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Improve chainstate/blockindex disk writing policy

There are 3 pieces of data that are maintained on disk. The actual block
and undo data, the block index (which can refer to positions on disk),
and the chainstate (which refers to the best block hash).

Earlier, there was no guarantee that blocks were written to disk before
block index entries referring to them were written. This commit introduces
dirty flags for block index data, and delays writing entries until the actual
block data is flushed.

With this stricter ordering in writes, it is now safe to not always flush
after every block, so there is no need for the IsInitialBlockDownload()
check there - instead we just write whenever enough time has passed or
the cache size grows too large. Also updating the wallet's best known block
is delayed until this is done, otherwise the wallet may end up referring to an
unknown block.

In addition, only do a write inside the block processing loop if necessary
(because of cache size exceeded). Otherwise, move the writing to a point
after processing is done, after relaying.
tags/v0.15.1
Pieter Wuille 6 years ago
parent
commit
51ce901aa3
4 changed files with 68 additions and 55 deletions
  1. 3
    8
      src/init.cpp
  2. 60
    46
      src/main.cpp
  3. 4
    0
      src/main.h
  4. 1
    1
      src/rpcblockchain.cpp

+ 3
- 8
src/init.cpp View File

@@ -150,14 +150,9 @@ void Shutdown()

{
LOCK(cs_main);
#ifdef ENABLE_WALLET
if (pwalletMain)
pwalletMain->SetBestChain(chainActive.GetLocator());
#endif
if (pblocktree)
pblocktree->Flush();
if (pcoinsTip)
pcoinsTip->Flush();
if (pcoinsTip != NULL) {
FlushStateToDisk();
}
delete pcoinsTip;
pcoinsTip = NULL;
delete pcoinsdbview;

+ 60
- 46
src/main.cpp View File

@@ -130,6 +130,12 @@ namespace {

// Number of preferrable block download peers.
int nPreferredDownload = 0;

// Dirty block index entries.
set<CBlockIndex*> setDirtyBlockIndex;

// Dirty block file entries.
set<int> setDirtyFileInfo;
} // anon namespace

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
@@ -1137,11 +1143,6 @@ bool WriteBlockToDisk(CBlock& block, CDiskBlockPos& pos)
pos.nPos = (unsigned int)fileOutPos;
fileout << block;

// Flush stdio buffers and commit to disk before returning
fflush(fileout.Get());
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload())
FileCommit(fileout.Get());

return true;
}

@@ -1335,7 +1336,7 @@ void static InvalidBlockFound(CBlockIndex *pindex, const CValidationState &state
}
if (!state.CorruptionPossible()) {
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_VALID;
pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindex));
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindex);
InvalidChainFound(pindex);
}
@@ -1732,10 +1733,7 @@ bool ConnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex* pin
}

pindex->RaiseValidity(BLOCK_VALID_SCRIPTS);

CDiskBlockIndex blockindex(pindex);
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(blockindex))
return state.Abort("Failed to write block index");
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
}

if (fTxIndex)
@@ -1759,10 +1757,16 @@ bool ConnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex* pin
return true;
}

// Update the on-disk chain state.
bool static WriteChainState(CValidationState &state, bool forceWrite=false) {
/**
* Update the on-disk chain state.
* The caches and indexes are flushed if either they're too large, forceWrite is set, or
* fast is not set and it's been a while since the last write.
*/
bool static FlushStateToDisk(CValidationState &state, bool fast = false, bool forceWrite = false) {
LOCK(cs_main);
static int64_t nLastWrite = 0;
if (forceWrite || pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize() > nCoinCacheSize || (!IsInitialBlockDownload() && GetTimeMicros() > nLastWrite + 600*1000000)) {
if (forceWrite || pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize() > nCoinCacheSize ||
(!fast && GetTimeMicros() > nLastWrite + DATABASE_WRITE_INTERVAL * 1000000)) {
// Typical CCoins structures on disk are around 100 bytes in size.
// Pushing a new one to the database can cause it to be written
// twice (once in the log, and once in the tables). This is already
@@ -1770,15 +1774,44 @@ bool static WriteChainState(CValidationState &state, bool forceWrite=false) {
// overwrite one. Still, use a conservative safety factor of 2.
if (!CheckDiskSpace(100 * 2 * 2 * pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize()))
return state.Error("out of disk space");
// First make sure all block and undo data is flushed to disk.
FlushBlockFile();
// Then update all block file information (which may refer to block and undo files).
bool fileschanged = false;
for (set<int>::iterator it = setDirtyFileInfo.begin(); it != setDirtyFileInfo.end(); ) {
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(*it, vinfoBlockFile[*it])) {
return state.Abort("Failed to write to block index");
}
fileschanged = true;
setDirtyFileInfo.erase(it++);
}
if (fileschanged && !pblocktree->WriteLastBlockFile(nLastBlockFile)) {
return state.Abort("Failed to write to block index");
}
for (set<CBlockIndex*>::iterator it = setDirtyBlockIndex.begin(); it != setDirtyBlockIndex.end(); ) {
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(*it))) {
return state.Abort("Failed to write to block index");
}
setDirtyBlockIndex.erase(it++);
}
pblocktree->Sync();
// Finally flush the chainstate (which may refer to block index entries).
if (!pcoinsTip->Flush())
return state.Abort("Failed to write to coin database");
// Update best block in wallet (so we can detect restored wallets).
if (forceWrite || !fast) {
g_signals.SetBestChain(chainActive.GetLocator());
}
nLastWrite = GetTimeMicros();
}
return true;
}

