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Merge #7600: Mining: Select transactions using feerate-with-ancestors

29fac19 Add unit tests for ancestor feerate mining (Suhas Daftuar)
c82a4e9 Use ancestor-feerate based transaction selection for mining (Suhas Daftuar)
pull/1/head
Pieter Wuille 6 years ago
parent
commit
66db2d62d5
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GPG Key ID: DBA1A67379A1A931
  1. 206
      src/miner.cpp
  2. 118
      src/miner.h
  3. 109
      src/test/miner_tests.cpp

206
src/miner.cpp

@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include "utilmoneystr.h"
#include "validationinterface.h"
#include <algorithm>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <boost/tuple/tuple.hpp>
#include <queue>
@ -134,7 +135,7 @@ CBlockTemplate* BlockAssembler::CreateNewBlock(const CScript& scriptPubKeyIn) @@ -134,7 +135,7 @@ CBlockTemplate* BlockAssembler::CreateNewBlock(const CScript& scriptPubKeyIn)
: pblock->GetBlockTime();
addPriorityTxs();
addScoreTxs();
addPackageTxs();
nLastBlockTx = nBlockTx;
nLastBlockSize = nBlockSize;
@ -177,7 +178,38 @@ bool BlockAssembler::isStillDependent(CTxMemPool::txiter iter) @@ -177,7 +178,38 @@ bool BlockAssembler::isStillDependent(CTxMemPool::txiter iter)
return false;
}
void BlockAssembler::onlyUnconfirmed(CTxMemPool::setEntries& testSet)
{
for (CTxMemPool::setEntries::iterator iit = testSet.begin(); iit != testSet.end(); ) {
// Only test txs not already in the block
if (inBlock.count(*iit)) {
testSet.erase(iit++);
}
else {
iit++;
}
}
}
bool BlockAssembler::TestPackage(uint64_t packageSize, unsigned int packageSigOps)
{
if (nBlockSize + packageSize >= nBlockMaxSize)
return false;
if (nBlockSigOps + packageSigOps >= MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return false;
return true;
}
// Block size and sigops have already been tested. Check that all transactions
// are final.
bool BlockAssembler::TestPackageFinality(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& package)
{
BOOST_FOREACH (const CTxMemPool::txiter it, package) {
if (!IsFinalTx(it->GetTx(), nHeight, nLockTimeCutoff))
return false;
}
return true;
}
bool BlockAssembler::TestForBlock(CTxMemPool::txiter iter)
{
@ -297,6 +329,178 @@ void BlockAssembler::addScoreTxs() @@ -297,6 +329,178 @@ void BlockAssembler::addScoreTxs()
}
}
void BlockAssembler::UpdatePackagesForAdded(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& alreadyAdded,
indexed_modified_transaction_set &mapModifiedTx)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxMemPool::txiter it, alreadyAdded) {
CTxMemPool::setEntries descendants;
mempool.CalculateDescendants(it, descendants);
// Insert all descendants (not yet in block) into the modified set
BOOST_FOREACH(CTxMemPool::txiter desc, descendants) {
if (alreadyAdded.count(desc))
continue;
modtxiter mit = mapModifiedTx.find(desc);
if (mit == mapModifiedTx.end()) {
CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry modEntry(desc);
modEntry.nSizeWithAncestors -= it->GetTxSize();
modEntry.nModFeesWithAncestors -= it->GetModifiedFee();
modEntry.nSigOpCountWithAncestors -= it->GetSigOpCount();
mapModifiedTx.insert(modEntry);
} else {
mapModifiedTx.modify(mit, update_for_parent_inclusion(it));
}
}
}
}
// Skip entries in mapTx that are already in a block or are present
// in mapModifiedTx (which implies that the mapTx ancestor state is
// stale due to ancestor inclusion in the block)
// Also skip transactions that we've already failed to add. This can happen if
// we consider a transaction in mapModifiedTx and it fails: we can then
// potentially consider it again while walking mapTx. It's currently
// guaranteed to fail again, but as a belt-and-suspenders check we put it in
// failedTx and avoid re-evaluation, since the re-evaluation would be using
// cached size/sigops/fee values that are not actually correct.
