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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2016 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#if defined(HAVE_CONFIG_H)
#include "config/bitcoin-config.h"
#endif
#include "util.h"
#include "chainparamsbase.h"
#include "random.h"
#include "serialize.h"
#include "sync.h"
#include "utilstrencodings.h"
#include "utiltime.h"
#include <stdarg.h>
#if (defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__OpenBSD__) || defined(__DragonFly__))
#include <pthread.h>
#include <pthread_np.h>
#endif
#ifndef WIN32
// for posix_fallocate
#ifdef __linux__
#ifdef _POSIX_C_SOURCE
#undef _POSIX_C_SOURCE
#endif
#define _POSIX_C_SOURCE 200112L
#endif // __linux__
#include <algorithm>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#else
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#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma warning(disable:4786)
#pragma warning(disable:4804)
#pragma warning(disable:4805)
#pragma warning(disable:4717)
#endif
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#ifdef _WIN32_WINNT
#undef _WIN32_WINNT
#endif
#define _WIN32_WINNT 0x0501
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#ifdef _WIN32_IE
#undef _WIN32_IE
#endif
#define _WIN32_IE 0x0501
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#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN 1
#ifndef NOMINMAX
#define NOMINMAX
#endif
#include <io.h> /* for _commit */
#include <shlobj.h>
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#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PRCTL_H
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#endif
#include <boost/algorithm/string/case_conv.hpp> // for to_lower()
#include <boost/algorithm/string/join.hpp>
#include <boost/algorithm/string/predicate.hpp> // for startswith() and endswith()
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
#include <boost/program_options/detail/config_file.hpp>
#include <boost/program_options/parsers.hpp>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#include <openssl/rand.h>
#include <openssl/conf.h>
// Work around clang compilation problem in Boost 1.46:
// /usr/include/boost/program_options/detail/config_file.hpp:163:17: error: call to function 'to_internal' that is neither visible in the template definition nor found by argument-dependent lookup
// See also: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10020179/compilation-fail-in-boost-librairies-program-options
// http://clang.debian.net/status.php?version=3.0&key=CANNOT_FIND_FUNCTION
namespace boost {
namespace program_options {
std::string to_internal(const std::string&);
}
} // namespace boost
const char * const BITCOIN_CONF_FILENAME = "bitcoin.conf";
const char * const BITCOIN_PID_FILENAME = "bitcoind.pid";
CCriticalSection cs_args;
std::map<std::string, std::string> mapArgs;
static std::map<std::string, std::vector<std::string> > _mapMultiArgs;
const std::map<std::string, std::vector<std::string> >& mapMultiArgs = _mapMultiArgs;
bool fDebug = false;
bool fPrintToConsole = false;
bool fPrintToDebugLog = true;
bool fLogTimestamps = DEFAULT_LOGTIMESTAMPS;
bool fLogTimeMicros = DEFAULT_LOGTIMEMICROS;
bool fLogIPs = DEFAULT_LOGIPS;
std::atomic<bool> fReopenDebugLog(false);
CTranslationInterface translationInterface;
/** Init OpenSSL library multithreading support */
static CCriticalSection** ppmutexOpenSSL;
void locking_callback(int mode, int i, const char* file, int line) NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS
{
if (mode & CRYPTO_LOCK) {
ENTER_CRITICAL_SECTION(*ppmutexOpenSSL[i]);
} else {
LEAVE_CRITICAL_SECTION(*ppmutexOpenSSL[i]);
}
}
// Init
class CInit
{
public:
CInit()
{
// Init OpenSSL library multithreading support
ppmutexOpenSSL = (CCriticalSection**)OPENSSL_malloc(CRYPTO_num_locks() * sizeof(CCriticalSection*));
for (int i = 0; i < CRYPTO_num_locks(); i++)
ppmutexOpenSSL[i] = new CCriticalSection();
CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(locking_callback);
// OpenSSL can optionally load a config file which lists optional loadable modules and engines.
// We don't use them so we don't require the config. However some of our libs may call functions
// which attempt to load the config file, possibly resulting in an exit() or crash if it is missing
// or corrupt. Explicitly tell OpenSSL not to try to load the file. The result for our libs will be
// that the config appears to have been loaded and there are no modules/engines available.
OPENSSL_no_config();
#ifdef WIN32
// Seed OpenSSL PRNG with current contents of the screen
RAND_screen();
#endif
// Seed OpenSSL PRNG with performance counter
RandAddSeed();
}
~CInit()
{
// Securely erase the memory used by the PRNG
RAND_cleanup();
// Shutdown OpenSSL library multithreading support
CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(NULL);
for (int i = 0; i < CRYPTO_num_locks(); i++)
delete ppmutexOpenSSL[i];
OPENSSL_free(ppmutexOpenSSL);
}
}
instance_of_cinit;
/**
* LogPrintf() has been broken a couple of times now
* by well-meaning people adding mutexes in the most straightforward way.
