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ecmult_const: unify endomorphism and non-endomorphism skew cases

We now do a skew correction even without the endomorphism optimization,
which costs one additional group addition but unifies a lot of code.
master
Andrew Poelstra 6 years ago
parent
commit
c6191fded8
  1. 67
      src/ecmult_const_impl.h
  2. 10
      src/tests.c

67
src/ecmult_const_impl.h

@ -58,22 +58,24 @@ static int secp256k1_wnaf_const(int *wnaf, secp256k1_scalar s, int w) { @@ -58,22 +58,24 @@ static int secp256k1_wnaf_const(int *wnaf, secp256k1_scalar s, int w) {
int global_sign;
int skew = 0;
int word = 0;
/* 1 2 3 */
int u_last;
int u;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
int flip;
int bit;
secp256k1_scalar neg_s;
int not_neg_one;
/* If we are using the endomorphism, we cannot handle even numbers by negating
* them, since we are working with 128-bit numbers whose negations would be 256
* bits, eliminating the performance advantage. Instead we use a technique from
/* Note that we cannot handle even numbers by negating them to be odd, as is
* done in other implementations, since if our scalars were specified to have
* width < 256 for performance reasons, their negations would have width 256
* and we'd lose any performance benefit. Instead, we use a technique from
* Section 4.2 of the Okeya/Tagaki paper, which is to add either 1 (for even)
* or 2 (for odd) to the number we are encoding, then compensating after the
* multiplication. */
/* Negative 128-bit numbers will be negated, since otherwise they are 256-bit */
* or 2 (for odd) to the number we are encoding, returning a skew value indicating
* this, and having the caller compensate after doing the multiplication. */
/* Negative numbers will be negated to keep their bit representation below the maximum width */
flip = secp256k1_scalar_is_high(&s);
/* We add 1 to even numbers, 2 to odd ones, noting that negation flips parity */
bit = flip ^ (s.d[0] & 1);
@ -89,11 +91,6 @@ static int secp256k1_wnaf_const(int *wnaf, secp256k1_scalar s, int w) { @@ -89,11 +91,6 @@ static int secp256k1_wnaf_const(int *wnaf, secp256k1_scalar s, int w) {
global_sign = secp256k1_scalar_cond_negate(&s, flip);
global_sign *= not_neg_one * 2 - 1;
skew = 1 << bit;
#else
/* Otherwise, we just negate to force oddness */
int is_even = secp256k1_scalar_is_even(&s);
global_sign = secp256k1_scalar_cond_negate(&s, is_even);
#endif
/* 4 */
u_last = secp256k1_scalar_shr_int(&s, w);
@ -127,15 +124,13 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons @@ -127,15 +124,13 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons
secp256k1_ge tmpa;
secp256k1_fe Z;
int skew_1;
int wnaf_1[1 + WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge pre_a_lam[ECMULT_TABLE_SIZE(WINDOW_A)];
int wnaf_1[1 + WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
int wnaf_lam[1 + WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
int skew_1;
int skew_lam;
secp256k1_scalar q_1, q_lam;
#else
int wnaf[1 + WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
#endif
int i;
@ -145,18 +140,10 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons @@ -145,18 +140,10 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
/* split q into q_1 and q_lam (where q = q_1 + q_lam*lambda, and q_1 and q_lam are ~128 bit) */
secp256k1_scalar_split_lambda(&q_1, &q_lam, &sc);
/* no need for zero correction when using endomorphism since even
* numbers have one added to them anyway */
skew_1 = secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf_1, q_1, WINDOW_A - 1);
skew_lam = secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf_lam, q_lam, WINDOW_A - 1);
#else
int is_zero = secp256k1_scalar_is_zero(scalar);
/* the wNAF ladder cannot handle zero, so bump this to one .. we will
* correct the result after the fact */
sc.d[0] += is_zero;
VERIFY_CHECK(!secp256k1_scalar_is_zero(&sc));
secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf, sc, WINDOW_A - 1);
skew_1 = secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf_1, sc, WINDOW_A - 1);
#endif
/* Calculate odd multiples of a.
@ -179,21 +166,15 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons @@ -179,21 +166,15 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons
/* first loop iteration (separated out so we can directly set r, rather
* than having it start at infinity, get doubled several times, then have
* its new value added to it) */
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
i = wnaf_1[WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
VERIFY_CHECK(i != 0);
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, i, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(r, &tmpa);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
i = wnaf_lam[WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
VERIFY_CHECK(i != 0);
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a_lam, i, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &tmpa);
#else
i = wnaf[WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1)];
VERIFY_CHECK(i != 0);
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, i, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(r, &tmpa);
#endif
/* remaining loop iterations */
for (i = WNAF_SIZE(WINDOW_A - 1) - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
@ -202,59 +183,57 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons @@ -202,59 +183,57 @@ static void secp256k1_ecmult_const(secp256k1_gej *r, const secp256k1_ge *a, cons
for (j = 0; j < WINDOW_A - 1; ++j) {
secp256k1_gej_double_nonzero(r, r, NULL);
}
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
n = wnaf_1[i];
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, n, WINDOW_A);
VERIFY_CHECK(n != 0);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &tmpa);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
n = wnaf_lam[i];
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a_lam, n, WINDOW_A);
VERIFY_CHECK(n != 0);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &tmpa);
#else
n = wnaf[i];
VERIFY_CHECK(n != 0);
ECMULT_CONST_TABLE_GET_GE(&tmpa, pre_a, n, WINDOW_A);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &tmpa);
#endif
}
secp256k1_fe_mul(&r->z, &r->z, &Z);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
{
/* Correct for wNAF skew */
secp256k1_ge correction = *a;
secp256k1_ge_storage correction_1_stor;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge_storage correction_lam_stor;
#endif
secp256k1_ge_storage a2_stor;
secp256k1_gej tmpj;
secp256k1_gej_set_ge(&tmpj, &correction);
secp256k1_gej_double_var(&tmpj, &tmpj, NULL);
secp256k1_ge_set_gej(&correction, &tmpj);
secp256k1_ge_to_storage(&correction_1_stor, a);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge_to_storage(&correction_lam_stor, a);
#endif
secp256k1_ge_to_storage(&a2_stor, &correction);
/* For odd numbers this is 2a (so replace it), for even ones a (so no-op) */
secp256k1_ge_storage_cmov(&correction_1_stor, &a2_stor, skew_1 == 2);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge_storage_cmov(&correction_lam_stor, &a2_stor, skew_lam == 2);
#endif
/* Apply the correction */
secp256k1_ge_from_storage(&correction, &correction_1_stor);
secp256k1_ge_neg(&correction, &correction);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &correction);
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
secp256k1_ge_from_storage(&correction, &correction_lam_stor);
secp256k1_ge_neg(&correction, &correction);
secp256k1_ge_mul_lambda(&correction, &correction);
secp256k1_gej_add_ge(r, r, &correction);
}
#else
/* correct for zero */
r->infinity |= is_zero;
#endif
}
}
#endif

