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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2017 The Starwels developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or
#if defined(HAVE_CONFIG_H)
#include <config/starwels-config.h>
#include <amount.h>
#include <coins.h>
#include <fs.h>
#include <protocol.h> // For CMessageHeader::MessageStartChars
#include <policy/feerate.h>
#include <script/script_error.h>
#include <sync.h>
#include <versionbits.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <exception>
#include <map>
#include <set>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include <atomic>
class CBlockIndex;
class CBlockTreeDB;
class CChainParams;
class CCoinsViewDB;
class CInv;
class CConnman;
class CScriptCheck;
class CBlockPolicyEstimator;
class CTxMemPool;
class CValidationState;
struct ChainTxData;
struct PrecomputedTransactionData;
struct LockPoints;
/** Default for -whitelistrelay. */
static const bool DEFAULT_WHITELISTRELAY = true;
/** Default for -whitelistforcerelay. */
static const bool DEFAULT_WHITELISTFORCERELAY = true;
/** Default for -minrelaytxfee, minimum relay fee for transactions */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE = 1000;
//! -maxtxfee default
static const CAmount DEFAULT_TRANSACTION_MAXFEE = 0.1 * COIN;
//! Discourage users to set fees higher than this amount (in satoshis) per kB
static const CAmount HIGH_TX_FEE_PER_KB = 0.01 * COIN;
//! -maxtxfee will warn if called with a higher fee than this amount (in satoshis)
static const CAmount HIGH_MAX_TX_FEE = 100 * HIGH_TX_FEE_PER_KB;
/** Default for -limitancestorcount, max number of in-mempool ancestors */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_ANCESTOR_LIMIT = 25;
/** Default for -limitancestorsize, maximum kilobytes of tx + all in-mempool ancestors */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_ANCESTOR_SIZE_LIMIT = 101;
/** Default for -limitdescendantcount, max number of in-mempool descendants */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_DESCENDANT_LIMIT = 25;
/** Default for -limitdescendantsize, maximum kilobytes of in-mempool descendants */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_DESCENDANT_SIZE_LIMIT = 101;
/** Default for -mempoolexpiry, expiration time for mempool transactions in hours */
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_EXPIRY = 336;
/** Maximum kilobytes for transactions to store for processing during reorg */
static const unsigned int MAX_DISCONNECTED_TX_POOL_SIZE = 20000;
/** The maximum size of a blk?????.dat file (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCKFILE_SIZE = 0x8000000; // 128 MiB
/** The pre-allocation chunk size for blk?????.dat files (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE = 0x1000000; // 16 MiB
/** The pre-allocation chunk size for rev?????.dat files (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE = 0x100000; // 1 MiB
/** Maximum number of script-checking threads allowed */
static const int MAX_SCRIPTCHECK_THREADS = 16;
/** -par default (number of script-checking threads, 0 = auto) */
/** Number of blocks that can be requested at any given time from a single peer. */
static const int MAX_BLOCKS_IN_TRANSIT_PER_PEER = 16;
/** Timeout in seconds during which a peer must stall block download progress before being disconnected. */
static const unsigned int BLOCK_STALLING_TIMEOUT = 2;
/** Number of headers sent in one getheaders result. We rely on the assumption that if a peer sends
* less than this number, we reached its tip. Changing this value is a protocol upgrade. */
static const unsigned int MAX_HEADERS_RESULTS = 2000;
/** Maximum depth of blocks we're willing to serve as compact blocks to peers
* when requested. For older blocks, a regular BLOCK response will be sent. */
static const int MAX_CMPCTBLOCK_DEPTH = 5;
/** Maximum depth of blocks we're willing to respond to GETBLOCKTXN requests for. */
static const int MAX_BLOCKTXN_DEPTH = 10;
/** Size of the "block download window": how far ahead of our current height do we fetch?
* Larger windows tolerate larger download speed differences between peer, but increase the potential
* degree of disordering of blocks on disk (which make reindexing and pruning harder). We'll probably
* want to make this a per-peer adaptive value at some point. */
static const unsigned int BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_WINDOW = 1024;
/** Time to wait (in seconds) between writing blocks/block index to disk. */
static const unsigned int DATABASE_WRITE_INTERVAL = 60 * 60;
/** Time to wait (in seconds) between flushing chainstate to disk. */
static const unsigned int DATABASE_FLUSH_INTERVAL = 24 * 60 * 60;
/** Maximum length of reject messages. */
static const unsigned int MAX_REJECT_MESSAGE_LENGTH = 111;
/** Average delay between local address broadcasts in seconds. */
static const unsigned int AVG_LOCAL_ADDRESS_BROADCAST_INTERVAL = 24 * 60 * 60;
/** Average delay between peer address broadcasts in seconds. */
static const unsigned int AVG_ADDRESS_BROADCAST_INTERVAL = 30;
/** Average delay between trickled inventory transmissions in seconds.
