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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_MAIN_H
#define BITCOIN_MAIN_H
#include "core.h"
#include "bignum.h"
#include "sync.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "script.h"
#include <list>
class CWallet;
class CBlock;
class CBlockIndex;
class CKeyItem;
class CReserveKey;
class CAddress;
class CInv;
class CNode;
struct CBlockIndexWorkComparator;
/** The maximum allowed size for a serialized block, in bytes (network rule) */
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCK_SIZE = 1000000;
/** The maximum size for mined blocks */
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE/2;
/** The maximum size for transactions we're willing to relay/mine */
static const unsigned int MAX_STANDARD_TX_SIZE = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE_GEN/5;
/** The maximum allowed number of signature check operations in a block (network rule) */
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE/50;
/** The maximum number of orphan transactions kept in memory */
static const unsigned int MAX_ORPHAN_TRANSACTIONS = MAX_BLOCK_SIZE/100;
/** The maximum number of entries in an 'inv' protocol message */
static const unsigned int MAX_INV_SZ = 50000;
/** The maximum size of a blk?????.dat file (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int MAX_BLOCKFILE_SIZE = 0x8000000; // 128 MiB
/** The pre-allocation chunk size for blk?????.dat files (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE = 0x1000000; // 16 MiB
/** The pre-allocation chunk size for rev?????.dat files (since 0.8) */
static const unsigned int UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE = 0x100000; // 1 MiB
/** Fake height value used in CCoins to signify they are only in the memory pool (since 0.8) */
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
static const unsigned int MEMPOOL_HEIGHT = 0x7FFFFFFF;
/** No amount larger than this (in satoshi) is valid */
static const int64 MAX_MONEY = 21000000 * COIN;
inline bool MoneyRange(int64 nValue) { return (nValue >= 0 && nValue <= MAX_MONEY); }
/** Coinbase transaction outputs can only be spent after this number of new blocks (network rule) */
static const int COINBASE_MATURITY = 100;
/** Threshold for nLockTime: below this value it is interpreted as block number, otherwise as UNIX timestamp. */
static const unsigned int LOCKTIME_THRESHOLD = 500000000; // Tue Nov 5 00:53:20 1985 UTC
/** Maximum number of script-checking threads allowed */
static const int MAX_SCRIPTCHECK_THREADS = 16;
#ifdef USE_UPNP
static const int fHaveUPnP = true;
#else
static const int fHaveUPnP = false;
#endif
extern CScript COINBASE_FLAGS;
extern CCriticalSection cs_main;
extern std::map<uint256, CBlockIndex*> mapBlockIndex;
extern std::vector<CBlockIndex*> vBlockIndexByHeight;
extern std::set<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndexWorkComparator> setBlockIndexValid;
extern uint256 hashGenesisBlock;
extern CBlockIndex* pindexGenesisBlock;
extern int nBestHeight;
extern uint256 nBestChainWork;
extern uint256 nBestInvalidWork;
extern uint256 hashBestChain;
extern CBlockIndex* pindexBest;
extern unsigned int nTransactionsUpdated;
extern uint64 nLastBlockTx;
extern uint64 nLastBlockSize;
extern const std::string strMessageMagic;
extern double dHashesPerSec;
extern int64 nHPSTimerStart;
extern int64 nTimeBestReceived;
extern CCriticalSection cs_setpwalletRegistered;
extern std::set<CWallet*> setpwalletRegistered;
extern unsigned char pchMessageStart[4];
extern bool fImporting;
extern bool fReindex;
extern bool fBenchmark;
extern int nScriptCheckThreads;
extern bool fTxIndex;
extern unsigned int nCoinCacheSize;
extern bool fHaveGUI;
// Settings
extern int64 nTransactionFee;
// Minimum disk space required - used in CheckDiskSpace()
static const uint64 nMinDiskSpace = 52428800;
class CReserveKey;
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
class CCoinsDB;
class CBlockTreeDB;
struct CDiskBlockPos;
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
class CCoins;
