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Alert if it is very likely we are getting a bad chain

Create a monitoring task that counts how many blocks have been found in the last four hours.

If very few or too many have been found, an alert is triggered.

"Very few" and "too many" are set based on a false positive rate of once every fifty years of constant running with constant hashing power, which works out to getting 5 or fewer or 48 or more blocks in four hours (instead of the average of 24).

Only one alert per day is triggered, so if you get disconnected from the network (or are being Sybil'ed) -alertnotify will be triggered after 3.5 hours but you won't get another -alertnotify for 24 hours.

Tested with a new unit test and by running on the main network with -debug=partitioncheck

Run test/test_bitcoin --log_level=message to see the alert messages:
    WARNING: check your network connection, 3 blocks received in the last 4 hours (24 expected)
    WARNING: abnormally high number of blocks generated, 60 blocks received in the last 4 hours (24 expected)

The -debug=partitioncheck debug.log messages look like:
    ThreadPartitionCheck : Found 22 blocks in the last 4 hours
    ThreadPartitionCheck : likelihood: 0.0777702
tags/v0.15.1
Gavin Andresen 6 years ago
parent
commit
36cba8f118
No account linked to committer's email address
4 changed files with 133 additions and 0 deletions
  1. 8
    0
      src/init.cpp
  2. 59
    0
      src/main.cpp
  3. 2
    0
      src/main.h
  4. 64
    0
      src/test/alert_tests.cpp

+ 8
- 0
src/init.cpp View File

@@ -39,7 +39,9 @@

#include <boost/algorithm/string/predicate.hpp>
#include <boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp>
#include <boost/bind.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/function.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/sync/file_lock.hpp>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
@@ -1380,6 +1382,12 @@ bool AppInit2(boost::thread_group& threadGroup, CScheduler& scheduler)

StartNode(threadGroup, scheduler);

// Monitor the chain, and alert if we get blocks much quicker or slower than expected
int64_t nPowTargetSpacing = Params().GetConsensus().nPowTargetSpacing;
CScheduler::Function f = boost::bind(&PartitionCheck, &IsInitialBlockDownload,
boost::ref(cs_main), boost::cref(chainActive), nPowTargetSpacing);
scheduler.scheduleEvery(f, nPowTargetSpacing);

#ifdef ENABLE_WALLET
// Generate coins in the background
if (pwalletMain)

+ 59
- 0
src/main.cpp View File

@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>
#include <boost/math/distributions/poisson.hpp>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>

using namespace std;
@@ -1688,6 +1689,64 @@ void ThreadScriptCheck() {
scriptcheckqueue.Thread();
}

//
// Called periodically asynchronously; alerts if it smells like
// we're being fed a bad chain (blocks being generated much
// too slowly or too quickly).
//
void PartitionCheck(bool (*initialDownloadCheck)(), CCriticalSection& cs, const CChain& chain, int64_t nPowTargetSpacing)
{
if (initialDownloadCheck()) return;

static int64_t lastAlertTime = 0;
int64_t now = GetAdjustedTime();
if (lastAlertTime > now-60*60*24) return; // Alert at most once per day

const int SPAN_HOURS=4;
const int SPAN_SECONDS=SPAN_HOURS*60*60;
int BLOCKS_EXPECTED = SPAN_SECONDS / nPowTargetSpacing;

boost::math::poisson_distribution<double> poisson(BLOCKS_EXPECTED);

std::string strWarning;
int64_t startTime = GetAdjustedTime()-SPAN_SECONDS;

LOCK(cs);
int h = chain.Height();
while (h > 0 && chain[h]->GetBlockTime() >= startTime)
--h;
int nBlocks = chain.Height()-h;

// How likely is it to find that many by chance?
double p = boost::math::pdf(poisson, nBlocks);

LogPrint("partitioncheck", "%s : Found %d blocks in the last %d hours\n", __func__, nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS);
LogPrint("partitioncheck", "%s : likelihood: %g\n", __func__, p);