* Blocks and whitelisted receivers bypass this, outbound peers get half this delay. */
static const unsigned int INVENTORY_BROADCAST_INTERVAL = 5;
/** Maximum number of inventory items to send per transmission.
* Limits the impact of low-fee transaction floods. */
/** Average delay between feefilter broadcasts in seconds. */
static const unsigned int AVG_FEEFILTER_BROADCAST_INTERVAL = 10 * 60;
/** Maximum feefilter broadcast delay after significant change. */
static const unsigned int MAX_FEEFILTER_CHANGE_DELAY = 5 * 60;
/** Block download timeout base, expressed in millionths of the block interval (i.e. 10 min) */
static const int64_t BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_TIMEOUT_BASE = 1000000;
/** Additional block download timeout per parallel downloading peer (i.e. 5 min) */
static const int64_t BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_TIMEOUT_PER_PEER = 500000;
static const int64_t DEFAULT_MAX_TIP_AGE = 24 * 60 * 60;
/** Maximum age of our tip in seconds for us to be considered current for fee estimation */
static const int64_t MAX_FEE_ESTIMATION_TIP_AGE = 3 * 60 * 60;
/** Default for -permitbaremultisig */
static const bool DEFAULT_PERMIT_BAREMULTISIG = true;
static const bool DEFAULT_CHECKPOINTS_ENABLED = true;
static const bool DEFAULT_TXINDEX = false;
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_BANSCORE_THRESHOLD = 100;
/** Default for -persistmempool */
static const bool DEFAULT_PERSIST_MEMPOOL = true;
/** Default for -mempoolreplacement */
static const bool DEFAULT_ENABLE_REPLACEMENT = true;
/** Default for using fee filter */
static const bool DEFAULT_FEEFILTER = true;
/** Maximum number of headers to announce when relaying blocks with headers message.*/
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCKS_TO_ANNOUNCE = 8;
/** Maximum number of unconnecting headers announcements before DoS score */
static const int MAX_UNCONNECTING_HEADERS = 10;
static const bool DEFAULT_PEERBLOOMFILTERS = true;
/** Default for -stopatheight */
static const int DEFAULT_STOPATHEIGHT = 0;
struct BlockHasher
size_t operator()(const uint256& hash) const { return hash.GetCheapHash(); }
extern CScript COINBASE_FLAGS;
extern CCriticalSection cs_main;
extern CBlockPolicyEstimator feeEstimator;
extern CTxMemPool mempool;
typedef std::unordered_map<uint256, CBlockIndex*, BlockHasher> BlockMap;
extern BlockMap& mapBlockIndex;
extern uint64_t nLastBlockTx;
extern uint64_t nLastBlockWeight;
extern const std::string strMessageMagic;
extern CWaitableCriticalSection csBestBlock;
extern CConditionVariable cvBlockChange;
extern std::atomic_bool fImporting;
extern std::atomic_bool fReindex;
extern int nScriptCheckThreads;
extern bool fTxIndex;
extern bool fIsBareMultisigStd;
extern bool fRequireStandard;
extern bool fCheckBlockIndex;
extern bool fCheckpointsEnabled;
extern size_t nCoinCacheUsage;
/** A fee rate smaller than this is considered zero fee (for relaying, mining and transaction creation) */
extern CFeeRate minRelayTxFee;
/** Absolute maximum transaction fee (in satoshis) used by wallet and mempool (rejects high fee in sendrawtransaction) */
extern CAmount maxTxFee;
/** If the tip is older than this (in seconds), the node is considered to be in initial block download. */
extern int64_t nMaxTipAge;
extern bool fEnableReplacement;
/** Block hash whose ancestors we will assume to have valid scripts without checking them. */
extern uint256 hashAssumeValid;
/** Minimum work we will assume exists on some valid chain. */
extern arith_uint256 nMinimumChainWork;
/** Best header we've seen so far (used for getheaders queries' starting points). */
extern CBlockIndex *pindexBestHeader;
/** Minimum disk space required - used in CheckDiskSpace() */
static const uint64_t nMinDiskSpace = 52428800;
/** Pruning-related variables and constants */
/** True if any block files have ever been pruned. */
extern bool fHavePruned;
/** True if we're running in -prune mode. */
extern bool fPruneMode;
/** Number of MiB of block files that we're trying to stay below. */
extern uint64_t nPruneTarget;
/** Block files containing a block-height within MIN_BLOCKS_TO_KEEP of chainActive.Tip() will not be pruned. */
static const unsigned int MIN_BLOCKS_TO_KEEP = 288;
/** Minimum blocks required to signal NODE_NETWORK_LIMITED */
static const unsigned int NODE_NETWORK_LIMITED_MIN_BLOCKS = 288;
static const signed int DEFAULT_CHECKBLOCKS = 6;
static const unsigned int DEFAULT_CHECKLEVEL = 3;
// Require that user allocate at least 550MB for block & undo files (blk???.dat and rev???.dat)
// At 1MB per block, 288 blocks = 288MB.