bool BlockAssembler::SkipMapTxEntry(CTxMemPool::txiter it, indexed_modified_transaction_set &mapModifiedTx, CTxMemPool::setEntries &failedTx)
{
assert (it != mempool.mapTx.end());
if (mapModifiedTx.count(it) || inBlock.count(it) || failedTx.count(it))
return true;
return false;
}
void BlockAssembler::SortForBlock(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& package, CTxMemPool::txiter entry, std::vector<CTxMemPool::txiter>& sortedEntries)
{
// Sort package by ancestor count
// If a transaction A depends on transaction B, then A's ancestor count
// must be greater than B's. So this is sufficient to validly order the
// transactions for block inclusion.
sortedEntries.clear();
sortedEntries.insert(sortedEntries.begin(), package.begin(), package.end());
std::sort(sortedEntries.begin(), sortedEntries.end(), CompareTxIterByAncestorCount());
}
// This transaction selection algorithm orders the mempool based
// on feerate of a transaction including all unconfirmed ancestors.
// Since we don't remove transactions from the mempool as we select them
// for block inclusion, we need an alternate method of updating the feerate
// of a transaction with its not-yet-selected ancestors as we go.
// This is accomplished by walking the in-mempool descendants of selected
// transactions and storing a temporary modified state in mapModifiedTxs.
// Each time through the loop, we compare the best transaction in
// mapModifiedTxs with the next transaction in the mempool to decide what
// transaction package to work on next.
void BlockAssembler::addPackageTxs()
{
// mapModifiedTx will store sorted packages after they are modified
// because some of their txs are already in the block
indexed_modified_transaction_set mapModifiedTx;
// Keep track of entries that failed inclusion, to avoid duplicate work
CTxMemPool::setEntries failedTx;
// Start by adding all descendants of previously added txs to mapModifiedTx
// and modifying them for their already included ancestors
UpdatePackagesForAdded(inBlock, mapModifiedTx);
CTxMemPool::indexed_transaction_set::index<ancestor_score>::type::iterator mi = mempool.mapTx.get<ancestor_score>().begin();
CTxMemPool::txiter iter;
while (mi != mempool.mapTx.get<ancestor_score>().end() || !mapModifiedTx.empty())
{
// First try to find a new transaction in mapTx to evaluate.
if (mi != mempool.mapTx.get<ancestor_score>().end() &&
SkipMapTxEntry(mempool.mapTx.project<0>(mi), mapModifiedTx, failedTx)) {
++mi;
continue;
}
// Now that mi is not stale, determine which transaction to evaluate:
// the next entry from mapTx, or the best from mapModifiedTx?
bool fUsingModified = false;
modtxscoreiter modit = mapModifiedTx.get<ancestor_score>().begin();
if (mi == mempool.mapTx.get<ancestor_score>().end()) {
// We're out of entries in mapTx; use the entry from mapModifiedTx
iter = modit->iter;
fUsingModified = true;
} else {
// Try to compare the mapTx entry to the mapModifiedTx entry
iter = mempool.mapTx.project<0>(mi);
if (modit != mapModifiedTx.get<ancestor_score>().end() &&
CompareModifiedEntry()(*modit, CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry(iter))) {
// The best entry in mapModifiedTx has higher score
// than the one from mapTx.
// Switch which transaction (package) to consider
iter = modit->iter;
fUsingModified = true;
} else {
// Either no entry in mapModifiedTx, or it's worse than mapTx.
// Increment mi for the next loop iteration.
++mi;
}
}
// We skip mapTx entries that are inBlock, and mapModifiedTx shouldn't
// contain anything that is inBlock.
assert(!inBlock.count(iter));
uint64_t packageSize = iter->GetSizeWithAncestors();
CAmount packageFees = iter->GetModFeesWithAncestors();
unsigned int packageSigOps = iter->GetSigOpCountWithAncestors();
if (fUsingModified) {
packageSize = modit->nSizeWithAncestors;
packageFees = modit->nModFeesWithAncestors;
packageSigOps = modit->nSigOpCountWithAncestors;
}
if (packageFees < ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(packageSize) && nBlockSize >= nBlockMinSize) {
// Everything else we might consider has a lower fee rate
return;
}
if (!TestPackage(packageSize, packageSigOps)) {
if (fUsingModified) {
// Since we always look at the best entry in mapModifiedTx,
// we must erase failed entries so that we can consider the
// next best entry on the next loop iteration
mapModifiedTx.get<ancestor_score>().erase(modit);
failedTx.insert(iter);
}
continue;
}
CTxMemPool::setEntries ancestors;
uint64_t nNoLimit = std::numeric_limits<uint64_t>::max();
std::string dummy;
mempool.CalculateMemPoolAncestors(*iter, ancestors, nNoLimit, nNoLimit, nNoLimit, nNoLimit, dummy, false);
onlyUnconfirmed(ancestors);
ancestors.insert(iter);
// Test if all tx's are Final
if (!TestPackageFinality(ancestors)) {
if (fUsingModified) {
mapModifiedTx.get<ancestor_score>().erase(modit);
failedTx.insert(iter);
}
continue;
}
// Package can be added. Sort the entries in a valid order.
