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/***********************************************************************
* Copyright (c) 2016 Andrew Poelstra *
* Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying *
* file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.*
**********************************************************************/
#if defined HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "libsecp256k1-config.h"
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>
#undef USE_ECMULT_STATIC_PRECOMPUTATION
#ifndef EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER
/* see group_impl.h for allowable values */
#define EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER 13
#define EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_LAMBDA 9 /* cube root of 1 mod 13 */
#endif
#include "include/secp256k1.h"
#include "group.h"
#include "secp256k1.c"
#include "testrand_impl.h"
#ifdef ENABLE_MODULE_RECOVERY
#include "src/modules/recovery/main_impl.h"
#include "include/secp256k1_recovery.h"
#endif
/** stolen from tests.c */
void ge_equals_ge(const secp256k1_ge *a, const secp256k1_ge *b) {
CHECK(a->infinity == b->infinity);
if (a->infinity) {
return;
}
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&a->x, &b->x));
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&a->y, &b->y));
}
void ge_equals_gej(const secp256k1_ge *a, const secp256k1_gej *b) {
secp256k1_fe z2s;
secp256k1_fe u1, u2, s1, s2;
CHECK(a->infinity == b->infinity);
if (a->infinity) {
return;
}
/* Check a.x * b.z^2 == b.x && a.y * b.z^3 == b.y, to avoid inverses. */
secp256k1_fe_sqr(&z2s, &b->z);
secp256k1_fe_mul(&u1, &a->x, &z2s);
u2 = b->x; secp256k1_fe_normalize_weak(&u2);
secp256k1_fe_mul(&s1, &a->y, &z2s); secp256k1_fe_mul(&s1, &s1, &b->z);
s2 = b->y; secp256k1_fe_normalize_weak(&s2);
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&u1, &u2));
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&s1, &s2));
}
void random_fe(secp256k1_fe *x) {
unsigned char bin[32];
do {
secp256k1_rand256(bin);
if (secp256k1_fe_set_b32(x, bin)) {
return;
}
} while(1);
}
/** END stolen from tests.c */
int secp256k1_nonce_function_smallint(unsigned char *nonce32, const unsigned char *msg32,
const unsigned char *key32, const unsigned char *algo16,
void *data, unsigned int attempt) {
secp256k1_scalar s;
int *idata = data;
(void)msg32;
(void)key32;
(void)algo16;
/* Some nonces cannot be used because they'd cause s and/or r to be zero.
* The signing function has retry logic here that just re-calls the nonce
* function with an increased `attempt`. So if attempt > 0 this means we
* need to change the nonce to avoid an infinite loop. */
if (attempt > 0) {
*idata = (*idata + 1) % EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER;
}
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&s, *idata);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(nonce32, &s);
return 1;
}
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
void test_exhaustive_endomorphism(const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < order; i++) {
secp256k1_ge res;
secp256k1_ge_mul_lambda(&res, &group[i]);
ge_equals_ge(&group[i * EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_LAMBDA % EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER], &res);
}
}
#endif
void test_exhaustive_addition(const secp256k1_ge *group, const secp256k1_gej *groupj, int order) {
int i, j;
/* Sanity-check (and check infinity functions) */
CHECK(secp256k1_ge_is_infinity(&group[0]));
CHECK(secp256k1_gej_is_infinity(&groupj[0]));
for (i = 1; i < order; i++) {
CHECK(!secp256k1_ge_is_infinity(&group[i]));
CHECK(!secp256k1_gej_is_infinity(&groupj[i]));
}
/* Check all addition formulae */
for (j = 0; j < order; j++) {
secp256k1_fe fe_inv;
secp256k1_fe_inv(&fe_inv, &groupj[j].z);
for (i = 0; i < order; i++) {
secp256k1_ge zless_gej;
secp256k1_gej tmp;
/* add_var */
secp256k1_gej_add_var(&tmp, &groupj[i], &groupj[j], NULL);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i + j) % order], &tmp);
/* add_ge */
if (j > 0) {
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(&tmp, &groupj[i], &group[j]);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i + j) % order], &tmp);
