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Table of contents. Links, other cleanups.

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Joshua Levy 4 years ago
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CONTRIBUTING.md View File

@@ -6,14 +6,12 @@ We gladly credit all contributors and authors.
Here are few notes before you jump in.

**Questions and discussion**:
[File issues](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/issues) liberally! Don’t be shy about creating issues — they are the only way to discuss things here. Just tag it as a question or discussion. We or others can answer, and it may lead to improvements to the guide.
[File issues](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/issues) liberally. Don’t be shy about creating issues — they are the only way to discuss things here. Just tag it as a question or discussion. We or others can answer, and it may lead to improvements to the guide.

**Corrections and improvements**:
[File issues](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/issues) describing the problem. Use them to discuss topics, ask questions, identify issues, or suggest improvements. [Pull requests](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/pulls) with changes are even better. Please keep them small and focused, so we can add items individually.
[File issues](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/issues) describing the problem. Use them to discuss topics, ask questions, identify issues, or suggest improvements. [Pull requests](https://github.com/open-guides/og-aws/pulls) with changes are even better. Please keep them small and focused, so we can add items individually, and review the conventions below.

Of course, please review current issues and pull requests to avoid duplication.

Finally, if an issue isn't appropriate, please shoot an e-mail to [@jlevy](https://github.com/jlevy).
Please review current issues and pull requests to avoid duplication. Finally, if an issue isn't appropriate, please shoot an e-mail to [@jlevy](https://github.com/jlevy).

### Conventions

@@ -25,7 +23,6 @@ When you contribute, keep in mind these conventions:
* Key and important statistics are **boldfaced **(illustrative numbers should not be).
* References, including all references to books, are linked in brackets at the end of the bulleted entry.
* Typographical conventions:
* Prefer use of % for boldfaced statistics and ratios and prefer writing “percent” for interest rates.
* Use Unicode open and close quotes “like this” and not "like this".
* Use oriented apostrophes (Unicode’s, not ASCII's).
* Use em dashes — like this (not two hyphens -- like this).

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README.md View File

@@ -1,5 +1,32 @@
# The Open Guide to Amazon Web Services

* [Why an Open Guide?](#why-an-open-guide)
* [Scope](#scope)
* [General Information](#general-information)
* [Managing AWS](#managing-aws)
* [Managing Servers](#managing-servers)
* [Billing and Cost Management](#billing-and-cost-management)
* [AWS Security and IAM](#aws-security-and-iam)
* [EC2](#ec2)
* [AMIs](#amis)
* [EBS](#ebs)
* [ELBs](#elbs)
* [Elastic IPs](#elastic-ips)
* [S3](#s3)
* [Glacier](#glacier)
* [RDS](#rds)
* [DynamoDB](#dynamodb)
* [Route 53](#route-53)
* [CloudFormation](#cloudformation)
* [VPCs, Network Security, and Security Groups](#vpcs-network-security-and-security-groups)
* [CloudFront](#cloudfront)
* [DirectConnect](#directconnect)
* [High Availability](#high-availability)
* [Redshift](#redshift)
* [EMR](#emr)
* [Further Reading](#further-reading)
* [Disclaimer](#disclaimer)
* [License](#license)

## Why an Open Guide?

@@ -13,13 +40,13 @@ This guide *open to contributions*, so unlike a blog, it can keep improving. Bei
### Please help

**This is an early in-progress draft!**
It’s our first attempt at assembling this information, so is certain to have errors or shortcomings. It only covers some AWS services currently, but we expect it to expand.
It’s our first attempt at assembling this information, so is certain to have errors or shortcomings.
[**Please contribute**](CONTRIBUTING.md) by filing issues or PRs to expand, correct, or otherwise improve it.


## Scope

* Currently, this guide covers selected “core” services, such as EC2, S3, ELBs, EBS, and IAM, and some details around other services.
* Currently, this guide covers selected “core” services, such as EC2, S3, ELBs, EBS, and IAM, and some details around other services. We expect it to expand.
* It is not a tutorial, but rather a collection of information you can read and return to. It is for both beginners and the experienced.
* The goal of this guide is to be:
* **Brief**: Keep it dense and use links
@@ -155,10 +182,10 @@ Many services within AWS can at least be compared with Google Cloud offerings or

