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/**********************************************************************
* Copyright (c) 2013, 2014, 2015 Pieter Wuille, Gregory Maxwell *
* Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying *
* file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.*
**********************************************************************/
#ifndef _SECP256K1_ECMULT_GEN_IMPL_H_
#define _SECP256K1_ECMULT_GEN_IMPL_H_
#include "scalar.h"
#include "group.h"
#include "ecmult_gen.h"
#include "hash_impl.h"
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_init(secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *ctx) {
ctx->prec = NULL;
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_build(secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *ctx) {
secp256k1_ge_t prec[1024];
secp256k1_gej_t gj;
secp256k1_gej_t nums_gej;
int i, j;
if (ctx->prec != NULL) {
return;
}
ctx->prec = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[64][16])checked_malloc(sizeof(*ctx->prec));
/* get the generator */
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(&gj, &secp256k1_ge_const_g);
/* Construct a group element with no known corresponding scalar (nothing up my sleeve). */
{
static const unsigned char nums_b32[33] = "The scalar for this x is unknown";
secp256k1_fe_t nums_x;
secp256k1_ge_t nums_ge;
VERIFY_CHECK(secp256k1_fe_set_b32(&nums_x, nums_b32));
VERIFY_CHECK(secp256k1_ge_set_xo_var(&nums_ge, &nums_x, 0));
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(&nums_gej, &nums_ge);
/* Add G to make the bits in x uniformly distributed. */
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(&nums_gej, &nums_gej, &secp256k1_ge_const_g);
}
/* compute prec. */
{
secp256k1_gej_t precj[1024]; /* Jacobian versions of prec. */
secp256k1_gej_t gbase;
secp256k1_gej_t numsbase;
gbase = gj; /* 16^j * G */
numsbase = nums_gej; /* 2^j * nums. */
for (j = 0; j < 64; j++) {
/* Set precj[j*16 .. j*16+15] to (numsbase, numsbase + gbase, ..., numsbase + 15*gbase). */
precj[j*16] = numsbase;
for (i = 1; i < 16; i++) {
secp256k1_gej_add_var(&precj[j*16 + i], &precj[j*16 + i - 1], &gbase, NULL);
}
/* Multiply gbase by 16. */
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&gbase, &gbase, NULL);
}
/* Multiply numbase by 2. */
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&numsbase, &numsbase, NULL);
if (j == 62) {
/* In the last iteration, numsbase is (1 - 2^j) * nums instead. */
secp256k1_gej_neg(&numsbase, &numsbase);
secp256k1_gej_add_var(&numsbase, &numsbase, &nums_gej, NULL);
}
}
secp256k1_ge_set_all_gej_var(1024, prec, precj);
}
for (j = 0; j < 64; j++) {
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
secp256k1_ge_to_storage(&(*ctx->prec)[j][i], &prec[j*16 + i]);
}
}
secp256k1_ecmult_gen_blind(ctx, NULL);
}
static int secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_is_built(const secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t* ctx) {
return ctx->prec != NULL;
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_clone(secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *dst,
const secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *src) {
if (src->prec == NULL) {
dst->prec = NULL;
} else {
dst->prec = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[64][16])checked_malloc(sizeof(*dst->prec));
memcpy(dst->prec, src->prec, sizeof(*dst->prec));
dst->initial = src->initial;
dst->blind = src->blind;
}
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_clear(secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *ctx) {
free(ctx->prec);
secp256k1_scalar_clear(&ctx->blind);
secp256k1_gej_clear(&ctx->initial);
ctx->prec = NULL;
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen(const secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *ctx, secp256k1_gej_t *r, const secp256k1_scalar_t *gn) {
secp256k1_ge_t add;
secp256k1_ge_storage_t adds;
secp256k1_scalar_t gnb;
int bits;
int i, j;
memset(&adds, 0, sizeof(adds));
*r = ctx->initial;
/* Blind scalar/point multiplication by computing (n-b)G + bG instead of nG. */
secp256k1_scalar_add(&gnb, gn, &ctx->blind);
add.infinity = 0;
for (j = 0; j < 64; j++) {
bits = secp256k1_scalar_get_bits(&gnb, j * 4, 4);
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
/** This uses a conditional move to avoid any secret data in array indexes.
* _Any_ use of secret indexes has been demonstrated to result in timing
* sidechannels, even when the cache-line access patterns are uniform.
* See also:
* "A word of warning", CHES 2013 Rump Session, by Daniel J. Bernstein and Peter Schwabe
* (https://cryptojedi.org/peter/data/chesrump-20130822.pdf) and
* "Cache Attacks and Countermeasures: the Case of AES", RSA 2006,
* by Dag Arne Osvik, Adi Shamir, and Eran Tromer
* (http://www.tau.ac.il/~tromer/papers/cache.pdf)
*/
secp256k1_ge_storage_cmov(&adds, &(*ctx->prec)[j][i], i == bits);
}
secp256k1_ge_from_storage(&add, &adds);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &add);
}
bits = 0;
secp256k1_ge_clear(&add);
secp256k1_scalar_clear(&gnb);
}
/* Setup blinding values for secp256k1_ecmult_gen. */
static void secp256k1_ecmult_gen_blind(secp256k1_ecmult_gen_context_t *ctx, const unsigned char *seed32) {
secp256k1_scalar_t b;
secp256k1_gej_t gb;
secp256k1_fe_t s;
unsigned char nonce32[32];
secp256k1_rfc6979_hmac_sha256_t rng;
int retry;
if (!seed32) {
/* When seed is NULL, reset the initial point and blinding value. */
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(&ctx->initial, &secp256k1_ge_const_g);
secp256k1_gej_neg(&ctx->initial, &ctx->initial);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&ctx->blind, 1);
}
/* The prior blinding value (if not reset) is chained forward by including it in the hash. */
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(nonce32, &ctx->blind);
/** Using a CSPRNG allows a failure free interface, avoids needing large amounts of random data,
* and guards against weak or adversarial seeds. This is a simpler and safer interface than
* asking the caller for blinding values directly and expecting them to retry on failure.
*/
secp256k1_rfc6979_hmac_sha256_initialize(&rng, seed32 ? seed32 : nonce32, 32, nonce32, 32, NULL, 0);
/* Retry for out of range results to achieve uniformity. */
do {
secp256k1_rfc6979_hmac_sha256_generate(&rng, nonce32, 32);
retry = !secp256k1_fe_set_b32(&s, nonce32);
retry |= secp256k1_fe_is_zero(&s);
} while (retry);
/* Randomize the projection to defend against multiplier sidechannels. */
secp256k1_gej_rescale(&ctx->initial, &s);
secp256k1_fe_clear(&s);
do {
secp256k1_rfc6979_hmac_sha256_generate(&rng, nonce32, 32);
secp256k1_scalar_set_b32(&b, nonce32, &retry);
/* A blinding value of 0 works, but would undermine the projection hardening. */
retry |= secp256k1_scalar_is_zero(&b);
} while (retry);
secp256k1_rfc6979_hmac_sha256_finalize(&rng);
memset(nonce32, 0, 32);
secp256k1_ecmult_gen(ctx, &gb, &b);
secp256k1_scalar_negate(&b, &b);
ctx->blind = b;
ctx->initial = gb;
secp256k1_scalar_clear(&b);
secp256k1_gej_clear(&gb);
}
#endif