class CTxUndo;
class CCoinsView;
class CCoinsViewCache;
class CScriptCheck;
class CValidationState;
struct CBlockTemplate;
/** Register a wallet to receive updates from core */
void RegisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn);
/** Unregister a wallet from core */
void UnregisterWallet(CWallet* pwalletIn);
/** Push an updated transaction to all registered wallets */
void SyncWithWallets(const uint256 &hash, const CTransaction& tx, const CBlock* pblock = NULL, bool fUpdate = false);
void PushGetBlocks(CNode* pnode, CBlockIndex* pindexBegin, uint256 hashEnd);
/** Process an incoming block */
bool ProcessBlock(CValidationState &state, CNode* pfrom, CBlock* pblock, CDiskBlockPos *dbp = NULL);
/** Check whether enough disk space is available for an incoming block */
bool CheckDiskSpace(uint64 nAdditionalBytes = 0);
/** Open a block file (blk?????.dat) */
FILE* OpenBlockFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly = false);
/** Open an undo file (rev?????.dat) */
FILE* OpenUndoFile(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, bool fReadOnly = false);
/** Import blocks from an external file */
bool LoadExternalBlockFile(FILE* fileIn, CDiskBlockPos *dbp = NULL);
/** Initialize a new block tree database + block data on disk */
bool InitBlockIndex();
/** Load the block tree and coins database from disk */
bool LoadBlockIndex();
/** Unload database information */
void UnloadBlockIndex();
/** Verify consistency of the block and coin databases */
bool VerifyDB();
/** Print the loaded block tree */
void PrintBlockTree();
/** Find a block by height in the currently-connected chain */
CBlockIndex* FindBlockByHeight(int nHeight);
/** Process protocol messages received from a given node */
bool ProcessMessages(CNode* pfrom);
/** Send queued protocol messages to be sent to a give node */
bool SendMessages(CNode* pto, bool fSendTrickle);
/** Run an instance of the script checking thread */
void ThreadScriptCheck();
/** Run the miner threads */
void GenerateBitcoins(bool fGenerate, CWallet* pwallet);
/** Generate a new block, without valid proof-of-work */
CBlockTemplate* CreateNewBlock(CReserveKey& reservekey);
/** Modify the extranonce in a block */
void IncrementExtraNonce(CBlock* pblock, CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, unsigned int& nExtraNonce);
/** Do mining precalculation */
void FormatHashBuffers(CBlock* pblock, char* pmidstate, char* pdata, char* phash1);
/** Check mined block */
bool CheckWork(CBlock* pblock, CWallet& wallet, CReserveKey& reservekey);
/** Check whether a block hash satisfies the proof-of-work requirement specified by nBits */
bool CheckProofOfWork(uint256 hash, unsigned int nBits);
/** Calculate the minimum amount of work a received block needs, without knowing its direct parent */
unsigned int ComputeMinWork(unsigned int nBase, int64 nTime);
/** Get the number of active peers */
int GetNumBlocksOfPeers();
/** Check whether we are doing an initial block download (synchronizing from disk or network) */
bool IsInitialBlockDownload();
/** Format a string that describes several potential problems detected by the core */
std::string GetWarnings(std::string strFor);
/** Retrieve a transaction (from memory pool, or from disk, if possible) */
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
bool GetTransaction(const uint256 &hash, CTransaction &tx, uint256 &hashBlock, bool fAllowSlow = false);
/** Connect/disconnect blocks until pindexNew is the new tip of the active block chain */
bool SetBestChain(CValidationState &state, CBlockIndex* pindexNew);
/** Find the best known block, and make it the tip of the block chain */
bool ConnectBestBlock(CValidationState &state);
/** Create a new block index entry for a given block hash */
CBlockIndex * InsertBlockIndex(uint256 hash);
/** Verify a signature */
bool VerifySignature(const CCoins& txFrom, const CTransaction& txTo, unsigned int nIn, unsigned int flags, int nHashType);
/** Abort with a message */
bool AbortNode(const std::string &msg);
