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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2014 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "interpreter.h"
#include "core/transaction.h"
#include "crypto/ripemd160.h"
#include "crypto/sha1.h"
#include "crypto/sha2.h"
#include "key.h"
#include "script/script.h"
#include "uint256.h"
#include "util.h"
using namespace std;
typedef vector<unsigned char> valtype;
static const valtype vchFalse(0);
static const valtype vchZero(0);
static const valtype vchTrue(1, 1);
static const CScriptNum bnZero(0);
static const CScriptNum bnOne(1);
static const CScriptNum bnFalse(0);
static const CScriptNum bnTrue(1);
bool CastToBool(const valtype& vch)
{
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < vch.size(); i++)
{
if (vch[i] != 0)
{
// Can be negative zero
if (i == vch.size()-1 && vch[i] == 0x80)
return false;
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
//
// Script is a stack machine (like Forth) that evaluates a predicate
// returning a bool indicating valid or not. There are no loops.
//
#define stacktop(i) (stack.at(stack.size()+(i)))
#define altstacktop(i) (altstack.at(altstack.size()+(i)))
static inline void popstack(vector<valtype>& stack)
{
if (stack.empty())
throw runtime_error("popstack() : stack empty");
stack.pop_back();
}
bool static IsCompressedOrUncompressedPubKey(const valtype &vchPubKey) {
if (vchPubKey.size() < 33)
return error("Non-canonical public key: too short");
if (vchPubKey[0] == 0x04) {
if (vchPubKey.size() != 65)
return error("Non-canonical public key: invalid length for uncompressed key");
} else if (vchPubKey[0] == 0x02 || vchPubKey[0] == 0x03) {
if (vchPubKey.size() != 33)
return error("Non-canonical public key: invalid length for compressed key");
} else {
return error("Non-canonical public key: neither compressed nor uncompressed");
}
return true;
}
bool static IsDERSignature(const valtype &vchSig) {
// See https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=8392.msg127623#msg127623
// A canonical signature exists of: <30> <total len> <02> <len R> <R> <02> <len S> <S> <hashtype>
// Where R and S are not negative (their first byte has its highest bit not set), and not
// excessively padded (do not start with a 0 byte, unless an otherwise negative number follows,
// in which case a single 0 byte is necessary and even required).
if (vchSig.size() < 9)
return error("Non-canonical signature: too short");
if (vchSig.size() > 73)
return error("Non-canonical signature: too long");
if (vchSig[0] != 0x30)
return error("Non-canonical signature: wrong type");
if (vchSig[1] != vchSig.size()-3)
return error("Non-canonical signature: wrong length marker");
unsigned int nLenR = vchSig[3];
if (5 + nLenR >= vchSig.size())
return error("Non-canonical signature: S length misplaced");
unsigned int nLenS = vchSig[5+nLenR];
if ((unsigned long)(nLenR+nLenS+7) != vchSig.size())
return error("Non-canonical signature: R+S length mismatch");
const unsigned char *R = &vchSig[4];
if (R[-2] != 0x02)
return error("Non-canonical signature: R value type mismatch");
if (nLenR == 0)
return error("Non-canonical signature: R length is zero");
if (R[0] & 0x80)
return error("Non-canonical signature: R value negative");
if (nLenR > 1 && (R[0] == 0x00) && !(R[1] & 0x80))
return error("Non-canonical signature: R value excessively padded");
const unsigned char *S = &vchSig[6+nLenR];
if (S[-2] != 0x02)
return error("Non-canonical signature: S value type mismatch");
if (nLenS == 0)
return error("Non-canonical signature: S length is zero");
if (S[0] & 0x80)
return error("Non-canonical signature: S value negative");
if (nLenS > 1 && (S[0] == 0x00) && !(S[1] & 0x80))
return error("Non-canonical signature: S value excessively padded");
return true;
}
bool static IsLowDERSignature(const valtype &vchSig) {
if (!IsDERSignature(vchSig)) {
return false;
}
unsigned int nLenR = vchSig[3];
unsigned int nLenS = vchSig[5+nLenR];
const unsigned char *S = &vchSig[6+nLenR];
// If the S value is above the order of the curve divided by two, its
// complement modulo the order could have been used instead, which is
// one byte shorter when encoded correctly.
