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/**********************************************************************
* Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Pieter Wuille *
* Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying *
* file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.*
**********************************************************************/
#ifndef _SECP256K1_ECMULT_IMPL_H_
#define _SECP256K1_ECMULT_IMPL_H_
#include "group.h"
#include "scalar.h"
#include "ecmult.h"
/* optimal for 128-bit and 256-bit exponents. */
#define WINDOW_A 5
/** larger numbers may result in slightly better performance, at the cost of
exponentially larger precomputed tables. */
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
/** Two tables for window size 15: 1.375 MiB. */
#define WINDOW_G 15
#else
/** One table for window size 16: 1.375 MiB. */
#define WINDOW_G 16
#endif
/** The number of entries a table with precomputed multiples needs to have. */
#define ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(w) (1 << ((w)-2))
/** Fill a table 'prej' with precomputed odd multiples of a. Prej will contain
* the values [1*a,3*a,...,(2*n-1)*a], so it space for n values. zr[0] will
* contain prej[0].z / a.z. The other zr[i] values = prej[i].z / prej[i-1].z.
* Prej's Z values are undefined, except for the last value.
*/
static void secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table(int n, secp256k1_gej_t *prej, secp256k1_fe_t *zr, const secp256k1_gej_t *a) {
secp256k1_gej_t d;
secp256k1_ge_t a_ge, d_ge;
int i;
VERIFY_CHECK(!a->infinity);
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&d, a, NULL);
/*
* Perform the additions on an isomorphism where 'd' is affine: drop the z coordinate
* of 'd', and scale the 1P starting value's x/y coordinates without changing its z.
*/
d_ge.x = d.x;
d_ge.y = d.y;
d_ge.infinity = 0;
secp256k1_ge_set_gej_zinv(&a_ge, a, &d.z);
prej[0].x = a_ge.x;
prej[0].y = a_ge.y;
prej[0].z = a->z;
prej[0].infinity = 0;
zr[0] = d.z;
for (i = 1; i < n; i++) {
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(&prej[i], &prej[i-1], &d_ge, &zr[i]);
}
/*
* Each point in 'prej' has a z coordinate too small by a factor of 'd.z'. Only
* the final point's z coordinate is actually used though, so just update that.
*/
secp256k1_fe_mul(&prej[n-1].z, &prej[n-1].z, &d.z);
}
/** Fill a table 'pre' with precomputed odd multiples of a.
*
* There are two versions of this function:
* - secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_globalz_windowa which brings its
* resulting point set to a single constant Z denominator, stores the X and Y
* coordinates as ge_storage points in pre, and stores the global Z in rz.
* It only operates on tables sized for WINDOW_A wnaf multiples.
* - secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_storage_var, which converts its
* resulting point set to actually affine points, and stores those in pre.
* It operates on tables of any size, but uses heap-allocated temporaries.
*
* To compute a*P + b*G, we compute a table for P using the first function,
* and for G using the second (which requires an inverse, but it only needs to
* happen once).
*/
static void secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_globalz_windowa(secp256k1_ge_t *pre, secp256k1_fe_t *globalz, const secp256k1_gej_t *a) {
secp256k1_gej_t prej[ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A)];
secp256k1_fe_t zr[ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A)];
/* Compute the odd multiples in Jacobian form. */
secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table(ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A), prej, zr, a);
/* Bring them to the same Z denominator. */
secp256k1_ge_globalz_set_table_gej(ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A), pre, globalz, prej, zr);
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_storage_var(int n, secp256k1_ge_storage_t *pre, const secp256k1_gej_t *a) {
secp256k1_gej_t *prej = checked_malloc(sizeof(secp256k1_gej_t) * n);
secp256k1_ge_t *prea = checked_malloc(sizeof(secp256k1_ge_t) * n);
secp256k1_fe_t *zr = checked_malloc(sizeof(secp256k1_fe_t) * n);
int i;
/* Compute the odd multiples in Jacobian form. */
secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table(n, prej, zr, a);