// Add 15% for Undo data = 331MB
// Add 20% for Orphan block rate = 397MB
// We want the low water mark after pruning to be at least 397 MB and since we prune in
// full block file chunks, we need the high water mark which triggers the prune to be
// one 128MB block file + added 15% undo data = 147MB greater for a total of 545MB
// Setting the target to > than 550MB will make it likely we can respect the target.
static const uint64_t MIN_DISK_SPACE_FOR_BLOCK_FILES = 550 * 1024 * 1024;
* Process an incoming block. This only returns after the best known valid
* block is made active. Note that it does not, however, guarantee that the
* specific block passed to it has been checked for validity!
* If you want to *possibly* get feedback on whether pblock is valid, you must
* install a CValidationInterface (see validationinterface.h) - this will have
* its BlockChecked method called whenever *any* block completes validation.
* Note that we guarantee that either the proof-of-work is valid on pblock, or
* (and possibly also) BlockChecked will have been called.
* Call without cs_main held.
* @param[in] pblock The block we want to process.
* @param[in] fForceProcessing Process this block even if unrequested; used for non-network block sources and whitelisted peers.
* @param[out] fNewBlock A boolean which is set to indicate if the block was first received via this call
* @return True if state.IsValid()
bool ProcessNewBlock(const CChainParams& chainparams, const std::shared_ptr<const CBlock> pblock, bool fForceProcessing, bool* fNewBlock);
* Process incoming block headers.
* Call without cs_main held.
* @param[in] block The block headers themselves
* @param[out] state This may be set to an Error state if any error occurred processing them
* @param[in] chainparams The params for the chain we want to connect to
* @param[out] ppindex If set, the pointer will be set to point to the last new block index object for the given headers
* @param[out] first_invalid First header that fails validation, if one exists
bool ProcessNewBlockHeaders(const std::vector<CBlockHeader>& block, CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, const CBlockIndex** ppindex=nullptr, CBlockHeader *first_invalid=nullptr);
/** Check whether enough disk space is available for an incoming block */
bool CheckDiskSpace(uint64_t nAdditionalBytes = 0);
/** Open a block file (blk?????.dat) */
FILE* OpenBlockFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly = false);
/** Translation to a filesystem path */
fs::path GetBlockPosFilename(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, const char *prefix);
/** Import blocks from an external file */
bool LoadExternalBlockFile(const CChainParams& chainparams, FILE* fileIn, CDiskBlockPos *dbp = nullptr);
/** Ensures we have a genesis block in the block tree, possibly writing one to disk. */
bool LoadGenesisBlock(const CChainParams& chainparams);
/** Load the block tree and coins database from disk,
* initializing state if we're running with -reindex. */
bool LoadBlockIndex(const CChainParams& chainparams);
/** Update the chain tip based on database information. */
bool LoadChainTip(const CChainParams& chainparams);
/** Unload database information */
void UnloadBlockIndex();
/** Run an instance of the script checking thread */
void ThreadScriptCheck();
/** Check whether we are doing an initial block download (synchronizing from disk or network) */
bool IsInitialBlockDownload();
/** Retrieve a transaction (from memory pool, or from disk, if possible) */
bool GetTransaction(const uint256& hash, CTransactionRef& tx, const Consensus::Params& params, uint256& hashBlock, bool fAllowSlow = false, CBlockIndex* blockIndex = nullptr);
/** Find the best known block, and make it the tip of the block chain */
bool ActivateBestChain(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, std::shared_ptr<const CBlock> pblock = std::shared_ptr<const CBlock>());
CAmount GetBlockSubsidy(int nHeight, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
/** Guess verification progress (as a fraction between 0.0=genesis and 1.0=current tip). */
double GuessVerificationProgress(const ChainTxData& data, const CBlockIndex* pindex);
/** Calculate the amount of disk space the block & undo files currently use */
uint64_t CalculateCurrentUsage();
* Mark one block file as pruned.