if (!CKey::CheckSignatureElement(S, nLenS, true))
return error("Non-canonical signature: S value is unnecessarily high");
return true;
}
bool static IsDefinedHashtypeSignature(const valtype &vchSig) {
if (vchSig.size() == 0) {
return false;
}
unsigned char nHashType = vchSig[vchSig.size() - 1] & (~(SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY));
if (nHashType < SIGHASH_ALL || nHashType > SIGHASH_SINGLE)
return error("Non-canonical signature: unknown hashtype byte");
return true;
}
bool static CheckSignatureEncoding(const valtype &vchSig, unsigned int flags) {
if ((flags & (SCRIPT_VERIFY_DERSIG | SCRIPT_VERIFY_LOW_S | SCRIPT_VERIFY_STRICTENC)) != 0 && !IsDERSignature(vchSig)) {
return false;
} else if ((flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_LOW_S) != 0 && !IsLowDERSignature(vchSig)) {
return false;
} else if ((flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_STRICTENC) != 0 && !IsDefinedHashtypeSignature(vchSig)) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
bool static CheckPubKeyEncoding(const valtype &vchSig, unsigned int flags) {
if ((flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_STRICTENC) != 0 && !IsCompressedOrUncompressedPubKey(vchSig)) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
bool EvalScript(vector<vector<unsigned char> >& stack, const CScript& script, unsigned int flags, const BaseSignatureChecker& checker)
{
CScript::const_iterator pc = script.begin();
CScript::const_iterator pend = script.end();
CScript::const_iterator pbegincodehash = script.begin();
opcodetype opcode;
valtype vchPushValue;
vector<bool> vfExec;
vector<valtype> altstack;
if (script.size() > 10000)
return false;
int nOpCount = 0;
try
{
while (pc < pend)
{
bool fExec = !count(vfExec.begin(), vfExec.end(), false);
//
// Read instruction
//
if (!script.GetOp(pc, opcode, vchPushValue))
return false;
if (vchPushValue.size() > MAX_SCRIPT_ELEMENT_SIZE)
return false;
// Note how OP_RESERVED does not count towards the opcode limit.
if (opcode > OP_16 && ++nOpCount > 201)
return false;
if (opcode == OP_CAT ||
opcode == OP_SUBSTR ||
opcode == OP_LEFT ||
opcode == OP_RIGHT ||
opcode == OP_INVERT ||
opcode == OP_AND ||
opcode == OP_OR ||
opcode == OP_XOR ||
opcode == OP_2MUL ||
opcode == OP_2DIV ||
opcode == OP_MUL ||
opcode == OP_DIV ||
opcode == OP_MOD ||
opcode == OP_LSHIFT ||
opcode == OP_RSHIFT)
return false; // Disabled opcodes.