/* Convert them in batch to affine coordinates. */
secp256k1_ge_set_table_gej_var(n, prea, prej, zr);
/* Convert them to compact storage form. */
for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
secp256k1_ge_to_storage(&pre[i], &prea[i]);
}
free(prea);
free(prej);
free(zr);
}
/** The following two macro retrieves a particular odd multiple from a table
* of precomputed multiples. */
#define ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE(r,pre,n,w) do { \
VERIFY_CHECK(((n) & 1) == 1); \
VERIFY_CHECK((n) >= -((1 << ((w)-1)) - 1)); \
VERIFY_CHECK((n) <= ((1 << ((w)-1)) - 1)); \
if ((n) > 0) { \
*(r) = (pre)[((n)-1)/2]; \
} else { \
secp256k1_ge_neg((r), &(pre)[(-(n)-1)/2]); \
} \
} while(0)
#define ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE_STORAGE(r,pre,n,w) do { \
VERIFY_CHECK(((n) & 1) == 1); \
VERIFY_CHECK((n) >= -((1 << ((w)-1)) - 1)); \
VERIFY_CHECK((n) <= ((1 << ((w)-1)) - 1)); \
if ((n) > 0) { \
secp256k1_ge_from_storage((r), &(pre)[((n)-1)/2]); \
} else { \
secp256k1_ge_from_storage((r), &(pre)[(-(n)-1)/2]); \
secp256k1_ge_neg((r), (r)); \
} \
} while(0)
static void secp256k1_ecmult_context_init(secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *ctx) {
ctx->pre_g = NULL;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
ctx->pre_g_128 = NULL;
#endif
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_context_build(secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *ctx) {
secp256k1_gej_t gj;
if (ctx->pre_g != NULL) {
return;
}
/* get the generator */
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(&gj, &secp256k1_ge_const_g);
ctx->pre_g = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[])checked_malloc(sizeof((*ctx->pre_g)[0]) * ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G));
/* precompute the tables with odd multiples */
secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_storage_var(ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G), *ctx->pre_g, &gj);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
{
secp256k1_gej_t g_128j;
int i;
ctx->pre_g_128 = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[])checked_malloc(sizeof((*ctx->pre_g_128)[0]) * ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G));
/* calculate 2^128*generator */
g_128j = gj;
for (i = 0; i < 128; i++) {
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&g_128j, &g_128j, NULL);
}
secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_storage_var(ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G), *ctx->pre_g_128, &g_128j);
}
#endif
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_context_clone(secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *dst,
const secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *src) {
if (src->pre_g == NULL) {
dst->pre_g = NULL;
} else {
size_t size = sizeof((*dst->pre_g)[0]) * ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G);
dst->pre_g = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[])checked_malloc(size);
memcpy(dst->pre_g, src->pre_g, size);
}
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
if (src->pre_g_128 == NULL) {
dst->pre_g_128 = NULL;
} else {
size_t size = sizeof((*dst->pre_g_128)[0]) * ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_G);
dst->pre_g_128 = (secp256k1_ge_storage_t (*)[])checked_malloc(size);
memcpy(dst->pre_g_128, src->pre_g_128, size);
}
#endif
}
static int secp256k1_ecmult_context_is_built(const secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *ctx) {
return ctx->pre_g != NULL;
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult_context_clear(secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *ctx) {
free(ctx->pre_g);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
free(ctx->pre_g_128);
#endif
secp256k1_ecmult_context_init(ctx);
}
/** Convert a number to WNAF notation. The number becomes represented by sum(2^i * wnaf[i], i=0..bits),
* with the following guarantees:
* - each wnaf[i] is either 0, or an odd integer between -(1<<(w-1) - 1) and (1<<(w-1) - 1)
* - two non-zero entries in wnaf are separated by at least w-1 zeroes.
* - the number of set values in wnaf is returned. This number is at most 256, and at most one more
* - than the number of bits in the (absolute value) of the input.
