The next generation of the Teknik Services. Written in ASP.NET. https://www.teknik.io/
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using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
namespace Teknik.Utilities
{
public static class RequestHelper
{
// based on http://www.grantburton.com/2008/11/30/fix-for-incorrect-ip-addresses-in-wordpress-comments/
public static string ClientIPFromRequest(this HttpRequest request, bool skipPrivate)
{
foreach (var item in s_HeaderItems)
{
var ipString = request.Headers[item.Key].ToString();
if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(ipString))
continue;
if (item.Split)
{
foreach (var ip in ipString.Split(','))
if (ValidIP(ip, skipPrivate))
return ip;
}
else
{
if (ValidIP(ipString, skipPrivate))
return ipString;
}
}
return request.Host.Value;
}
private static bool ValidIP(string ip, bool skipPrivate)
{
IPAddress ipAddr;
ip = ip == null ? String.Empty : ip.Trim();
if (0 == ip.Length
|| false == IPAddress.TryParse(ip, out ipAddr)
|| (ipAddr.AddressFamily != AddressFamily.InterNetwork
&& ipAddr.AddressFamily != AddressFamily.InterNetworkV6))
return false;
if (skipPrivate && ipAddr.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork)
{
var addr = IpRange.AddrToUInt64(ipAddr);
foreach (var range in s_PrivateRanges)
{
if (range.Encompasses(addr))
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
/// <summary>
/// Provides a simple class that understands how to parse and
/// compare IP addresses (IPV4) ranges.
/// </summary>
private sealed class IpRange
{
private readonly UInt64 _start;
private readonly UInt64 _end;
public IpRange(string startStr, string endStr)
{
_start = ParseToUInt64(startStr);
_end = ParseToUInt64(endStr);
}
public static UInt64 AddrToUInt64(IPAddress ip)
{
var ipBytes = ip.GetAddressBytes();
UInt64 value = 0;
foreach (var abyte in ipBytes)
{
value <<= 8; // shift
value += abyte;
}
return value;
}
public static UInt64 ParseToUInt64(string ipStr)
{
var ip = IPAddress.Parse(ipStr);
return AddrToUInt64(ip);
}
public bool Encompasses(UInt64 addrValue)
{
return _start <= addrValue && addrValue <= _end;
}
public bool Encompasses(IPAddress addr)
{
var value = AddrToUInt64(addr);
return Encompasses(value);
}
};
private static readonly IpRange[] s_PrivateRanges =
new IpRange[] {
new IpRange("0.0.0.0","2.255.255.255"),
new IpRange("10.0.0.0","10.255.255.255"),
new IpRange("127.0.0.0","127.255.255.255"),
new IpRange("169.254.0.0","169.254.255.255"),
new IpRange("172.16.0.0","172.31.255.255"),
new IpRange("192.0.2.0","192.0.2.255"),
new IpRange("192.168.0.0","192.168.255.255"),
new IpRange("255.255.255.0","255.255.255.255")
};
/// <summary>
/// Describes a header item (key) and if it is expected to be
/// a comma-delimited string
/// </summary>
private sealed class HeaderItem
{
public readonly string Key;
public readonly bool Split;
public HeaderItem(string key, bool split)
{
Key = key;
Split = split;
}
}
// order is in trust/use order top to bottom
private static readonly HeaderItem[] s_HeaderItems =
new HeaderItem[] {
new HeaderItem("HTTP_CLIENT_IP",false),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR",true),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_X_FORWARDED",false),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_X_CLUSTER_CLIENT_IP",false),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR",false),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_FORWARDED",false),
new HeaderItem("HTTP_VIA",false),
new HeaderItem("REMOTE_ADDR",false)
};
}
}