* It breaks because it may be called by global destructors during shutdown.
* Since the order of destruction of static/global objects is undefined,
* defining a mutex as a global object doesn't work (the mutex gets
* destroyed, and then some later destructor calls OutputDebugStringF,
* maybe indirectly, and you get a core dump at shutdown trying to lock
* the mutex).
*/
static boost::once_flag debugPrintInitFlag = BOOST_ONCE_INIT;
/**
* We use boost::call_once() to make sure mutexDebugLog and
* vMsgsBeforeOpenLog are initialized in a thread-safe manner.
*
* NOTE: fileout, mutexDebugLog and sometimes vMsgsBeforeOpenLog
* are leaked on exit. This is ugly, but will be cleaned up by
* the OS/libc. When the shutdown sequence is fully audited and
* tested, explicit destruction of these objects can be implemented.
*/
static FILE* fileout = NULL;
static boost::mutex* mutexDebugLog = NULL;
static std::list<std::string>* vMsgsBeforeOpenLog;
static int FileWriteStr(const std::string &str, FILE *fp)
{
return fwrite(str.data(), 1, str.size(), fp);
}
static void DebugPrintInit()
{
assert(mutexDebugLog == NULL);
mutexDebugLog = new boost::mutex();
vMsgsBeforeOpenLog = new std::list<std::string>;
}
void OpenDebugLog()
{
boost::call_once(&DebugPrintInit, debugPrintInitFlag);
boost::mutex::scoped_lock scoped_lock(*mutexDebugLog);
assert(fileout == NULL);
assert(vMsgsBeforeOpenLog);
boost::filesystem::path pathDebug = GetDataDir() / "debug.log";
fileout = fopen(pathDebug.string().c_str(), "a");
if (fileout) {
setbuf(fileout, NULL); // unbuffered
// dump buffered messages from before we opened the log
while (!vMsgsBeforeOpenLog->empty()) {
FileWriteStr(vMsgsBeforeOpenLog->front(), fileout);
vMsgsBeforeOpenLog->pop_front();
}
}
delete vMsgsBeforeOpenLog;
vMsgsBeforeOpenLog = NULL;
}
bool LogAcceptCategory(const char* category)
{
if (category != NULL)
{
if (!fDebug)
return false;
// Give each thread quick access to -debug settings.
// This helps prevent issues debugging global destructors,
// where mapMultiArgs might be deleted before another
// global destructor calls LogPrint()
static boost::thread_specific_ptr<std::set<std::string> > ptrCategory;
if (ptrCategory.get() == NULL)
{
if (mapMultiArgs.count("-debug")) {
const std::vector<std::string>& categories = mapMultiArgs.at("-debug");
ptrCategory.reset(new std::set<std::string>(categories.begin(), categories.end()));
// thread_specific_ptr automatically deletes the set when the thread ends.
} else
ptrCategory.reset(new std::set<std::string>());
}
const std::set<std::string>& setCategories = *ptrCategory;
// if not debugging everything and not debugging specific category, LogPrint does nothing.
if (setCategories.count(std::string("")) == 0 &&
setCategories.count(std::string("1")) == 0 &&
setCategories.count(std::string(category)) == 0)
return false;
}
return true;
}
/**
* fStartedNewLine is a state variable held by the calling context that will
* suppress printing of the timestamp when multiple calls are made that don't
* end in a newline. Initialize it to true, and hold it, in the calling context.