*/
static int secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(int *wnaf, const secp256k1_scalar_t *a, int w) {
secp256k1_scalar_t s = *a;
int set_bits = 0;
int bit = 0;
int sign = 1;
if (secp256k1_scalar_get_bits(&s, 255, 1)) {
secp256k1_scalar_negate(&s, &s);
sign = -1;
}
while (bit < 256) {
int now;
int word;
if (secp256k1_scalar_get_bits(&s, bit, 1) == 0) {
bit++;
continue;
}
while (set_bits < bit) {
wnaf[set_bits++] = 0;
}
now = w;
if (bit + now > 256) {
now = 256 - bit;
}
word = secp256k1_scalar_get_bits_var(&s, bit, now);
if (word & (1 << (w-1))) {
secp256k1_scalar_add_bit(&s, bit + w);
wnaf[set_bits++] = sign * (word - (1 << w));
} else {
wnaf[set_bits++] = sign * word;
}
bit += now;
}
return set_bits;
}
static void secp256k1_ecmult(const secp256k1_ecmult_context_t *ctx, secp256k1_gej_t *r, const secp256k1_gej_t *a, const secp256k1_scalar_t *na, const secp256k1_scalar_t *ng) {
secp256k1_ge_t pre_a[ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A)];
secp256k1_ge_t tmpa;
secp256k1_fe_t Z;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge_t pre_a_lam[ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A)];
secp256k1_scalar_t na_1, na_lam;
/* Splitted G factors. */
secp256k1_scalar_t ng_1, ng_128;
int wnaf_na_1[130];
int wnaf_na_lam[130];
int bits_na_1;
int bits_na_lam;
int wnaf_ng_1[129];
int bits_ng_1;
int wnaf_ng_128[129];
int bits_ng_128;
#else
int wnaf_na[256];
int bits_na;
int wnaf_ng[257];
int bits_ng;
#endif
int i;
int bits;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
/* split na into na_1 and na_lam (where na = na_1 + na_lam*lambda, and na_1 and na_lam are ~128 bit) */
secp256k1_scalar_split_lambda_var(&na_1, &na_lam, na);
/* build wnaf representation for na_1 and na_lam. */
bits_na_1 = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_na_1, &na_1, WINDOW_A);
bits_na_lam = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_na_lam, &na_lam, WINDOW_A);
VERIFY_CHECK(bits_na_1 <= 130);
VERIFY_CHECK(bits_na_lam <= 130);
bits = bits_na_1;
if (bits_na_lam > bits) {
bits = bits_na_lam;
}
#else
/* build wnaf representation for na. */
bits_na = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_na, na, WINDOW_A);
bits = bits_na;
#endif
/* Calculate odd multiples of a.
* All multiples are brought to the same Z 'denominator', which is stored
* in Z. Due to secp256k1' isomorphism we can do all operations pretending
* that the Z coordinate was 1, use affine addition formulae, and correct
* the Z coordinate of the result once at the end.
* The exception is the precomputed G table points, which are actually
* affine. Compared to the base used for other points, they have a Z ratio
* of 1/Z, so we can use secp256k1_gej_add_zinv_var, which uses the same
* isomorphism to efficiently add with a known Z inverse.
*/
secp256k1_ecmult_odd_multiples_table_globalz_windowa(pre_a, &Z, a);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
for (i = 0; i < ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A); i++) {
secp256k1_ge_mul_lambda(&pre_a_lam[i], &pre_a[i]);
}
/* split ng into ng_1 and ng_128 (where gn = gn_1 + gn_128*2^128, and gn_1 and gn_128 are ~128 bit) */
secp256k1_scalar_split_128(&ng_1, &ng_128, ng);
/* Build wnaf representation for ng_1 and ng_128 */
bits_ng_1 = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_ng_1, &ng_1, WINDOW_G);
bits_ng_128 = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_ng_128, &ng_128, WINDOW_G);
if (bits_ng_1 > bits) {
bits = bits_ng_1;
}
if (bits_ng_128 > bits) {
bits = bits_ng_128;
}
#else
bits_ng = secp256k1_ecmult_wnaf(wnaf_ng, ng, WINDOW_G);
if (bits_ng > bits) {
bits = bits_ng;
}
#endif
secp256k1_gej_set_infinity(r);
for (i = bits - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
int n;
secp256k1_gej_double_var(r, r, NULL);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
if (i < bits_na_1 && (n = wnaf_na_1[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, n, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(r, r, &tmpa, NULL);
}
if (i < bits_na_lam && (n = wnaf_na_lam[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a_lam, n, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(r, r, &tmpa, NULL);
}
if (i < bits_ng_1 && (n = wnaf_ng_1[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE_STORAGE(&tmpa, *ctx->pre_g, n, WINDOW_G);
secp256k1_gej_add_zinv_var(r, r, &tmpa, &Z);
}
if (i < bits_ng_128 && (n = wnaf_ng_128[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE_STORAGE(&tmpa, *ctx->pre_g_128, n, WINDOW_G);
secp256k1_gej_add_zinv_var(r, r, &tmpa, &Z);
}
#else
if (i < bits_na && (n = wnaf_na[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, n, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge_var(r, r, &tmpa, NULL);
}
if (i < bits_ng && (n = wnaf_ng[i])) {
ECMULT_TABLE_GET_GE_STORAGE(&tmpa, *ctx->pre_g, n, WINDOW_G);
secp256k1_gej_add_zinv_var(r, r, &tmpa, &Z);
}
#endif
}
if (!r->infinity) {
secp256k1_fe_mul(&r->z, &r->z, &Z);
}
}
#endif