}
/* add_ge_var */
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(&tmp, &groupj[i], &group[j], NULL);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i + j) % order], &tmp);
/* add_zinv_var */
zless_gej.infinity = groupj[j].infinity;
zless_gej.x = groupj[j].x;
zless_gej.y = groupj[j].y;
secp256k1_gej_add_zinv_var(&tmp, &groupj[i], &zless_gej, &fe_inv);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i + j) % order], &tmp);
}
}
/* Check doubling */
for (i = 0; i < order; i++) {
secp256k1_gej tmp;
if (i > 0) {
secp256k1_gej_double_nonzero(&tmp, &groupj[i], NULL);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(2 * i) % order], &tmp);
}
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&tmp, &groupj[i], NULL);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(2 * i) % order], &tmp);
}
/* Check negation */
for (i = 1; i < order; i++) {
secp256k1_ge tmp;
secp256k1_gej tmpj;
secp256k1_ge_neg(&tmp, &group[i]);
ge_equals_ge(&group[order - i], &tmp);
secp256k1_gej_neg(&tmpj, &groupj[i]);
ge_equals_gej(&group[order - i], &tmpj);
}
}
void test_exhaustive_ecmult(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, const secp256k1_gej *groupj, int order) {
int i, j, r_log;
for (r_log = 1; r_log < order; r_log++) {
for (j = 0; j < order; j++) {
for (i = 0; i < order; i++) {
secp256k1_gej tmp;
secp256k1_scalar na, ng;
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&na, i);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&ng, j);
secp256k1_ecmult(&ctx->ecmult_ctx, &tmp, &groupj[r_log], &na, &ng);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i * r_log + j) % order], &tmp);
if (i > 0) {
secp256k1_ecmult_const(&tmp, &group[i], &ng);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i * j) % order], &tmp);
}
}
}
}
}
typedef struct {
secp256k1_scalar sc[2];
secp256k1_ge pt[2];
} ecmult_multi_data;
static int ecmult_multi_callback(secp256k1_scalar *sc, secp256k1_ge *pt, size_t idx, void *cbdata) {
ecmult_multi_data *data = (ecmult_multi_data*) cbdata;
*sc = data->sc[idx];
*pt = data->pt[idx];
return 1;
}
void test_exhaustive_ecmult_multi(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
int i, j, k, x, y;
secp256k1_scratch *scratch = secp256k1_scratch_create(&ctx->error_callback, 1024, 4096);
for (i = 0; i < order; i++) {
for (j = 0; j < order; j++) {
for (k = 0; k < order; k++) {
for (x = 0; x < order; x++) {
for (y = 0; y < order; y++) {
secp256k1_gej tmp;
secp256k1_scalar g_sc;
ecmult_multi_data data;
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&data.sc[0], i);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&data.sc[1], j);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&g_sc, k);
data.pt[0] = group[x];
data.pt[1] = group[y];
secp256k1_ecmult_multi_var(&ctx->ecmult_ctx, scratch, &tmp, &g_sc, ecmult_multi_callback, &data, 2);
ge_equals_gej(&group[(i * x + j * y + k) % order], &tmp);
}
}
}
}
}
secp256k1_scratch_destroy(scratch);
}
void r_from_k(secp256k1_scalar *r, const secp256k1_ge *group, int k) {
secp256k1_fe x;
unsigned char x_bin[32];
k %= EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER;
x = group[k].x;
secp256k1_fe_normalize(&x);
secp256k1_fe_get_b32(x_bin, &x);
secp256k1_scalar_set_b32(r, x_bin, NULL);
}
void test_exhaustive_verify(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
int s, r, msg, key;
for (s = 1; s < order; s++) {
for (r = 1; r < order; r++) {
for (msg = 1; msg < order; msg++) {
for (key = 1; key < order; key++) {
secp256k1_ge nonconst_ge;
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature sig;
secp256k1_pubkey pk;
secp256k1_scalar sk_s, msg_s, r_s, s_s;
secp256k1_scalar s_times_k_s, msg_plus_r_times_sk_s;
int k, should_verify;
unsigned char msg32[32];
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&s_s, s);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&r_s, r);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&msg_s, msg);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&sk_s, key);
/* Verify by hand */
/* Run through every k value that gives us this r and check that *one* works.