bool GetWalletFile(CWallet* pwallet, std::string &strWalletFileOut);
struct CDiskBlockPos
{
int nFile;
unsigned int nPos;
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE(
READWRITE(VARINT(nFile));
READWRITE(VARINT(nPos));
)
CDiskBlockPos() {
SetNull();
}
CDiskBlockPos(int nFileIn, unsigned int nPosIn) {
nFile = nFileIn;
nPos = nPosIn;
}
friend bool operator==(const CDiskBlockPos &a, const CDiskBlockPos &b) {
return (a.nFile == b.nFile && a.nPos == b.nPos);
}
friend bool operator!=(const CDiskBlockPos &a, const CDiskBlockPos &b) {
return !(a == b);
}
void SetNull() { nFile = -1; nPos = 0; }
bool IsNull() const { return (nFile == -1); }
};
struct CDiskTxPos : public CDiskBlockPos
{
unsigned int nTxOffset; // after header
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE(
READWRITE(*(CDiskBlockPos*)this);
READWRITE(VARINT(nTxOffset));
)
CDiskTxPos(const CDiskBlockPos &blockIn, unsigned int nTxOffsetIn) : CDiskBlockPos(blockIn.nFile, blockIn.nPos), nTxOffset(nTxOffsetIn) {
}
CDiskTxPos() {
SetNull();
}
void SetNull() {
CDiskBlockPos::SetNull();
nTxOffset = 0;
}
};
enum GetMinFee_mode
{
GMF_BLOCK,
GMF_RELAY,
GMF_SEND,
};
int64 GetMinFee(const CTransaction& tx, unsigned int nBlockSize = 1, bool fAllowFree = true, enum GetMinFee_mode mode = GMF_BLOCK);
//
// Check transaction inputs, and make sure any
// pay-to-script-hash transactions are evaluating IsStandard scripts
//
// Why bother? To avoid denial-of-service attacks; an attacker
// can submit a standard HASH... OP_EQUAL transaction,
// which will get accepted into blocks. The redemption
// script can be anything; an attacker could use a very
// expensive-to-check-upon-redemption script like:
// DUP CHECKSIG DROP ... repeated 100 times... OP_1
//
/** Check for standard transaction types
@param[in] mapInputs Map of previous transactions that have outputs we're spending
@return True if all inputs (scriptSigs) use only standard transaction forms
*/
bool AreInputsStandard(const CTransaction& tx, CCoinsViewCache& mapInputs);
/** Count ECDSA signature operations the old-fashioned (pre-0.6) way
@return number of sigops this transaction's outputs will produce when spent
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
unsigned int GetLegacySigOpCount(const CTransaction& tx);
/** Count ECDSA signature operations in pay-to-script-hash inputs.
@param[in] mapInputs Map of previous transactions that have outputs we're spending
@return maximum number of sigops required to validate this transaction's inputs
@see CTransaction::FetchInputs
*/
unsigned int GetP2SHSigOpCount(const CTransaction& tx, CCoinsViewCache& mapInputs);
inline bool AllowFree(double dPriority)
{
// Large (in bytes) low-priority (new, small-coin) transactions
// need a fee.
return dPriority > COIN * 144 / 250;
}
// Check whether all inputs of this transaction are valid (no double spends, scripts & sigs, amounts)
// This does not modify the UTXO set. If pvChecks is not NULL, script checks are pushed onto it
// instead of being performed inline.
bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, CCoinsViewCache &view, bool fScriptChecks = true,
unsigned int flags = SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH | SCRIPT_VERIFY_STRICTENC,
std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks = NULL);
// Apply the effects of this transaction on the UTXO set represented by view
bool UpdateCoins(const CTransaction& tx, CCoinsViewCache &view, CTxUndo &txundo, int nHeight, const uint256 &txhash);
// Context-independent validity checks
bool CheckTransaction(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState& state);
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
/** Check for standard transaction types
@return True if all outputs (scriptPubKeys) use only standard transaction forms
*/
bool IsStandardTx(const CTransaction& tx);
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
bool IsFinalTx(const CTransaction &tx, int nBlockHeight = 0, int64 nBlockTime = 0);
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
/** Amount of bitcoins spent by the transaction.