| Service | AWS | Google Cloud | Google Internal | Microsoft | Other providers | Open source “build your own” |
| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- |
| Virtual Server | EC2 | Compute Engine (GCE) | | | DigitalOcean | OpenStack |
| Virtual server | EC2 | Compute Engine (GCE) | | | DigitalOcean | OpenStack |
| PaaS | Elastic Beanstalk | App Engine | App Engine | | Heroku | Meteor, AppScale |
| Serverless/Microservices | Lambda | Functions | | | | |
| Container/cluster manager | ECS | Container Engine/Kubernetes | Borg or Omega | | | Kubernetes, Mesos/Aurora |
| Serverless, microservices | Lambda | Functions | | | | |
| Container, cluster manager | ECS | Container Engine/Kubernetes | Borg or Omega | | | Kubernetes, Mesos/Aurora |
| File storage | S3 | Cloud Storage | GFS | | | Swift, HDFS |
| Block storage | EBS | Persistent Disk | | | | NFS |
| SQL datastore | RDS | Cloud SQL | | | | MySQL, PostgreSQL |
@@ -168,10 +195,10 @@ Many services within AWS can at least be compared with Google Cloud offerings or
| Memory cache | ElastiCache | App Engine Memcache | | | | Memcached, Redis |
| Search | CloudSearch | | | | Algolia, QBox | Elasticsearch, Solr |
| Data warehouse | Redshift | BigQuery | | | Oracle, IBM, SAP, HP, many others | Greenplum |
| Business Intelligence | QuickSight | | | | Tableau |
| Business intelligence | QuickSight | | | | Tableau |
| Lock manager | [DynamoDB (weak)](https://gist.github.com/ryandotsmith/c95fd21fab91b0823328) | | Chubby | | | ZooKeeper, Etcd, Consul |
| Message broker | SQS | Pub/Sub | PubSub2 | | | RabbitMQ, Kafka, 0MQ |
| Streaming/Distributed log | Kinesis | Dataflow | PubSub2 | Event Hubs | | Kafka Streams, Apex, Flink, Spark Streaming, Storm |
| Streaming, distributed log | Kinesis | Dataflow | PubSub2 | Event Hubs | | Kafka Streams, Apex, Flink, Spark Streaming, Storm |
| MapReduce | EMR | Dataproc | MapReduce | | Qubole | Hadoop |
| Monitoring | CloudWatch | Monitoring | Borgmon | | | Prometheus(?) |
| Metric management | | | Borgmon, TSDB | | | Graphite, InfluxDB, OpenTSDB, Grafana, Riemann, Prometheus |
@@ -188,60 +215,60 @@ Selected resources with more detail on this chart:

* Google internal: [MapReduce](http://research.google.com/archive/mapreduce.html), [Bigtable](http://research.google.com/archive/bigtable.html), [Spanner](http://research.google.com/archive/spanner.html), [F1 vs Spanner](http://highscalability.com/blog/2013/10/8/f1-and-spanner-holistically-compared.html), [Bigtable vs Megastore](http://perspectives.mvdirona.com/2008/07/google-megastore/)

### Maturity
### Maturity and Releases

One way to assess maturity is to know how long each product has been released. Here is a mostly complete list, based on [release notes](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/). Not all services are available in all regions; see [this table](https://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/global-infrastructure/regional-product-services/).
It’s important to know the maturity of each product. Here is a mostly complete list of first release date, with links to the [release notes](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/). Most recently released services are first. Not all services are available in all regions; see [this table](https://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/global-infrastructure/regional-product-services/).