*/
static std::string LogTimestampStr(const std::string &str, std::atomic_bool *fStartedNewLine)
{
std::string strStamped;
if (!fLogTimestamps)
return str;
if (*fStartedNewLine) {
int64_t nTimeMicros = GetLogTimeMicros();
strStamped = DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", nTimeMicros/1000000);
if (fLogTimeMicros)
strStamped += strprintf(".%06d", nTimeMicros%1000000);
strStamped += ' ' + str;
} else
strStamped = str;
if (!str.empty() && str[str.size()-1] == '\n')
*fStartedNewLine = true;
else
*fStartedNewLine = false;
return strStamped;
}
int LogPrintStr(const std::string &str)
{
int ret = 0; // Returns total number of characters written
static std::atomic_bool fStartedNewLine(true);
std::string strTimestamped = LogTimestampStr(str, &fStartedNewLine);
if (fPrintToConsole)
{
// print to console
ret = fwrite(strTimestamped.data(), 1, strTimestamped.size(), stdout);
fflush(stdout);
}
else if (fPrintToDebugLog)
{
boost::call_once(&DebugPrintInit, debugPrintInitFlag);
boost::mutex::scoped_lock scoped_lock(*mutexDebugLog);
// buffer if we haven't opened the log yet
if (fileout == NULL) {
assert(vMsgsBeforeOpenLog);
ret = strTimestamped.length();
vMsgsBeforeOpenLog->push_back(strTimestamped);
}
else
{
// reopen the log file, if requested
if (fReopenDebugLog) {
fReopenDebugLog = false;
boost::filesystem::path pathDebug = GetDataDir() / "debug.log";
if (freopen(pathDebug.string().c_str(),"a",fileout) != NULL)
setbuf(fileout, NULL); // unbuffered
}
ret = FileWriteStr(strTimestamped, fileout);
}
}
return ret;
}
/** Interpret string as boolean, for argument parsing */
static bool InterpretBool(const std::string& strValue)
{
if (strValue.empty())
return true;
return (atoi(strValue) != 0);
}
/** Turn -noX into -X=0 */
static void InterpretNegativeSetting(std::string& strKey, std::string& strValue)
{
if (strKey.length()>3 && strKey[0]=='-' && strKey[1]=='n' && strKey[2]=='o')
{
strKey = "-" + strKey.substr(3);
strValue = InterpretBool(strValue) ? "0" : "1";
}
}
void ParseParameters(int argc, const char* const argv[])
{
LOCK(cs_args);
mapArgs.clear();
_mapMultiArgs.clear();
for (int i = 1; i < argc; i++)
{
std::string str(argv[i]);
std::string strValue;
size_t is_index = str.find('=');
if (is_index != std::string::npos)
{
strValue = str.substr(is_index+1);
str = str.substr(0, is_index);
}
#ifdef WIN32
boost::to_lower(str);
if (boost::algorithm::starts_with(str, "/"))
str = "-" + str.substr(1);
#endif
if (str[0] != '-')
break;
// Interpret --foo as -foo.
// If both --foo and -foo are set, the last takes effect.
if (str.length() > 1 && str[1] == '-')
str = str.substr(1);
InterpretNegativeSetting(str, strValue);
mapArgs[str] = strValue;
_mapMultiArgs[str].push_back(strValue);
}
}
bool IsArgSet(const std::string& strArg)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
return mapArgs.count(strArg);
}
std::string GetArg(const std::string& strArg, const std::string& strDefault)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
if (mapArgs.count(strArg))
return mapArgs[strArg];
return strDefault;
}
int64_t GetArg(const std::string& strArg, int64_t nDefault)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
if (mapArgs.count(strArg))
return atoi64(mapArgs[strArg]);
return nDefault;
}
bool GetBoolArg(const std::string& strArg, bool fDefault)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
if (mapArgs.count(strArg))
return InterpretBool(mapArgs[strArg]);
return fDefault;
}
bool SoftSetArg(const std::string& strArg, const std::string& strValue)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
if (mapArgs.count(strArg))
return false;
mapArgs[strArg] = strValue;
return true;
}
bool SoftSetBoolArg(const std::string& strArg, bool fValue)
{
if (fValue)
return SoftSetArg(strArg, std::string("1"));
else
return SoftSetArg(strArg, std::string("0"));
}
void ForceSetArg(const std::string& strArg, const std::string& strValue)
{
LOCK(cs_args);
mapArgs[strArg] = strValue;
}
static const int screenWidth = 79;
static const int optIndent = 2;
static const int msgIndent = 7;
std::string HelpMessageGroup(const std::string &message) {
return std::string(message) + std::string("\n\n");
}
std::string HelpMessageOpt(const std::string &option, const std::string &message) {
return std::string(optIndent,' ') + std::string(option) +
std::string("\n") + std::string(msgIndent,' ') +
FormatParagraph(message, screenWidth - msgIndent, msgIndent) +
std::string("\n\n");
}
static std::string FormatException(const std::exception* pex, const char* pszThread)
{
#ifdef WIN32
char pszModule[MAX_PATH] = "";
GetModuleFileNameA(NULL, pszModule, sizeof(pszModule));
#else
const char* pszModule = "bitcoin";
#endif
if (pex)
return strprintf(
"EXCEPTION: %s \n%s \n%s in %s \n", typeid(*pex).name(), pex->what(), pszModule, pszThread);
else
return strprintf(
"UNKNOWN EXCEPTION \n%s in %s \n", pszModule, pszThread);
}
void PrintExceptionContinue(const std::exception* pex, const char* pszThread)
{
std::string message = FormatException(pex, pszThread);
LogPrintf("\n\n************************\n%s\n", message);
fprintf(stderr, "\n\n************************\n%s\n", message.c_str());
}
boost::filesystem::path GetDefaultDataDir()
{
namespace fs = boost::filesystem;
// Windows < Vista: C:\Documents and Settings\Username\Application Data\Bitcoin
// Windows >= Vista: C:\Users\Username\AppData\Roaming\Bitcoin
// Mac: ~/Library/Application Support/Bitcoin
// Unix: ~/.bitcoin
#ifdef WIN32
// Windows
return GetSpecialFolderPath(CSIDL_APPDATA) / "Bitcoin";
#else
fs::path pathRet;
char* pszHome = getenv("HOME");
if (pszHome == NULL || strlen(pszHome) == 0)
pathRet = fs::path("/");
else
pathRet = fs::path(pszHome);
#ifdef MAC_OSX
// Mac
return pathRet / "Library/Application Support/Bitcoin";
#else
// Unix
return pathRet / ".bitcoin";
#endif
#endif
}
static boost::filesystem::path pathCached;
static boost::filesystem::path pathCachedNetSpecific;
static CCriticalSection csPathCached;
const boost::filesystem::path &GetDataDir(bool fNetSpecific)
{
namespace fs = boost::filesystem;
LOCK(csPathCached);
fs::path &path = fNetSpecific ? pathCachedNetSpecific : pathCached;
// This can be called during exceptions by LogPrintf(), so we cache the
// value so we don't have to do memory allocations after that.