if (fExec && 0 <= opcode && opcode <= OP_PUSHDATA4)
stack.push_back(vchPushValue);
else if (fExec || (OP_IF <= opcode && opcode <= OP_ENDIF))
switch (opcode)
{
//
// Push value
//
case OP_1NEGATE:
case OP_1:
case OP_2:
case OP_3:
case OP_4:
case OP_5:
case OP_6:
case OP_7:
case OP_8:
case OP_9:
case OP_10:
case OP_11:
case OP_12:
case OP_13:
case OP_14:
case OP_15:
case OP_16:
{
// ( -- value)
CScriptNum bn((int)opcode - (int)(OP_1 - 1));
stack.push_back(bn.getvch());
}
break;
//
// Control
//
case OP_NOP:
case OP_NOP1: case OP_NOP2: case OP_NOP3: case OP_NOP4: case OP_NOP5:
case OP_NOP6: case OP_NOP7: case OP_NOP8: case OP_NOP9: case OP_NOP10:
break;
case OP_IF:
case OP_NOTIF:
{
// <expression> if [statements] [else [statements]] endif
bool fValue = false;
if (fExec)
{
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
valtype& vch = stacktop(-1);
fValue = CastToBool(vch);
if (opcode == OP_NOTIF)
fValue = !fValue;
popstack(stack);
}
vfExec.push_back(fValue);
}
break;
case OP_ELSE:
{
if (vfExec.empty())
return false;
vfExec.back() = !vfExec.back();
}
break;
case OP_ENDIF:
{
if (vfExec.empty())
return false;
vfExec.pop_back();
}
break;
case OP_VERIFY:
{
// (true -- ) or
// (false -- false) and return
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
bool fValue = CastToBool(stacktop(-1));
if (fValue)
popstack(stack);
else
return false;
}
break;
case OP_RETURN:
{
return false;
}
break;
//
// Stack ops
//
case OP_TOALTSTACK:
{
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
altstack.push_back(stacktop(-1));
popstack(stack);
}
break;
case OP_FROMALTSTACK:
{
if (altstack.size() < 1)
return false;
stack.push_back(altstacktop(-1));
popstack(altstack);
}
break;
case OP_2DROP:
{
// (x1 x2 -- )
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
}
break;
case OP_2DUP:
{
// (x1 x2 -- x1 x2 x1 x2)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
valtype vch1 = stacktop(-2);
valtype vch2 = stacktop(-1);
stack.push_back(vch1);
stack.push_back(vch2);
}
break;
case OP_3DUP:
{
// (x1 x2 x3 -- x1 x2 x3 x1 x2 x3)
if (stack.size() < 3)
return false;
valtype vch1 = stacktop(-3);
valtype vch2 = stacktop(-2);
valtype vch3 = stacktop(-1);
stack.push_back(vch1);
stack.push_back(vch2);
stack.push_back(vch3);
}
break;
case OP_2OVER:
{
// (x1 x2 x3 x4 -- x1 x2 x3 x4 x1 x2)
if (stack.size() < 4)
return false;
valtype vch1 = stacktop(-4);
valtype vch2 = stacktop(-3);
stack.push_back(vch1);
stack.push_back(vch2);
}
break;
case OP_2ROT:
{
// (x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 -- x3 x4 x5 x6 x1 x2)
if (stack.size() < 6)
return false;
valtype vch1 = stacktop(-6);
valtype vch2 = stacktop(-5);
stack.erase(stack.end()-6, stack.end()-4);
stack.push_back(vch1);
stack.push_back(vch2);
}
break;
case OP_2SWAP:
{
// (x1 x2 x3 x4 -- x3 x4 x1 x2)
if (stack.size() < 4)
return false;
swap(stacktop(-4), stacktop(-2));
swap(stacktop(-3), stacktop(-1));
}
break;
case OP_IFDUP:
{
// (x - 0 | x x)
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
valtype vch = stacktop(-1);
if (CastToBool(vch))
stack.push_back(vch);
}
break;
case OP_DEPTH:
{
// -- stacksize
CScriptNum bn(stack.size());
stack.push_back(bn.getvch());
}
break;
case OP_DROP:
{
// (x -- )
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
popstack(stack);
}
break;
case OP_DUP:
{
// (x -- x x)
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
valtype vch = stacktop(-1);
stack.push_back(vch);
}
break;
case OP_NIP:
{
// (x1 x2 -- x2)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
stack.erase(stack.end() - 2);
}
break;
case OP_OVER:
{
// (x1 x2 -- x1 x2 x1)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