void FlushStateToDisk() {
CValidationState state;
FlushStateToDisk(state, false, true);
}

// Update chainActive and related internal data structures.
void static UpdateTip(CBlockIndex *pindexNew) {
chainActive.SetTip(pindexNew);
@@ -1837,7 +1870,7 @@ bool static DisconnectTip(CValidationState &state) {
}
LogPrint("bench", "- Disconnect block: %.2fms\n", (GetTimeMicros() - nStart) * 0.001);
// Write the chain state to disk, if necessary.
if (!WriteChainState(state))
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state, true))
return false;
// Resurrect mempool transactions from the disconnected block.
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, block.vtx) {
@@ -1900,7 +1933,7 @@ bool static ConnectTip(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex *pindexNew, CBlock *
int64_t nTime4 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeFlush += nTime4 - nTime3;
LogPrint("bench", " - Flush: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime4 - nTime3) * 0.001, nTimeFlush * 0.000001);
// Write the chain state to disk, if necessary.
if (!WriteChainState(state))
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state, true))
return false;
int64_t nTime5 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeChainState += nTime5 - nTime4;
LogPrint("bench", " - Writing chainstate: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime5 - nTime4) * 0.001, nTimeChainState * 0.000001);
@@ -1919,10 +1952,6 @@ bool static ConnectTip(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex *pindexNew, CBlock *
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, pblock->vtx) {
SyncWithWallets(tx, pblock);
}
// Update best block in wallet (so we can detect restored wallets)
// Emit this signal after the SyncWithWallets signals as the wallet relies on that everything up to this point has been synced
if ((chainActive.Height() % 20160) == 0 || ((chainActive.Height() % 144) == 0 && !IsInitialBlockDownload()))
g_signals.SetBestChain(chainActive.GetLocator());

int64_t nTime6 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimePostConnect += nTime6 - nTime5; nTimeTotal += nTime6 - nTime1;
LogPrint("bench", " - Connect postprocess: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime6 - nTime5) * 0.001, nTimePostConnect * 0.000001);
@@ -2043,9 +2072,6 @@ static bool ActivateBestChainStep(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex *pindexMo
else
CheckForkWarningConditions();

if (!pblocktree->Flush())
return state.Abort("Failed to sync block index");

return true;
}

@@ -2086,11 +2112,16 @@ bool ActivateBestChain(CValidationState &state, CBlock *pblock) {
if (chainActive.Height() > (pnode->nStartingHeight != -1 ? pnode->nStartingHeight - 2000 : nBlockEstimate))
pnode->PushInventory(CInv(MSG_BLOCK, hashNewTip));
}
// Notify external listeners about the new tip.
uiInterface.NotifyBlockTip(hashNewTip);
}
} while(pindexMostWork != chainActive.Tip());

// Write changes periodically to disk, after relay.
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state)) {
return false;
}

return true;
}

@@ -2123,8 +2154,7 @@ CBlockIndex* AddToBlockIndex(const CBlockHeader& block)
if (pindexBestHeader == NULL || pindexBestHeader->nChainWork < pindexNew->nChainWork)
pindexBestHeader = pindexNew;