@return sum of all outputs (note: does not include fees)
*/
int64 GetValueOut(const CTransaction& tx);
/** Undo information for a CBlock */
class CBlockUndo
{
public:
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
std::vector<CTxUndo> vtxundo; // for all but the coinbase
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE(
READWRITE(vtxundo);
)
bool WriteToDisk(CDiskBlockPos &pos, const uint256 &hashBlock)
{
// Open history file to append
CAutoFile fileout = CAutoFile(OpenUndoFile(pos), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (!fileout)
return error("CBlockUndo::WriteToDisk() : OpenUndoFile failed");
// Write index header
unsigned int nSize = fileout.GetSerializeSize(*this);
fileout << FLATDATA(pchMessageStart) << nSize;
// Write undo data
long fileOutPos = ftell(fileout);
if (fileOutPos < 0)
return error("CBlockUndo::WriteToDisk() : ftell failed");
pos.nPos = (unsigned int)fileOutPos;
fileout << *this;
// calculate & write checksum
CHashWriter hasher(SER_GETHASH, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
hasher << hashBlock;
hasher << *this;
fileout << hasher.GetHash();
// Flush stdio buffers and commit to disk before returning
fflush(fileout);
Ultraprune This switches bitcoin's transaction/block verification logic to use a "coin database", which contains all unredeemed transaction output scripts, amounts and heights. The name ultraprune comes from the fact that instead of a full transaction index, we only (need to) keep an index with unspent outputs. For now, the blocks themselves are kept as usual, although they are only necessary for serving, rescanning and reorganizing. The basic datastructures are CCoins (representing the coins of a single transaction), and CCoinsView (representing a state of the coins database). There are several implementations for CCoinsView. A dummy, one backed by the coins database (coins.dat), one backed by the memory pool, and one that adds a cache on top of it. FetchInputs, ConnectInputs, ConnectBlock, DisconnectBlock, ... now operate on a generic CCoinsView. The block switching logic now builds a single cached CCoinsView with changes to be committed to the database before any changes are made. This means no uncommitted changes are ever read from the database, and should ease the transition to another database layer which does not support transactions (but does support atomic writes), like LevelDB. For the getrawtransaction() RPC call, access to a txid-to-disk index would be preferable. As this index is not necessary or even useful for any other part of the implementation, it is not provided. Instead, getrawtransaction() uses the coin database to find the block height, and then scans that block to find the requested transaction. This is slow, but should suffice for debug purposes.
10 years ago
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload())
FileCommit(fileout);
return true;
}
bool ReadFromDisk(const CDiskBlockPos &pos, const uint256 &hashBlock)
{
// Open history file to read
CAutoFile filein = CAutoFile(OpenUndoFile(pos, true), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (!filein)
return error("CBlockUndo::ReadFromDisk() : OpenBlockFile failed");
// Read block
uint256 hashChecksum;
try {
filein >> *this;
filein >> hashChecksum;
}
catch (std::exception &e) {
return error("%s() : deserialize or I/O error", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);
}
// Verify checksum
CHashWriter hasher(SER_GETHASH, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
hasher << hashBlock;
hasher << *this;
if (hashChecksum != hasher.GetHash())
return error("CBlockUndo::ReadFromDisk() : checksum mismatch");
return true;
}
};
/** Closure representing one script verification
* Note that this stores references to the spending transaction */
class CScriptCheck
{
private:
CScript scriptPubKey;
const CTransaction *ptxTo;
unsigned int nIn;
unsigned int nFlags;
int nHashType;
public:
CScriptCheck() {}
