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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2014 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "utilstrencodings.h"
#include "tinyformat.h"
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits>
using namespace std;
// safeChars chosen to allow simple messages/URLs/email addresses, but avoid anything
// even possibly remotely dangerous like & or >
static string safeChars("abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ01234567890 .,;_/:?@");
string SanitizeString(const string& str)
{
string strResult;
for (std::string::size_type i = 0; i < str.size(); i++)
{
if (safeChars.find(str[i]) != std::string::npos)
strResult.push_back(str[i]);
}
return strResult;
}
const signed char p_util_hexdigit[256] =
{ -1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,0xa,0xb,0xc,0xd,0xe,0xf,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,0xa,0xb,0xc,0xd,0xe,0xf,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,
-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1, };
signed char HexDigit(char c)
{
return p_util_hexdigit[(unsigned char)c];
}
bool IsHex(const string& str)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(char c, str)
{
if (HexDigit(c) < 0)
return false;
}
return (str.size() > 0) && (str.size()%2 == 0);
}
vector<unsigned char> ParseHex(const char* psz)
{
// convert hex dump to vector
vector<unsigned char> vch;
while (true)
{
while (isspace(*psz))
psz++;
signed char c = HexDigit(*psz++);
if (c == (signed char)-1)
break;
unsigned char n = (c << 4);
c = HexDigit(*psz++);
if (c == (signed char)-1)
break;
n |= c;
vch.push_back(n);
}
return vch;
}
vector<unsigned char> ParseHex(const string& str)
{
return ParseHex(str.c_str());
}
string EncodeBase64(const unsigned char* pch, size_t len)
{
static const char *pbase64 = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";
string strRet="";
strRet.reserve((len+2)/3*4);
int mode=0, left=0;
const unsigned char *pchEnd = pch+len;
while (pch<pchEnd)
{
int enc = *(pch++);
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // we have no bits
strRet += pbase64[enc >> 2];
left = (enc & 3) << 4;
mode = 1;
break;
case 1: // we have two bits
strRet += pbase64[left | (enc >> 4)];
left = (enc & 15) << 2;
mode = 2;
break;
case 2: // we have four bits
strRet += pbase64[left | (enc >> 6)];
strRet += pbase64[enc & 63];
mode = 0;
break;
}
}
if (mode)
{
strRet += pbase64[left];
strRet += '=';
if (mode == 1)
strRet += '=';
}
return strRet;
}
string EncodeBase64(const string& str)
{
return EncodeBase64((const unsigned char*)str.c_str(), str.size());
}
vector<unsigned char> DecodeBase64(const char* p, bool* pfInvalid)
{
static const int decode64_table[256] =
{
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, 62, -1, -1, -1, 63, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 26, 27, 28,
29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48,
49, 50, 51, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
};
if (pfInvalid)
*pfInvalid = false;
vector<unsigned char> vchRet;
vchRet.reserve(strlen(p)*3/4);
int mode = 0;
int left = 0;
while (1)
{
int dec = decode64_table[(unsigned char)*p];
if (dec == -1) break;
p++;
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // we have no bits and get 6
left = dec;
mode = 1;
break;
case 1: // we have 6 bits and keep 4
vchRet.push_back((left<<2) | (dec>>4));
left = dec & 15;
mode = 2;
break;
case 2: // we have 4 bits and get 6, we keep 2
vchRet.push_back((left<<4) | (dec>>2));
left = dec & 3;
mode = 3;
break;
case 3: // we have 2 bits and get 6
vchRet.push_back((left<<6) | dec);
mode = 0;
break;
}
}
if (pfInvalid)
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // 4n base64 characters processed: ok
break;
case 1: // 4n+1 base64 character processed: impossible
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 2: // 4n+2 base64 characters processed: require '=='
if (left || p[0] != '=' || p[1] != '=' || decode64_table[(unsigned char)p[2]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 3: // 4n+3 base64 characters processed: require '='
if (left || p[0] != '=' || decode64_table[(unsigned char)p[1]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
}
return vchRet;
}
string DecodeBase64(const string& str)
{
vector<unsigned char> vchRet = DecodeBase64(str.c_str());
return string((const char*)&vchRet[0], vchRet.size());
}
string EncodeBase32(const unsigned char* pch, size_t len)
{
static const char *pbase32 = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz234567";
string strRet="";
strRet.reserve((len+4)/5*8);
int mode=0, left=0;
const unsigned char *pchEnd = pch+len;
while (pch<pchEnd)
{
int enc = *(pch++);
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // we have no bits
strRet += pbase32[enc >> 3];
left = (enc & 7) << 2;
mode = 1;
break;
case 1: // we have three bits
strRet += pbase32[left | (enc >> 6)];