if (!path.empty())
return path;
if (IsArgSet("-datadir")) {
path = fs::system_complete(GetArg("-datadir", ""));
if (!fs::is_directory(path)) {
path = "";
return path;
}
} else {
path = GetDefaultDataDir();
}
if (fNetSpecific)
path /= BaseParams().DataDir();
fs::create_directories(path);
return path;
}
void ClearDatadirCache()
{
LOCK(csPathCached);
pathCached = boost::filesystem::path();
pathCachedNetSpecific = boost::filesystem::path();
}
boost::filesystem::path GetConfigFile(const std::string& confPath)
{
boost::filesystem::path pathConfigFile(confPath);
if (!pathConfigFile.is_complete())
pathConfigFile = GetDataDir(false) / pathConfigFile;
return pathConfigFile;
}
void ReadConfigFile(const std::string& confPath)
{
boost::filesystem::ifstream streamConfig(GetConfigFile(confPath));
if (!streamConfig.good())
return; // No bitcoin.conf file is OK
{
LOCK(cs_args);
std::set<std::string> setOptions;
setOptions.insert("*");
for (boost::program_options::detail::config_file_iterator it(streamConfig, setOptions), end; it != end; ++it)
{
// Don't overwrite existing settings so command line settings override bitcoin.conf
std::string strKey = std::string("-") + it->string_key;
std::string strValue = it->value[0];
InterpretNegativeSetting(strKey, strValue);
if (mapArgs.count(strKey) == 0)
mapArgs[strKey] = strValue;
_mapMultiArgs[strKey].push_back(strValue);
}
}
// If datadir is changed in .conf file:
ClearDatadirCache();
}
#ifndef WIN32
boost::filesystem::path GetPidFile()
{
boost::filesystem::path pathPidFile(GetArg("-pid", BITCOIN_PID_FILENAME));
if (!pathPidFile.is_complete()) pathPidFile = GetDataDir() / pathPidFile;
return pathPidFile;
}
void CreatePidFile(const boost::filesystem::path &path, pid_t pid)
{
FILE* file = fopen(path.string().c_str(), "w");
if (file)
{
fprintf(file, "%d\n", pid);
fclose(file);
}
}
#endif
bool RenameOver(boost::filesystem::path src, boost::filesystem::path dest)
{
#ifdef WIN32
return MoveFileExA(src.string().c_str(), dest.string().c_str(),
MOVEFILE_REPLACE_EXISTING) != 0;
#else
int rc = std::rename(src.string().c_str(), dest.string().c_str());
return (rc == 0);
#endif /* WIN32 */
}
/**
* Ignores exceptions thrown by Boost's create_directory if the requested directory exists.
* Specifically handles case where path p exists, but it wasn't possible for the user to
* write to the parent directory.
*/
bool TryCreateDirectory(const boost::filesystem::path& p)
{
try
{
return boost::filesystem::create_directory(p);
} catch (const boost::filesystem::filesystem_error&) {
if (!boost::filesystem::exists(p) || !boost::filesystem::is_directory(p))
throw;
}
// create_directory didn't create the directory, it had to have existed already
return false;
}
void FileCommit(FILE *file)
{
fflush(file); // harmless if redundantly called
#ifdef WIN32
HANDLE hFile = (HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(_fileno(file));
FlushFileBuffers(hFile);
#else
#if defined(__linux__) || defined(__NetBSD__)
fdatasync(fileno(file));
#elif defined(__APPLE__) && defined(F_FULLFSYNC)
fcntl(fileno(file), F_FULLFSYNC, 0);
#else
fsync(fileno(file));
#endif