution results in addition to signatures

This adds a new CuckooCache in validation, caching whether all of a
transaction's scripts were valid with a given set of script flags.

Unlike previous attempts at caching an entire transaction's
validity, which have nearly universally introduced consensus
failures, this only caches the validity of a transaction's
scriptSigs. As these are pure functions of the transaction and
data it commits to, this should be much safer.

This is somewhat duplicative with the sigcache, as entries in the
new cache will also have several entries in the sigcache. However,
the sigcache is kept both as ATMP relies on it and because it
prevents malleability-based DoS attacks on the new higher-level
cache. Instead, the -sigcachesize option is re-used - cutting the
sigcache size in half and using the newly freed memory for the
script execution cache.

Transactions which match the script execution cache never even have
entries in the script check thread's workqueue created.

Note that the cache is indexed only on the script execution flags
and the transaction's witness hash. While this is sufficient to
make the CScriptCheck() calls pure functions, this introduces
dependancies on the mempool calculating things such as the
PrecomputedTransactionData object, filling the CCoinsViewCache, etc
in the exact same way as ConnectBlock. I belive this is a reasonable
assumption, but should be noted carefully.

In a rather naive benchmark (reindex-chainstate up to block 284k
with cuckoocache always returning true for contains(),
-assumevalid=0 and a very large dbcache), this connected blocks
~1.7x faster.
pull/1/head
Matt Corallo 6 years ago
parent
commit
b5fea8d0cc
  1. 1
      src/init.cpp
  2. 2
      src/script/sigcache.cpp
  3. 1
      src/test/test_bitcoin.cpp
  4. 68
      src/validation.cpp
  5. 3
      src/validation.h

1
src/init.cpp

@ -1211,6 +1211,7 @@ bool AppInitMain(boost::thread_group& threadGroup, CScheduler& scheduler) @@ -1211,6 +1211,7 @@ bool AppInitMain(boost::thread_group& threadGroup, CScheduler& scheduler)
LogPrintf("Using at most %i automatic connections (%i file descriptors available)\n", nMaxConnections, nFD);
InitSignatureCache();
InitScriptExecutionCache();
LogPrintf("Using %u threads for script verification\n", nScriptCheckThreads);
if (nScriptCheckThreads) {

2
src/script/sigcache.cpp

@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ void InitSignatureCache() @@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ void InitSignatureCache()
{
// nMaxCacheSize is unsigned. If -maxsigcachesize is set to zero,
// setup_bytes creates the minimum possible cache (2 elements).
size_t nMaxCacheSize = std::min(std::max((int64_t)0, GetArg("-maxsigcachesize", DEFAULT_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE)), MAX_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE) * ((size_t) 1 << 20);
size_t nMaxCacheSize = std::min(std::max((int64_t)0, GetArg("-maxsigcachesize", DEFAULT_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE) / 2), MAX_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE) * ((size_t) 1 << 20);
size_t nElems = signatureCache.setup_bytes(nMaxCacheSize);
LogPrintf("Using %zu MiB out of %zu requested for signature cache, able to store %zu elements\n",
(nElems*sizeof(uint256)) >>20, nMaxCacheSize>>20, nElems);

1
src/test/test_bitcoin.cpp

@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ BasicTestingSetup::BasicTestingSetup(const std::string& chainName) @@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ BasicTestingSetup::BasicTestingSetup(const std::string& chainName)
SetupEnvironment();
SetupNetworking();
InitSignatureCache();
InitScriptExecutionCache();
fPrintToDebugLog = false; // don't want to write to debug.log file
fCheckBlockIndex = true;
SelectParams(chainName);