CScriptCheck(const CCoins& txFromIn, const CTransaction& txToIn, unsigned int nInIn, unsigned int nFlagsIn, int nHashTypeIn) :
scriptPubKey(txFromIn.vout[txToIn.vin[nInIn].prevout.n].scriptPubKey),
ptxTo(&txToIn), nIn(nInIn), nFlags(nFlagsIn), nHashType(nHashTypeIn) { }
bool operator()() const;
void swap(CScriptCheck &check) {
scriptPubKey.swap(check.scriptPubKey);
std::swap(ptxTo, check.ptxTo);
std::swap(nIn, check.nIn);
std::swap(nFlags, check.nFlags);
std::swap(nHashType, check.nHashType);
}
};
/** A transaction with a merkle branch linking it to the block chain. */
class CMerkleTx : public CTransaction
{
public:
uint256 hashBlock;
std::vector<uint256> vMerkleBranch;
int nIndex;
// memory only
mutable bool fMerkleVerified;
CMerkleTx()
{
Init();
}
CMerkleTx(const CTransaction& txIn) : CTransaction(txIn)
{
Init();
}
void Init()
{
hashBlock = 0;
nIndex = -1;
fMerkleVerified = false;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
nSerSize += SerReadWrite(s, *(CTransaction*)this, nType, nVersion, ser_action);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(hashBlock);
READWRITE(vMerkleBranch);
READWRITE(nIndex);
)
int SetMerkleBranch(const CBlock* pblock=NULL);
int GetDepthInMainChain(CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const;
int GetDepthInMainChain() const { CBlockIndex *pindexRet; return GetDepthInMainChain(pindexRet); }
bool IsInMainChain() const { return GetDepthInMainChain() > 0; }
int GetBlocksToMaturity() const;
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(bool fCheckInputs=true, bool fLimitFree=true);
};
/** Data structure that represents a partial merkle tree.
*
* It respresents a subset of the txid's of a known block, in a way that
* allows recovery of the list of txid's and the merkle root, in an
* authenticated way.
*
* The encoding works as follows: we traverse the tree in depth-first order,
* storing a bit for each traversed node, signifying whether the node is the
* parent of at least one matched leaf txid (or a matched txid itself). In
* case we are at the leaf level, or this bit is 0, its merkle node hash is
* stored, and its children are not explorer further. Otherwise, no hash is
* stored, but we recurse into both (or the only) child branch. During
* decoding, the same depth-first traversal is performed, consuming bits and
* hashes as they written during encoding.
*
* The serialization is fixed and provides a hard guarantee about the
* encoded size:
*
* SIZE <= 10 + ceil(32.25*N)
*
* Where N represents the number of leaf nodes of the partial tree. N itself
* is bounded by:
*
* N <= total_transactions
* N <= 1 + matched_transactions*tree_height
*
* The serialization format:
* - uint32 total_transactions (4 bytes)
* - varint number of hashes (1-3 bytes)
* - uint256[] hashes in depth-first order (<= 32*N bytes)
* - varint number of bytes of flag bits (1-3 bytes)
* - byte[] flag bits, packed per 8 in a byte, least significant bit first (<= 2*N-1 bits)
* The size constraints follow from this.
*/
class CPartialMerkleTree
{
protected:
// the total number of transactions in the block
unsigned int nTransactions;
// node-is-parent-of-matched-txid bits
std::vector<bool> vBits;
// txids and internal hashes
std::vector<uint256> vHash;
// flag set when encountering invalid data
bool fBad;
// helper function to efficiently calculate the number of nodes at given height in the merkle tree
unsigned int CalcTreeWidth(int height) {
return (nTransactions+(1 << height)-1) >> height;
}
// calculate the hash of a node in the merkle tree (at leaf level: the txid's themself)
uint256 CalcHash(int height, unsigned int pos, const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid);
// recursive function that traverses tree nodes, storing the data as bits and hashes
void TraverseAndBuild(int height, unsigned int pos, const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid, const std::vector<bool> &vMatch);
// recursive function that traverses tree nodes, consuming the bits and hashes produced by TraverseAndBuild.
