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Avoid opening copied wallet databases simultaneously

Make sure wallet databases have unique fileids. If they don't, throw an error.
BDB caches do not work properly when more than one open database has the same
fileid, because values written to one database may show up in reads to other
databases.

Bitcoin will never create different databases with the same fileid, but users
can create them by manually copying database files.

BDB caching bug was reported by Chris Moore <dooglus@gmail.com>
https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/issues/11429

Fixes #11429

Github-Pull: #11476
Rebased-From: 478a89c1ef
tags/v0.15.1
Russell Yanofsky 3 years ago
parent
commit
9c8006dc33
2 changed files with 41 additions and 0 deletions
  1. 35
    0
      src/wallet/db.cpp
  2. 6
    0
      test/functional/multiwallet.py

+ 35
- 0
src/wallet/db.cpp View File

@@ -20,6 +20,40 @@

#include <boost/thread.hpp>

namespace {
//! Make sure database has a unique fileid within the environment. If it
//! doesn't, throw an error. BDB caches do not work properly when more than one
//! open database has the same fileid (values written to one database may show
//! up in reads to other databases).
//!
//! BerkeleyDB generates unique fileids by default
//! (https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E17275_01/html/programmer_reference/program_copy.html),
//! so bitcoin should never create different databases with the same fileid, but
//! this error can be triggered if users manually copy database files.
void CheckUniqueFileid(const CDBEnv& env, const std::string& filename, Db& db)
{
if (env.IsMock()) return;

u_int8_t fileid[DB_FILE_ID_LEN];
int ret = db.get_mpf()->get_fileid(fileid);
if (ret != 0) {
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf("CDB: Can't open database %s (get_fileid failed with %d)", filename, ret));
}

for (const auto& item : env.mapDb) {
u_int8_t item_fileid[DB_FILE_ID_LEN];
if (item.second && item.second->get_mpf()->get_fileid(item_fileid) == 0 &&
memcmp(fileid, item_fileid, sizeof(fileid)) == 0) {
const char* item_filename = nullptr;
item.second->get_dbname(&item_filename, nullptr);
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf("CDB: Can't open database %s (duplicates fileid %s from %s)", filename,
HexStr(std::begin(item_fileid), std::end(item_fileid)),
item_filename ? item_filename : "(unknown database)"));
}
}
}
} // namespace

//
// CDB
//
@@ -403,6 +437,7 @@ CDB::CDB(CWalletDBWrapper& dbw, const char* pszMode, bool fFlushOnCloseIn) : pdb
if (ret != 0) {
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf("CDB: Error %d, can't open database %s", ret, strFilename));
}
CheckUniqueFileid(*env, strFilename, *pdb_temp);

pdb = pdb_temp.release();
env->mapDb[strFilename] = pdb;

+ 6
- 0
test/functional/multiwallet.py View File

@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
Verify that a bitcoind node can load multiple wallet files
"""
import os
import shutil

from test_framework.test_framework import BitcoinTestFramework
from test_framework.util import assert_equal, assert_raises_rpc_error
@@ -29,6 +30,11 @@ class MultiWalletTest(BitcoinTestFramework):
os.mkdir(os.path.join(self.options.tmpdir, 'node0', 'regtest', 'w11'))
self.assert_start_raises_init_error(0, ['-wallet=w11'], 'Error loading wallet w11. -wallet filename must be a regular file.')

# should not initialize if one wallet is a copy of another
shutil.copyfile(os.path.join(self.options.tmpdir, 'node0', 'regtest', 'w2'),
os.path.join(self.options.tmpdir, 'node0', 'regtest', 'w22'))
self.assert_start_raises_init_error(0, ['-wallet=w2', '-wallet=w22'], 'duplicates fileid')

# should not initialize if wallet file is a symlink
os.symlink(os.path.join(self.options.tmpdir, 'node0', 'regtest', 'w1'), os.path.join(self.options.tmpdir, 'node0', 'regtest', 'w12'))
self.assert_start_raises_init_error(0, ['-wallet=w12'], 'Error loading wallet w12. -wallet filename must be a regular file.')

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