valtype vch = stacktop(-2);
stack.push_back(vch);
}
break;
case OP_PICK:
case OP_ROLL:
{
// (xn ... x2 x1 x0 n - xn ... x2 x1 x0 xn)
// (xn ... x2 x1 x0 n - ... x2 x1 x0 xn)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
int n = CScriptNum(stacktop(-1)).getint();
popstack(stack);
if (n < 0 || n >= (int)stack.size())
return false;
valtype vch = stacktop(-n-1);
if (opcode == OP_ROLL)
stack.erase(stack.end()-n-1);
stack.push_back(vch);
}
break;
case OP_ROT:
{
// (x1 x2 x3 -- x2 x3 x1)
// x2 x1 x3 after first swap
// x2 x3 x1 after second swap
if (stack.size() < 3)
return false;
swap(stacktop(-3), stacktop(-2));
swap(stacktop(-2), stacktop(-1));
}
break;
case OP_SWAP:
{
// (x1 x2 -- x2 x1)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
swap(stacktop(-2), stacktop(-1));
}
break;
case OP_TUCK:
{
// (x1 x2 -- x2 x1 x2)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
valtype vch = stacktop(-1);
stack.insert(stack.end()-2, vch);
}
break;
case OP_SIZE:
{
// (in -- in size)
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
CScriptNum bn(stacktop(-1).size());
stack.push_back(bn.getvch());
}
break;
//
// Bitwise logic
//
case OP_EQUAL:
case OP_EQUALVERIFY:
//case OP_NOTEQUAL: // use OP_NUMNOTEQUAL
{
// (x1 x2 - bool)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
valtype& vch1 = stacktop(-2);
valtype& vch2 = stacktop(-1);
bool fEqual = (vch1 == vch2);
// OP_NOTEQUAL is disabled because it would be too easy to say
// something like n != 1 and have some wiseguy pass in 1 with extra
// zero bytes after it (numerically, 0x01 == 0x0001 == 0x000001)
//if (opcode == OP_NOTEQUAL)
// fEqual = !fEqual;
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(fEqual ? vchTrue : vchFalse);
if (opcode == OP_EQUALVERIFY)
{
if (fEqual)
popstack(stack);
else
return false;
}
}
break;
//
// Numeric
//
case OP_1ADD:
case OP_1SUB:
case OP_NEGATE:
case OP_ABS:
case OP_NOT:
case OP_0NOTEQUAL:
{
// (in -- out)
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
CScriptNum bn(stacktop(-1));
switch (opcode)
{
case OP_1ADD: bn += bnOne; break;
case OP_1SUB: bn -= bnOne; break;
case OP_NEGATE: bn = -bn; break;
case OP_ABS: if (bn < bnZero) bn = -bn; break;
case OP_NOT: bn = (bn == bnZero); break;
case OP_0NOTEQUAL: bn = (bn != bnZero); break;
default: assert(!"invalid opcode"); break;
}
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(bn.getvch());
}
break;
case OP_ADD:
case OP_SUB:
case OP_BOOLAND:
case OP_BOOLOR:
case OP_NUMEQUAL:
case OP_NUMEQUALVERIFY:
case OP_NUMNOTEQUAL:
case OP_LESSTHAN:
case OP_GREATERTHAN:
case OP_LESSTHANOREQUAL:
case OP_GREATERTHANOREQUAL:
case OP_MIN:
case OP_MAX:
{
// (x1 x2 -- out)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
CScriptNum bn1(stacktop(-2));
CScriptNum bn2(stacktop(-1));
CScriptNum bn(0);
switch (opcode)
{
case OP_ADD:
bn = bn1 + bn2;
break;
case OP_SUB:
bn = bn1 - bn2;
break;
case OP_BOOLAND: bn = (bn1 != bnZero && bn2 != bnZero); break;
case OP_BOOLOR: bn = (bn1 != bnZero || bn2 != bnZero); break;
case OP_NUMEQUAL: bn = (bn1 == bn2); break;
case OP_NUMEQUALVERIFY: bn = (bn1 == bn2); break;
case OP_NUMNOTEQUAL: bn = (bn1 != bn2); break;
case OP_LESSTHAN: bn = (bn1 < bn2); break;
case OP_GREATERTHAN: bn = (bn1 > bn2); break;
case OP_LESSTHANOREQUAL: bn = (bn1 <= bn2); break;
case OP_GREATERTHANOREQUAL: bn = (bn1 >= bn2); break;
case OP_MIN: bn = (bn1 < bn2 ? bn1 : bn2); break;
case OP_MAX: bn = (bn1 > bn2 ? bn1 : bn2); break;
default: assert(!"invalid opcode"); break;
}
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(bn.getvch());
if (opcode == OP_NUMEQUALVERIFY)
{
if (CastToBool(stacktop(-1)))
popstack(stack);
else
return false;
}
}