10
src/tests.c

@ -2399,9 +2399,7 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) { @@ -2399,9 +2399,7 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) {
secp256k1_scalar x, shift;
int wnaf[256] = {0};
int i;
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
int skew;
#endif
secp256k1_scalar num = *number;
secp256k1_scalar_set_int(&x, 0);
@ -2411,10 +2409,8 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) { @@ -2411,10 +2409,8 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) {
for (i = 0; i < 16; ++i) {
secp256k1_scalar_shr_int(&num, 8);
}
skew = secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf, num, w);
#else
secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf, num, w);
#endif
skew = secp256k1_wnaf_const(wnaf, num, w);
for (i = WNAF_SIZE(w); i >= 0; --i) {
secp256k1_scalar t;
@ -2433,10 +2429,8 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) { @@ -2433,10 +2429,8 @@ void test_constant_wnaf(const secp256k1_scalar *number, int w) {
}
secp256k1_scalar_add(&x, &x, &t);
}
#ifdef USE_ENDOMORPHISM
/* Skew num because when encoding 128-bit numbers as odd we use an offset */
/* Skew num because when encoding numbers as odd we use an offset */
secp256k1_scalar_cadd_bit(&num, skew == 2, 1);
#endif
CHECK(secp256k1_scalar_eq(&x, &num));
}

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