68
src/validation.cpp

@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include "consensus/merkle.h"
#include "consensus/tx_verify.h"
#include "consensus/validation.h"
#include "cuckoocache.h"
#include "fs.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "init.h"
@ -189,7 +190,7 @@ enum FlushStateMode { @@ -189,7 +190,7 @@ enum FlushStateMode {
static bool FlushStateToDisk(const CChainParams& chainParams, CValidationState &state, FlushStateMode mode, int nManualPruneHeight=0);
static void FindFilesToPruneManual(std::set<int>& setFilesToPrune, int nManualPruneHeight);
static void FindFilesToPrune(std::set<int>& setFilesToPrune, uint64_t nPruneAfterHeight);
static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, bool cacheStore, PrecomputedTransactionData& txdata, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks = NULL);
static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, bool cacheSigStore, bool cacheFullScriptStore, PrecomputedTransactionData& txdata, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks = nullptr);
static FILE* OpenUndoFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly = false);
bool CheckFinalTx(const CTransaction &tx, int flags)
@ -752,29 +753,36 @@ static bool AcceptToMemoryPoolWorker(const CChainParams& chainparams, CTxMemPool @@ -752,29 +753,36 @@ static bool AcceptToMemoryPoolWorker(const CChainParams& chainparams, CTxMemPool
// Check against previous transactions
// This is done last to help prevent CPU exhaustion denial-of-service attacks.
PrecomputedTransactionData txdata(tx);
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags, true, txdata)) {
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags, true, false, txdata)) {
// SCRIPT_VERIFY_CLEANSTACK requires SCRIPT_VERIFY_WITNESS, so we
// need to turn both off, and compare against just turning off CLEANSTACK
// to see if the failure is specifically due to witness validation.
CValidationState stateDummy; // Want reported failures to be from first CheckInputs
if (!tx.HasWitness() && CheckInputs(tx, stateDummy, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags & ~(SCRIPT_VERIFY_WITNESS | SCRIPT_VERIFY_CLEANSTACK), true, txdata) &&
!CheckInputs(tx, stateDummy, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags & ~SCRIPT_VERIFY_CLEANSTACK, true, txdata)) {
if (!tx.HasWitness() && CheckInputs(tx, stateDummy, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags & ~(SCRIPT_VERIFY_WITNESS | SCRIPT_VERIFY_CLEANSTACK), true, false, txdata) &&
!CheckInputs(tx, stateDummy, view, true, scriptVerifyFlags & ~SCRIPT_VERIFY_CLEANSTACK, true, false, txdata)) {
// Only the witness is missing, so the transaction itself may be fine.
state.SetCorruptionPossible();
}
return false; // state filled in by CheckInputs
}
// Check again against just the consensus-critical mandatory script
// verification flags, in case of bugs in the standard flags that cause
// Check again against the current block tip's script verification
// flags to cache our script execution flags. This is, of course,
// useless if the next block has different script flags from the
// previous one, but because the cache tracks script flags for us it
// will auto-invalidate and we'll just have a few blocks of extra
// misses on soft-fork activation.
//
// This is also useful in case of bugs in the standard flags that cause
// transactions to pass as valid when they're actually invalid. For
// instance the STRICTENC flag was incorrectly allowing certain
// CHECKSIG NOT scripts to pass, even though they were invalid.
//
// There is a similar check in CreateNewBlock() to prevent creating
// invalid blocks, however allowing such transactions into the mempool
// can be exploited as a DoS attack.
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, MANDATORY_SCRIPT_VERIFY_FLAGS, true, txdata))
// invalid blocks (using TestBlockValidity), however allowing such
// transactions into the mempool can be exploited as a DoS attack.
unsigned int currentBlockScriptVerifyFlags = GetBlockScriptFlags(chainActive.Tip(), Params().GetConsensus());
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, currentBlockScriptVerifyFlags, true, true, txdata))
{
return error("%s: BUG! PLEASE REPORT THIS! ConnectInputs failed against MANDATORY but not STANDARD flags %s, %s",
__func__, hash.ToString(), FormatStateMessage(state));
@ -1152,12 +1160,25 @@ int GetSpendHeight(const CCoinsViewCache& inputs) @@ -1152,12 +1160,25 @@ int GetSpendHeight(const CCoinsViewCache& inputs)
return pindexPrev->nHeight + 1;
}
static CuckooCache::cache<uint256, SignatureCacheHasher> scriptExecutionCache;
static uint256 scriptExecutionCacheNonce(GetRandHash());
void InitScriptExecutionCache() {
// nMaxCacheSize is unsigned. If -maxsigcachesize is set to zero,
// setup_bytes creates the minimum possible cache (2 elements).
size_t nMaxCacheSize = std::min(std::max((int64_t)0, GetArg("-maxsigcachesize", DEFAULT_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE) / 2), MAX_MAX_SIG_CACHE_SIZE) * ((size_t) 1 << 20);