break;
case OP_WITHIN:
{
// (x min max -- out)
if (stack.size() < 3)
return false;
CScriptNum bn1(stacktop(-3));
CScriptNum bn2(stacktop(-2));
CScriptNum bn3(stacktop(-1));
bool fValue = (bn2 <= bn1 && bn1 < bn3);
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(fValue ? vchTrue : vchFalse);
}
break;
//
// Crypto
//
case OP_RIPEMD160:
case OP_SHA1:
case OP_SHA256:
case OP_HASH160:
case OP_HASH256:
{
// (in -- hash)
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
valtype& vch = stacktop(-1);
valtype vchHash((opcode == OP_RIPEMD160 || opcode == OP_SHA1 || opcode == OP_HASH160) ? 20 : 32);
if (opcode == OP_RIPEMD160)
CRIPEMD160().Write(begin_ptr(vch), vch.size()).Finalize(begin_ptr(vchHash));
else if (opcode == OP_SHA1)
CSHA1().Write(begin_ptr(vch), vch.size()).Finalize(begin_ptr(vchHash));
else if (opcode == OP_SHA256)
CSHA256().Write(begin_ptr(vch), vch.size()).Finalize(begin_ptr(vchHash));
else if (opcode == OP_HASH160)
CHash160().Write(begin_ptr(vch), vch.size()).Finalize(begin_ptr(vchHash));
else if (opcode == OP_HASH256)
CHash256().Write(begin_ptr(vch), vch.size()).Finalize(begin_ptr(vchHash));
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(vchHash);
}
break;
case OP_CODESEPARATOR:
{
// Hash starts after the code separator
pbegincodehash = pc;
}
break;
case OP_CHECKSIG:
case OP_CHECKSIGVERIFY:
{
// (sig pubkey -- bool)
if (stack.size() < 2)
return false;
valtype& vchSig = stacktop(-2);
valtype& vchPubKey = stacktop(-1);
// Subset of script starting at the most recent codeseparator
CScript scriptCode(pbegincodehash, pend);
// Drop the signature, since there's no way for a signature to sign itself
scriptCode.FindAndDelete(CScript(vchSig));
if (!CheckSignatureEncoding(vchSig, flags)) {
return false;
}
bool fSuccess = CheckPubKeyEncoding(vchPubKey, flags) && checker.CheckSig(vchSig, vchPubKey, scriptCode);
popstack(stack);
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(fSuccess ? vchTrue : vchFalse);
if (opcode == OP_CHECKSIGVERIFY)
{
if (fSuccess)
popstack(stack);
else
return false;
}
}
break;
case OP_CHECKMULTISIG:
case OP_CHECKMULTISIGVERIFY:
{
// ([sig ...] num_of_signatures [pubkey ...] num_of_pubkeys -- bool)
int i = 1;
if ((int)stack.size() < i)
return false;
int nKeysCount = CScriptNum(stacktop(-i)).getint();
if (nKeysCount < 0 || nKeysCount > 20)
return false;
nOpCount += nKeysCount;
if (nOpCount > 201)
return false;
int ikey = ++i;
i += nKeysCount;
if ((int)stack.size() < i)
return false;
int nSigsCount = CScriptNum(stacktop(-i)).getint();
if (nSigsCount < 0 || nSigsCount > nKeysCount)
return false;
int isig = ++i;
i += nSigsCount;
if ((int)stack.size() < i)
return false;
// Subset of script starting at the most recent codeseparator
CScript scriptCode(pbegincodehash, pend);
// Drop the signatures, since there's no way for a signature to sign itself
for (int k = 0; k < nSigsCount; k++)
{
valtype& vchSig = stacktop(-isig-k);
scriptCode.FindAndDelete(CScript(vchSig));
}
bool fSuccess = true;
while (fSuccess && nSigsCount > 0)
{
valtype& vchSig = stacktop(-isig);
valtype& vchPubKey = stacktop(-ikey);
if (!CheckSignatureEncoding(vchSig, flags)) {
return false;
}
// Check signature
bool fOk = CheckPubKeyEncoding(vchPubKey, flags) && checker.CheckSig(vchSig, vchPubKey, scriptCode);
if (fOk) {
isig++;
nSigsCount--;
}
ikey++;
nKeysCount--;
// If there are more signatures left than keys left,
// then too many signatures have failed
if (nSigsCount > nKeysCount)
fSuccess = false;
}
// Clean up stack of actual arguments
while (i-- > 1)
popstack(stack);
// A bug causes CHECKMULTISIG to consume one extra argument
// whose contents were not checked in any way.
