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/**********************************************************************
* Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Pieter Wuille *
* Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying *
* file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.*
**********************************************************************/
#ifndef _SECP256K1_FIELD_REPR_IMPL_H_
#define _SECP256K1_FIELD_REPR_IMPL_H_
#if defined HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "libsecp256k1-config.h"
#endif
#include <string.h>
#include "util.h"
#include "num.h"
#include "field.h"
#if defined(USE_FIELD_5X52_ASM)
#include "field_5x52_asm_impl.h"
#elif defined(USE_FIELD_5X52_INT128)
#include "field_5x52_int128_impl.h"
#else
#error "Please select field_5x52 implementation"
#endif
/** Implements arithmetic modulo FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFE FFFFFC2F,
* represented as 5 uint64_t's in base 2^52. The values are allowed to contain >52 each. In particular,
* each FieldElem has a 'magnitude' associated with it. Internally, a magnitude M means each element
* is at most M*(2^53-1), except the most significant one, which is limited to M*(2^49-1). All operations
* accept any input with magnitude at most M, and have different rules for propagating magnitude to their
* output.
*/
static void secp256k1_fe_inner_start(void) {}
static void secp256k1_fe_inner_stop(void) {}
#ifdef VERIFY
static void secp256k1_fe_verify(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
const uint64_t *d = a->n;
int m = a->normalized ? 1 : 2 * a->magnitude, r = 1;
r &= (d[0] <= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * m);
r &= (d[1] <= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * m);
r &= (d[2] <= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * m);
r &= (d[3] <= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * m);
r &= (d[4] <= 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL * m);
r &= (a->magnitude >= 0);
if (a->normalized) {
r &= (a->magnitude <= 1);
if (r && (d[4] == 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL) && ((d[3] & d[2] & d[1]) == 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL)) {
r &= (d[0] < 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL);
}
}
VERIFY_CHECK(r == 1);
}
#else
static void secp256k1_fe_verify(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
(void)a;
}
#endif
static void secp256k1_fe_normalize(secp256k1_fe_t *r) {
uint64_t t0 = r->n[0], t1 = r->n[1], t2 = r->n[2], t3 = r->n[3], t4 = r->n[4];
/* Reduce t4 at the start so there will be at most a single carry from the first pass */
uint64_t x = t4 >> 48; t4 &= 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
uint64_t m;
/* The first pass ensures the magnitude is 1, ... */
t0 += x * 0x1000003D1ULL;
t1 += (t0 >> 52); t0 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
t2 += (t1 >> 52); t1 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL; m = t1;
t3 += (t2 >> 52); t2 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL; m &= t2;
t4 += (t3 >> 52); t3 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL; m &= t3;
/* ... except for a possible carry at bit 48 of t4 (i.e. bit 256 of the field element) */
VERIFY_CHECK(t4 >> 49 == 0);
/* At most a single final reduction is needed; check if the value is >= the field characteristic */
x = (t4 >> 48) | ((t4 == 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL) & (m == 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL)
& (t0 >= 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL));
/* Apply the final reduction (for constant-time behaviour, we do it always) */
t0 += x * 0x1000003D1ULL;
t1 += (t0 >> 52); t0 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
t2 += (t1 >> 52); t1 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
t3 += (t2 >> 52); t2 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
t4 += (t3 >> 52); t3 &= 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
/* If t4 didn't carry to bit 48 already, then it should have after any final reduction */
VERIFY_CHECK(t4 >> 48 == x);
/* Mask off the possible multiple of 2^256 from the final reduction */
t4 &= 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
r->n[0] = t0; r->n[1] = t1; r->n[2] = t2; r->n[3] = t3; r->n[4] = t4;
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static void secp256k1_fe_set_int(secp256k1_fe_t *r, int a) {
r->n[0] = a;
r->n[1] = r->n[2] = r->n[3] = r->n[4] = 0;
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static int secp256k1_fe_is_zero(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->normalized);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
const uint64_t *t = a->n;
return (t[0] | t[1] | t[2] | t[3] | t[4]) == 0;
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static int secp256k1_fe_is_odd(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->normalized);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