vector<CTxMemPool::txiter> sortedEntries;
SortForBlock(ancestors, iter, sortedEntries);
for (size_t i=0; i<sortedEntries.size(); ++i) {
AddToBlock(sortedEntries[i]);
// Erase from the modified set, if present
mapModifiedTx.erase(sortedEntries[i]);
}
// Update transactions that depend on each of these
UpdatePackagesForAdded(ancestors, mapModifiedTx);
}
}
void BlockAssembler::addPriorityTxs()
{
// How much of the block should be dedicated to high-priority transactions,

118
src/miner.h

@ -11,6 +11,8 @@ @@ -11,6 +11,8 @@
#include <stdint.h>
#include <memory>
#include "boost/multi_index_container.hpp"
#include "boost/multi_index/ordered_index.hpp"
class CBlockIndex;
class CChainParams;
@ -29,6 +31,104 @@ struct CBlockTemplate @@ -29,6 +31,104 @@ struct CBlockTemplate
std::vector<int64_t> vTxSigOps;
};
// Container for tracking updates to ancestor feerate as we include (parent)
// transactions in a block
struct CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry {
CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry(CTxMemPool::txiter entry)
{
iter = entry;
nSizeWithAncestors = entry->GetSizeWithAncestors();
nModFeesWithAncestors = entry->GetModFeesWithAncestors();
nSigOpCountWithAncestors = entry->GetSigOpCountWithAncestors();
}
CTxMemPool::txiter iter;
uint64_t nSizeWithAncestors;
CAmount nModFeesWithAncestors;
unsigned int nSigOpCountWithAncestors;
};
/** Comparator for CTxMemPool::txiter objects.
* It simply compares the internal memory address of the CTxMemPoolEntry object
* pointed to. This means it has no meaning, and is only useful for using them
* as key in other indexes.
*/
struct CompareCTxMemPoolIter {
bool operator()(const CTxMemPool::txiter& a, const CTxMemPool::txiter& b) const
{
return &(*a) < &(*b);
}
};
struct modifiedentry_iter {
typedef CTxMemPool::txiter result_type;
result_type operator() (const CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry &entry) const
{
return entry.iter;
}
};
// This matches the calculation in CompareTxMemPoolEntryByAncestorFee,
// except operating on CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry.
// TODO: refactor to avoid duplication of this logic.
struct CompareModifiedEntry {
bool operator()(const CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry &a, const CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry &b)
{
double f1 = (double)a.nModFeesWithAncestors * b.nSizeWithAncestors;
double f2 = (double)b.nModFeesWithAncestors * a.nSizeWithAncestors;
if (f1 == f2) {
return CTxMemPool::CompareIteratorByHash()(a.iter, b.iter);
}
return f1 > f2;
}
};
// A comparator that sorts transactions based on number of ancestors.
// This is sufficient to sort an ancestor package in an order that is valid
// to appear in a block.