//
// Unfortunately this is a potential source of mutability,
// so optionally verify it is exactly equal to zero prior
// to removing it from the stack.
if (stack.size() < 1)
return false;
if ((flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_NULLDUMMY) && stacktop(-1).size())
return error("CHECKMULTISIG dummy argument not null");
popstack(stack);
stack.push_back(fSuccess ? vchTrue : vchFalse);
if (opcode == OP_CHECKMULTISIGVERIFY)
{
if (fSuccess)
popstack(stack);
else
return false;
}
}
break;
default:
return false;
}
// Size limits
if (stack.size() + altstack.size() > 1000)
return false;
}
}
catch (...)
{
return false;
}
if (!vfExec.empty())
return false;
return true;
}
namespace {
/** Wrapper that serializes like CTransaction, but with the modifications
* required for the signature hash done in-place
*/
class CTransactionSignatureSerializer {
private:
const CTransaction &txTo; // reference to the spending transaction (the one being serialized)
const CScript &scriptCode; // output script being consumed
const unsigned int nIn; // input index of txTo being signed
const bool fAnyoneCanPay; // whether the hashtype has the SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY flag set
const bool fHashSingle; // whether the hashtype is SIGHASH_SINGLE
const bool fHashNone; // whether the hashtype is SIGHASH_NONE
public:
CTransactionSignatureSerializer(const CTransaction &txToIn, const CScript &scriptCodeIn, unsigned int nInIn, int nHashTypeIn) :
txTo(txToIn), scriptCode(scriptCodeIn), nIn(nInIn),
fAnyoneCanPay(!!(nHashTypeIn & SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY)),
fHashSingle((nHashTypeIn & 0x1f) == SIGHASH_SINGLE),
fHashNone((nHashTypeIn & 0x1f) == SIGHASH_NONE) {}
/** Serialize the passed scriptCode, skipping OP_CODESEPARATORs */
template<typename S>
void SerializeScriptCode(S &s, int nType, int nVersion) const {
CScript::const_iterator it = scriptCode.begin();
CScript::const_iterator itBegin = it;
opcodetype opcode;
unsigned int nCodeSeparators = 0;
while (scriptCode.GetOp(it, opcode)) {
if (opcode == OP_CODESEPARATOR)
nCodeSeparators++;
}
::WriteCompactSize(s, scriptCode.size() - nCodeSeparators);
it = itBegin;
while (scriptCode.GetOp(it, opcode)) {
if (opcode == OP_CODESEPARATOR) {
s.write((char*)&itBegin[0], it-itBegin-1);
itBegin = it;
}
}
if (itBegin != scriptCode.end())
s.write((char*)&itBegin[0], it-itBegin);
}
/** Serialize an input of txTo */
template<typename S>
void SerializeInput(S &s, unsigned int nInput, int nType, int nVersion) const {
// In case of SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY, only the input being signed is serialized
if (fAnyoneCanPay)
nInput = nIn;
// Serialize the prevout
::Serialize(s, txTo.vin[nInput].prevout, nType, nVersion);
// Serialize the script
if (nInput != nIn)
// Blank out other inputs' signatures
::Serialize(s, CScript(), nType, nVersion);
else
SerializeScriptCode(s, nType, nVersion);
// Serialize the nSequence
if (nInput != nIn && (fHashSingle || fHashNone))
// let the others update at will
::Serialize(s, (int)0, nType, nVersion);
else
::Serialize(s, txTo.vin[nInput].nSequence, nType, nVersion);
}
/** Serialize an output of txTo */
template<typename S>
void SerializeOutput(S &s, unsigned int nOutput, int nType, int nVersion) const {
if (fHashSingle && nOutput != nIn)
// Do not lock-in the txout payee at other indices as txin
::Serialize(s, CTxOut(), nType, nVersion);
else