return a->n[0] & 1;
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static void secp256k1_fe_clear(secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
a->magnitude = 0;
a->normalized = 1;
#endif
for (int i=0; i<5; i++) {
a->n[i] = 0;
}
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static int secp256k1_fe_equal(const secp256k1_fe_t *a, const secp256k1_fe_t *b) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->normalized);
VERIFY_CHECK(b->normalized);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
secp256k1_fe_verify(b);
#endif
const uint64_t *t = a->n, *u = b->n;
return ((t[0]^u[0]) | (t[1]^u[1]) | (t[2]^u[2]) | (t[3]^u[3]) | (t[4]^u[4])) == 0;
}
static int secp256k1_fe_cmp_var(const secp256k1_fe_t *a, const secp256k1_fe_t *b) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->normalized);
VERIFY_CHECK(b->normalized);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
secp256k1_fe_verify(b);
#endif
for (int i = 4; i >= 0; i--) {
if (a->n[i] > b->n[i]) return 1;
if (a->n[i] < b->n[i]) return -1;
}
return 0;
}
static int secp256k1_fe_set_b32(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const unsigned char *a) {
r->n[0] = r->n[1] = r->n[2] = r->n[3] = r->n[4] = 0;
for (int i=0; i<32; i++) {
for (int j=0; j<2; j++) {
int limb = (8*i+4*j)/52;
int shift = (8*i+4*j)%52;
r->n[limb] |= (uint64_t)((a[31-i] >> (4*j)) & 0xF) << shift;
}
}
if (r->n[4] == 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL && (r->n[3] & r->n[2] & r->n[1]) == 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL && r->n[0] >= 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL) {
return 0;
}
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
return 1;
}
/** Convert a field element to a 32-byte big endian value. Requires the input to be normalized */
static void secp256k1_fe_get_b32(unsigned char *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->normalized);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
for (int i=0; i<32; i++) {
int c = 0;
for (int j=0; j<2; j++) {
int limb = (8*i+4*j)/52;
int shift = (8*i+4*j)%52;
c |= ((a->n[limb] >> shift) & 0xF) << (4 * j);
}
r[31-i] = c;
}
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static void secp256k1_fe_negate(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a, int m) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->magnitude <= m);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
r->n[0] = 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL * 2 * (m + 1) - a->n[0];
r->n[1] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * 2 * (m + 1) - a->n[1];
r->n[2] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * 2 * (m + 1) - a->n[2];
r->n[3] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * 2 * (m + 1) - a->n[3];
r->n[4] = 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL * 2 * (m + 1) - a->n[4];
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = m + 1;
r->normalized = 0;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static void secp256k1_fe_mul_int(secp256k1_fe_t *r, int a) {
r->n[0] *= a;
r->n[1] *= a;
r->n[2] *= a;
r->n[3] *= a;
r->n[4] *= a;
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude *= a;
r->normalized = 0;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
SECP256K1_INLINE static void secp256k1_fe_add(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
r->n[0] += a->n[0];
r->n[1] += a->n[1];
r->n[2] += a->n[2];
r->n[3] += a->n[3];
r->n[4] += a->n[4];
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude += a->magnitude;
r->normalized = 0;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
static void secp256k1_fe_mul(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a, const secp256k1_fe_t * SECP256K1_RESTRICT b) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->magnitude <= 8);
VERIFY_CHECK(b->magnitude <= 8);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
secp256k1_fe_verify(b);
VERIFY_CHECK(r != b);
#endif
secp256k1_fe_mul_inner(a->n, b->n, r->n);
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 0;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
static void secp256k1_fe_sqr(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
VERIFY_CHECK(a->magnitude <= 8);
secp256k1_fe_verify(a);
#endif
secp256k1_fe_sqr_inner(a->n, r->n);
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 0;
secp256k1_fe_verify(r);
#endif
}
static void secp256k1_fe_cmov(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a, int flag) {
uint64_t mask0 = flag + ~((uint64_t)0), mask1 = ~mask0;
r->n[0] = (r->n[0] & mask0) | (a->n[0] & mask1);
r->n[1] = (r->n[1] & mask0) | (a->n[1] & mask1);
r->n[2] = (r->n[2] & mask0) | (a->n[2] & mask1);
r->n[3] = (r->n[3] & mask0) | (a->n[3] & mask1);
r->n[4] = (r->n[4] & mask0) | (a->n[4] & mask1);
#ifdef VERIFY
if (flag) {
r->magnitude = a->magnitude;
r->normalized = a->normalized;
}
#endif
}
#endif