struct CompareTxIterByAncestorCount {
bool operator()(const CTxMemPool::txiter &a, const CTxMemPool::txiter &b)
{
if (a->GetCountWithAncestors() != b->GetCountWithAncestors())
return a->GetCountWithAncestors() < b->GetCountWithAncestors();
return CTxMemPool::CompareIteratorByHash()(a, b);
}
};
typedef boost::multi_index_container<
CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry,
boost::multi_index::indexed_by<
boost::multi_index::ordered_unique<
modifiedentry_iter,
CompareCTxMemPoolIter
>,
// sorted by modified ancestor fee rate
boost::multi_index::ordered_non_unique<
// Reuse same tag from CTxMemPool's similar index
boost::multi_index::tag<ancestor_score>,
boost::multi_index::identity<CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry>,
CompareModifiedEntry
>
>
> indexed_modified_transaction_set;
typedef indexed_modified_transaction_set::nth_index<0>::type::iterator modtxiter;
typedef indexed_modified_transaction_set::index<ancestor_score>::type::iterator modtxscoreiter;
struct update_for_parent_inclusion
{
update_for_parent_inclusion(CTxMemPool::txiter it) : iter(it) {}
void operator() (CTxMemPoolModifiedEntry &e)
{
e.nModFeesWithAncestors -= iter->GetFee();
e.nSizeWithAncestors -= iter->GetTxSize();
e.nSigOpCountWithAncestors -= iter->GetSigOpCount();
}
CTxMemPool::txiter iter;
};
/** Generate a new block, without valid proof-of-work */
class BlockAssembler
{
@ -74,12 +174,30 @@ private: @@ -74,12 +174,30 @@ private:
void addScoreTxs();
/** Add transactions based on tx "priority" */
void addPriorityTxs();
/** Add transactions based on feerate including unconfirmed ancestors */
void addPackageTxs();
// helper function for addScoreTxs and addPriorityTxs
/** Test if tx will still "fit" in the block */
bool TestForBlock(CTxMemPool::txiter iter);
/** Test if tx still has unconfirmed parents not yet in block */
bool isStillDependent(CTxMemPool::txiter iter);
// helper functions for addPackageTxs()
/** Remove confirmed (inBlock) entries from given set */
void onlyUnconfirmed(CTxMemPool::setEntries& testSet);
/** Test if a new package would "fit" in the block */
bool TestPackage(uint64_t packageSize, unsigned int packageSigOps);
/** Test if a set of transactions are all final */
bool TestPackageFinality(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& package);
/** Return true if given transaction from mapTx has already been evaluated,
* or if the transaction's cached data in mapTx is incorrect. */
bool SkipMapTxEntry(CTxMemPool::txiter it, indexed_modified_transaction_set &mapModifiedTx, CTxMemPool::setEntries &failedTx);
/** Sort the package in an order that is valid to appear in a block */
void SortForBlock(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& package, CTxMemPool::txiter entry, std::vector<CTxMemPool::txiter>& sortedEntries);
/** Add descendants of given transactions to mapModifiedTx with ancestor
* state updated assuming given transactions are inBlock. */
void UpdatePackagesForAdded(const CTxMemPool::setEntries& alreadyAdded, indexed_modified_transaction_set &mapModifiedTx);
};
/** Modify the extranonce in a block */

109
src/test/miner_tests.cpp

@ -71,6 +71,113 @@ bool TestSequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags) @@ -71,6 +71,113 @@ bool TestSequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags)
return CheckSequenceLocks(tx, flags);
}
// Test suite for ancestor feerate transaction selection.
// Implemented as an additional function, rather than a separate test case,
// to allow reusing the blockchain created in CreateNewBlock_validity.
// Note that this test assumes blockprioritysize is 0.
void TestPackageSelection(const CChainParams& chainparams, CScript scriptPubKey, std::vector<CTransaction *>& txFirst)
{
// Test the ancestor feerate transaction selection.
TestMemPoolEntryHelper entry;
// Test that a medium fee transaction will be selected after a higher fee
// rate package with a low fee rate parent.
CMutableTransaction tx;
tx.vin.resize(1);
tx.vin[0].scriptSig = CScript() << OP_1;
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = txFirst[0]->GetHash();
tx.vin[0].prevout.n = 0;
tx.vout.resize(1);
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 1000;
// This tx has a low fee: 1000 satoshis
uint256 hashParentTx = tx.GetHash(); // save this txid for later use
mempool.addUnchecked(hashParentTx, entry.Fee(1000).Time(GetTime()).SpendsCoinbase(true).FromTx(tx));
// This tx has a medium fee: 10000 satoshis
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = txFirst[1]->GetHash();
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 10000;
uint256 hashMediumFeeTx = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashMediumFeeTx, entry.Fee(10000).Time(GetTime()).SpendsCoinbase(true).FromTx(tx));
// This tx has a high fee, but depends on the first transaction
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = hashParentTx;
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 1000 - 50000; // 50k satoshi fee
uint256 hashHighFeeTx = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashHighFeeTx, entry.Fee(50000).Time(GetTime()).SpendsCoinbase(false).FromTx(tx));
CBlockTemplate *pblocktemplate = BlockAssembler(chainparams).CreateNewBlock(scriptPubKey);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[1].GetHash() == hashParentTx);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[2].GetHash() == hashHighFeeTx);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[3].GetHash() == hashMediumFeeTx);
// Test that a package below the min relay fee doesn't get included
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = hashHighFeeTx;
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 1000 - 50000; // 0 fee
uint256 hashFreeTx = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashFreeTx, entry.Fee(0).FromTx(tx));
size_t freeTxSize = ::GetSerializeSize(tx, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// Calculate a fee on child transaction that will put the package just
// below the min relay fee (assuming 1 child tx of the same size).