void PruneOneBlockFile(const int fileNumber);
* Actually unlink the specified files
void UnlinkPrunedFiles(const std::set<int>& setFilesToPrune);
/** Flush all state, indexes and buffers to disk. */
void FlushStateToDisk();
/** Prune block files and flush state to disk. */
void PruneAndFlush();
/** Prune block files up to a given height */
void PruneBlockFilesManual(int nManualPruneHeight);
/** (try to) add transaction to memory pool
* plTxnReplaced will be appended to with all transactions replaced from mempool **/
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(CTxMemPool& pool, CValidationState &state, const CTransactionRef &tx,
bool* pfMissingInputs, std::list<CTransactionRef>* plTxnReplaced,
bool bypass_limits, const CAmount nAbsurdFee);
/** Convert CValidationState to a human-readable message for logging */
std::string FormatStateMessage(const CValidationState &state);
/** Get the BIP9 state for a given deployment at the current tip. */
ThresholdState VersionBitsTipState(const Consensus::Params& params, Consensus::DeploymentPos pos);
/** Get the numerical statistics for the BIP9 state for a given deployment at the current tip. */
BIP9Stats VersionBitsTipStatistics(const Consensus::Params& params, Consensus::DeploymentPos pos);
/** Get the block height at which the BIP9 deployment switched into the state for the block building on the current tip. */
int VersionBitsTipStateSinceHeight(const Consensus::Params& params, Consensus::DeploymentPos pos);
/** Apply the effects of this transaction on the UTXO set represented by view */
void UpdateCoins(const CTransaction& tx, CCoinsViewCache& inputs, int nHeight);
/** Transaction validation functions */
* Check if transaction will be final in the next block to be created.
* Calls IsFinalTx() with current block height and appropriate block time.
* See consensus/consensus.h for flag definitions.
bool CheckFinalTx(const CTransaction &tx, int flags = -1);
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
11 years ago
* Test whether the LockPoints height and time are still valid on the current chain
bool TestLockPointValidity(const LockPoints* lp);
* Check if transaction will be BIP 68 final in the next block to be created.
* Simulates calling SequenceLocks() with data from the tip of the current active chain.
* Optionally stores in LockPoints the resulting height and time calculated and the hash
* of the block needed for calculation or skips the calculation and uses the LockPoints
* passed in for evaluation.
* The LockPoints should not be considered valid if CheckSequenceLocks returns false.
* See consensus/consensus.h for flag definitions.
bool CheckSequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags, LockPoints* lp = nullptr, bool useExistingLockPoints = false);
* Closure representing one script verification
* Note that this stores references to the spending transaction
class CScriptCheck
CTxOut m_tx_out;
const CTransaction *ptxTo;
unsigned int nIn;
unsigned int nFlags;
bool cacheStore;
ScriptError error;
PrecomputedTransactionData *txdata;
CScriptCheck(): ptxTo(nullptr), nIn(0), nFlags(0), cacheStore(false), error(SCRIPT_ERR_UNKNOWN_ERROR) {}
CScriptCheck(const CTxOut& outIn, const CTransaction& txToIn, unsigned int nInIn, unsigned int nFlagsIn, bool cacheIn, PrecomputedTransactionData* txdataIn) :
m_tx_out(outIn), ptxTo(&txToIn), nIn(nInIn), nFlags(nFlagsIn), cacheStore(cacheIn), error(SCRIPT_ERR_UNKNOWN_ERROR), txdata(txdataIn) { }
bool operator()();
void swap(CScriptCheck &check) {
std::swap(ptxTo, check.ptxTo);
std::swap(m_tx_out, check.m_tx_out);
std::swap(nIn, check.nIn);
std::swap(nFlags, check.nFlags);
std::swap(cacheStore, check.cacheStore);
std::swap(error, check.error);
std::swap(txdata, check.txdata);
ScriptError GetScriptError() const { return error; }
Cache full script execution results in addition to signatures This adds a new CuckooCache in validation, caching whether all of a transaction's scripts were valid with a given set of script flags. Unlike previous attempts at caching an entire transaction's validity, which have nearly universally introduced consensus failures, this only caches the validity of a transaction's scriptSigs. As these are pure functions of the transaction and data it commits to, this should be much safer. This is somewhat duplicative with the sigcache, as entries in the new cache will also have several entries in the sigcache. However, the sigcache is kept both as ATMP relies on it and because it prevents malleability-based DoS attacks on the new higher-level cache. Instead, the -sigcachesize option is re-used - cutting the sigcache size in half and using the newly freed memory for the script execution cache. Transactions which match the script execution cache never even have entries in the script check thread's workqueue created. Note that the cache is indexed only on the script execution flags and the transaction's witness hash. While this is sufficient to make the CScriptCheck() calls pure functions, this introduces dependancies on the mempool calculating things such as the PrecomputedTransactionData object, filling the CCoinsViewCache, etc in the exact same way as ConnectBlock. I belive this is a reasonable assumption, but should be noted carefully. In a rather naive benchmark (reindex-chainstate up to block 284k with cuckoocache always returning true for contains(), -assumevalid=0 and a very large dbcache), this connected blocks ~1.7x faster.