size_t nElems = scriptExecutionCache.setup_bytes(nMaxCacheSize);
LogPrintf("Using %zu MiB out of %zu requested for script execution cache, able to store %zu elements\n",
(nElems*sizeof(uint256)) >>20, nMaxCacheSize>>20, nElems);
}
/**
* Check whether all inputs of this transaction are valid (no double spends, scripts & sigs, amounts)
* This does not modify the UTXO set. If pvChecks is not NULL, script checks are pushed onto it
* instead of being performed inline.
*/
static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, bool cacheStore, PrecomputedTransactionData& txdata, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks)
static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, bool cacheSigStore, bool cacheFullScriptStore, PrecomputedTransactionData& txdata, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks)
{
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
{
@ -1177,6 +1198,21 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C @@ -1177,6 +1198,21 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C
// Of course, if an assumed valid block is invalid due to false scriptSigs
// this optimization would allow an invalid chain to be accepted.
if (fScriptChecks) {
// First check if script executions have been cached with the same
// flags. Note that this assumes that the inputs provided are
// correct (ie that the transaction hash which is in tx's prevouts
// properly commits to the scriptPubKey in the inputs view of that
// transaction).
uint256 hashCacheEntry;
// We only use the first 19 bytes of nonce to avoid a second SHA
// round - giving us 19 + 32 + 4 = 55 bytes (+ 8 + 1 = 64)
static_assert(55 - sizeof(flags) - 32 >= 128/8, "Want at least 128 bits of nonce for script execution cache");
CSHA256().Write(scriptExecutionCacheNonce.begin(), 55 - sizeof(flags) - 32).Write(tx.GetWitnessHash().begin(), 32).Write((unsigned char*)&flags, sizeof(flags)).Finalize(hashCacheEntry.begin());
AssertLockHeld(cs_main); //TODO: Remove this requirement by making CuckooCache not require external locks
if (scriptExecutionCache.contains(hashCacheEntry, !cacheFullScriptStore)) {
return true;
}
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++) {
const COutPoint &prevout = tx.vin[i].prevout;
const Coin& coin = inputs.AccessCoin(prevout);
@ -1191,7 +1227,7 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C @@ -1191,7 +1227,7 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C
const CAmount amount = coin.out.nValue;
// Verify signature
CScriptCheck check(scriptPubKey, amount, tx, i, flags, cacheStore, &txdata);
CScriptCheck check(scriptPubKey, amount, tx, i, flags, cacheSigStore, &txdata);
if (pvChecks) {
pvChecks->push_back(CScriptCheck());
check.swap(pvChecks->back());
@ -1204,7 +1240,7 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C @@ -1204,7 +1240,7 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C
// avoid splitting the network between upgraded and
// non-upgraded nodes.
CScriptCheck check2(scriptPubKey, amount, tx, i,
flags & ~STANDARD_NOT_MANDATORY_VERIFY_FLAGS, cacheStore, &txdata);
flags & ~STANDARD_NOT_MANDATORY_VERIFY_FLAGS, cacheSigStore, &txdata);
if (check2())
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, strprintf("non-mandatory-script-verify-flag (%s)", ScriptErrorString(check.GetScriptError())));
}
@ -1218,6 +1254,12 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C @@ -1218,6 +1254,12 @@ static bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const C
return state.DoS(100,false, REJECT_INVALID, strprintf("mandatory-script-verify-flag-failed (%s)", ScriptErrorString(check.GetScriptError())));
}
}
if (cacheFullScriptStore && !pvChecks) {
// We executed all of the provided scripts, and were told to
// cache the result. Do so now.
scriptExecutionCache.insert(hashCacheEntry);
}
}
}
@ -1684,7 +1726,7 @@ static bool ConnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockInd @@ -1684,7 +1726,7 @@ static bool ConnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockInd
std::vector<CScriptCheck> vChecks;
bool fCacheResults = fJustCheck; /* Don't cache results if we're actually connecting blocks (still consult the cache, though) */
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, fScriptChecks, flags, fCacheResults, txdata[i], nScriptCheckThreads ? &vChecks : NULL))
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, fScriptChecks, flags, fCacheResults, fCacheResults, txdata[i], nScriptCheckThreads ? &vChecks : NULL))
return error("ConnectBlock(): CheckInputs on %s failed with %s",
tx.GetHash().ToString(), FormatStateMessage(state));
control.Add(vChecks);

3
src/validation.h

@ -394,6 +394,9 @@ public: @@ -394,6 +394,9 @@ public:
ScriptError GetScriptError() const { return error; }
};
/** Initializes the script-execution cache */
void InitScriptExecutionCache();
/** Functions for disk access for blocks */
bool ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock& block, const CDiskBlockPos& pos, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);

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