// it returns the hash of the respective node.
uint256 TraverseAndExtract(int height, unsigned int pos, unsigned int &nBitsUsed, unsigned int &nHashUsed, std::vector<uint256> &vMatch);
public:
// serialization implementation
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE(
READWRITE(nTransactions);
READWRITE(vHash);
std::vector<unsigned char> vBytes;
if (fRead) {
READWRITE(vBytes);
CPartialMerkleTree &us = *(const_cast<CPartialMerkleTree*>(this));
us.vBits.resize(vBytes.size() * 8);
for (unsigned int p = 0; p < us.vBits.size(); p++)
us.vBits[p] = (vBytes[p / 8] & (1 << (p % 8))) != 0;
us.fBad = false;
} else {
vBytes.resize((vBits.size()+7)/8);
for (unsigned int p = 0; p < vBits.size(); p++)
vBytes[p / 8] |= vBits[p] << (p % 8);
READWRITE(vBytes);
}
)
// Construct a partial merkle tree from a list of transaction id's, and a mask that selects a subset of them
CPartialMerkleTree(const std::vector<uint256> &vTxid, const std::vector<bool> &vMatch);
CPartialMerkleTree();
// extract the matching txid's represented by this partial merkle tree.
// returns the merkle root, or 0 in case of failure
uint256 ExtractMatches(std::vector<uint256> &vMatch);
};
/** Nodes collect new transactions into a block, hash them into a hash tree,
* and scan through nonce values to make the block's hash satisfy proof-of-work
* requirements. When they solve the proof-of-work, they broadcast the block
* to everyone and the block is added to the block chain. The first transaction
* in the block is a special one that creates a new coin owned by the creator
* of the block.
*/
class CBlockHeader
{
public:
// header
static const int CURRENT_VERSION=2;
int nVersion;
uint256 hashPrevBlock;
uint256 hashMerkleRoot;
unsigned int nTime;
unsigned int nBits;
unsigned int nNonce;
CBlockHeader()
{
SetNull();
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(this->nVersion);
nVersion = this->nVersion;
READWRITE(hashPrevBlock);
READWRITE(hashMerkleRoot);
READWRITE(nTime);
READWRITE(nBits);
READWRITE(nNonce);
)
void SetNull()
{
nVersion = CBlockHeader::CURRENT_VERSION;
hashPrevBlock = 0;
hashMerkleRoot = 0;
nTime = 0;
nBits = 0;
nNonce = 0;
}
bool IsNull() const
{
return (nBits == 0);
}
uint256 GetHash() const
{
return Hash(BEGIN(nVersion), END(nNonce));
}
int64 GetBlockTime() const
{
return (int64)nTime;
}
void UpdateTime(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev);
};
class CBlock : public CBlockHeader
{
public:
// network and disk
std::vector<CTransaction> vtx;
// memory only
mutable std::vector<uint256> vMerkleTree;
CBlock()
{
SetNull();
}
CBlock(const CBlockHeader &header)
{
SetNull();
*((CBlockHeader*)this) = header;
}
IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE
(
READWRITE(*(CBlockHeader*)this);
READWRITE(vtx);
)
void SetNull()
{
CBlockHeader::SetNull();
vtx.clear();
vMerkleTree.clear();
}
CBlockHeader GetBlockHeader() const
{
CBlockHeader block;
block.nVersion = nVersion;
block.hashPrevBlock = hashPrevBlock;
block.hashMerkleRoot = hashMerkleRoot;
block.nTime = nTime;
block.nBits = nBits;
block.nNonce = nNonce;
return block;
}
uint256 BuildMerkleTree() const
{
vMerkleTree.clear();
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, vtx)
vMerkleTree.push_back(tx.GetHash());
int j = 0;
for (int nSize = vtx.size(); nSize > 1; nSize = (nSize + 1) / 2)
{
for (int i = 0; i < nSize; i += 2)
{
int i2 = std::min(i+1, nSize-1);