* Note there could be none, there could be multiple, ECDSA is weird. */
should_verify = 0;
for (k = 0; k < order; k++) {
secp256k1_scalar check_x_s;
r_from_k(&check_x_s, group, k);
if (r_s == check_x_s) {
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&s_times_k_s, k);
secp256k1_scalar_mul(&s_times_k_s, &s_times_k_s, &s_s);
secp256k1_scalar_mul(&msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &r_s, &sk_s);
secp256k1_scalar_add(&msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &msg_s);
should_verify |= secp256k1_scalar_eq(&s_times_k_s, &msg_plus_r_times_sk_s);
}
}
/* nb we have a "high s" rule */
should_verify &= !secp256k1_scalar_is_high(&s_s);
/* Verify by calling verify */
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature_save(&sig, &r_s, &s_s);
memcpy(&nonconst_ge, &group[sk_s], sizeof(nonconst_ge));
secp256k1_pubkey_save(&pk, &nonconst_ge);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(msg32, &msg_s);
CHECK(should_verify ==
secp256k1_ecdsa_verify(ctx, &sig, msg32, &pk));
}
}
}
}
}
void test_exhaustive_sign(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
int i, j, k;
/* Loop */
for (i = 1; i < order; i++) { /* message */
for (j = 1; j < order; j++) { /* key */
for (k = 1; k < order; k++) { /* nonce */
const int starting_k = k;
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature sig;
secp256k1_scalar sk, msg, r, s, expected_r;
unsigned char sk32[32], msg32[32];
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&msg, i);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&sk, j);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(sk32, &sk);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(msg32, &msg);
secp256k1_ecdsa_sign(ctx, &sig, msg32, sk32, secp256k1_nonce_function_smallint, &k);
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature_load(ctx, &r, &s, &sig);
/* Note that we compute expected_r *after* signing -- this is important
* because our nonce-computing function function might change k during
* signing. */
r_from_k(&expected_r, group, k);
CHECK(r == expected_r);
CHECK((k * s) % order == (i + r * j) % order ||
(k * (EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER - s)) % order == (i + r * j) % order);
/* Overflow means we've tried every possible nonce */
if (k < starting_k) {
break;
}
}
}
}
/* We would like to verify zero-knowledge here by counting how often every
* possible (s, r) tuple appears, but because the group order is larger
* than the field order, when coercing the x-values to scalar values, some
* appear more often than others, so we are actually not zero-knowledge.
* (This effect also appears in the real code, but the difference is on the
* order of 1/2^128th the field order, so the deviation is not useful to a
* computationally bounded attacker.)
*/
}
#ifdef ENABLE_MODULE_RECOVERY
void test_exhaustive_recovery_sign(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
int i, j, k;
/* Loop */
for (i = 1; i < order; i++) { /* message */
for (j = 1; j < order; j++) { /* key */
for (k = 1; k < order; k++) { /* nonce */
const int starting_k = k;
secp256k1_fe r_dot_y_normalized;
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature rsig;
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature sig;
secp256k1_scalar sk, msg, r, s, expected_r;
unsigned char sk32[32], msg32[32];
int expected_recid;
int recid;
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&msg, i);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&sk, j);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(sk32, &sk);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(msg32, &msg);
secp256k1_ecdsa_sign_recoverable(ctx, &rsig, msg32, sk32, secp256k1_nonce_function_smallint, &k);
/* Check directly */
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature_load(ctx, &r, &s, &recid, &rsig);
r_from_k(&expected_r, group, k);
CHECK(r == expected_r);
CHECK((k * s) % order == (i + r * j) % order ||
(k * (EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER - s)) % order == (i + r * j) % order);
/* In computing the recid, there is an overflow condition that is disabled in
* scalar_low_impl.h `secp256k1_scalar_set_b32` because almost every r.y value
* will exceed the group order, and our signing code always holds out for r
* values that don't overflow, so with a proper overflow check the tests would
* loop indefinitely. */
r_dot_y_normalized = group[k].y;
secp256k1_fe_normalize(&r_dot_y_normalized);
/* Also the recovery id is flipped depending if we hit the low-s branch */
if ((k * s) % order == (i + r * j) % order) {
expected_recid = secp256k1_fe_is_odd(&r_dot_y_normalized) ? 1 : 0;
} else {
expected_recid = secp256k1_fe_is_odd(&r_dot_y_normalized) ? 0 : 1;
}
CHECK(recid == expected_recid);
/* Convert to a standard sig then check */
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature_convert(ctx, &sig, &rsig);
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature_load(ctx, &r, &s, &sig);
/* Note that we compute expected_r *after* signing -- this is important
* because our nonce-computing function function might change k during
* signing. */
r_from_k(&expected_r, group, k);
CHECK(r == expected_r);
CHECK((k * s) % order == (i + r * j) % order ||
(k * (EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER - s)) % order == (i + r * j) % order);
/* Overflow means we've tried every possible nonce */
if (k < starting_k) {
break;
}
}
}
}
}
void test_exhaustive_recovery_verify(const secp256k1_context *ctx, const secp256k1_ge *group, int order) {
/* This is essentially a copy of test_exhaustive_verify, with recovery added */
int s, r, msg, key;
for (s = 1; s < order; s++) {
for (r = 1; r < order; r++) {
for (msg = 1; msg < order; msg++) {
for (key = 1; key < order; key++) {
secp256k1_ge nonconst_ge;
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature rsig;
secp256k1_ecdsa_signature sig;
secp256k1_pubkey pk;
secp256k1_scalar sk_s, msg_s, r_s, s_s;
secp256k1_scalar s_times_k_s, msg_plus_r_times_sk_s;
int recid = 0;
int k, should_verify;
unsigned char msg32[32];
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&s_s, s);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&r_s, r);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&msg_s, msg);
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&sk_s, key);
secp256k1_scalar_get_b32(msg32, &msg_s);
/* Verify by hand */
/* Run through every k value that gives us this r and check that *one* works.