// Ok if it fails, we'll download the header again next time.
pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindexNew));
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindexNew);

return pindexNew;
}
@@ -2143,6 +2173,7 @@ bool ReceivedBlockTransactions(const CBlock &block, CValidationState& state, CBl
LOCK(cs_nBlockSequenceId);
pindexNew->nSequenceId = nBlockSequenceId++;
}
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindexNew);

if (pindexNew->pprev == NULL || pindexNew->pprev->nChainTx) {
// If pindexNew is the genesis block or all parents are BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS.
@@ -2162,15 +2193,11 @@ bool ReceivedBlockTransactions(const CBlock &block, CValidationState& state, CBl
range.first++;
mapBlocksUnlinked.erase(it);
}
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindex)))
return state.Abort("Failed to write block index");
}
} else {
if (pindexNew->pprev && pindexNew->pprev->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_TREE)) {
mapBlocksUnlinked.insert(std::make_pair(pindexNew->pprev, pindexNew));
}
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockIndex(CDiskBlockIndex(pindexNew)))
return state.Abort("Failed to write block index");
}

return true;
@@ -2178,8 +2205,6 @@ bool ReceivedBlockTransactions(const CBlock &block, CValidationState& state, CBl

bool FindBlockPos(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize, unsigned int nHeight, uint64_t nTime, bool fKnown = false)
{
bool fUpdatedLast = false;

LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);

unsigned int nFile = fKnown ? pos.nFile : nLastBlockFile;
@@ -2195,7 +2220,6 @@ bool FindBlockPos(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAdd
if (vinfoBlockFile.size() <= nFile) {
vinfoBlockFile.resize(nFile + 1);
}
fUpdatedLast = true;
}
pos.nFile = nFile;
pos.nPos = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize;
@@ -2222,11 +2246,7 @@ bool FindBlockPos(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAdd
}
}

if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, vinfoBlockFile[nFile]))
return state.Abort("Failed to write file info");
if (fUpdatedLast)
pblocktree->WriteLastBlockFile(nLastBlockFile);

setDirtyFileInfo.insert(nFile);
return true;
}

@@ -2239,9 +2259,7 @@ bool FindUndoPos(CValidationState &state, int nFile, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigne
unsigned int nNewSize;
pos.nPos = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nUndoSize;
nNewSize = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nUndoSize += nAddSize;
if (!pblocktree->WriteBlockFileInfo(nLastBlockFile, vinfoBlockFile[nLastBlockFile])) {
return state.Abort("Failed to write block info");
}
setDirtyFileInfo.insert(nFile);

unsigned int nOldChunks = (pos.nPos + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
unsigned int nNewChunks = (nNewSize + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
@@ -2462,6 +2480,7 @@ bool AcceptBlock(CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex** ppindex,
if ((!CheckBlock(block, state)) || !ContextualCheckBlock(block, state, pindex->pprev)) {
if (state.IsInvalid() && !state.CorruptionPossible()) {
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_VALID;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
}
return false;
}
@@ -3070,7 +3089,7 @@ bool InitBlockIndex() {
if (!ActivateBestChain(state, &block))
return error("LoadBlockIndex() : genesis block cannot be activated");
// Force a chainstate write so that when we VerifyDB in a moment, it doesnt check stale data
return WriteChainState(state, true);
return FlushStateToDisk(state, false, true);
} catch(std::runtime_error &e) {
return error("LoadBlockIndex() : failed to initialize block database: %s", e.what());
}
@@ -4641,11 +4660,6 @@ bool CBlockUndo::WriteToDisk(CDiskBlockPos &pos, const uint256 &hashBlock)
hasher << *this;
fileout << hasher.GetHash();

// Flush stdio buffers and commit to disk before returning
fflush(fileout.Get());
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload())
FileCommit(fileout.Get());

return true;
}


+ 4
- 0
src/main.h View File

@@ -94,6 +94,8 @@ static const unsigned int MAX_HEADERS_RESULTS = 2000;
* degree of disordering of blocks on disk (which make reindexing and in the future perhaps pruning
* harder). We'll probably want to make this a per-peer adaptive value at some point. */
static const unsigned int BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_WINDOW = 1024;
/** Time to wait (in seconds) between writing blockchain state to disk. */
static const unsigned int DATABASE_WRITE_INTERVAL = 3600;

/** "reject" message codes **/
static const unsigned char REJECT_MALFORMED = 0x01;
@@ -201,6 +203,8 @@ bool AbortNode(const std::string &msg, const std::string &userMessage="");
bool GetNodeStateStats(NodeId nodeid, CNodeStateStats &stats);
/** Increase a node's misbehavior score. */
void Misbehaving(NodeId nodeid, int howmuch);
/** Flush all state, indexes and buffers to disk. */
void FlushStateToDisk();


/** (try to) add transaction to memory pool **/

+ 1
- 1
src/rpcblockchain.cpp View File

@@ -319,7 +319,7 @@ Value gettxoutsetinfo(const Array& params, bool fHelp)
Object ret;

CCoinsStats stats;
pcoinsTip->Flush();
FlushStateToDisk();
if (pcoinsTip->GetStats(stats)) {
ret.push_back(Pair("height", (int64_t)stats.nHeight));
ret.push_back(Pair("bestblock", stats.hashBlock.GetHex()));

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