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// Copyright (c) 2013 Pieter Wuille
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef _SECP256K1_FIELD_REPR_IMPL_H_
#define _SECP256K1_FIELD_REPR_IMPL_H_
#if defined HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "libsecp256k1-config.h"
#endif
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "../num.h"
#include "../field.h"
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#if defined(USE_FIELD_5X52_ASM)
#include "field_5x52_asm.h"
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#elif defined(USE_FIELD_5X52_INT128)
#include "field_5x52_int128.h"
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#else
#error "Please select field_5x52 implementation"
#endif
/** Implements arithmetic modulo FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFE FFFFFC2F,
* represented as 5 uint64_t's in base 2^52. The values are allowed to contain >52 each. In particular,
* each FieldElem has a 'magnitude' associated with it. Internally, a magnitude M means each element
* is at most M*(2^53-1), except the most significant one, which is limited to M*(2^49-1). All operations
* accept any input with magnitude at most M, and have different rules for propagating magnitude to their
* output.
*/
void static secp256k1_fe_inner_start(void) {}
void static secp256k1_fe_inner_stop(void) {}
void static secp256k1_fe_normalize(secp256k1_fe_t *r) {
uint64_t c;
c = r->n[0];
uint64_t t0 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + r->n[1];
uint64_t t1 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + r->n[2];
uint64_t t2 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + r->n[3];
uint64_t t3 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + r->n[4];
uint64_t t4 = c & 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c >>= 48;
// The following code will not modify the t's if c is initially 0.
c = c * 0x1000003D1ULL + t0;
t0 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + t1;
t1 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + t2;
t2 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + t3;
t3 = c & 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
c = (c >> 52) + t4;
t4 = c & 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
assert((c >> 48) == 0);
// Subtract p if result >= p
uint64_t mask = -(int64_t)((t4 < 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFULL) | (t3 < 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL) | (t2 < 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL) | (t1 < 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL) | (t0 < 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL));
t4 &= mask;
t3 &= mask;
t2 &= mask;
t1 &= mask;
t0 -= (~mask & 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL);
// push internal variables back
r->n[0] = t0; r->n[1] = t1; r->n[2] = t2; r->n[3] = t3; r->n[4] = t4;
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
#endif
}
void static inline secp256k1_fe_set_int(secp256k1_fe_t *r, int a) {
r->n[0] = a;
r->n[1] = r->n[2] = r->n[3] = r->n[4] = 0;
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
#endif
}
// TODO: not constant time!
int static inline secp256k1_fe_is_zero(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->normalized);
#endif
return (a->n[0] == 0 && a->n[1] == 0 && a->n[2] == 0 && a->n[3] == 0 && a->n[4] == 0);
}
int static inline secp256k1_fe_is_odd(const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->normalized);
#endif
return a->n[0] & 1;
}
// TODO: not constant time!
int static inline secp256k1_fe_equal(const secp256k1_fe_t *a, const secp256k1_fe_t *b) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->normalized);
assert(b->normalized);
#endif
return (a->n[0] == b->n[0] && a->n[1] == b->n[1] && a->n[2] == b->n[2] && a->n[3] == b->n[3] && a->n[4] == b->n[4]);
}
void static secp256k1_fe_set_b32(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const unsigned char *a) {
r->n[0] = r->n[1] = r->n[2] = r->n[3] = r->n[4] = 0;
for (int i=0; i<32; i++) {
for (int j=0; j<2; j++) {
int limb = (8*i+4*j)/52;
int shift = (8*i+4*j)%52;
r->n[limb] |= (uint64_t)((a[31-i] >> (4*j)) & 0xF) << shift;
}
}
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 1;
#endif
}
/** Convert a field element to a 32-byte big endian value. Requires the input to be normalized */
void static secp256k1_fe_get_b32(unsigned char *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->normalized);
#endif
for (int i=0; i<32; i++) {
int c = 0;
for (int j=0; j<2; j++) {
int limb = (8*i+4*j)/52;
int shift = (8*i+4*j)%52;
c |= ((a->n[limb] >> shift) & 0xF) << (4 * j);
}
r[31-i] = c;
}
}
void static inline secp256k1_fe_negate(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a, int m) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->magnitude <= m);
r->magnitude = m + 1;
r->normalized = 0;
#endif
r->n[0] = 0xFFFFEFFFFFC2FULL * (m + 1) - a->n[0];
r->n[1] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * (m + 1) - a->n[1];
r->n[2] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * (m + 1) - a->n[2];
r->n[3] = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL * (m + 1) - a->n[3];
r->n[4] = 0x0FFFFFFFFFFFFULL * (m + 1) - a->n[4];
}
void static inline secp256k1_fe_mul_int(secp256k1_fe_t *r, int a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude *= a;
r->normalized = 0;
#endif
r->n[0] *= a;
r->n[1] *= a;
r->n[2] *= a;
r->n[3] *= a;
r->n[4] *= a;
}
void static inline secp256k1_fe_add(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
r->magnitude += a->magnitude;
r->normalized = 0;
#endif
r->n[0] += a->n[0];
r->n[1] += a->n[1];
r->n[2] += a->n[2];
r->n[3] += a->n[3];
r->n[4] += a->n[4];
}
void static secp256k1_fe_mul(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a, const secp256k1_fe_t *b) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->magnitude <= 8);
assert(b->magnitude <= 8);
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 0;
#endif
secp256k1_fe_mul_inner(a->n, b->n, r->n);
}
void static secp256k1_fe_sqr(secp256k1_fe_t *r, const secp256k1_fe_t *a) {
#ifdef VERIFY
assert(a->magnitude <= 8);
r->magnitude = 1;
r->normalized = 0;
#endif
secp256k1_fe_sqr_inner(a->n, r->n);
}
#endif