* Note there could be none, there could be multiple, ECDSA is weird. */
should_verify = 0;
for (k = 0; k < order; k++) {
secp256k1_scalar check_x_s;
r_from_k(&check_x_s, group, k);
if (r_s == check_x_s) {
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&s_times_k_s, k);
secp256k1_scalar_mul(&s_times_k_s, &s_times_k_s, &s_s);
secp256k1_scalar_mul(&msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &r_s, &sk_s);
secp256k1_scalar_add(&msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &msg_plus_r_times_sk_s, &msg_s);
should_verify |= secp256k1_scalar_eq(&s_times_k_s, &msg_plus_r_times_sk_s);
}
}
/* nb we have a "high s" rule */
should_verify &= !secp256k1_scalar_is_high(&s_s);
/* We would like to try recovering the pubkey and checking that it matches,
* but pubkey recovery is impossible in the exhaustive tests (the reason
* being that there are 12 nonzero r values, 12 nonzero points, and no
* overlap between the sets, so there are no valid signatures). */
/* Verify by converting to a standard signature and calling verify */
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature_save(&rsig, &r_s, &s_s, recid);
secp256k1_ecdsa_recoverable_signature_convert(ctx, &sig, &rsig);
memcpy(&nonconst_ge, &group[sk_s], sizeof(nonconst_ge));
secp256k1_pubkey_save(&pk, &nonconst_ge);
CHECK(should_verify ==
secp256k1_ecdsa_verify(ctx, &sig, msg32, &pk));
}
}
}
}
}
#endif
int main(void) {
int i;
secp256k1_gej groupj[EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER];
secp256k1_ge group[EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER];
/* Build context */
secp256k1_context *ctx = secp256k1_context_create(SECP256K1_CONTEXT_SIGN | SECP256K1_CONTEXT_VERIFY);
/* TODO set z = 1, then do num_tests runs with random z values */
/* Generate the entire group */
secp256k1_gej_set_infinity(&groupj[0]);
secp256k1_ge_set_gej(&group[0], &groupj[0]);
for (i = 1; i < EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER; i++) {
/* Set a different random z-value for each Jacobian point */
secp256k1_fe z;
random_fe(&z);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(&groupj[i], &groupj[i - 1], &secp256k1_ge_const_g);
secp256k1_ge_set_gej(&group[i], &groupj[i]);
secp256k1_gej_rescale(&groupj[i], &z);
/* Verify against ecmult_gen */
{
secp256k1_scalar scalar_i;
secp256k1_gej generatedj;
secp256k1_ge generated;
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&scalar_i, i);
secp256k1_ecmult_gen(&ctx->ecmult_gen_ctx, &generatedj, &scalar_i);
secp256k1_ge_set_gej(&generated, &generatedj);
CHECK(group[i].infinity == 0);
CHECK(generated.infinity == 0);
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&generated.x, &group[i].x));
CHECK(secp256k1_fe_equal_var(&generated.y, &group[i].y));
}
}
/* Run the tests */
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
test_exhaustive_endomorphism(group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
#endif
test_exhaustive_addition(group, groupj, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
test_exhaustive_ecmult(ctx, group, groupj, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
test_exhaustive_ecmult_multi(ctx, group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
test_exhaustive_sign(ctx, group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
test_exhaustive_verify(ctx, group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
#ifdef ENABLE_MODULE_RECOVERY
test_exhaustive_recovery_sign(ctx, group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
test_exhaustive_recovery_verify(ctx, group, EXHAUSTIVE_TEST_ORDER);
#endif
secp256k1_context_destroy(ctx);
return 0;
}