// Aim for one false-positive about every fifty years of normal running:
const int FIFTY_YEARS = 50*365*24*60*60;
double alertThreshold = 1.0 / (FIFTY_YEARS / SPAN_SECONDS);

if (p <= alertThreshold && nBlocks < BLOCKS_EXPECTED)
{
// Many fewer blocks than expected: alert!
strWarning = strprintf(_("WARNING: check your network connection, %d blocks received in the last %d hours (%d expected)"),
nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS, BLOCKS_EXPECTED);
}
else if (p <= alertThreshold && nBlocks > BLOCKS_EXPECTED)
{
// Many more blocks than expected: alert!
strWarning = strprintf(_("WARNING: abnormally high number of blocks generated, %d blocks received in the last %d hours (%d expected)"),
nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS, BLOCKS_EXPECTED);
}
if (!strWarning.empty())
{
strMiscWarning = strWarning;
CAlert::Notify(strWarning, true);
lastAlertTime = now;
}
}

static int64_t nTimeVerify = 0;
static int64_t nTimeConnect = 0;
static int64_t nTimeIndex = 0;

+ 2
- 0
src/main.h View File

@@ -192,6 +192,8 @@ bool ProcessMessages(CNode* pfrom);
bool SendMessages(CNode* pto, bool fSendTrickle);
/** Run an instance of the script checking thread */
void ThreadScriptCheck();
/** Try to detect Partition (network isolation) attacks against us */
void PartitionCheck(bool (*initialDownloadCheck)(), CCriticalSection& cs, const CChain& chain, int64_t nPowTargetSpacing);
/** Check whether we are doing an initial block download (synchronizing from disk or network) */
bool IsInitialBlockDownload();
/** Format a string that describes several potential problems detected by the core */

+ 64
- 0
src/test/alert_tests.cpp View File

@@ -7,10 +7,13 @@
//

#include "alert.h"
#include "chain.h"
#include "chainparams.h"
#include "clientversion.h"
#include "data/alertTests.raw.h"

#include "chainparams.h"
#include "main.h"
#include "serialize.h"
#include "streams.h"
#include "util.h"
@@ -193,4 +196,65 @@ BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(AlertNotify)
SetMockTime(0);
}

static bool falseFunc() { return false; }

BOOST_AUTO_TEST_CASE(PartitionAlert)
{
// Test PartitionCheck
CCriticalSection csDummy;
CChain chainDummy;
CBlockIndex indexDummy[100];
CChainParams& params = Params(CBaseChainParams::MAIN);
int64_t nPowTargetSpacing = params.GetConsensus().nPowTargetSpacing;

// Generate fake blockchain timestamps relative to
// an arbitrary time:
int64_t now = 1427379054;
SetMockTime(now);
for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
{
indexDummy[i].phashBlock = NULL;
if (i == 0) indexDummy[i].pprev = NULL;
else indexDummy[i].pprev = &indexDummy[i-1];
indexDummy[i].nHeight = i;
indexDummy[i].nTime = now - (100-i)*nPowTargetSpacing;
// Other members don't matter, the partition check code doesn't
// use them
}
chainDummy.SetTip(&indexDummy[99]);

// Test 1: chain with blocks every nPowTargetSpacing seconds,
// as normal, no worries:
PartitionCheck(falseFunc, csDummy, chainDummy, nPowTargetSpacing);
BOOST_CHECK(strMiscWarning.empty());

// Test 2: go 3.5 hours without a block, expect a warning:
now += 3*60*60+30*60;
SetMockTime(now);
PartitionCheck(falseFunc, csDummy, chainDummy, nPowTargetSpacing);
BOOST_CHECK(!strMiscWarning.empty());
BOOST_TEST_MESSAGE(std::string("Got alert text: ")+strMiscWarning);
strMiscWarning = "";

// Test 3: test the "partition alerts only go off once per day"
// code:
now += 60*10;
SetMockTime(now);
PartitionCheck(falseFunc, csDummy, chainDummy, nPowTargetSpacing);
BOOST_CHECK(strMiscWarning.empty());

// Test 4: get 2.5 times as many blocks as expected:
now += 60*60*24; // Pretend it is a day later
SetMockTime(now);
int64_t quickSpacing = nPowTargetSpacing*2/5;
for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) // Tweak chain timestamps:
indexDummy[i].nTime = now - (100-i)*quickSpacing;
PartitionCheck(falseFunc, csDummy, chainDummy, nPowTargetSpacing);
BOOST_CHECK(!strMiscWarning.empty());
BOOST_TEST_MESSAGE(std::string("Got alert text: ")+strMiscWarning);
strMiscWarning = "";

SetMockTime(0);
}

BOOST_AUTO_TEST_SUITE_END()

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