strRet += pbase32[(enc >> 1) & 31];
left = (enc & 1) << 4;
mode = 2;
break;
case 2: // we have one bit
strRet += pbase32[left | (enc >> 4)];
left = (enc & 15) << 1;
mode = 3;
break;
case 3: // we have four bits
strRet += pbase32[left | (enc >> 7)];
strRet += pbase32[(enc >> 2) & 31];
left = (enc & 3) << 3;
mode = 4;
break;
case 4: // we have two bits
strRet += pbase32[left | (enc >> 5)];
strRet += pbase32[enc & 31];
mode = 0;
}
}
static const int nPadding[5] = {0, 6, 4, 3, 1};
if (mode)
{
strRet += pbase32[left];
for (int n=0; n<nPadding[mode]; n++)
strRet += '=';
}
return strRet;
}
string EncodeBase32(const string& str)
{
return EncodeBase32((const unsigned char*)str.c_str(), str.size());
}
vector<unsigned char> DecodeBase32(const char* p, bool* pfInvalid)
{
static const int decode32_table[256] =
{
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,
23, 24, 25, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
};
if (pfInvalid)
*pfInvalid = false;
vector<unsigned char> vchRet;
vchRet.reserve((strlen(p))*5/8);
int mode = 0;
int left = 0;
while (1)
{
int dec = decode32_table[(unsigned char)*p];
if (dec == -1) break;
p++;
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // we have no bits and get 5
left = dec;
mode = 1;
break;
case 1: // we have 5 bits and keep 2
vchRet.push_back((left<<3) | (dec>>2));
left = dec & 3;
mode = 2;
break;
case 2: // we have 2 bits and keep 7
left = left << 5 | dec;
mode = 3;
break;
case 3: // we have 7 bits and keep 4
vchRet.push_back((left<<1) | (dec>>4));
left = dec & 15;
mode = 4;
break;
case 4: // we have 4 bits, and keep 1
vchRet.push_back((left<<4) | (dec>>1));
left = dec & 1;
mode = 5;
break;
case 5: // we have 1 bit, and keep 6
left = left << 5 | dec;
mode = 6;
break;
case 6: // we have 6 bits, and keep 3
vchRet.push_back((left<<2) | (dec>>3));
left = dec & 7;
mode = 7;
break;
case 7: // we have 3 bits, and keep 0
vchRet.push_back((left<<5) | dec);
mode = 0;
break;
}
}
if (pfInvalid)
switch (mode)
{
case 0: // 8n base32 characters processed: ok
break;
case 1: // 8n+1 base32 characters processed: impossible
case 3: // +3
case 6: // +6
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 2: // 8n+2 base32 characters processed: require '======'
if (left || p[0] != '=' || p[1] != '=' || p[2] != '=' || p[3] != '=' || p[4] != '=' || p[5] != '=' || decode32_table[(unsigned char)p[6]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 4: // 8n+4 base32 characters processed: require '===='
if (left || p[0] != '=' || p[1] != '=' || p[2] != '=' || p[3] != '=' || decode32_table[(unsigned char)p[4]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 5: // 8n+5 base32 characters processed: require '==='
if (left || p[0] != '=' || p[1] != '=' || p[2] != '=' || decode32_table[(unsigned char)p[3]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
case 7: // 8n+7 base32 characters processed: require '='
if (left || p[0] != '=' || decode32_table[(unsigned char)p[1]] != -1)
*pfInvalid = true;
break;
}
return vchRet;
}
string DecodeBase32(const string& str)
{
vector<unsigned char> vchRet = DecodeBase32(str.c_str());
return string((const char*)&vchRet[0], vchRet.size());
}
bool ParseInt32(const std::string& str, int32_t *out)
{
char *endp = NULL;
errno = 0; // strtol will not set errno if valid
long int n = strtol(str.c_str(), &endp, 10);
if(out) *out = (int)n;
// Note that strtol returns a *long int*, so even if strtol doesn't report a over/underflow
// we still have to check that the returned value is within the range of an *int32_t*. On 64-bit
// platforms the size of these types may be different.
return endp && *endp == 0 && !errno &&
n >= std::numeric_limits<int32_t>::min() &&
n <= std::numeric_limits<int32_t>::max();
}
std::string FormatParagraph(const std::string in, size_t width, size_t indent)
{
std::stringstream out;
size_t col = 0;
size_t ptr = 0;
while(ptr < in.size())
{
// Find beginning of next word
ptr = in.find_first_not_of(' ', ptr);
if (ptr == std::string::npos)
break;
// Find end of next word
size_t endword = in.find_first_of(' ', ptr);
if (endword == std::string::npos)
endword = in.size();
// Add newline and indentation if this wraps over the allowed width
if (col > 0)
{
if ((col + endword - ptr) > width)
{
out << '\n';
for(size_t i=0; i<indent; ++i)
out << ' ';
col = 0;
} else
out << ' ';
}
// Append word
out << in.substr(ptr, endword - ptr);
col += endword - ptr;
ptr = endword;
}
return out.str();
}
std::string i64tostr(int64_t n)
{
return strprintf("%d", n);
}
std::string itostr(int n)
{
return strprintf("%d", n);
}
int64_t atoi64(const char* psz)
{
#ifdef _MSC_VER
return _atoi64(psz);
#else
return strtoll(psz, NULL, 10);
#endif
}
int64_t atoi64(const std::string& str)
{
#ifdef _MSC_VER
return _atoi64(str.c_str());
#else
return strtoll(str.c_str(), NULL, 10);
#endif
}
int atoi(const std::string& str)
{
return atoi(str.c_str());
}