| Current status (preview/general) | Original release | Availability |
| Service | Original release | Availability |
| --- | --- | --- |
| Database Migration Service | 2016-03 | General |
| WAF | 2015-10 | General |
| Data Pipeline | 2015-10 | General |
| Elasticsearch | 2015-10 | General |
| Service Catalog | 2015-07 | General |
| CodePipeline | 2015-07 | General |
| CodeCommit | 2015-07 | General |
| API Gateway | 2015-07 | General |
| Config | 2015-06 | General |
| EFS | 2015-05 | Preview |
| Machine Learning | 2015-04 | General |
| Lambda | 2014-11 | General |
| KMS | 2014-11 | General |
| CodeDeploy | 2014-11 | General |
| Kinesis | 2013-12 | General |
| CloudTrail | 2013-11 | General |
| AppStream | 2013-11 | Preview |
| CloudHSM | 2013-03 | General |
| Silk | 2013-03 | Obsolete? |
| OpsWorks | 2013-02 | General |
| Redshift | 2013-02 | General |
| Elastic Transcoder | 2013-01 | General |
| Glacier | 2012-08 | General |
| CloudSearch | 2012-04 | General |
| SWF | 2012-02 | General |
| Storage Gateway | 2012-01 | General |
| DynamoDB | 2012-01 | General |
| DirectConnect | 2011-08 | General |
| ElastiCache | 2011-08 | General |
| CloudFormation | 2011-04 | General |
| SES | 2011-01 | General |
| Elastic Beanstalk | 2010-12 | General |
| Route 53 | 2010-10 | General |
| IAM | 2010-09 | General |
| SNS | 2010-04 | General |
| EMR | 2010-04 | General |
| RDS | 2009-12 | General |
| VPC | 2009-08 | General |
| Snowball | 2009-05 | General |
| CloudWatch | 2009-05 | General |
| CloudFront | 2008-11 | General |
| Fulfillment Web Service | 2008-03 | Obsolete? |
| SimpleDB | 2007-12 | Obsolete |
| DevPay | 2007-12 | General |
| Flexible Payments Service | 2007-08 | Retired |
| EC2 | 2006-08 | General |
| SQS | 2006-07 | General |
| S3 | 2006-03 | General |
| [Database Migration Service](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Database-Migration-Service?browse=1) | 2016-03 | General |
| [WAF](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-WAF?browse=1) | 2015-10 | General |
| [Data Pipeline](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Data-Pipeline?browse=1) | 2015-10 | General |
| [Elasticsearch](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Elasticsearch-Service?browse=1) | 2015-10 | General |
| [Service Catalog](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Service-Catalog?browse=1) | 2015-07 | General |
| [CodePipeline](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CodePipeline?browse=1) | 2015-07 | General |
| [CodeCommit](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CodeCommit?browse=1) | 2015-07 | General |
| [API Gateway](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-API-Gateway?browse=1) | 2015-07 | General |
| [Config](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Config?browse=1) | 2015-06 | General |
| [EFS](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-EFS?browse=1) | 2015-05 | Preview |
| [Machine Learning](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AmazonML?browse=1) | 2015-04 | General |
| [Lambda](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Lambda?browse=1) | 2014-11 | General |
| [KMS](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-KMS?browse=1) | 2014-11 | General |
| [CodeDeploy](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CodeDeploy?browse=1) | 2014-11 | General |
| [Kinesis](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Kinesis?browse=1) | 2013-12 | General |
| [CloudTrail](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CloudTrail?browse=1) | 2013-11 | General |
| [AppStream](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-AppStream?browse=1) | 2013-11 | Preview |
| [CloudHSM](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CloudHSM?browse=1) | 2013-03 | General |
| [Silk](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Silk?browse=1) | 2013-03 | Obsolete? |
| [OpsWorks](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-OpsWorks?browse=1) | 2013-02 | General |
| [Redshift](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Redshift?browse=1) | 2013-02 | General |
| [Elastic Transcoder](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Elastic-Transcoder?browse=1) | 2013-01 | General |
| [Glacier](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Glacier?browse=1) | 2012-08 | General |
| [CloudSearch](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-CloudSearch?browse=1) | 2012-04 | General |
| [SWF](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-SWF?browse=1) | 2012-02 | General |
| [Storage Gateway](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Storage-Gateway?browse=1) | 2012-01 | General |
| [DynamoDB](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-DynamoDB?browse=1) | 2012-01 | General |
| [DirectConnect](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Direct-Connect?browse=1) | 2011-08 | General |
| [ElastiCache](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-ElastiCache?browse=1) | 2011-08 | General |
| [CloudFormation](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-CloudFormation?browse=1) | 2011-04 | General |
| [SES](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-SES?browse=1) | 2011-01 | General |
| [Elastic Beanstalk](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Elastic-Beanstalk?browse=1) | 2010-12 | General |
| [Route 53](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-Route-53?browse=1) | 2010-10 | General |
| [IAM](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-Identity-and-Access-Management?browse=1) | 2010-09 | General |
| [SNS](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-SNS?browse=1) | 2010-04 | General |
| [EMR](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Elastic-MapReduce?browse=1) | 2010-04 | General |
| [RDS](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-RDS?browse=1) | 2009-12 | General |
| [VPC](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-VPC?browse=1) | 2009-08 | General |
| [Snowball](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/AWS-ImportExport?browse=1) | 2009-05 | General |
| [CloudWatch](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/CloudWatch?browse=1) | 2009-05 | General |
| [CloudFront](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/CloudFront?browse=1) | 2008-11 | General |
| [Fulfillment Web Service](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-FWS?browse=1) | 2008-03 | Obsolete? |
| [SimpleDB](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-SimpleDB?browse=1) | 2007-12 | Obsolete |
| [DevPay](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/DevPay?browse=1) | 2007-12 | General |
| [Flexible Payments Service](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-FPS?browse=1) | 2007-08 | Retired |
| [EC2](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-EC2?browse=1) | 2006-08 | General |
| [SQS](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-SQS?browse=1) | 2006-07 | General |
| [S3](https://aws.amazon.com/releasenotes/Amazon-S3?browse=1) | 2006-03 | General |


### Compliance
@@ -374,7 +401,7 @@ This guide is about AWS, not DevOps or server configuration management in genera
* Doesn’t support custom domains / certificates.


## 💸 Billing and Cost Management
## Billing and Cost Management

* AWS offers a [**free tier**](https://aws.amazon.com/free/) of service, that allows very limited usage of resources at no cost. For example, a micro instance and small amount of storage is available for no charge. (If you have an old account but starting fresh, sign up for a new one to qualify for the free tier.) [AWS Activate](https://aws.amazon.com/activate/) extends this to tens of thousands of dollars of free credits to startups in [certain funds or accelerators](https://aws.amazon.com/activate/portfolio-detail/).
* You can set [**billing alerts**](http://docs.aws.amazon.com/awsaccountbilling/latest/aboutv2/free-tier-alarms.html) to be notified of unexpected costs, such as costs exceeding the free tier.

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