::Serialize(s, txTo.vout[nOutput], nType, nVersion);
}
/** Serialize txTo */
template<typename S>
void Serialize(S &s, int nType, int nVersion) const {
// Serialize nVersion
::Serialize(s, txTo.nVersion, nType, nVersion);
// Serialize vin
unsigned int nInputs = fAnyoneCanPay ? 1 : txTo.vin.size();
::WriteCompactSize(s, nInputs);
for (unsigned int nInput = 0; nInput < nInputs; nInput++)
SerializeInput(s, nInput, nType, nVersion);
// Serialize vout
unsigned int nOutputs = fHashNone ? 0 : (fHashSingle ? nIn+1 : txTo.vout.size());
::WriteCompactSize(s, nOutputs);
for (unsigned int nOutput = 0; nOutput < nOutputs; nOutput++)
SerializeOutput(s, nOutput, nType, nVersion);
// Serialie nLockTime
::Serialize(s, txTo.nLockTime, nType, nVersion);
}
};
} // anon namespace
uint256 SignatureHash(const CScript& scriptCode, const CTransaction& txTo, unsigned int nIn, int nHashType)
{
if (nIn >= txTo.vin.size()) {
LogPrintf("ERROR: SignatureHash() : nIn=%d out of range\n", nIn);
return 1;
}
// Check for invalid use of SIGHASH_SINGLE
if ((nHashType & 0x1f) == SIGHASH_SINGLE) {
if (nIn >= txTo.vout.size()) {
LogPrintf("ERROR: SignatureHash() : nOut=%d out of range\n", nIn);
return 1;
}
}
// Wrapper to serialize only the necessary parts of the transaction being signed
CTransactionSignatureSerializer txTmp(txTo, scriptCode, nIn, nHashType);
// Serialize and hash
CHashWriter ss(SER_GETHASH, 0);
ss << txTmp << nHashType;
return ss.GetHash();
}
bool SignatureChecker::VerifySignature(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vchSig, const CPubKey& pubkey, const uint256& sighash) const
{
return pubkey.Verify(sighash, vchSig);
}
bool SignatureChecker::CheckSig(const vector<unsigned char>& vchSigIn, const vector<unsigned char>& vchPubKey, const CScript& scriptCode) const
{
CPubKey pubkey(vchPubKey);
if (!pubkey.IsValid())
return false;
// Hash type is one byte tacked on to the end of the signature
vector<unsigned char> vchSig(vchSigIn);
if (vchSig.empty())
return false;
int nHashType = vchSig.back();
vchSig.pop_back();
uint256 sighash = SignatureHash(scriptCode, txTo, nIn, nHashType);
if (!VerifySignature(vchSig, pubkey, sighash))
return false;
return true;
}
bool VerifyScript(const CScript& scriptSig, const CScript& scriptPubKey, unsigned int flags, const BaseSignatureChecker& checker)
{
vector<vector<unsigned char> > stack, stackCopy;
if (!EvalScript(stack, scriptSig, flags, checker))
return false;
if (flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH)
stackCopy = stack;
if (!EvalScript(stack, scriptPubKey, flags, checker))
return false;
if (stack.empty())
return false;
if (CastToBool(stack.back()) == false)
return false;
// Additional validation for spend-to-script-hash transactions:
if ((flags & SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH) && scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash())
{
if (!scriptSig.IsPushOnly()) // scriptSig must be literals-only
return false; // or validation fails
// stackCopy cannot be empty here, because if it was the
// P2SH HASH <> EQUAL scriptPubKey would be evaluated with
// an empty stack and the EvalScript above would return false.
assert(!stackCopy.empty());
const valtype& pubKeySerialized = stackCopy.back();
CScript pubKey2(pubKeySerialized.begin(), pubKeySerialized.end());
popstack(stackCopy);
if (!EvalScript(stackCopy, pubKey2, flags, checker))
return false;
if (stackCopy.empty())
return false;
return CastToBool(stackCopy.back());
}
return true;
}