6 years ago
/** Initializes the script-execution cache */
void InitScriptExecutionCache();
/** Functions for disk access for blocks */
bool ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock& block, const CDiskBlockPos& pos, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
bool ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock& block, const CBlockIndex* pindex, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
/** Functions for validating blocks and updating the block tree */
/** Context-independent validity checks */
bool CheckBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, bool fCheckPOW = true, bool fCheckMerkleRoot = true);
/** Check a block is completely valid from start to finish (only works on top of our current best block, with cs_main held) */
bool TestBlockValidity(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, const CBlock& block, CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, bool fCheckPOW = true, bool fCheckMerkleRoot = true);
/** Check whether witness commitments are required for block. */
bool IsWitnessEnabled(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, const Consensus::Params& params);
/** When there are blocks in the active chain with missing data, rewind the chainstate and remove them from the block index */
bool RewindBlockIndex(const CChainParams& params);
/** Update uncommitted block structures (currently: only the witness nonce). This is safe for submitted blocks. */
void UpdateUncommittedBlockStructures(CBlock& block, const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
/** Produce the necessary coinbase commitment for a block (modifies the hash, don't call for mined blocks). */
std::vector<unsigned char> GenerateCoinbaseCommitment(CBlock& block, const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
/** RAII wrapper for VerifyDB: Verify consistency of the block and coin databases */
class CVerifyDB {
bool VerifyDB(const CChainParams& chainparams, CCoinsView *coinsview, int nCheckLevel, int nCheckDepth);
/** Replay blocks that aren't fully applied to the database. */
bool ReplayBlocks(const CChainParams& params, CCoinsView* view);
/** Find the last common block between the parameter chain and a locator. */
CBlockIndex* FindForkInGlobalIndex(const CChain& chain, const CBlockLocator& locator);
/** Mark a block as precious and reorganize. */
bool PreciousBlock(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& params, CBlockIndex *pindex);
/** Mark a block as invalid. */
bool InvalidateBlock(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, CBlockIndex *pindex);
/** Remove invalidity status from a block and its descendants. */
bool ResetBlockFailureFlags(CBlockIndex *pindex);
/** The currently-connected chain of blocks (protected by cs_main). */
extern CChain& chainActive;
/** Global variable that points to the coins database (protected by cs_main) */
extern std::unique_ptr<CCoinsViewDB> pcoinsdbview;
/** Global variable that points to the active CCoinsView (protected by cs_main) */
extern std::unique_ptr<CCoinsViewCache> pcoinsTip;
/** Global variable that points to the active block tree (protected by cs_main) */
extern std::unique_ptr<CBlockTreeDB> pblocktree;
* Return the spend height, which is one more than the inputs.GetBestBlock().
* While checking, GetBestBlock() refers to the parent block. (protected by cs_main)
* This is also true for mempool checks.
int GetSpendHeight(const CCoinsViewCache& inputs);
extern VersionBitsCache versionbitscache;
* Determine what nVersion a new block should use.
int32_t ComputeBlockVersion(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, const Consensus::Params& params);
/** Reject codes greater or equal to this can be returned by AcceptToMemPool
* for transactions, to signal internal conditions. They cannot and should not
* be sent over the P2P network.
static const unsigned int REJECT_INTERNAL = 0x100;
/** Too high fee. Can not be triggered by P2P transactions */
static const unsigned int REJECT_HIGHFEE = 0x100;
/** Get block file info entry for one block file */
CBlockFileInfo* GetBlockFileInfo(size_t n);
/** Dump the mempool to disk. */
bool DumpMempool();
/** Load the mempool from disk. */
bool LoadMempool();