CAmount feeToUse = minRelayTxFee.GetFee(2*freeTxSize) - 1;
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = hashFreeTx;
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 1000 - 50000 - feeToUse;
uint256 hashLowFeeTx = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashLowFeeTx, entry.Fee(feeToUse).FromTx(tx));
pblocktemplate = BlockAssembler(chainparams).CreateNewBlock(scriptPubKey);
// Verify that the free tx and the low fee tx didn't get selected
for (size_t i=0; i<pblocktemplate->block.vtx.size(); ++i) {
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[i].GetHash() != hashFreeTx);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[i].GetHash() != hashLowFeeTx);
}
// Test that packages above the min relay fee do get included, even if one
// of the transactions is below the min relay fee
// Remove the low fee transaction and replace with a higher fee transaction
std::list<CTransaction> dummy;
mempool.removeRecursive(tx, dummy);
tx.vout[0].nValue -= 2; // Now we should be just over the min relay fee
hashLowFeeTx = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashLowFeeTx, entry.Fee(feeToUse+2).FromTx(tx));
pblocktemplate = BlockAssembler(chainparams).CreateNewBlock(scriptPubKey);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[4].GetHash() == hashFreeTx);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[5].GetHash() == hashLowFeeTx);
// Test that transaction selection properly updates ancestor fee
// calculations as ancestor transactions get included in a block.
// Add a 0-fee transaction that has 2 outputs.
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = txFirst[2]->GetHash();
tx.vout.resize(2);
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 100000000;
tx.vout[1].nValue = 100000000; // 1BTC output
uint256 hashFreeTx2 = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashFreeTx2, entry.Fee(0).SpendsCoinbase(true).FromTx(tx));
// This tx can't be mined by itself
tx.vin[0].prevout.hash = hashFreeTx2;
tx.vout.resize(1);
feeToUse = minRelayTxFee.GetFee(freeTxSize);
tx.vout[0].nValue = 5000000000LL - 100000000 - feeToUse;
uint256 hashLowFeeTx2 = tx.GetHash();
mempool.addUnchecked(hashLowFeeTx2, entry.Fee(feeToUse).SpendsCoinbase(false).FromTx(tx));
pblocktemplate = BlockAssembler(chainparams).CreateNewBlock(scriptPubKey);
// Verify that this tx isn't selected.
for (size_t i=0; i<pblocktemplate->block.vtx.size(); ++i) {
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[i].GetHash() != hashFreeTx2);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[i].GetHash() != hashLowFeeTx2);
}
// This tx will be mineable, and should cause hashLowFeeTx2 to be selected
// as well.
tx.vin[0].prevout.n = 1;
tx.vout[0].nValue = 100000000 - 10000; // 10k satoshi fee
mempool.addUnchecked(tx.GetHash(), entry.Fee(10000).FromTx(tx));
pblocktemplate = BlockAssembler(chainparams).CreateNewBlock(scriptPubKey);
BOOST_CHECK(pblocktemplate->block.vtx[8].GetHash() == hashLowFeeTx2);
}
// NOTE: These tests rely on CreateNewBlock doing its own self-validation!
BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(CreateNewBlock_validity)
{
@ -385,6 +492,8 @@ BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(CreateNewBlock_validity) @@ -385,6 +492,8 @@ BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(CreateNewBlock_validity)
SetMockTime(0);
mempool.clear();
TestPackageSelection(chainparams, scriptPubKey, txFirst);
BOOST_FOREACH(CTransaction *_tx, txFirst)
delete _tx;

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